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MAKALELER 93 MACİRLERİ

BİYOTERMİNOLOJİ ~ BIOTERMINOLOGY
BİYOLOJİ
~ BIOLOGY

İngilizce Kuş Adları
English Names of Birds

by
Ümüt Çınar

Kasım 2015-2017
(tamamlanmamış)
6

01 → Pᴀʟᴇᴏɢɴᴀᴛʜᴀᴇ : Sᴛʀᴜᴛʜɪᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Rʜᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀsᴜᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴛᴇʀʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴇᴘʏᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Dɪɴᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lɪᴛʜᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tɪɴᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs & Rᴇfᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇs
02 → Gᴀʟʟᴏᴀɴsᴇʀᴀᴇ : Gᴀʟʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
03 → Gᴀʟʟᴏᴀɴsᴇʀᴀᴇ : Aɴsᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
04 → Cᴏʟᴜᴍʙᴇᴀ : Pʜᴏᴇɴɪᴄᴏᴘᴛᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴏᴅɪᴄɪᴘᴇᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Mᴇsɪᴛᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴛᴇʀᴏᴄʟɪᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴏʟᴜᴍʙɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
05 → Oᴛɪᴅᴀᴇ : Mᴜsᴏᴘʜᴀɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Oᴛɪᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴜᴄᴜʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀᴘʀɪᴍᴜʟɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴛᴇᴀᴛᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Nʏᴄᴛɪʙɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴏᴅᴀʀɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴏᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
06 →
Gʀᴜᴀᴇ : Oᴘɪsᴛʜᴏᴄᴏᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Gʀᴜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cʜᴀʀᴀᴅʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
07 → Aʀᴅᴇᴀᴇ : Eᴜʀʏᴘʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʜᴀᴇᴛʜᴏɴᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Gᴀᴠɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴘʜᴇɴɪsᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cɪᴄᴏɴɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʀᴏᴄᴇʟʟᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴜʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʟᴀᴛᴀʟᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴇʟᴇᴄᴀɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aʀᴅᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
08 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴀᴛʜᴀʀᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴄᴄɪᴘɪᴛʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴛʀɪɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
09 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴏʟɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lᴇᴘᴛᴏsᴏᴍᴀᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tʀᴏɢᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Bᴜᴄᴇʀᴏᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴏʀᴀᴄɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
10 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Pɪᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
11 →
Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴀʀɪᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Fᴀʟᴄᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Psɪᴛᴛᴀᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
12Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs : Aᴄᴀɴᴛʜɪsɪᴛᴛɪ, Tʏʀᴀɴɴɪ
13 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ : Mᴇɴᴜʀɪᴅᴀ, Cʟɪᴍᴀᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴅᴀ, Mᴇʟɪᴘʜᴀɢɪᴅᴀ, Oʀᴛʜᴏɴʏᴄʜɪᴅᴀ
14 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Mᴏʜᴏᴜᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Oʀɪᴏʟoɪᴅᴇᴀ
15 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Nᴇosɪᴛᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Mᴀʟᴀᴄᴏɴᴏᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
16 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Cᴏʀᴠᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
17 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Mᴇʟᴀɴᴏᴄʜᴀʀɪᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cɴᴇᴍᴏᴘʜɪʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cᴀʟʟᴀᴇᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Pɪᴄᴀᴛʜᴀʀᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Pᴀʀᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
18 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Sʏʟᴠɪᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
19 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Rᴇɢᴜʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Bᴏᴍʙʏᴄɪʟʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cᴇʀᴛʜɪᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Mᴜsᴄɪᴄᴀᴘᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
20 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Dɪᴄᴀᴇɪᴅᴀᴇ, Nᴇᴄᴛᴀʀɪɴɪɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pʟᴏᴄᴇɪᴅᴀᴇ, Esᴛʀɪʟᴅɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀᴇ, Mᴏᴛᴀᴄɪʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Fʀɪɴɢɪʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ
21 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Iᴄᴛᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Eᴍʙᴇʀɪzɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀssᴇʀᴇʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Iᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀʀᴜʟɪᴅᴀᴇ
22 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Iᴄᴛᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Cᴀʀᴅɪɴᴀʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Tʜʀᴀᴜᴘɪᴅᴀᴇ

Gruae


Gruae


Opisthocomiformes – hoatzin
Opisthocomidae
Opisthocomus hoazin, Phasianus hoazin – hoatzin (Avibase; HBW), stinkbird, Canje pheasant


Gruimorphae [Gruiformes + Charadriiformes]


Gruiformes – rails and cranes
Grui [SYN of Gruiformes]
Psophiidae – trumpeters (HBW)
Psophia – trumpeters
Psophia crepitans – grey-winged trumpeter (Avibase; HBW), gray-winged trumpeter, common trumpeter
Psophia crepitans crepitans – grey-winged trumpeter
Psophia crepitans napensis, Psophia napensis – Napo trumpeter
Psophia leucoptera [sensu lato] – pale-winged trumpeter (Avibase)
Psophia leucoptera leucoptera or Psophia leucoptera [sensu stricto] – white-winged trumpeter (HBW)
Psophia leucoptera ochroptera or Psophia ochroptera, Psophia crepitans ochroptera, Psophia ochroptera – ochre-winged trumpeter (HBW)
Psophia viridis [sensu lato] – dark-winged trumpeter (Avibase)
Psophia viridis viridis or Psophia viridis [sensu stricto] – green-winged trumpeter (HBW)
↓or Psophia dextralis – olive-winged trumpeter (HBW)
Psophia viridis dextralis or Psophia dextralis dextralis – brown-winged trumpeter, dusky-backed trumpeter
Psophia viridis interjecta or Psophia dextralis interjecta – Xingu trumpeter
Psophia obscura, Psophia viridis obscura – dusky trumpeter (Avibase), black-winged trumpeter (HBW), dark-winged trumpeter
Aramidae
Aramus guarauna – limpkin (Avibase; HBW), carrao, courlan, crying bird
Aramus guarauna guarauna, Scolopax guarauna; Aramus scolopaceus – South American limpkin, brown-backed limpkin (Clements Checklist), Brasilian whimbrel
SYN Aramus guarauna carau, Aramus carau
Aramus guarauna [pictus Group] (= elucus + dolosus + pictus) – speckled limpkin (Clements Checklist)
Aramus guarauna elucus, Aramus pictus elucus – Hispaniolan limpkin
Aramus guarauna dolosus, Aramus pictus dolosus – Central American limpkin
Aramus guarauna pictus, Aramus pictus pictus, Tantalus pictus – Florida limpkin
Gruidae, Balearicidae – cranes (HBW; Bowen 1926)
Balearicinae – crowned cranes
Balearica – crowned crane
Balearica regulorum – grey crowned crane, grey crowned-crane (Avibase; HBW), gray crowned crane, grey crane, gray crane, royal crane, royal crowned crane, blue-necked crane, blue-necked crowned crane, southern crowned crane
Balearica regulorum regulorum, Balearica pavonina regulorum, Anthropoides regulorum – South African crowned crane
Balearica regulorum gibbericeps, Balearica pavonina gibbericeps – East African crowned crane, East African grey crowned-crane (Avibase), crested crane
Balearica pavonina– black crowned crane, black crowned-crane (Avibase; HBW), dark crowned crane, northern crowned crane
Balearica pavonina pavonina, Ardea pavonina – West African crowned crane
Balearica pavonina ceciliae, Balearica ceciliae – Sudan crowned crane (Bowen 1926), Sudan black crowned-crane (Avibase)
Gruinae – typical cranes
Grus [sensu lato]
Grus leucogeranus or Leucogeranus leucogeranus, Bugeranus leucogeranus – Siberian crane (Avibase; HBW), Siberian white crane, great white crane, white crane, snow crane
Antigone
Grus canadensis or Antigone canadensis – sandhill crane (Avibase; HBW)
Grus canadensis canadensis, Antigone canadensis canadensis, Ardea canadensis – lesser sandhill crane, arctic sandhill crane, little brown crane
Grus canadensis nesiotes, Antigone canadensis nesiotes, Grus nesiotes – Cuban sandhill crane (Avibase), Cuba sandhill crane
Grus canadensis pulla, Antigone canadensis pulla – Mississippi sandhill crane (Avibase), Mississippi crane
Grus canadensis pratensis, Antigone canadensis pratensis, Grus pratensis – Florida sandhill crane (Avibase), Florida crane
Grus canadensis tabida, Antigone canadensis tabida, Megalornis canadensis tabida – greater sandhill crane (Avibase)
SYN Grus canadensis mexicana, Antigone canadensis mexicana, Ardea (grus) mexicana
Grus canadensis rowani, Antigone canadensis rowani – Canadian sandhill crane
Grus vipio or Antigone vipio – white-naped crane (Avibase; HBW), Japanese white-naped crane, Japanese white-necked crane, white-necked crane
Grus antigone or Antigone antigone – sarus crane (Avibase; HBW; Storr 1973)
Grus antigone antigone, Antigone antigone antigone, Ardea antigone – Indian sarus crane
Grus antigone sharpii, Antigone antigone sharpii, Grus sharpii – Indochinese sarus crane, Burmese sarus crane, eastern sarus crane, red-headed crane, Sharpe's crane
SYN Grus antigone luzonica, Antigone antigone luzonica – Luzon sarus crane
Grus antigone gillae, Antigone antigone gillae – Australian sarus crane
SYN Grus antigone fordi, Antigone antigone fordi
Grus rubicunda or Antigone rubicunda, Mathewsia rubicunda, Ardea rubicunda; Grus australasianus – brolga (Avibase; HBW; Storr 1973), brolga crane, Australian crane, native companion
SYN Grus rubicunda rubicunda, Antigone rubicunda rubicunda, Mathewsia rubicunda rubicunda
SYN Grus rubicunda argentea, Antigone rubicunda argentea, Mathewsia rubicunda argentea
Grus carunculata or Bugeranus carunculatus, Ardea carunculata – wattled crane (Avibase; HBW), great African wattled crane
Grus virgo or Anthropoides virgo, Ardea virgo – demoiselle crane (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Grus paradisea or Anthropoides paradiseus, Ardea paradisea – blue crane (Avibase; HBW), Stanley crane, paradise crane
Grus [sensu stricto]
Grus japonensis, Ardea (Grus) japonensis – red-crowned crane (Avibase; HBW), Manchurian crane, Japanese crane
Grus americana, Ardea americana – whooping crane (Avibase; HBW), big white crane, white crane
Grus grus, Megalornis grus – common crane (Avibase; HBW), crane, Eurasian crane, grey crane (Nicoll 1919), gray crane
Grus grus grus, Megalornis grus grus, Ardea grus – western common crane, European crane (Bowen 1926)
Grus grus lilfordi, Grus lilfordi – eastern common crane (Avibase)
Grus grus archibaldi – Transcaucasian crane, Transcaucasia crane, Transcaucasian Eurasian crane, mountain crane, Archibald's Eurasian crane, Armenian crane
Grus monacha – hooded crane (Avibase; HBW)
Grus nigricollis – black-necked crane (Avibase; HBW)
Grus melitensis – Maltese crane
Grus cubensis – Cuban flightless crane
Ralli [SYN of Gruiformes]
Aptornithidae – adzebills § Avibase sitesinde Aptornithidae ile "Apterornithidae" isimleri birbirinden farklı iki ayrı familya olarak sıralanmış
Aptornis
Aptornis defossor – South Island adzebill (Avibase)
Aptornis otidiformis, Dinornis otidiformis – North Island adzebill (Avibase)
Phorusrhacidae – terror birds
Heliornithidae – finfoots (HBW)
Podica senegalensis, Heliornis senegalensis – African finfoot (Avibase; HBW)
Podica senegalensis senegalensis – smaller finfoot
Podica senegalensis somereni
Podica senegalensis camerunensis, Podica camerunensis – Cameroon finfoot, Cameroon African finfoot (Avibase)
Podica senegalensis petersii, Podica petersii – Peter's finfoot, Peters' finfoot, Peters's finfoot, African Finfoot (Finfoot) (Avibase)
SYN Podica senegalensis albipectus
Heliopais personatus, Podica personata – masked finfoot (Avibase; HBW), Asian finfoot
Heliornis fulica, Heliopais fulica, Colymbus fulica – sungrebe (Avibase; HBW), American finfoot
Sarothruridae [or in Rallidae] – flufftails
Rallicula – forest rails
Rallicula rubra or Rallina rubra, Canirallus ruber – chestnut forest rail, chestnut forest-rail (Avibase; HBW), chestnut forest crake, chestnut Rail, New Guinea chestnut rail, New Guinean forest-rail
Rallicula rubra rubra, Rallina rubra rubra
Rallicula rubra klossi, Rallina rubra klossi, Rallicula klossi
SYN Rallicula rubra subrubra
Rallicula rubra telefolminensis, Rallina rubra telefolminensis
Rallicula leucospila or Rallina leucospila, Canirallus leucospila, Corethrura ? leucospila – white-striped forest rail, white-striped forest-rail (Avibase; HBW), white-striped forest crake, white-striped chestnut rail
Rallicula forbesi or Rallina forbesi, Canirallus forbesi – Forbes's forest rail, Forbes's forest-rail (Avibase; HBW), Forbes's forest crake, Forbes's chestnut rail, Forbes' forest-rail, Forbes's rail, Forbes' rail, red-backed forest rail
Rallicula forbesi forbesi, Rallina forbesi forbesi
Rallicula forbesi steini, Rallina forbesi steini, Rallicula leucospila steini
Rallicula forbesi parva, Rallina forbesi parva
Rallicula forbesi dryas, Rallina forbesi dryas, Rallicula rubra dryas
Rallicula mayri or Rallina mayri – Mayr's forest rail, Mayr's forest-rail (Avibase; HBW), Mayr's forest crake, Mayr's chestnut rail, Mayr's rail, black-tailed forest rail
Rallicula mayri mayri, Rallina mayri mayri, Rallicula rubra mayri
Rallicula mayri carmichaeli, Rallina mayri carmichaeli
Canirallus
Canirallus oculeus – grey-throated rail (Avibase; HBW), gray-throated rail
Canirallus oculeus oculeus, Gallinula oculea
Canirallus oculeus batesi – Bates' grey-throated rail, Bates' gray-throated rail
Mentocrex
Canirallus kioloides or Mentocrex kioloides – Madagascar wood rail, Madagascar wood-rail (HBW), Madagascan wood rail, Madagascan forest rail, kioloides rail (Avibase)
Canirallus kioloides kioloides, Mentocrex kioloides kioloides, Gallinula kioloides
Canirallus kioloides berliozi, Mentocrex kioloides berliozi
Canirallus beankaensis or Mentocrex beankaensis – Tsingy wood rail, Tsingy wood-rail (HBW), Tsingy rail (Avibase)
Sarothrura – flufftails
Sarothrura pulchra, Coturnicops pulchra, Crex pulchra – white-spotted flufftail (Avibase; HBW), white-spotted crake, white-spotted pygmy crake, white-spotted pygmy rail
Sarothrura pulchra pulchra
SYN Sarothrura pulchra cinnamomea, Rallus cinnamomeus
SYN Sarothrura pulchra tibatiensis – Tibati white-spotted flufftail
Sarothrura pulchra zenkeri – Cameroon white-spotted flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura pulchra batesi – Bates' white-spotted flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura pulchra centralis – Uganda white-spotted flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura elegans, Coturnicops elegans, Gallinula elegans – buff-spotted flufftail (Avibase; HBW), buff-spotted crake, buff-spotted pygmy-crake, buff-spotted pygmy rail
Sarothrura elegans elegans – Somali buff-spotted flufftail
SYN Sarothrura elegans buryi, Sarothrura buryi
SYN Sarothrura elegans loringi, Sarothrura loringi
SYN Sarothrura elegans languens
Sarothrura elegans reichenovi, Sarothrura reichenovi, Corethrura reichenovi – Cameroon buff-spotted flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura rufa, Coturnicops rufa, Rallus rufus – red-chested flufftail (Avibase; HBW), red-chested crake, red-chested pygmy-crake, red-chested pygmy rail
Sarothrura rufa rufa – Angola red-chested fufftail, Kenya buff-spotted flufftail
SYN Sarothrura rufa ansorgei
Sarothrura rufa bonapartii, Corethrura bonapartii – Cameroon red-chested flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura rufa elizabethae – Uganda red-chested flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura ayresi, Coturnicops ayresi – white-winged flufftail (Avibase; HBW), white-winged crake, white-winged ppygmy-crake, Abyssinian white-winged flufftail
SYN Sarothrura ayresi ayresi
SYN Sarothrura ayresi macmillani, Ortygops macmillani
Sarothrura watersi, Coturnicops watersi, Lemurolimnas watersi, Zapornia watersi – slender-billed flufftail (Avibase; HBW), Waters's flufftail, Waters' flufftail, Waters's crake, Waters' crake
Sarothrura boehmi, Coturnicops boehmi – streaky-breasted flufftail (Avibase; HBW), streaky-breasted crake, streaky-breasted pygmy crake, streaky-breasted pygmy-crake, Böhm's flufftail, Boehm's flufftail, Boehm's crake, Guinea streaky-breasted flufftail, Kenya streaky-breasted flufftail
SYN Sarothrura boehmi boehmi
SYN Sarothrura boehmi danei
Sarothrura lugens, Coturnicops lugens, Crex lugens – chestnut-headed flufftail (Avibase; HBW), chestnut-headed crake, chestnut-headed pygmy crake, African chestnut-headed crake, African flufftail, long-toed flufftail, Ugalla red-chested flufftail
Sarothrura lugens lugens
SYN Sarothrura lugens modesta
Sarothrura lugens lynesi, Sarothrura lynesi,Sarothrura lineata lynesi – Lynes's flufftail, Lynes' flufftail, Lynes's crake, Lynes's chestnut-headed flufftail (Avibase)
Sarothrura affinis, Coturnicops affinis, Daseioura affinis, Crex affinis – striped flufftail (Avibase; HBW), striped crake, striped pygmy-crake, red-tailed flufftail, red-tailed crake, red-tailed pygmy-crake
Sarothrura affinis affinis – Jardine's flufftail
SYN Sarothrura affinis lineata, Alecthelia lineata – chestnut-tailed flufftail, chestnut-tailed crake, chestnut-tailed pygmy-crake
Sarothrura affinis antonii, Sarothrura antonii – chestnut-breasted flufftail, chestnut-breasted striped flufftail (Avibase), Anthony's flufftail
Sarothrura insularis, Corethrura insularis, Coturnicops insularis – Madagascan flufftail, Madagascar flufftail (Avibase; HBW), Madagascar crake
Rallidae – rails (Bowen 1926), "rails, crakes, coots", "rails, gallinules, coots" (HBW)
Nesotrochis
Nesotrochis debooyi – Antillean cave rail, Antillean cave-rail (Avibase), Virgin Islands rail, DeBooy's rail
Nesotrochis picapicensis – Cuban cave rail, Cuban cave-rail (Avibase)
Nesotrochis steganinos – Haitian cave rail, Haitian cave-rail (Avibase)
Pennula millsi – Hawaii brown rail (Avibase), Hawaiian brown rail
Vitirallus watlingi – Viti Levu rail (Avibase)
Hovacrex roberti – Hova gallinule (Avibase)
Capellirallus karamu – New Zealand snipe-rail, snipe rail (Avibase), snipe-rail, sniperail, snipe-billed rail § Avibase bunu Megapodiidae (Galliformes) familyasında ele almış.
incertae sedis
Rougetius rougetii, Rallus rougetii – Rouget's rail (Avibase; HBW), Abyssinian rail, Abyssinian crake
Rallinae – long-billed rails and allies
Anurolimnas
Anurolimnas castaneiceps or Rufirallus castaneiceps, Rallina castaneiceps, Porzana castaneiceps – chestnut-headed crake (Avibase; HBW), chestnut-headed rail
Anurolimnas castaneiceps castaneiceps, Rufirallus castaneiceps castaneiceps
Anurolimnas castaneiceps coccineipes, Rufirallus castaneiceps coccineipes
Rallus
Rallus caerulescens; Rallus caeruleus – African rail (HBW), African water rail, Cape rail, Kaffir rail (Avibase)
Rallus aquaticus – water rail (Avibase; Nicoll 1919), western water rail (HBW), bilcock, skitty coot, skitty-cock, skitty coot, skitty-coot, gutter cock, darcock, brown hen, grey hen, rat hen, brook ouzel, brook runner, velvet runner
Rallus aquaticus aquaticus – western water rail
Rallus aquaticus hibernans – Icelandic water rail (Avibase)
Rallus aquaticus korejewi – central water rail (Avibase), Turkestan water rail
SYN Rallus aquaticus deserticolor
SYN Rallus aquaticus arjanicus
SYN Rallus aquaticus tsaidamensis
Rallus indicus, Rallus aquaticus indicus – brown-cheeked rail (Avibase), eastern water rail (HBW)
Rallus limicola [sensu lato] – Virginia rail (HBW)
Rallus limicola [sensu stricto : excl. aequatorialis] – Virginia rail (Avibase; HBW)
Rallus limicola limicola
SYN Rallus limicola zetarius
Rallus limicola friedmanni
↓ or Rallus aequatorialis – Ecuadorian rail (Avibase; HBW)
Rallus limicola aequatorialis or Rallus aequatorialis aequatorialis
Rallus limicola meyerdeschauenseei or Rallus aequatorialis meyerdeschauenseei
Rallus semiplumbeus – Bogotá rail, Bogota rail (Avibase; HBW)
Rallus semiplumbeus semiplumbeus, Rallus antarcticus semiplumbeus – Bogotá rail
Rallus semiplumbeus peruvianus, Rallus antarcticus peruvianus, Rallus limicola peruvianus, Rallus peruvianus – Peruvian rail, Peruvian Bogota rail (Avibase)
Rallus antarcticus, Rallus antarcticus antarcticus, Rallus limicola antarcticus – austral rail (Avibase; HBW), Patagonian rail
Rallus wetmorei – plain-flanked rail (Avibase; HBW), Wetmore's rail
Rallus obsoletus – Ridgway's rail (Avibase; HBW), western rail
Rallus obsoletus obsoletus, Rallus longirostris obsoletus, Rallus elegans obsoletus – California clapper rail, San Francisco Bay clapper rail, San Francisco Bay Ridgway's rail (Avibase)
Rallus obsoletus levipes, Rallus longirostris levipes, Rallus elegans levipes, Rallus levipes – light-footed rail, light-footed clapper rail, light-footed Ridgway's rail (Avibase)
Rallus obsoletus yumanensis, Rallus longirostris yumanensis, Rallus elegans yumanensis, Rallus yumanensis – Yuma rail, Yuma clapper rail, Yuma Ridgway's rail (Avibase)
Rallus obsoletus beldingi, Rallus longirostris beldingi, Rallus elegans beldingi, Rallus beldingi – South Baja clapper rail, South Baja Ridgway's rail (Avibase), Belding's clapper rail, Belding's rail
SYN Rallus obsoletus magdalenae, Rallus longirostris beldingi – Magdalena clapper rail, Magdalena Ridgway's rail (Avibase)
Rallus obsoletus rhizophorae, Rallus elegans rhizophorae – Sonora clapper rail
Rallus obsoletus nayaritensis, Rallus elegans nayaritensis, Rallus nayaritensis – San Blas clapper rail
Rallus tenuirostris, Rallus elegans tenuirostris – Aztec rail (Avibase), highland rail, Mexican rail (HBW)
Rallus longirostris [sensu lato: incl. crepitans, obsoletus, tenuirostris] – clapper rail
Rallus longirostris [sensu stricto] – mangrove rail (Avibase; HBW)
Rallus longirostris longirostris
Rallus longirostris phelpsi – Phelps clapper rail
Rallus longirostris dillonripleyi
Rallus longirostris margaritae
Rallus longirostris pelodramus
Rallus longirostris crassirostris, Rallus crassirostris
Rallus longirostris cypereti, Rallus cypereti – Cyperet's mangrove rail (Avibase), Cyperet's clapper rail, Ecuadorian mangrove rail
Rallus elegans – king rail (Avibase; HBW)
Rallus elegans elegans, Rallus longirostris elegans – northern king rail (Avibase)
Rallus elegans ramsdeni, Rallus longirostris ramsdeni – Cuban king rail (Avibase)
Rallus crepitans – clapper rail (Avibase; HBW)
Rallus crepitans crepitans, Rallus longirostris crepitans – northern clapper rail (Avibase)
Rallus crepitans waynei, Rallus longirostris waynei – Wayne's clapper rail (Avibase)
Rallus crepitans saturatus, Rallus longirostris saturatus – Louisiana clapper rail (Avibase), Gulf Coast clapper rail
Rallus crepitans scottii, Rallus longirostris scottii, Rallus scottii – Florida clapper rail (Avibase), Scott's rail
Rallus crepitans caribaeus, Rallus longirostris caribaeus – Antillean clapper rail (Avibase), Caribbean clapper rail Antiguan Clapper Rail, Cuban clapper rail, Hispaniolan clapper rail, Puerto Rican clapper rail
SYN Rallus crepitans manglecola, Rallus longirostris manglecola
SYN Rallus crepitans limnetis, Rallus longirostris limnetis
SYN Rallus crepitans vafer, Rallus longirostris vafer
Rallus crepitans leucophaeus, Rallus longirostris leucophaeus – Isle of Pines clapper rail (Avibase)
Rallus crepitans coryi, Rallus longirostris coryi, Rallus coryi – Bahama clapper rail (Avibase)
SYN Rallus crepitans corrius (Avibase) –
Rallus crepitans insularum, Rallus longirostris insularum – Brooks's clapper rail, mangrove clapper rail (Avibase)
SYN Rallus crepitans helius
Rallus crepitans pallidus, Rallus longirostris pallidus, Rallus pallidus – Yucatan clapper rail (Avibase)
Rallus crepitans grossi, Rallus longirostris grossi
Rallus crepitans belizensis, Rallus longirostris belizensis – Ycacos clapper rail, Honduras clapper rail (Avibase)
Rallus madagascariensis – Madagascan rail, Madagascar rail (Avibase; HBW), Madagascan water rail, wine-breasted rail
Rallus eivissensis – Ibiza rail
Aphanapteryx
Aphanapteryx bonasia – red rail (Avibase), Mauritian red rail, Mauritius red rail, Mauritius rail, Mauritius red hen, Van den Broecke's red hen, Van den Broecke's red rail
Erythromachus leguati or Aphanapteryx leguati – Rodrigues rail (Avibase), Rodrigues red rail, Rodrigues blue rail, Leguat's gelinote
Dryolimnas
Dryolimnas cuvieri, Canirallus cuvieri, Rallus cuvieri – white-throated rail (Avibase; HBW), Cuvier's rail
Dryolimnas cuvieri cuvieri – Madagascar white-throated rail, Madagascan rail, Mascarene rail
Dryolimnas cuvieri abbotti, Rougetius abbotti – Assumption white-throated rail (Avibase), Assumption Island white-throated rail, Assumption Island rail, Assumption rail
Dryolimnas cuvieri aldabranus, Rallus gularis aldabrana – Aldabra white-throated rail (Avibase), Aldabra Islands rail, Aldabra rail (HBW)
Dryolimnas augusti – Réunion rail, Reunion rail (Avibase), Dubois's wood-rail
Crex
Crex crex, Rallus crex; Crex pratensis – corn crake (Avibase), corn-crake (Bowen 1926), corncrake (HBW), European corn crake, land rail, land-rail (Bowen 1926), landrail (Nicoll 1919), grass quail
Crex egregia or Crecopsis egregia, Ortygometra (Crex) egregia, Ortygometra egregia, Porzana egregia – African crake (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926)
Aramidopsis plateni, Rallus plateni – snoring rail (Avibase; HBW), Celebean wood rail, Celebes rail, Platen's Celebes rail, Platen's rail
Lewinia
Lewinia striata or Gallirallus striatus, Hypotaenidia striata – slaty-breasted rail (Avibase; HBW), blue-breasted banded rail, blue-breasted rail, plumbeous-breasted rail
Lewinia striata striata, Gallirallus striatus striatus, Rallus striatus
SYN Lewinia striata deignani, Gallirallus striatus deignani
SYN Lewinia striata paraterma, Gallirallus striatus paratermus
Lewinia striata albiventer, Gallirallus striatus albiventer
Lewinia striata obscurior, Gallirallus striatus obscurior, Hypotaenidia obscuriora
SYN Lewinia striata nicobarensis, Gallirallus striatus nicobarensis, Rallus striatus nicobarensis – Nicobar slaty-breasted rail
Lewinia striata jouyi, Gallirallus striatus jouyi
Lewinia striata taiwana, Gallirallus striatus taiwanus, Hypotaenidia striata taiwana
Lewinia striata gularis, Gallirallus striatus gularis, Rallus gularis
SYN Lewinia striata reliqua, Gallirallus striatus reliquus, Hypotaenidia striata reliqua
Lewinia mirifica, Gallirallus pectoralis mirificus, Rallus pectoralis mirificus,, Dryolimnas mirificus, Rallus mirificus – brown-banded rail (Avibase; HBW), Luzon rail
Lewinia pectoralis, Dryolimnas pectoralis, Gallirallus pectoralis, Rallus pectoralis – Lewin's rail (Avibase; HBW), Lewin's water rail, Lewin's grind rail, pectoral rail, pectoral water rail, short-toed rail, short-toed water rail
Lewinia pectoralis pectoralis – Eastern Australian Lewin's rail, water-rail (Storr 1973)
Lewinia pectoralis exsul, Hypotaenidia brachypus exsul – Flores Lewin's rail, Flores rail
Lewinia pectoralis mayri, Rallus pectoralis mayri
Lewinia pectoralis capta, Rallus pectoralis captus
Lewinia pectoralis connectens
Lewinia pectoralis alberti, Hypotaenidia brachypus alberti
Lewinia pectoralis insulsa, Rallus strictus insulsus
Lewinia pectoralis clelandi, Rallus pectoralis clelandi – Western Australian Lewin's rail (Avibase), Lewin's water rail
Lewinia pectoralis brachipus, Rallus brachypus – Tasmanian Lewin's rail
Lewinia muelleri, Lewinia pectoralis muelleri, Dryolimnas muelleri, Rallus muelleri – Auckland rail (HBW), Auckland Island rail (Avibase), Auckland Islands rail, Auckland Island slate-breasted rail, Mueller's rail
Gymnocrex
Gymnocrex rosenbergii, Aramides rosenbergii, Eulabeornis rosenbergii, Rallina rosenbergii – blue-faced rail (HBW), bald-faced rail (Avibase), bare-faced rail, Rosenberg's bare-eyed rail, Rosenberg's rail, Schlegel's rail
Gymnocrex talaudensis – Talaud rail (Avibase; HBW)
Gymnocrex plumbeiventris, Aramides plumbeiventris, Eulabeornis plumbeiventris, Rallus plumbeiventris – bare-eyed rail (Avibase; HBW)
Gymnocrex plumbeiventris plumbeiventris
Gymnocrex plumbeiventris hoeveni
Gymnocrex plumbeiventris intactus or Gymnocrex intactus – intact rail (Avibase)
Gallirallus [sensu lato] – Austropacific rails
Gallirallus [sensu stricto]
Gallirallus wallacii or Habroptila wallacii, Habropteryx wallacii, Rallus wallacii – invisible rail (Avibase), drummer rail (HBW), Halmahera rail, Wallace's rail
Gallirallus hawkinsi or Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi – Mehonui rail (HBW), Hawkins's rail (Avibase), Chatham Island giant rail, giant Chatham Island rail
Gallirallus calayensis – Calayan rail (Avibase; HBW)
Gallirallus castaneoventris or Eulabeornis castaneoventris, Aramides castaneoventris – chestnut rail (Avibase; HBW), chestnut-bellied rail, chestnut-breasted rail, chestnut-breasted swamphen
Eulabeornis castaneoventris castaneoventris – Australian chestnut rail, chestnut rail (Storr 1973), grey chestnut-bellied rail, gray chestnut-bellied rail, brown chestnut-bellied rail
Eulabeornis castaneoventris sharpei – Aru chestnut rail
Gallirallus australis – weka (Avibase; HBW), weka rail, banded rail, kelp hen, pectoral rail, Maori hen, woodhen
Gallirallus australis australis, Rallus philippensis australis, Rallus australis – western weka (Avibase), South Island weka, South Island woodhen
color phase – brown weka, chestnut western weka
color phase – black weka, black western weka
SYN Gallirallus troglodytes, Rallus troglodytes – black weka, troglodyte rail
Gallirallus australis greyi, Ocydromus greyi – North Island weka (Avibase), North Island woodhen
Gallirallus australis hectori, Ocydromus hectori – buff weka (Avibase), buff-banded rail, eastern weka
Gallirallus australis scotti – Stewart Island weka (Avibase)
color phase – chestnut Stewart Island weka
color phase – black Stewart Island weka
Gallirallus hypoleucus, Rallus hypoleucus – Tongatapu rail
Gallirallus lafresnayanus, Tricholimnas lafresnayanus, Rallus lafresnayanus – New Caledonian rail (Avibase; HBW), New Caledonian wood rail, Lafresnaye's rail
Gallirallus modestus or Cabalus modestus, Rallus modestus – Chatham rail, Chatham Islands rail (Avibase), Hutton's rail, Mangare rail, Mangere rail, modest rail
Hypotaenidia
Gallirallus okinawae or Hypotaenidia okinawae, Rallus okinawae – Okinawa rail (Avibase; HBW), Okinawan barred-rail
Gallirallus torquatus or Hypotaenidia torquata – barred rail (Avibase; HBW)
Gallirallus torquatus torquatus, Hypotaenidia torquata torquata, Habropteryx torquatus, Rallus torquatus torquatus, Rallus torquatus – Philippine barred-rail, Philippine rail
SYN Gallirallus torquatus maxwelli, Hypotaenidia torquata maxwelli
SYN Gallirallus torquatus quisumbingi, Hypotaenidia torquata quisumbingi, Rallus torquatus quisumbingi
SYN Gallirallus torquatus sanfordi, Hypotaenidia torquata sanfordi, Rallus torquatus sanfordi
Gallirallus torquatus saturatus, Hypotaenidia torquata saturata
Gallirallus torquatus celebensis, Hypotaenidia torquata celebensis, Rallus celebensis – Celebes barred rail (Avibase), Celebes barred-rail
SYN Gallirallus torquatus remigialis, Hypotaenidia torquata remigialis
Gallirallus torquatus sulcirostris, Hypotaenidia torquata sulcirostris, Rallus sulcirostris – eastern barred rail (Avibase), eastern barred-rail
SYN Gallirallus torquatus simillimus, Hypotaenidia torquata simillima
Gallirallus torquatus kuehni, Hypotaenidia torquata kuehni
Gallirallus torquatus limarius, Hypotaenidia torquata limaria, Rallus torquatus limarius
Gallirallus dieffenbachii or Hypotaenidia dieffenbachii, Gallirallus philippensis dieffenbachii, Rallus philippensis dieffenbachii, Nesolimnas dieffenbachii, Rallus dieffenbachii – Dieffenbach's rail (Avibase), Chatham Island banded rail
Gallirallus insignis or Hypotaenidia insignis, Habropteryx insignis, Rallus insignis – pink-legged rail, New Britain rail (Avibase; HBW), New Britan barred-rail, Bismarck rail, insignia rail, Sclater's rail
Gallirallus owstoni or Hypotaenidia owstoni, Rallus owstoni – Guam rail (Avibase; HBW), Owston's rail
Nesoclopeus
Gallirallus woodfordi or Nesoclopeus woodfordi or Hypotaenidia woodfordi [sensu lato] – Woodford's rail (Avibase), Solomons rail
Nesoclopeus woodfordi woodfordi, Hypotaenidia woodfordi woodfordi or Hypotaenidia woodfordi [sensu stricto], Rallina woodfordi – Guadalcanal bar-winged rail, Guadalcanal rail (HBW)
Nesoclopeus woodfordi immaculatus, Hypotaenidia woodfordi immaculata or Hypotaenidia immaculata – Ysabel bar-winged rail, Ysabel bar-winged Woodford's rail (Avibase), Santa Isabel rail (HBW)
Nesoclopeus woodfordi tertius, Hypotaenidia woodfordi tertia or Hypotaenidia tertia – Bougainville rail (HBW)
Gallirallus rovianae or Hypotaenidia rovianae, Rallus rovianae – Roviana rail (Avibase; HBW)
Gallirallus poecilopterus or Nesoclopeus poecilopterus or Hypotaenidia poeciloptera, Rallina poeciloptera – bar-winged rail (Avibase), barred-winged rail, Fiji rail
Gallirallus philippensis or Hypotaenidia philippensis, Rallus philippensis, Eulabeornis philippensis – buff-banded rail (Avibase; HBW), buff-banded land rail, banded land rail, banded rail, land rail, painted rail, pectoral rail
Gallirallus philippensis philippensis, Hypotaenidia philippensis philippensis, Rallus philippensis philippensis
SYN Gallirallus philippensis chandleri, Hypotaenidia philippensis chandleri, Eulabeornis philippensis chandleri
Gallirallus philippensis andrewsi, Hypotaenidia philippensis andrewsi, Eulabeornis philippensis andrewsi – Cocos Keeling Islands buff-banded rail
Gallirallus philippensis pelewensis, Hypotaenidia philippensis pelewensis – Palau buff-banded rail
Gallirallus philippensis xerophilus, Hypotaenidia philippensis xerophila
Gallirallus philippensis wilkinsoni, Hypotaenidia philippensis wilkinsoni, Eulabeornis philippensis wilkinsoni
Gallirallus philippensis lacustris, Hypotaenidia philippensis lacustris, Rallus philippensis lacustris
Gallirallus philippensis reductus, Hypotaenidia philippensis reducta, Rallus philippensis reductus
Gallirallus philippensis wahgiensis, Hypotaenidia philippensis wahgiensis, Rallus philippensis wahgiensis
Gallirallus philippensis anachoretae, Hypotaenidia philippensis anachoretae, Rallus philippensis anachoretae
Gallirallus philippensis admiralitatis, Hypotaenidia philippensis admiralitatis
Gallirallus philippensis praedo, Hypotaenidia philippensis praedo, Rallus philippensis praedo
Gallirallus philippensis lesouefi, Hypotaenidia philippensis lesouefi, Eulabeornis philippensis lesouefi
Gallirallus philippensis meyeri, Hypotaenidia philippensis meyeri
Gallirallus philippensis mellori, Hypotaenidia philippensis mellori – Australian buff-banded rail
SYN Gallirallus philippensis norfolkensis, Hypotaenidia philippensis norfolkensis
SYN Gallirallus philippensis yorki, Hypotaenidia philippensis yorki
SYN Gallirallus philippensis australis, Hypotaenidia philippensis australis
Gallirallus philippensis randi, Hypotaenidia philippensis randi, Rallus philippensis randi
Gallirallus philippensis tounelieri, Hypotaenidia philippensis tounelieri
Gallirallus philippensis swindellsi, Hypotaenidia philippensis swindellsi, Eulabeornis philippensis swindellsi
Gallirallus philippensis christophori, Hypotaenidia philippensis christophori, Rallus philippensis christophori – Solomon Islands banded-rail, Solomon Islands buff-banded rail (Avibase)
Gallirallus philippensis assimilis, Hypotaenidia philippensis assimilis, Rallus assimilis – austral banded-rail, austral buff-banded rail (Avibase)
Gallirallus philippensis sethsmithi, Hypotaenidia philippensis sethsmithi, Eulabeornis philippensis sethsmithi – Fijian banded-rail, Fijian buff-banded rail (Avibase)
Gallirallus philippensis ecaudatus, Hypotaenidia philippensis ecaudata, Rallus philippensis ecaudatus, Gallirallus ecaudatus, Rallus ecaudatus ecaudatus – Tongan banded-rail, Tongan buff-banded rail (Avibase), Tonga rail
Gallirallus philippensis goodsoni, Hypotaenidia philippensis goodsoni, Eulabeornis philippensis goodsoni – Somoan banded-rail, Somoan buff-banded rail (Avibase)
Gallirallus philippensis macquariensis, Hypotaenidia philippensis macquariensis, Rallus macquariensis – Macquarie Island buff-banded rail (Avibase), Macquarie Island banded-rail, Macquarie Island rail
Gallirallus sylvestris or Hypotaenidia sylvestris, Tricholimnas sylvestris, Tricholimnas sylvestris sylvestris, Rallus sylvestris, Ocydromus sylvestris – Lord Howe woodhen (HBW), Lord Howe Island woodhen, Lord Howe Island wood hen, Lord Howe Island wood rail, Lord Howe wood rail, Lord Howe rail (Avibase), Lord Howe Island rail
?SYN Gallirallus conditicius, Tricholimnas conditicius, Tricholimnas sylvestris conditicius, Rallus conditicius – Gilbert rail, Gilbert Islands rail, Apiang rail
Gallirallus wakensis or Hypotaenidia wakensis, Gallirallus philippensis wakensis, Rallus wakensis – Wake rail, Wake Island rail (Avibase)
Gallirallus pacificus or Hypotaenidia pacifica, Gallirallus philippensis pacificus, Rallus pacificus – Tahiti rail (Avibase), Tahitian rail, Tahitian red-billed rail, Tonga rail, Tevea rail, Pacific rail, red-billed rail
Gallirallus ernstmayri – New Ireland rail
Gallirallus pendiculentus – Tinian rail
Gallirallus pisonii – Aguiguan rail
Gallirallus storrsolsoni – Huahine rail
Gallirallus temptatus – Rota rail
Gallirallus roletti – Tahuata rail
Gallirallus gracilitibia – Ua Huka rail
Gallirallus epulare – Nuku Hiva rail
Gallirallus vekamatolu – Vava'u rail, Eua rail, 'Eua rail
Gallirallus huiatua – Niue rail
Gallirallus ripleyi – Mangaian rail, Mangaia rail
Gallirallus steadmani – Tubuai rail
Gallirallus sp. – Lifuka rail
Gallirallus sp. – Hiva Oa rail
Gallirallus sp. – Mehetia rail
Gallirallus sp. – Rurutu rail
Gallirallus sp. – Saipan rail
Gallirallus sp. – Norfolk Island rail
?Gallirallus sp. – Taongi rail
Gallirallus sharpei, Stictolimnas sharpei – Sharpe's rail (Avibase)
Gallinulinae
Pardirallini – wood-rails and allies
Pardirallus
Pardirallus maculatus, Limnopardalus maculatus, Rallus maculatus – spotted rail (Avibase; HBW)
Pardirallus maculatus maculatus, Limnopardalis maculatus maculatus
SYN Pardirallus maculatus inoptatus, Limnopardalis maculatus inoptatus
Pardirallus maculatus insolitus, Limnopardalus maculatus insolitus
Pardirallus nigricans, Ortygonax nigricans, Rallus nigricans – blackish rail (Avibase; HBW)
Pardirallus nigricans nigricans, Ortygonax nigricans nigricans, Rallus nigricans nigricans
SYN Pardirallus nigricans humilis, Ortygonax nigricans humilis, Rallus nigricans humilis
Pardirallus nigricans caucae, Ortygonax nigricans caucae, Rallus nigricans caucae
Pardirallus sanguinolentus, Ortygonax sanguinolentus, Rallus sanguinolentus – plumbeous rail (Avibase; HBW)
Pardirallus sanguinolentus sanguinolentus
Pardirallus sanguinolentus simonsi
Pardirallus sanguinolentus tschudii
Pardirallus sanguinolentus zelebori, Aramides zelebori
Pardirallus sanguinolentus landbecki, Rallus sanguinolentus landbecki
Pardirallus sanguinolentus luridus, Rallus luridus
Mustelirallus
Mustelirallus albicollis or Porzana albicollis, Crex albicollis, Rallus albicollis – ash-throated crake (Avibase; HBW), white-throated crake, white-necked crake
Mustelirallus albicollis albicollis, Porzana albicollis albicollis
Mustelirallus albicollis typhoeca, Porzana albicollis typhoeca
SYN Porzana albicollis olivacea, Rallus olivaceus
Mustelirallus cerverai or Cyanolimnas cerverai – Zapata crake, Zapata rail (Avibase; HBW)
Neocrex
Mustelirallus colombianusor Neocrex colombiana, Porzana columbiana – Colombian crake (Avibase; HBW)
Neocrex colombiana colombiana
Neocrex colombiana ripleyi
Mustelirallus erythrops or Neocrex erythrops, Porzana erythrops – paint-billed crake (Avibase; HBW)
Neocrex erythrops erythrops
Neocrex erythrops olivascens
Amaurolimnas concolor, Aramides concolor, Eulabeornis concolor, Rallus concolor – uniform crake (Avibase; HBW), uniform rail, red rail, rufous rail
Amaurolimnas concolor concolor – Jamaican uniform crake, Jamaican wood rail
Amaurolimnas concolor guatemalensis, Corethrura guatemalensis
Amaurolimnas concolor castaneus
Aramides – wood rails
Aramides axillaris, Eulabeornis axillaris – rufous-necked wood rail, rufous-necked wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), rufous-necked woodrail, rufous-necked rail, rufous-crowned wood-rail, rufous-headed wood-rail, Venezuelan wood rail
SYN Aramides axillaris axillaris
SYN Aramides axillaris olivacea
Aramides mangle, Eulabeornis mangle, Gallinula mangle – little wood rail, little wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), little rail
Aramides wolfi, Eulabeornis wolfi – brown wood rail, brown wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), brown-backed wood rail, Wolf's wood rail
Aramides ypecaha, Eulabeornis ypecaha, Rallus ypecaha – giant wood rail, giant wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), great rail, ypecaha wood rail, ypecaha rail
Aramides albiventris – white-bellied wood rail, white-bellied wood-rail (Avibase)
Aramides albiventris albiventris or Aramides cajaneus albiventris, Aramides cajanea albiventris, Eulabeornis cajaneus albiventris
Aramides albiventris vanrossemi or Aramides cajaneus vanrossemi, Aramides cajanea vanrossemi, Eulabeornis cajaneus vanrossemi, Aramides vanrossemi – Van Rossem's wood-rail, Van Rossem's white-bellied wood-rail (Avibase)
Aramides albiventris pacificus or Aramides cajaneus pacificus, Aramides cajanea pacifica, Eulabeornis cajaneus pacificus, Aramides plumbeicollis pacificus – Nicaraguan wood-rail, Nicaraguan white-bellied wood-rail (Avibase)
Aramides albiventris mexicanus or Aramides cajaneus mexicanus, Aramides cajanea mexicana, Eulabeornis cajaneus mexicanus – Mexican wood-rail, Mexican white-bellied wood-rail (Avibase), northern wood-rail
Aramides albiventris plumbeicollis or Aramides cajaneus plumbeicollis, Aramides cajanea plumbeicollis, Eulabeornis cajaneus plumbeicollis, Aramides plumbeicollis – ashy-necked wood-rail, ashy-necked white-bellied wood-rail (Avibase), plumbeous-necked wood-rail
Aramides cajaneus, Aramides cajanea, Eulabeornis cajaneus, Fulica cajanea – grey-necked wood rail, grey-necked wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), gray-necked wood rail
Aramides cajaneus cajaneus, Aramides cajanea cajanea
SYN Aramides cajaneus gutturalis, Aramides cajanea gutturalis, Aramides gutturalis – red-throated wood rail
Aramides cajaneus avicenniae, Aramides cajanea avicenniae
Aramides cajaneus latens, Aramides cajanea latens – San Miguél wood-rail, San Miguél grey-necked wood-rail (Avibase), Pearl Islands grey-necked wood rail
Aramides cajaneus morrisoni, Aramides cajanea morrisoni
Aramides calopterus, Eulabeornis calopterus – red-winged wood rail, red-winged wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), red-winged rail, chestnut-winged wood-rail, Ecuadorian wood rail
Aramides saracura, Eulabeornis saracura, Gallinula saracura – slaty-breasted wood rail, slaty-breasted wood-rail (Avibase; HBW), slaty-breasted rail, saracura wood-rail
Gallinulini – "coots, true gallinules and moorhens"
Pareudiastes
Pareudiastes silvestris or Gallinula silvestris, Edithornis silvestris – Makira woodhen, Makira moorhen (HBW), San Cristobal moorhen (Avibase), San Cristobal mountain rail, San Cristobal gallinule
Pareudiastes pacificus or Gallinula pacifica– Samoan moorhen (Avibase; HBW), Samoan woodhen, Samoan wood rail, Samoan gallinule, Tahiti rail, red-billed rail
Tribonyx – nativehen, native-hen
Tribonyx ventralis or Gallinula ventralis – black-tailed nativehen, black-tailed native-hen (Avibase; HBW), black-tailed native hen (Storr 1973), black-tailed swamphen, black-tailed waterhen, black-tailed gallinule, native bantam
SYN Tribonyx ventralis ventralis, Gallinula ventralis ventralis
SYN Tribonyx ventralis territorii, Gallinula ventralis territorii
SYN Tribonyx ventralis whitei, Gallinula ventralis whitei
Tribonyx mortierii or Gallinula mortierii – Tasmanian nativehen, Tasmanian native-hen (Avibase; HBW), Tasmanian water hen, narkie
Tribonyx mortierii mortierii, Gallinula mortierii mortierii
Tribonyx mortierii reperta, Gallinula mortierii reperta, Tribonyx repertus – De Vis's native-hen
Tribonyx hodgenorum or Gallinula hodgeni – Hodgens' waterhen, Hodgen's rail, New Zealand native-hen (Avibase)
Porphyriops melanops or Gallinula melanops, Rallus melanops – spot-flanked gallinule (Avibase; HBW), spot-flanked moorhen, spotted waterhen, little waterhen
Porphyriops melanops melanops, Gallinula melanops melanops
Porphyriops melanops bogotensis, Gallinula melanops bogotensis – Bogotá spot-flanked gallinule (Avibase), Bogotá little waterhen
Porphyriops melanops crassirostris, Gallinula melanops crassirostris, Fulica crassirostris – Chilean spot-flanked gallinule (Avibase), Chilean little waterhen
Porzana – typical crakes, crakes
Porzana carolina, Rallus carolinus – sora (Avibase; HBW), sora crake, sora rail, Carolina crake, Carolina rail, meadow chicken
Porzana porzana, Rallus porzana, Crex porzana; Porzana maruetta – spotted crake (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), spot-breasted crake, Eurasian spotted crake, common crake
Porzana fluminea – Australian crake (Avibase; HBW), Australian spotted crake, spotted crake (Storr 1973), water crake
SYN Porzana fluminea fluminea
SYN Porzana fluminea whitei
Paragallinula angulata or Gallinula angulata – lesser moorhen (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926)
Gallinula – typical gallinules, moorhens, marsh hens
Gallinula tenebrosa – dusky moorhen (Avibase; HBW), dusky gallinule, black moorhen, black gallinule
Gallinula tenebrosa tenebrosa – Australian dusky moorhen, dusky moorhen (Storr 1973), northern black moorhen, western black moorhen
Gallinula tenebrosa frontata, Gallinula frontata
Gallinula tenebrosa neumanni
Gallinula chloropus, Fulica chloropus – common moorhen (Avibase; HBW), common waterhen, common gallinule, moorhen (Nicoll 1919), swamp chicken
Gallinula chloropus chloropus – Eurasian common moorhen, Eurasian moorhen, European moorhen (Bowen 1926), Palearctic common moorhen
SYN Gallinula chloropus indica – Indian moorhen
SYN Gallinula chloropus lucida
SYN Gallinula chloropus correiana
SYN Gallinula chloropus vestigialis
Gallinula chloropus pyrrhorrhoa, Gallinula pyrrhorrhoa – Madagascan common moorhen, Madagascar common moorhen (Avibase), Madagascan moorhen, Madagascar moorhen
Gallinula chloropus orientalis, Gallinula orientalis – Indo-Pacific common moorhen
SYN Gallinula chloropus lozanoi
SYN Gallinula chloropus seychellarum – Seychelles moorhen
Gallinula chloropus guami – Mariana common moorhen (Avibase)
Gallinula chloropus meridionalis – African common moorhen (Avibase)
Gallinula nesiotis, Gallinula nesiotis nesiotis, Porphyriornis nesiotis – Tristan moorhen (Avibase), Tristan gallinule, Tristan coot, Tristhan da Cunha Island cock, Tristan Island cock, island cock, South Atlantic moorhen
Gallinula galeata – common gallinule (Avibase; HBW), American moorhen
Gallinula galeata galeata, Gallinula chloropus galeata, Crex galeata – Southern American common gallinule (Avibase), South American moorhen, Brazilian gallinule
Gallinula galeata cachinnans, Gallinula chloropus cachinnans – North American common gallinule (Avibase), common gallinule, marsh hen
Gallinula galeata cerceris, Gallinula chloropus cerceris – Antillean common gallinule (Avibase), Antillean gallinule, North American moorhen, Florida gallinule
Gallinula galeata barbadensis, Gallinula chloropus barbadensis – Barbados common gallinule (Avibase), Barbados gallinule
Gallinula galeata pauxilla, Gallinula chloropus pauxilla – Subandean common gallinule, lesser common gallinule (Avibase), lesser gallinule
Gallinula galeata garmani, Gallinula chloropus garmani, Gallinula garmani – Andean common gallinule, Altiplano common gallinule (Avibase), Garman's gallinule
SYN Gallinula galeata hypomelaena, Gallinula chloropus hypomelaena
Gallinula galeata sandvicensis, Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis, Gallinula sandvicensis – Hawaiian gallinule, Hawaiian common gallinule (Avibase), Hawaiian moorhen, Hawaiian common moorhen, mudhen
Gallinula comeri, Gallinula nesiotis comeri, Porphyriornis comeri – Gough moorhen (HBW), Gough Island moorhen (Avibase), Gough gallinule, Gough Island coot, Gough Islands coot
Fulica – coots
Fulica rufifrons – red-fronted coot (Avibase; HBW)
Fulica cornuta – horned coot (Avibase; HBW)
Fulica gigantea – giant coot (Avibase; HBW)
Fulica armillata – red-gartered coot (Avibase; HBW)
Fulica atra – Eurasian coot, common coot (Avibase; HBW), black coot, coot (Nicoll 1919)
Fulica atra atra – Palearctic common coot, European coot (Bowen 1926)
Fulica atra lugubris, Fulica lugubris
SYN Fulica atra anggiensis
Fulica atra novaeguineae
Fulica atra australis, Fulica australis – Australian coot, Australian common coot (Avibase), Australian Eurasian coot, coot (Storr 1973)
Fulica newtoni – Mascarene coot (Avibase), Mauritius coot § Alfred Newton (1829-1907)
Fulica chathamensis – Chatham Island coot (Avibase)
Fulica chathamensis chathamensis – Chatham Island coot, New Zealand Coot (Chatham Islands) (Avibase)
Fulica chathamensis prisca, Fulica prisca – New Zealand coot, New Zealand Coot (prisca) (Avibase)
Fulica cristata – red-knobbed coot (Avibase; HBW), crested coot (Nicoll 1919)
Fulica ardesiaca – Andean coot (HBW), slate-coloured coot (Avibase)
Fulica ardesiaca ardesiaca, Fulica americana ardesiaca
SYN Fulica ardesiaca peruviana, Fulica americana peruviana
Fulica ardesiaca atrura, Fulica americana atrura
Fulica leucoptera – white-winged coot (Avibase; HBW)
Fulica alai, Fulica americana alai – Hawaiian coot (Avibase; HBW)
Fulica americana – American coot (Avibase; HBW), mud hen
Fulica americana americana – Northern American coot (Avibase)
SYN Fulica americana grenadensis
Fulica americana columbiana
Fulica caribaea, Fulica americana caribaea – Caribbean coot (Avibase)
Porphyrioninae
Porphyrionini – purple gallinules and swamphens
Aphanocrex podarces or Atlantisia podarces – Saint Helena swamphen, Saint Helena rail, St. Helena rail (Avibase), St. Helena giant rail, Saint Helena crake, St. Helena crake
Porphyrio – swamphen
Porphyrio alleni, Porphyrula alleni, Gallinula alleni – Allen's gallinule (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), Allen's reedhen, Allen's reed-hen (Bowen 1926), lesser gallinule
Porphyrio martinicus, Porphyrula martinica – purple gallinule (Avibase; HBW), American purple gallinule, American gallinule, American swamphen, yellow-legged gallinule
SYN Porphyrio martinicus martinicus, Fulica martinica
SYN Porphyrio martinicus georgica, Porphyrula georgica – South Georgia gallinule, South Georgia purple gallinule (Avibase)
Porphyrio flavirostris, Porphyrula flavirostris, Gallinula flavirostris, Fulica flavirostris – azure gallinule (Avibase; HBW), azure swamphen
Porphyrio porphyrio [sensu lato : incl. indicus, madagascariensis, melanotus, poliocephalus, pulverulentus] – purple swamphen (HBW), purple swamp-hen, purple swamp hen, purple moorhen, purple gallinule, purple coot, blue coot, sultana bird, sultan hen, swamp hen,
Porphyrio porphyrio [sensu stricto] or Porphyrio porphyrio porphyrio, Fulica porphyrio – western swamphen (HBW), purple swamphen (Avibase), European purple swamphen, European purple gallinule, Mediterranean swamphen, West Mediterranean purple swamphen
Porphyrio indicus – black-backed swamphen (Avibase)
Porphyrio indicus indicus or Porphyrio porphyrio indicus – Indonesian swamphen, Sunda swamphen (HBW)
Porphyrio indicus viridis or Porphyrio porphyrio viridis – Malaysian swamphen, Malaysian black-backed swamphen (Avibase), Indochinese swamphen (HBW)
Porphyrio madagascariensis – African swamphen (Avibase; HBW), African purple swamphen, green-backed purple coot (Nicoll 1919), green-backed gallinule
Porphyrio madagascariensis madagascariensis or Porphyrio porphyrio madagascariensis, Gallinula madagascariensis
Porphyrio madagascariensis aegiptiacus or Porphyrio porphyrio aegyptiacus – Egyptian swamphen, Egyptian purple swamp hen, Egyptian African swamphen (Avibase), green-backed purple coot
Porphyrio hochstetteri, Notornis hochstetteri – southern takahe, South Island takahe (Avibase; HBW), South Island takahē
Porphyrio mantelli, Notornis mantelli – takahe, North Island takahe (Avibase)
Porphyrio melanotus – Australasian swamphen (HBW), Australian swamphen (Avibase), Australian purple swamphen
Porphyrio melanotus melanotus or Porphyrio porphyrio melanotus, Gallinula porphyrio melanotus – eastern swamphen, eastern swamp-hen (Storr 1973), western Australian purple swamphen
SYN Porphyrio melanotus neobritannicus, Porphyrio poliocephalus neobritannicus , Porphyrio neobritannicus
SYN Porphyrio melanotus mertoni, Porphyrio mertoni
SYN Porphyrio melanotus fletcherae
SYN Porphyrio melanotus stanleyi, Porphyrio stanleyi
Porphyrio melanotus pelewensis or Porphyrio porphyrio pelewensis – Palau purple swamphen
Porphyrio melanotus chathamensis or Porphyrio porphyrio chathamensis – Chatham swamphen, Chatham Australian swamphen (Avibase)
Porphyrio melanotus bellus or Porphyrio porphyrio bellus, Porphyrio bellus – western swamphen, Western Australian swamphen (Avibase), Australasian purple swamphen, ashy-headed swamphen
Porphyrio melanotus melanopterus or Porphyrio porphyrio melanopterus, Porphyrio melanopterus – Moluccan swamphen, Moluccan Australian swamphen (Avibase)
SYN Porphyrio melanotus palliatus, Porphyrio indicus palliatus
Porphyrio melanotus samoensis or Porphyrio porphyrio samoensis, Porphyrio samoensis – Samoan swamphen, Samoan Australian swamphen (Avibase)
SYN Porphyrio melanotus caledonicus, Porphyrio calvus caledonicus
SYN Porphyrio melanotus aneiteumensis, Porphyrio aneiteumensis
SYN Porphyrio melanotus vitiensis, Porphyrio vitiensis
Porphyrio melanotus ellioti or Porphyrio porphyrio ellioti – Admiralty Islands swamphen, Admiralty Australian swamphen (Avibase)
Porphyrio poliocephalus – grey-headed swamphen (Avibase; HBW), gray-headed swamphen, Indian swamphen
Porphyrio poliocephalus poliocephalus or Porphyrio porphyrio poliocephalus, Gallinula poliocephala
Porphyrio poliocephalus seistanicus or Porphyrio porphyrio seistanicus – Iraq purple swamphen, Iraq grey-headed swamphen (Avibase)
Porphyrio poliocephalus caspius or Porphyrio porphyrio caspius – Caspian purple swamphen, Caspian grey-headed swamphen (Avibase)
Porphyrio pulverulentus or Porphyrio porphyrio pulverulentus – Philippine swamphen (Avibase; HBW), azure-breasted swamphen
Porphyrio coelestis – blue-breasted waterhen (Avibase), Chinese purple moorhen (Avibase [as. syn.])
Porphyrio albus, Porphyrio porphyrio albus, Fulica alba – Lord Howe swamphen, Lord Howe Island swamphen (Avibase), Lord Howe purple gallinule, white gallinule, white swamphen
Porphyrio coerulescens – Réunion swamphen, Réunion gallinule, Reunion Island gallinule (Avibase)
Porphyrio kukwiedei – New Caledonian gallinule, New Caledonian swamphen, New Caledonian takahe (Avibase)
Porphyrio mcnabi – Huahine swamphen
Porphyrio paepae – Marquesan swamphen (Avibase), Marquesas swamphen
Porphyrio sp. 'Buka' – Buka swamphen
Porphyrio sp. 'New Ireland sp. #1' – giant swamphen
Porphyrio sp. 'New Ireland sp #2' – New Ireland swamphen
Porphyrio sp. 'Norfolk Island' – Norfolk Island swamphen
Porphyrio sp. 'Rota' – Rota swamphen
Porphyrio sp. 'Tinian' – Tinian swamphen
?Porphyrio sp. 'Mangaia' – Mangaia swamphen
Himantornithini – bush-hens and waterhens
Himantornis haematopus – Nkulengu rail (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Himantornis haematopus haematopus
SYN Himantornis haematopus petiti
SYN Himantornis haematopus whitesidei – Whiteside's rail
Megacrex inepta, Habroptila inepta, Amaurornis inepta – Papuan flightless rail, New Guinea flightless rail (Avibase; HBW), grey-faced rail, gray-faced rail
Megacrex inepta inepta
Megacrex inepta pallida
Aenigmatolimnas marginalis or Amaurornis marginalis, Porzana marginalis – striped crake (Avibase; HBW)
Poliolimnas cinereus or Amaurornis cinerea or Porzana cinerea – white-browed crake (Avibase; HBW), white-browed rail, ashy crake, gray-bellied crake, grey-bellied crake
Amaurornis cinerea cinerea, Porphyrio cinereus
SYN Amaurornis cinerea micronesiae, Poliolimnas cinereus micronesiae
SYN Amaurornis cinerea tannensis
SYN Amaurornis cinerea ocularis
SYN Amaurornis cinerea leucophrys, Poliolimnas cinereus leucophrys – white-browed crake (Storr 1973)
SYN Amaurornis cinerea meeki
SYN Amaurornis cinerea minimus, Erythra cinerea minima
SYN Amaurornis cinerea collingwoodi, Poliolimnas cinereus collingwoodi
SYN Amaurornis cinerea moluccanus, Poliolimnas cinereus moluccanus
Amaurornis cinerea brevipes, Porzana cinerea brevipes – Iwo Jima white-browed crake (Avibase), Iwo Jima rail
Gallicrex cinerea, Fulica cinerea – watercock (Avibase; HBW), water cock
Amaurornis – bush-hens
Amaurornis isabellina, Amaurornis isabellinus, Rallina isabellina – isabelline bush-hen (HBW), isabelline waterhen (Avibase), Celebes bush-hen, Sulawesi waterhen, Celebes waterhen, Celebes moorhen, Celebes swamphen
Amaurornis phoenicurus – white-breasted waterhen (Avibase; HBW), white-breasted swamphen, white-breasted bush-hen
Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus, Gallinula phoenicurus – eastern white-breasted Waterhen
SYN Amaurornis phoenicurus maldivus
SYN Amaurornis phoenicurus chinensis, Fulica chinensis
Amaurornis phoenicurus javanica, Gallinula javanica
Amaurornis phoenicurus insularis, Amaurornis insularis
SYN Amaurornis phoenicurus leucocephalus – Car Nicobar white-breasted waterhen
Amaurornis phoenicurus midnicobaricus, Amaurornis phoenicurus midnicobarica – Great Nicobar white-breasted waterhen
Amaurornis phoenicurus leucomelana, Amaurornis phoenicurus leucomelanus, Gallinula leucomelana
SYN Amaurornis phoenicurus variabilis
Amaurornis olivacea, Amaurornis olivaceus, Amaurornis olivacea olivacea, Amaurornis olivaceus olivaceus, Gallinula olivacea, Gallinula olivacea olivacea – plain bush-hen (Avibase), Philippine bush-hen (HBW)
Amaurornis magnirostris, Amaurornis olivacea magnirostris, Amaurornis olivaceus magnirostris, Amaurornis phoenicurus magnirostris, Gallinula olivacea magnirostris – Talaud bush-hen (Avibase; HBW), Talaud waterhen
Amaurornis moluccana, Amaurornis moluccanus – pale-vented bush-hen (HBW), rufous-tailed bush-hen, rufous-tailed waterhen (Avibase), rufous-tailed moorhen
Amaurornis moluccana moluccana, moluccana, Amaurornis moluccanus moluccanus, Amaurornis olivacea moluccana, Amaurornis olivaceus moluccanus, Porzana moluccana – Moluccan rufous-tailed moorhen
Amaurornis moluccana nigrifrons, Amaurornis moluccanus nigrifrons, Amaurornis olivacea nigrifrons, Amaurornis olivaceus nigrifrons, Gallinula olivacea nigrifrons
Amaurornis moluccana ultima, Amaurornis moluccanus ultimus, Amaurornis olivaceus ultimus
Amaurornis moluccana ruficrissa, Amaurornis moluccanus ruficrissus, Amaurornis olivaceus ruficrissus, Amaurornis ruficrissus, Gallinula olivacea ruficrissa, Gallinula ruficrissa – Torresian pale-vented bush-hen, eastern bush-hen, red-fronted waterhen, red-fronted rufous-tailed waterhen (Avibase), rufous-tailed crake, rufous-tailed moorhen, rufous-tailed waterhen, rufous-vented bush-hen, rufous-vented rail, bush-hen (Storr 1973)
SYN Amaurornis moluccana frankii
Zapornini – Old World crakes
Rallina [sensu lato : incl. Rallicula]
Rallina [sensu stricto]
Rallina eurizonoides – slaty-legged crake (Avibase; HBW), slaty-legged banded crake, slaty-legged banded rail, banded crake, banded rail
Rallina eurizonoides eurizonoides, Gallinula eurizonoides – Philippine banded crake, Philippine crake
Rallina eurizonoides telmatophila, Rallus telmatophila
Rallina eurizonoides sepiaria, Euryzona sepiaria – Ryukyu crake
Rallina eurizonoides formosana, Rallina formosana
Rallina eurizonoides alvarezi
Rallina eurizonoides minahasa
Rallina eurizonoides amauroptera, Porzana amauroptera – Indian banded crake, Hindu crake, white-throated chestnut-rail
Rallina canningi, Euryzona canningi – Andaman crake (Avibase; HBW), Andaman banded crake
Rallina sp. – Great Nicobar crake
Rallina fasciata, Rallus fasciatus – red-legged crake (Avibase; HBW), red-legged banded crake, red-legged chestnut-rail, eastern red-legged crake Malaysian banded crake, Malay banded crake, Malay banded rail, Malay crake, Malay rail
Rallina tricolor, Eulabeornis tricolor – red-necked crake (Avibase; HBW), red-necked rail (Storr 1973)
Rallina tricolor tricolor – bar-bellied chestnut-rail
SYN Rallina tricolor maxima
SYN Rallina tricolor robinsoni, Eulabeornis tricolor robinsoni
Rallina tricolor victa – Red-necked Crake (Red-necked) (Avibase)
SYN Rallina tricolor convicta
SYN Rallina tricolor laeta
Limnocorax flavirostra or Zapornia flavirostra or Amaurornis flavirostra, Gallinula flavirostra – black crake (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926), black rail, black waterhen, African black crake
Limnobaenus
Limnobaenus fuscus or Zapornia fusca or Porzana fusca, Amaurornis fuscus, Rallus fuscus – ruddy-breasted crake (Avibase; HBW), ruddy crake
Porzana fusca fusca, Zapornia fusca fusca – eastern ruddy-breasted crake
Porzana fusca bakeri, Zapornia fusca bakeri – northern ruddy-breasted crake (Avibase), northern ruddy crake
Porzana fusca erythrothorax, Zapornia fusca erythrothorax, Gallinula erythrothorax
Porzana fusca phaeopyga, Zapornia fusca phaeopyga, Porzana phaeopyga
Porzana fusca zeylonica, Zapornia fusca zeylonica, Amaurornis fuscus zeylonicus
Limnobaenus paykullii or Zapornia paykullii or Porzana paykullii, Rallicula paykullii, Rallina paykullii, Rallus paykullii – band-bellied crake (Avibase; HBW), chestnut-breasted banded crake, chestnut-breasted crake, Chinese banded crake, large banded crake, large crake, Siberian ruddy crake
SYN Porzana paykullii paykullii, Zapornia paykullii paykullii
SYN Porzana paykullii boineti, Zapornia paykullii boineti
Zapornia
Zapornia akool or Amaurornis akool – brown bush-hen, brown crake (Avibase; HBW), brown swamphen, brown waterhen, crimson-legged crake
Amaurornis akool akool, Zapornia akool akool, Rallus akool
Amaurornis akool coccineipes, Zapornia akool coccineipes, Gallinula coccineipes
Zapornia parva or Porzana parva, Rallus parvus – little crake (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
SYN Porzana parva parva, Zapornia parva parva
SYN Porzana parva illustris, Zapornia parva illustris
Zapornia astrictocarpus or Porzana astrictocarpus – Saint Helena rail (Avibase), St. Helena rail, Saint Helena swamphen, St. Helena Island crake, St. Helena crake, little St. Helena rail
Zapornia pusilla or Porzana pusilla, Rallus pusillus – Baillon's crake (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926), Baillons crake (Nicoll 1919 [Ü.Ç: Baillon's değil Baillons]), marsh crake, little crake, pygmy crake, tiny crake, dwarf rail, little water crake, lesser spotted crake
Porzana pusilla pusilla, Zapornia pusilla pusilla – eastern Baillon's crake (Avibase; HBW), northern Baillon's crake
SYN Porzana pusilla bareji, Zapornia pusilla bareji
Porzana pusilla intermedia, Zapornia pusilla intermedia, Rallus intermedius – western Baillon's crake (Avibase; HBW), European Baillon's crake, African spotted crake
Porzana pusilla obscura, Zapornia pusilla obscura, Porzana obscura – African spotted crake (Tomlinson 1946)
Porzana pusilla palustris, Zapornia pusilla palustris, Porzana palustris – Torresian Baillon's crake, Australasian Baillon's crake (HBW), marsh crake (Storr 1973)
Porzana pusilla mira, Zapornia pusilla mira – Bornean Baillon's crake (HBW)
Porzana pusilla mayri, Zapornia pusilla mayri
Porzana pusilla affinis, Zapornia pusilla affinis, Ortygometra affinis
Zapornia palmeri or Porzana palmeri, Porzana pusilla palmeri, Porzanula palmeri – Laysan crake (Avibase), Laysan Island crake, Laysan rail
Zapornia olivieri or Amaurornis olivieri – Sakalava rail (Avibase; HBW), Olivier's crake, Olivier's rail
Zapornia bicolor or Amaurornis bicolor or Porzana bicolor – black-tailed crake (Avibase; HBW), rufous-backed crake, Elwes's crake, Elwes' crake
Zapornia sandwichensis or Porzana sandwichensis, Corethrura sandwichensis, Pennula sandwichensis, Rallus sandwichensis – Hawaiian crake (Avibase), Hawaiian rail, Hawaiian spotted rail, Moho rail, Sandwich crake, dusky rail
Zapornia atra or Porzana atra, Nesophylax ater – Henderson crake (HBW), Henderson Island crake (Avibase), Henderson Island rail, Henderson rail, red-eyed crake, North's crake
Zapornia tabuensis or Porzana tabuensis, Rallus tabuensis – spotless crake (Avibase; HBW; Storr 1973), sooty crake, sooty rail, black rail
Zapornia tabuensis tabuensis, Porzana tabuensis tabuensis
SYN Zapornia tabuensis filipina, Porzana tabuensis filipina, Porzana plumbea filipina
SYN Zapornia tabuensis immaculata, Porzana tabuensis immaculata, Gallinula immaculata
SYN Zapornia tabuensis oliveri, Porzana tabuensis oliveri, Porzanoidea plumbea oliveri
SYN Zapornia tabuensis tenebrosa, Porzana tabuensis tenebrosa, Rallus tenebrosus
SYN Zapornia tabuensis caledonica, Porzana tabuensis caledonica
SYN Zapornia tabuensis vitiensis, Porzana tabuensis vitiensis, Porzana vitiensis
Zapornia tabuensis plumbea, Porzana tabuensis plumbea, Crex plumbea – Australasian spotless crake
Zapornia tabuensis edwardi, Porzana tabuensis edwardi
Zapornia tabuensis richardsoni, Porzana tabuensis richardsoni
Zapornia monasa or Porzana monasa – Kosrae crake (Avibase), Kosrae Island crake, Kusaie Island crake, Kittlitz's rail
Zapornia nigra or Porzana nigra – Tahiti crake, Miller's crake, Miller's rail (Avibase)
Porzana rua – Mangaian crake (Avibase), Mangaia crake, Mangaia rail
Porzana ziegleri – small Oʻahu crake, lesser Oahu crake (Avibase)
Porzana menehune – liliput crake, very small Molokai rail, lesser Molokai crake (Avibase)
Porzana keplerorum – small Maui crake, small Maui rail, lesser Maui crake (Avibase)
Porzana ralphorum – great Oʻahu crake, great Oahu crake, greater Oahu crake (Avibase), medium Oahu rail
Porzana severnsi – great Maui crake, greater Maui crake (Avibase)
Porzana sp. 'Lisianski' – Lisianksi crake
Porzana sp. – Aiwa Levu crake
Porzana sp. 'Easter Island' – Rapa Nui crake, Easter Island crake
Porzana sp. 'Big Island sp. #1' – small Big Island crake
Porzana sp. 'Big Island sp #2' – great Big Island crake
Porzana sp. 'Hawaii sp. #1' – small Hawaii crake, small Hawaii rail
Porzana sp. 'Hawaii sp. #2' – large Hawaii crake, large Hawaii rail
Porzana sp. 'Huahine' – Huahine crake
Porzana sp. 'Mangaia' – lesser Mangaia crake, small Mangaia crake
Porzana sp. – Malakula crake
Porzana sp. 'Kaui sp. #1' – medium Kauaʻi crake
Porzana sp. 'Kaui sp. #2' – great Kauaʻi crake, large Kauai rail
Porzana sp. 'Maui' – medium Maui crake
Porzana sp. – Ua Huka crake
Porzana sp. (Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka; up to 2 species) – Marquesas crake
Porzana sp. (Aguiguan, Rota, Tinian; up to 3 species) – Marianas crake
Porzana sp. 'Aguiguan' – Aguiguan crake
Porzana sp. 'Rota' – Rota crake
Porzana sp. 'Tinian' – Tinian crake
Laterallini – New World crakes
Micropygia schomburgkii, Coturnicops schomburgkii, – ocellated crake (Avibase; HBW), ocellated rail, dotted crake, dotted rail, Schomburgk's crake
Micropygia schomburgkii schomburgkii, Coturnicops schomburgkii schomburgkii, Crex schomburgkii
Micropygia schomburgkii chapmani, Coturnicops schomburgkii chapmani, Thyrorhina schomburgki chapmani
Rufirallus
Rufirallus viridis or Anurolimnas viridis, Laterallus viridis, Rallus viridis – russet-crowned crake (Avibase; HBW), russet-crowned rail, russet-crowned ruddy-crake, Cayenne crake
Rufirallus viridis viridis, Anurolimnas viridis viridis
Rufirallus viridis brunnescens, Anurolimnas viridis brunnescens, Laterallus viridis brunnescens
Laterallus
Laterallus fasciatus or Porzana fasciata or Anurolimnas fasciatus – black-banded crake (Avibase; HBW), black-banded rail
SYN Laterallus hauxwelli – Hauxwell's crake
Laterallus ruber, Creciscus ruber – ruddy crake (Avibase; HBW), ruddy rail, red crake, red rail
SYN Laterallus ruber ruber, Corethrura rubra
SYN Laterallus ruber tamaulipensis, Creciscus ruber tamaulipensis
SYN Laterallus ruber ruberrimus, Creciscus ruberrimus
Laterallus levraudi, Porzana levraudi – rusty-flanked crake (Avibase; HBW), rusty-flanked crake, Levraud's crake
Laterallus melanophaius – rufous-sided crake (Avibase; HBW), rufous-sided rail, rufous-sided ruddy-crake, rufous-vented crake, Brazilian crake
Laterallus melanophaius melanophaius, Rallus melanophaius
SYN Laterallus melanophaius lateralis, Crex lateralis
Laterallus melanophaius oenops, Porzana oenops
Laterallus leucopyrrhus, Rallus leucopyrrhus – red-and-white crake (Avibase; HBW), red and white crake, red & white crake, red-and-white rail, red-white crake, white-breasted crake, white-breasted ruddy-crake
Laterallus xenopterus – rufous-faced crake (Avibase; HBW), rufous-faced rail, Horqueta crake
Coturnicops
Coturnicops exquisitus, Coturnicops noveboracensis exquisitus, Porzana exquisita – Swinhoe's rail (Avibase; HBW), Swinhoe's crake, rail, Swinhoe's yellow rail, Swinhoe's yellow crake, Asian yellow rail, Chinese yellow crake, Siberian rail, button crake
Coturnicops noveboracensis – yellow rail (Avibase; HBW), American yellow rail, yellow rail, yellow crake, clicker, kicker
Coturnicops noveboracensis noveboracensis, Porzana noveboracensis, Fulica noveboracensis
SYN Coturnicops noveboracensis emersoni
SYN Coturnicops noveboracensis richii
Coturnicops noveboracensis goldmani, Coturnicops goldmani, Porzana goldmani – Mexican yellow rail (Avibase), Goldman's yellow rail
Hapalocrex flaviventer or Porzana flaviventer, Micropygia flaviventer, Poliolimnas flaviventer, Rallus flaviventer – yellow-breasted crake (Avibase; HBW), yellow-breasted rail, two-penny chick
Porzana flaviventer flaviventer, Hapalocrex flaviventer flaviventer
Porzana flaviventer gossii, Hapalocrex flaviventer gossii, Laterirallus gossii
Porzana flaviventris hendersoni, Hapalocrex flaviventer hendersoni
Porzana flaviventer woodi, Hapalocrex flaviventer woodi
Porzana flaviventer bangsi, Hapalocrex flaviventer bangsi
Limnocrex
Limnocrex exilis or Laterallus exilis – grey-breasted crake (Avibase; HBW), gray-breasted crake, grey-breasted rail, gray-breasted rail, grey-breasted ruddy-crake, gray-breasted ruddy-crake, Temminck's crake
SYN Laterallus exilis exilis, Rallus exilis
SYN Laterallus exilis vagans, Porzana exilis vagans
Limnocrex albigularis or Laterallus albigularis – white-throated crake (Avibase; HBW), white-throated rail
Laterallus albigularis albigularis, Corethrura albigularis – Caribbean white-throated crake
Laterallus albigularis cerdaleus – Pacific white-throated crake (Avibase)
Laterallus albigularis cinereiceps, Laterallus cinereiceps, Porzana cinereiceps – gray-faced white-throated crake (Avibase), gray-headed ruddy-crake, grey-headed ruddy-crake
Mundia elpenor or Atlantisia elpenor – Ascension crake, Ascension Island crake, Ascension flightless crake (Avibase), Ascension Island rail
Atlantisia
Atlantisia rogersi – Inaccessible Island rail (Avibase), Inaccessible rail (HBW), Inaccessible Island flightless rail, Tristan rail, Tristan Island hen, Atlantis rail, Lowe's rail
Creciscus notatus or Coturnicops notatus – speckled rail (Avibase; HBW), speckled crake, red-legged water rail, Darwin's crake, Darwin's rail
SYN Coturnicops notatus notata, Zapornia notata
SYN Coturnicops notatus duncani, Ortygops notata duncani
Creciscus spiloptera or Porzana spiloptera, Laterallus spilopterus – dot-winged crake (Avibase; HBW), dot-winged rail, spot-winged crake
Creciscus jamaicensis or Laterallus jamaicensis – black rail (Avibase; HBW)
Laterallus jamaicensis [jamaicensis] – Black Rail [Northern] (Avibase)
Laterallus jamaicensis jamaicensis, Rallus jamaicensis – eastern black rail, Central american black rail
SYN Laterallus jamaicensis stoddardi
SYN Laterallus jamaicensis pygmaeus
Laterallus jamaicensis coturniculus, Porzana jamaicensis coturniculus – California black rail, Farallon black rail (Avibase), Farallon rail
Laterallus jamaicensis [salinasi] – Black Rail [Coastal South America] (Avibase)
Laterallus jamaicensis salinasi, Rallus salinasi – Chilean black rail (Avibase)
Laterallus jamaicensis murivagans, Creciscus murivagans – cinnamon-vented rail, cinnamon-vented black rail (Avibase), cinnamon-vented crake, Peruvean black rail
Laterallus jamaicensis tuerosi or Laterallus tuerosi – Junín crake, Junin crake, Junín rail, Junin rail (Avibase; HBW)
Creciscus spilonota or Laterallus spilonotus, Zapornia spilonota – Galapagos crake, Galapagos rail (Avibase; HBW)


Aequorlitornithes


Charadriiformes – shorebirds
Charadrii [sensu lato : Chionidi + Charadrii + Scolopaci + Thinocori] – waders, shorebirds, typical shorebirds
Chionidi – thick-knees and allies
Pluvianellidae – Magellanic plover (HBW)
Pluvianellus socialis – Magellanic plover (Avibase; HBW), sociable plover
Chionidae [sensu lato : incl. Pluvianellidae] – sheathbills and allies
Chionidae [sensu stricto] – sheathbills (HBW)
Chionis
Chionis albus, Chionis alba, Vaginalis alba – snowy sheathbill (Avibase; HBW), snowy paddy, greater sheathbill, pale-faced sheathbill, American sheathbill, wattled sheathbill, yellow-billed sheathbill, paddy
Chionis minor – black-faced sheathbill (Avibase; HBW), lesser sheathbill, paddy bird
minor + nasicornis – eastern black-faced sheathbill (HBW)
Chionis minor minor – Kerguelen black-faced sheathbill, Kerguelen lesser sheathbill
SYN Chionis minor nivea
Chionis minor nasicornis, Chionis nasicornis – Heard Island black-faced sheathbill
marionensis + crozetensis – western black-faced sheathbill (HBW)
Chionis minor marionensis, Chionis marionensis – Marion Island black-faced sheathbill, Marion Island lesser sheathbill, Marion Island sheathbill
Chionis minor crozettensis, Chionarchus crozettensis – Crozet Island black-faced sheathbill, Crozet lesser sheathbill
Burhinidae – thick-knees (HBW), stone-curlews (Bowen 1926), dikkops
Esacus
Esacus recurvirostris, Burhinus recurvirostris, Oedicnemus recurvirostris – great stone-curlew, great thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), great stone plover, great-billed thick-knee
Esacus magnirostris, Burhinus magnirostris, Oedicnemus magnirostris; Esacus neglectus, Burhinus neglectus; Esacus giganteus, Burhinus giganteus – beach stone-curlew, beach thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), reef thick-knee, great Australian thick-knee, great Australian stone-curlew, great Australian stone plover
Burhinus
Burhinus oedicnemus, Oedicnemus oedicnemus – Eurasian stone curlew, Eurasian thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), stone-curlew
Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus, Oedicnemus oedicnemus oedicnemus, Charadrius oedicnemus – European Eurasian thick-knee, stone-curlew (Bowen 1926)
Burhinus oedicnemus saharae, Oedicnemus oedicnemus saharae – Saharan stone curlew (Nicoll 1919), East Mediterranean Eurasian thick-knee, Persian Eurasian thick-knee (Avibase)
SYN Burhinus oedicnemus jordansi
SYN Burhinus oedicnemus theresae
SYN Burhinus oedicnemus astutus – Persian thick-knee, Persian stone curlew, Persian stone-curlew (Bowen 1926)
Burhinus oedicnemus insularum, Oedicnemus oedicnemus insularum – Eastern Canarian Eurasian thick-knee
Burhinus oedicnemus harterti – Central Eurasian thick-knee (Avibase)
Burhinus oedicnemus distinctus, Oedicnemus oedicnemus distinctus – Western Canarian Eurasian thick-knee (Avibase), Western Canarian thick-knee
Burhinus indicus, Oedicnemus indicus, Burhinus oedicnemus indicus – Indian stone-curlew, Indian thick-knee (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Burhinus indicus mayri, Burhinus oedicnemus mayri
Burhinus senegalensis – Senegal thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), Senegal stone curlew (Nicoll 1919), Senegal stone-curlew (Bowen 1926)
SYN Burhinus senegalensis senegalensis, Oedicnemus senegalensis
SYN Burhinus senegalensis inornatus, Oedicnemus inornatus – North-east African Senegal thick-knee (Avibase)
Burhinus vermiculatus – water thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), water dikkop
Burhinus vermiculatus vermiculatus, Oedicnemus vermiculatus
Burhinus vermiculatus buettikoferi, Oedicnemus buttikoferi
Burhinus capensis – spotted thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), spotted dikkop, spotted stone-curlew, Cape thick-knee, Cape dikkop
Burhinus capensis capensis, Oedicnemus capensis – dikkop (Bowen 1926)
Burhinus capensis maculosus, Oedicnemus maculosus – Senegal thick-knee, Senegal dikkop (Tomlinson 1946)
SYN Burhinus capensis affinis, Oedicnemus affinis – Sudan thick-knee, Sudan dikkop (Bowen 1926)
Burhinus capensis dodsoni, Oedicnemus dodsoni – Arabian thick-knee, Arabian spotted thick-knee (Avibase), Dahlak Island thick-knee
SYN Burhinus capensis ehrenbergi, Oedicnemus capensis ehrenbergi
Burhinus capensis damarensis, Oedicnemus capensis damarensis – Damaraland thick-knee, Damaraland spotted thick-knee (Avibase)
Burhinus bistriatus – double-striped thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), double-striped stone-curlew, double-striped dikkop
Burhinus bistriatus bistriatus, Charadrius bistriatus – Mexican thick-knee, Mexican stone-curlew
SYN Burhinus bistriatus vigilans
Burhinus bistriatus dominicensis, Oedicnemus dominicensis
Burhinus bistriatus pediacus
Burhinus bistriatus vocifer, Oedicnemus vocifer
Burhinus bistriatus nanus – New Providence double-striped thick-knee
Burhinus superciliaris, Oedicnemus superciliaris – Peruvian thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), Peruvian stone curlew, Peruvian dikkop
Burhinus grallarius, Charadrius grallarius; Burhinus magnirostris – bush stone-curlew, bush thick-knee (Avibase; HBW), Australian stone-curlew, Australian thick-knee, Australian dikkop, southern stone-curlew, southern thick-knee, stone plover, weeloo, willaroo
SYN Burhinus grallarius grallarius, Burhinus magnirostris magnirostris
SYN Burhinus grallarius rufescens, Burhinus magnirostris rufescens
SYN Burhinus grallarius ramsayi, Burhinus magnirostris ramsayi
Charadrii [sensu stricto] – plover-like waders
Pluvianidae – Egyptian plover (HBW)
Pluvianus aegyptius, Charadrius aegyptius – Egyptian plover (HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), Egyptian courser, crocodile plover, crocodile bird, crocodile-bird (Avibase; Bowen 1926)
SYN Pluvianus aegyptius aegyptius
SYN Pluvianus aegyptius angolae
Pluvialidae – golden-plovers
Pluvialis
Pluvialis apricaria, Charadrius apricarius – European golden plover, European golden-plover (Avibase), Eurasian golden plover (HBW), golden plover (Nicoll 1919), greater golden plover
Pluvialis apricaria apricaria – southern Eurasian golden plover
SYN Pluvialis apricaria oreophilos, Pluvialis apricarius oreophilos
Pluvialis apricaria altifrons – northern Eurasian golden plover, northern golden plover, Icelandic golden plover
Pluvialis fulva, Pluvialis dominica fulva, Charadrius dominicus fulvus, Charadrius fulvus – Pacific golden plover (HBW), Pacific golden-plover (Avibase), Pacific lesser golden plover, Pacific plover, Asian golden plover, Asiatic golden plover, Asiatic lesser golden plover, eastern golden plover (Bowen 1926), Siberian lesser golden plover, Siberian golden plover, least golden plover, western American golden plover
Pluvialis dominica [sensu lato : fulva + dominica] – lesser golden plover
Pluvialis dominica [sensu stricto], Pluvialis dominica dominica, Charadrius dominicus – American golden plover (HBW), American golden-plover (Avibase), American lesser golden plover, common American golden plover, Atlantic American golden plover
Pluvialis squatarola, Squatarola squatarola, Tringa squatarola – grey plover (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), gray plover, silver plover, black-bellied plover, bullhead, beetlehead
Pluvialis squatarola squatarola, Squatarola squatarola squatarola, Squatarola helvetica, Tringa helvetica – grey plover (Bowen 1926)
Pluvialis squatarola cyanosurae, Squatarola squatarola cynosurae – American black-bellied plover, American grey plover (Avibase)
Pluvialis squatarola tomkovichi, Squatarola squatarola tomkovichi
Recurvirostridae – avocets and stilts, "avocets, stilts" (HBW), avocet (Bowen 1926)
Himantopus
Himantopus himantopus [sensu lato : incl. leucocephalus, mexicanus, knudseni, melanurus] – black-winged stilt (HBW)
Himantopus himantopus [sensu stricto] – black-winged stilt (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926), common stilt, stilt (Nicoll 1919; Tomlinson 1946), pied stilt, long legged plover, long-legs
Himantopus himantopus himantopus, Charadrius himantopus, Himantopus candidus – Afro-eurasian black-winged stilt, Eurasian black-winged stilt, Indian black-winged stilt
Himantopus himantopus meridionalis, Himantopus meridionalis – South African stilt, South African black-winged stilt (Avibase)
Himantopus himantopus ceylonensis or Himantopus ceylonensis – Ceylon stilt (Avibase), Sri Lanka stilt
Himantopus leucocephalus Gould, 1837 or Himantopus himantopus leucocephalus – white-headed stilt (HBW), Australian stilt, pied stilt (HBW), stiltbird, longshanks, poaka
Himantopus mexicanus [sensu lato : knudseni, melanurus] – black-necked stilt
Himantopus mexicanus mexicanus or Himantopus himantopus mexicanus or Himantopus mexicanus [sensu stricto], Charadrius mexicanus – black-necked stilt (Avibase; HBW)
Himantopus mexicanus knudseni or Himantopus himantopus knudseni or Himantopus knudseni – Hawaiian stilt (Avibase; HBW)
Himantopus mexicanus melanurus or Himantopus himantopus melanurus or Himantopus melanurus – white-backed stilt (Avibase; HBW), South American stilt, southern stilt
Himantopus novaezelandiae, Himantopus himantopus novaezelandiae – black stilt (Avibase; HBW), New Zealand stilt
Cladorhynchus leucocephalus, Recurvirostra leucocephala Vieillot, 1816 – banded stilt (Avibase; HBW)
Recurvirostra
Recurvirostra avosetta – pied avocet (Avibase; HBW), black-capped avocet, Eurasian avocet, avocet (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Recurvirostra americana – American avocet (Avibase; HBW)
Recurvirostra novaehollandiae – red-necked avocet (Avibase; HBW), Australian red-necked avocet, Australian avocet, cobbler, cobbler's awl, painted lady
Recurvirostra andina – Andean avocet (Avibase; HBW)
Ibidorhynchidae – ibisbill (HBW)
Ibidorhyncha struthersii – ibisbill (Avibase; HBW), ibis-bill, ibis bill
Haematopodidae – oystercatchers (HBW)
Haematopus
Haematopus leucopodus – Magellanic oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), Magellan oystercatcher, Fuegian oystercatcher
Haematopus ater [sensu lato : incl. bachmani] – blackish oystercatcher (HBW), black oystercatcher
Haematopus ater [sensu stricto] or Haematopus ater ater – blackish oystercatcher (Avibase), Quoy's black oystercatcher
Haematopus bachmani or Haematopus ater bachmani, Haematopus ostralegus bachmani – black oystercatcher (Avibase), American black oystercatcher
Haematopus palliatus – American oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), American pied oystercatcher
Haematopus palliatus palliatus, Haematopus ostralegus palliatus
SYN Haematopus palliatus prattii, Haematopus ostralegus prattii, Haematopus prattii – Bahamas oystercatcher, Bahamas American oystercatcher (Avibase)
Haematopus palliatus durnfordi, Haematopus ostralegus durnfordi, Haematopus durnfordi
Haematopus palliatus pitanay, Haematopus ostralegus pitanay
Haematopus palliatus frazari, Haematopus ostralegus frazari, Haematopus frazari – Frazar's oystercatcher, Frazar's American oystercatcher (Avibase)
Haematopus palliatus galapagensis, Haematopus ostralegus galapagensis, Haematopus galapagensis – Galapagos oystercatcher, Galapagos American oystercatcher (Avibase)
Haematopus meadewaldoi, Haematopus moquini meadewaldoi, Haematopus ostralegus meadewaldoi, Haematopus niger meadewaldoi – Canary Islands oystercatcher (Avibase), Canary oystercatcher, Canarian oystercatcher, Canarian black oystercatcher, Meade-Waldo's black oystercatcher, Meadewaldo's oystercatcher
Haematopus moquini, Haematopus moquini moquini, Haematopus ostralegus moquini – African oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), African black oystercatcher
Haematopus ostralegus – Eurasian oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), common oystercatcher, common pied oystercatcher, pied oystercatcher, oystercatcher, oyster-catcher, oyster catcher (Nicoll 1919), sea pie
Haematopus ostralegus ostralegus – European oystercatcher, northern oystercatcher, northern pied oystercatcher, Palaearctic oystercatcher, oyster-catcher (Bowen 1926)
SYN Haematopus ostralegus malacophaga – Islandic oystercatcher
SYN Haematopus ostralegus occidentalis
Haematopus ostralegus longipes – Siberian Eurasian oystercatcher (Avibase)
Haematopus ostralegus buturlini
Haematopus ostralegus osculans, Haematopus osculans – Kamtchatka oystercatcher, Kamtchatka Eurasian oystercatcher (Avibase), eastern oystercatcher
Haematopus finschi or Haematopus ostralegus finschi, Haematopus longirostris finschi – South Island oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), South Island pied oystercatcher, southern pied oystercatcher
Haematopus longirostris, Haematopus longirostris longirostris, Haematopus ostralegus longirostris – pied oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW; Storr 1973), Australian pied oystercatcher, north-western pied oystercatcher,
Haematopus unicolor, Haematopus ostralegus unicolor – variable oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), New Zealand black oystercatcher, New Zealand sooty oystercatcher, northern oystercatcher
Haematopus unicolor var. reischeki [dark form]
Haematopus chathamensis, Haematopus unicolor chathamensis, Haematopus ostralegus chathamensis – Chatham oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), Chatham Island oystercatcher, Chatham Island pied oystercatcher, Chatham Islands oystercatcher, North Island oystercatcher
Haematopus fuliginosus – sooty oystercatcher (Avibase; HBW), black oystercatcher
Haematopus fuliginosus fuliginosus – southern sooty oystercatcher, Westralian black oystercatcher
Haematopus fuliginosus opthalmicus, Haematopus ophthalmicus – northern sooty oystercatcher, bare-eyed black oystercatcher, spectacled oystercatcher, spectacled sooty oystercatcher (Avibase)
Charadriidae [sensu lato : incl. Pluvialidae] – plovers and lapwings, plovers (HBW), "plovers, lapwings and dotterels", plovers (Bowen 1926)
Charadriidae [sensu stricto : excl. Pluvialidae]
Charadriinae
Oreopholus ruficollis, Eudromias ruficollis, Charadrius ruficollis – tawny-throated dotterel (Avibase; HBW), slender-billed dotterel
Oreopholus ruficollis ruficollis
Oreopholus ruficollis pallidus
Phegornis mitchellii, Leptopus (Leptodactylus) mitchellii – diademed plover (HBW), diademed sandpiper-plover (Avibase), diamond sandpiper-plover, Mitchell's plover
Zonibyx modestus or Charadrius modestus – rufous-chested plover (Avibase; HBW), rufous-chested dotterel, South American dotterel, Chilean dotterel
Eudromias morinellus or Charadrius morinellus – Eurasian dotterel (Avibase; HBW), common dotterel, dotterel (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), mountain dotterel
Afroxyechus tricollaris or Charadrius tricollaris [sensu lato] – three-banded plover (Avibase), three-banded sandplover, three-banded sand-plover, treble-banded plover, treble-banded sand-plover, tri-collared plover, tri-collared sand-plover
Charadrius tricollaris tricollaris or Charadrius tricollaris [sensu stricto] – African three-banded plover (HBW), three-banded plover (Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946)
SYN Charadrius tricollaris pelodromus
Charadrius tricollaris bifrontatus or Charadrius bifrontatus – Madagascar three-banded plover (Avibase; HBW)
Charadrius [sensu lato]
Charadrius [sensu stricto]
Charadrius vociferus, Aegialitis vocifera, Oxyechus vociferus – killdeer (Avibase; HBW), killdeer plover
Charadrius vociferus vociferus – North American killdeer (Avibase)
Charadrius vociferus ternominatus – Antillean killdeer
Charadrius vociferus peruvianus, Oxyechus vociferus peruvianus – Peruvian killdeer
Charadrius hiaticula, Charadrius hiaticulus, Aegialitis hiaticula – common ringed plover (Avibase; HBW), great ringed plover, greater ringed plover, ringed plover (Nicoll 1919)
Charadrius hiaticula hiaticula – western common ringed plover
SYN Charadrius hiaticula harrisoni
Charadrius hiaticula tundrae, Aegialitis hiaticola tundrae – eastern ringed plover, eastern common ringed plover (Avibase), tundra ringed plover, Siberian ringed plover (Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946)
SYN Charadrius hiaticula kolymensis
Charadrius hiaticula psammodromus, Charadrius hiaticula psammodroma
Charadrius semipalmatus, Charadrius hiaticula semipalmatus Aegialitis semipalmata – semipalmated plover (Avibase; HBW), semi-palmated plover, American ringed plover
Charadrius melodus, Aegialitis meloda – piping plover (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Charadrius melodus melodus
SYN Charadrius melodus circumcinctus, Aegialitis melodus circumcinctus – belted piping plover (Avibase)
Charadrius forbesi, Charadrius tricollaris forbesi, Aegialitis forbesi – Forbes's plover (Avibase; HBW), Forbes' plover, Forbes's three-banded plover, Forbes's banded plover
Thinornis
Thinornis cucullatus, Charadrius cuculatus or Thinornis rubricollis, Charadrius rubricollis – hooded dotterel, hooded plover (Avibase; HBW)
Thinornis cuculatus cuculatus, Thinornis rubricollis rubricollis – eastern hooded dotterel
Thinornis cuculatus tregellasi, Thinornis rubricollis tregellasi – western hooded dotterel
Thinornis melanops or Elseyornis melanops, Charadrius melanops – black-fronted dotterel (Avibase; HBW), black-fronted plover, Australian black-fronted plover, guttersnipe, sandpiper
Thinornis novaeseelandiae, Lobibyx novaehollandiae, Charadrius novaeseelandiae – shore dotterel, shore plover (Avibase; HBW), New Zealand shore plover, New Zealand plover
Thinornis rossi – Auckland shore plover
Thinornis dubius or Charadrius dubius – little ringed plover (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), little ring plover, little plover
Charadrius dubius dubius, Aegialitis dubia – Eurasian little ringed plover
SYN Charadrius dubius papuanus
Charadrius dubius jerdoni, Aegialitis jerdoni – Indian little ringed plover (Avibase)
Charadrius dubius curonicus, Charadrius curonicus – European little ringed plover, northern little ringed plover (Avibase), western little ringed plover, little ringed plover (Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946)
Thinornis placidus or Charadrius placidus – long-billed plover (Avibase; HBW), long-billed ringed plover
SYN Charadrius placidus placidus, Charadrius hiaticula placidus
SYN Charadrius placidus japonicus
Vanellinae – lapwings
Vanellus
Vanellus vanellus, Tringa vanellus – northern lapwing (Avibase; HBW), Eurasian lapwing, common lapwing, green lapwing, green plover, lapwing (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), peewit, pewit, tew-it, tuit
Vanellus crassirostris, Hemiparra crassirostris, Chettusia crassirostris – long-toed lapwing (Avibase; HBW), long-toed plover, white-faced lapwing, white-faced plover
Vanellus crassirostris crassirostris, Hemiparra crassirostris crassirostris – White Nile long-toed lapwing (Bowen 1926), White Nile long-toed plover
SYN Vanellus crassirostris hybrida, Hemiparra hybrida
Vanellus crassirostris leucopterus, Vanellus leucopterus – white-winged lapwing, white-winged plover, intermediate long-toed plover, Nyasa long-toed plover
Vanellus armatus, Antibyx armatus, Hoplopterus armatus, Charadrius armatus – blacksmith lapwing (Avibase; HBW), blacksmith plover
Vanellus spinosus, Hoplopterus spinosus, Charadrius spinosus – spur-winged lapwing-1 (Avibase; HBW), spur-winged plover-1 (Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946), spurwinged plover (Nicoll 1919 [Ü.Ç: spur-winged değil spurwinged)
Vanellus duvaucelii, Hoplopterus duvaucelii, Charadrius duvaucelii – river lapwing (Avibase; HBW), river plover, spur-winged lapwing-2, Asian spur-winged lapwing, Asian spur-winged plover, Indian spur-winged lapwing, Indian spur-winged plover, pied lapwing
Vanellus tectus, Sarciophorus tectus, Lobivanellus tectus, Hoplopterus tectus, Charadrius tectus – black-headed lapwing (Avibase; HBW), black-headed plover, crested wattled lapwing, crested wattled plover, crested plover, North African wattled lapwing (Nicoll 1919)
Vanellus tectus tectus, Sarciophorus tectus tectus – red-wattled plover (Bowen 1926)
Vanellus tectus latifrons, Sarciophorus tectus latifrons, Sarciophorus latifrons – smaller black-headed lapwing (Avibase), smaller black-headed plover, smaller blackhead plover (Tomlinson 1946)
Vanellus malabaricus, Lobipluvia malabarica, Hoplopterus malabaricus, Charadrius malabaricus – yellow-wattled lapwing (Avibase; HBW)
Vanellus albiceps, Xiphidiopterus albiceps, Hoplopterus albiceps – white-crowned lapwing (Avibase; HBW), white-crowned plover, white-headed lapwing, white-headed plover, white-crowned wattled plover, white-winged lapwing, black-shouldered lapwing, black-shouldered plover, black-shouldered wattled lapwing, black-shouldered wattled plover, sword-winged plover (Bowen 1926)
Vanellus lugubris, Stephanibyx lugubris, Hoplopterus lugubris, Charadrius lugubris – Senegal lapwing (Avibase; HBW), Senegal plover, lesser black-winged lapwing, lesser black-winged plover
Vanellus melanopterus, Stephanibyx melanopterus, Hoplopterus melanopterus, Charadrius melanopterus – black-winged lapwing (Avibase; HBW), black-winged plover, greater black-winged lapwing, greater black-winged plover
Vanellus melanopterus melanopterus – Abyssinian black-winged lapwing, Abyssinian black-winged plover
Vanellus melanopterus minor, Stephanibyx melanopterus minor – smaller black-winged lapwing (Avibase), smaller black-winged plover, lesser black-winged plover (Tomlinson 1946)
Vanellus coronatus, Stephanibyx coronatus, Hoplopterus coronatus, Charadrius coronatus – crowned lapwing (Avibase; HBW), crowned plover
Vanellus coronatus coronatus, Stephanibyx coronatus coronatus – crowned lapwing (Tomlinson 1946)
Vanellus coronatus demissus, Stephanibyx coronatus demissus
Vanellus coronatus xerophilus
Vanellus senegallus, Afribyx senegallus, Xiphidiopterus senegallus, Parra senegalla – African wattled lapwing, African wattled plover, wattled lapwing (Avibase; HBW), wattled plover
Vanellus senegallus senegallus, Afribyx senegallus senegallus – Senegal wattled lapwing, Senegal wattled plover (Bowen 1926), Senegal lapwing, Senegal plover
Vanellus senegallus major, Lobivanellus senegallus major
Vanellus senegallus lateralis, Vanellus lateralis – South African waattled lapwing (Avibase), South African waattled plover
SYN Vanellus senegallus solitaneus, Xiphidiopterus senegallus solitaneus
Vanellus melanocephalus Tylibyx melanocephalus, Lobivanellus melanocephalus, Hoplopterus melanocephalus – spot-breasted lapwing (Avibase; HBW), spot-breasted plover
Vanellus superciliosus, Anomalophrys superciliosus, Lobivanellus superciliosus – brown-chested lapwing (Avibase; HBW), brown-chested plover, brown-chested wattled lapwing, brown-chested watled plover
Vanellus cinereus, Microsarcops cinereus, Hoplopterus cinereus, Pluvianus cinereus – grey-headed lapwing (Avibase; HBW), gray-headed lapwing, grey-headed plover, gray-headed plover
Vanellus indicus, Hoplopterus indicus, Lobivanellus indicus, Tringa indica – red-wattled lapwing (Avibase; HBW), red-wattled plover
Vanellus indicus indicus
Vanellus indicus aigneri, Sarcogrammus indicus aigneri – Mekran red-wattled lapwing, western red-wattled lapwing (Avibase)
Vanellus indicus lankae
Vanellus indicus atronuchalis, Lobivanellus atronuchalis
Vanellus macropterus, Rogibyx macropterus, Hoplopterus macropterus, Charadrius macropterus – Javan lapwing (HBW), Javanese lapwing (Avibase), Javan wattled lapwing, Javanese wattled lapwing, Javanese wattled plover, Sunda lapwing
Vanellus tricolor, Xiphidiopterus tricolor, Rogibyx tricolor, Zonifer tricolor, Charadrius tricolor – banded lapwing (Avibase; HBW), banded plover, black-breasted lapwing, black-breasted plover, brown plover, flock plover, plain plover, western black-breasted plover
Vanellus miles, Lobivanellus miles, Lobibyx miles, Hoplopterus miles, Tringa miles – masked lapwing (Avibase; HBW), masked plover
Vanellus miles miles – northern masked lapwing
SYN Vanellus miles personatus, Lobivanellus personatus
Vanellus miles novaehollandiae or Vanellus novaehollandiae – southern masked lapwing, black-shouldered lapwing (HBW), Australian lapwing, Australian masked lapwing (Avibase), Australian spur-winged plover, spur-winged lapwing, spur-winged plover
Vanellus gregarius, Chettusia gregaria, Charadrius gregarius – sociable lapwing (Avibase; HBW), sociable plover (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Vanellus leucurus, Vanellochettusia leucura, Chettusia leucura, Charadrius leucurus – white-tailed lapwing (Avibase; HBW), white-tailed plover (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Vanellus cayanus or Hoploxypterus cayanus, Hoplopterus cayanus, Charadrius cayanus – pied lapwing (Avibase; HBW), pied plover, Cayenne plover
Vanellus chilensis, Belonopterus chilensis, Parra chilensis – southern lapwing (Avibase; HBW)
Vanellus chilensis chilensis, Belonopterus chilensis chilensis – Chilean lapwing, Chilian lapwing
Vanellus chilensis fretensis, Belonopterus chilensis fretensis
Vanellus chilensis lampronotus, Belanopteryx chilensis lampronotus, Charadrius lampronotus – Brazilian lapwing, Central South America lapwing, Southern Lapwing (Central South America) (Avibase)
Vanellus chilensis cayennensis, Belanopteryx chilensis cayennensis, Vanellus cayennensis, Parra cayennensis – Cayenne lapwing, Cayenne plover, Southern Lapwing (Northern) (Avibase)
Vanellus resplendens, Ptiloscelys resplendens, Belanopteryx resplendens, Charadrius resplendens – Andean lapwing (Avibase; HBW)
Vanellus madagascariensis – Malagasy lapwing, Madagascan lapwing, Madagascar lapwing
Anarhynchinae
Erythrogonys cinctus, Charadrius cinctus – red-kneed dotterel (Avibase; HBW)
Peltohyas australis or Charadrius australis, Eudromias australis – inland dotterel (Avibase; HBW), inland plover, Australian dotterel, Australian plover, Australian courser, painted dotterel
SYN Peltohyas australis australis, Charadrius australis australis
SYN Peltohyas australis whitlocki, Charadrius australis whitlocki
Eupoda
Eupoda asiatica or Charadrius asiaticus, Aegialitis asiatica – Caspian plover (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), Caspian sand-plover, Caspian dotterel, lesser oriental plover
Eupoda veredus or Charadrius veredus – oriental plover (Avibase; HBW), oriental dotterel, eastern plover, eastern sand plover, eastern sand-plover
Eupoda leschenaultii or Charadrius leschenaultii; Aegialitis geoffroyi – greater sand plover(Avibase), greater sand-plover, greater sandplover (HBW), greater sand-dotterel, great sand plover, great sand-plover (Bowen 1926), great sand-dotterel, great dotterel, large sand plover, large sand-plover, large sand dotterel, large sand-dotterel, large dotterel, Geoffrey's sand-plover, Geoffrey's plover, Geoffrey's sand dotterel, Geoffrey's dotterel, Geoffroy's plover (Nicoll 1919)
Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii – Mongolian greater sand plover
Charadrius leschenaultii scythicus – Transcaspian greater sand plover (Avibase)
SYN Charadrius leschenaultii crassirostris – large-billed sand-plover, large-billed sand-dotterel, large-billed dotterel, thick-bill plover
Charadrius leschenaultii columbinus – western greater sand plover (Avibase)
Eupoda mongola or Charadrius mongolus, Cirrepidesmus mongolus, Aegialitis mongolus, Aegialitis mongola – lesser sand plover, lesser sand-plover (Avibase), lesser sandplover (Avibase; HBW), lesser plover, lesser sand dotterel, Mongolian sand plover (Nicoll 1919)
Charadrius mongolus [mongolus] (subspecies group: mongolus + stegmanni) – Mongolian plover
Charadrius mongolus mongolus – Mongolian lesser sand plover, Mongolian plover, Mongolian sand plover, Mongolian sand dotterel, Mongolian dotterel
Charadrius mongolus stegmanni – Kamchatkan lesser sand plover
SYN Charadrius mongolus litoralis
Charadrius mongolus [atrifrons] (subspecies group: atrifrons + schaeferi + pamirensis) – lesser sand plover
Charadrius mongolus atrifrons, Charadrius atrifrons – Tibetan sand plover, Tibet plover, Tibetan Mongolian plover
Charadrius mongolus schaeferi
Charadrius mongolus pamirensis – Pamir lesser sand plover, Pamir lesser sand-plover (Avibase), Pamir Mongolian plover
Anarhynchus
Anarhynchus bicinctus or Charadrius bicinctus – double-banded plover (Avibase; HBW), double-banded dotterel, banded plover, banded dotterel
Charadrius bicinctus bicinctus – New Zealand double-banded plover
Charadrius bicinctus exilis – Auckland Island banded plover, Auckland Island double-banded plover (Avibase)
Anarhynchus obscurus or Charadrius obscurus [sensu lato] – red-breasted plover (Avibase), red-breasted dotterel, New Zealand plover, New Zealand dotterel
Charadrius obscurus obscurus or Charadrius obscurus [sensu stricto] – southern red-breasted plover (HBW)
Charadrius obscurus aquilonius or Charadrius aquilonius – northern red-breasted plover (HBW)
Anarhynchus frontalis – wrybill (Avibase; HBW), wry-bill, wrybill plover, wry-bill plover, wry-billed plover
Ochthodromus
Ochthodromus wilsonia or Charadrius wilsonia, Aegialitis wilsonia, Aegialitis wilsonius, Ochthodromus wilsonius, Pagolla wilsonia – Wilson's plover (Avibase; HBW)
Charadrius wilsonia wilsonia
Charadrius wilsonia rufinucha, Aegialitis wilsonius rufinucha
Charadrius wilsonia beldingi, Pagolla wilsonia beldingi – Belding's plover, Belding's Wilson's plover (Avibase)
Charadrius wilsonia cinnamominus, Pagolla wilsonia cinnamomina
Charadrius wilsonia crassirostris – thick-billed plover
SYN Charadrius wilsonia brasiliensis
Ochthodromus collaris or Charadrius collaris – collared plover (Avibase; HBW), South American ringed plover, Azara's ringed plover
Ochthodromus montanus or Charadrius montanus, Aegialitis montana – mountain plover (Avibase; HBW)
Ochthodromus alticola or Charadrius alticola, Charadrius falklandicus alticola, Aegialitis alticola – puna plover (Avibase; HBW)
Ochthodromus falklandicus or Charadrius falklandicus, Charadrius falklandicus falklandicus – two-banded plover (Avibase; HBW)
Ochthodromus thoracicus or Charadrius thoracicus, Aegialitis thoracica – black-banded plover (Avibase; HBW), black-banded sand-plover, black-banded sandplover, Madagascan plover, Madagascar plover
Ochthodromus pecuarius or Charadrius pecuarius, Aegialitis pecuaria, Leucopolius pecuarius – Kittlitz's plover (Avibase; HBW), Kittlitz's sand-plover, Kittlitz's sandplover, Kittlitz sand plover (Nicoll 1919)
SYN Charadrius pecuarius pecuarius – Kittlitz's sand-plover (Bowen 1926)
SYN Charadrius pecuarius allenbyi, Charadrius varius allenbyi
SYN Charadrius pecuarius tephricolor
Ochthodromus sanctaehelenae or Charadrius sanctaehelenae, Aegialitis sanctaehelenae – Saint Helena plover, St. Helena plover (Avibase), St Helena plover (HBW), St. Helena sand plover, St. Helena sandplover, St. Helena wirebird, wirebird [LOC Saint Helena]
Ochthodromus ruficapillus or Charadrius ruficapillus, Charadrius alexandrinus ruficapillus – red-capped plover (Avibase; HBW), red-capped dotterel
Ochthodromus nivosus or Charadrius nivosus, Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus – snowy plover (Avibase; HBW), western snowy plover
Charadrius nivosus nivosus, Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus, Charadrius occidentalis nivosus, Aegialitis nivosa
SYN Charadrius nivosus tenuirostris, Charadrius alexandrinus tenuirostris, Charadrius occidentalis tenuirostris, Aegialitis tenuirostris – Cuban snowy plover (Avibase)
Charadrius nivosus occidentalis, Charadrius occidentalis occidentalis, Charadrius alexandrinus occidentalis, Charadrius occidentalis, Aegialitis occidentalis – Peruvian plover, Peruvian snowy plover (Avibase), Chilean plover, Chilean snowy plover, Humboldt snowy plover
Ochthodromus pallidus or Charadrius pallidus – chestnut-banded plover (Avibase; HBW), chestnut-banded sandplover, chestnut-banded sand-plover, Cape Sandplover, West African white-fronted sand-plover
Charadrius pallidus pallidus, Charadrius venustus pallidus; Charadrius pallidus rufocinctus, Charadrius venustus rufocinctus
Charadrius pallidus venustus, Charadrius venestus venustus, Charadrius venustus
Ochthodromus peronii or Charadrius peronii – Malaysian plover (Avibase), Malaysian sandplover, Malay plover (HBW), Malay sandplover
SYN Charadrius peronii peronii
SYN Charadrius peronii chaseni
Ochthodromus alexandrinus or Charadrius alexandrinus – Kentish plover (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919)
Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus, Aegialitis alexandrina – Eurasian Kentish plover, western Kentish plover, Kentish plover (Bowen 1926)
SYN Charadrius alexandrinus spatzi
Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis
Charadrius alexandrinus seebohmi – Indian Kentish plover (Avibase), Indian snowy plover, eastern Kentish plover (Bowen 1926)
SYN Charadrius alexandrinus leggei
Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus or Charadrius dealbatus, Aegialites dealbatus – white-faced plover (HBW)
Ochthodromus marginatus or Charadrius marginatus – white-fronted plover (Avibase; HBW), white-fronted sandplover
Charadrius marginatus marginatus, Charadrius alexandrinus marginatus
Charadrius marginatus mechowi, Leucopolius alexandrinus mechowi
SYN Charadrius marginatus pons, Charadrius alexandrinus pons
Charadrius marginatus arenaceus
Charadrius marginatus tenellus, Charadrius alexandrinus tenellus, Charadrius tenellus – Madagascar white-fronted plover (Avibase), Madagascar white-fronted sandplover
Charadrius marginatus hesperius, Charadrius alexandrinus hesperius
SYN Charadrius marginatus nigirius, Charadrius alexandrinus nigirius
Ochthodromus javanicus or Charadrius javanicus, Charadrius alexandrinus javanicus – Javan plover (Avibase; HBW), Javan sandplover
Limicoli [Thinocori + Scolopaci]
Thinocori [SYN of Limicoli ] – aberrant charadriforms
Pedionomidae – plains wanderers, plains-wanderer (HBW)
Pedionomus torquatus – plains-wanderer (Avibase; HBW; Storr 1973), plains wanderer, collared hemipode
Thinocoridae – seedsnipes (HBW), seed-snipes, seed snipes
Attagis
Attagis gayi – rufous-bellied seedsnipe (Avibase; HBW)
Attagis gayi gayi
Attagis gayi latreillii, Attagis latreillii – Ecuadorian seedsnipe
Attagis gayi simonsi
Attagis malouinus – white-bellied seedsnipe (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Attagis malouinus malouinus, Tetrao malouinus
SYN Attagis malouinus cheeputi, Attagis cheeputi
Thinocorus
Thinocorus orbignyianus – grey-breasted seedsnipe (Avibase; HBW), gray-breasted seedsnipe
Thinocorus orbignyianus orbignyianus
Thinocorus orbignyianus ingae, Thinocorus ingae
Thinocorus rumicivorus – least seedsnipe (Avibase; HBW)
Thinocorus rumicivorus rumicivorus
SYN Thinocorus rumicivorus patagonicus – Patagonian seedsnipe
Thinocorus rumicivorus cuneicauda, Glareola cuneicauda
Thinocorus rumicivorus pallidus, Thinocorus pallidus
Thinocorus rumicivorus bolivianus
Rostratulidae – painted snipes, painted-snipes (HBW)
Nycticryphes semicollaris, Rostratula semicollaris, Totanus semicollaris – American painted snipe, American painted-snipe (Avibase), South American painted snipe, South American painted-snipe (HBW)
Rostratula
Rostratula benghalensis, Rostratula benghalensis benghalensis, Rallus benghalensis; Rhynchaea capensis capensis, Rhynchaea capensis – greater painted snipe, greater painted-snipe (HBW), common greater painted-snipe (Avibase) (Avibase), painted snipe (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Rostratula australis, Rhynchaea australis, Rostratula benghalensis australis, Rhynchaea capensis australis – Australian painted snipe, Australian painted-snipe (Avibase; HBW), painted snipe (Storr 1973)
Jacanidae – jacanas (HBW; Bowen 1926), Jesus birds, lily trotters
Hydrophasianus chirurgus, Tringa chirurgus – pheasant-tailed jacana (Avibase; HBW), water pheasant
Jacana
Jacana spinosa – northern jacana (Avibase; HBW), Central American jacana, Middle American jacana, American jacana
Jacana spinosa spinosa, Fulica spinosa
SYN Jacana spinosa dorsalis
Jacana spinosa gymnostoma, Parra gymnostoma – Mexican jacana, Mexican jaçana, Mexican northern jacana (Avibase)
SYN Jacana spinosa lowi
Jacana spinosa violacea, Parra violacea – West Indian jacana, West Indian northern jacana (Avibase)
Jacana jacana – wattled jacana (Avibase; HBW), South American jacana
Jacana jacana [jacana] (excl. hypomelaena) – chestnut-backed jacana (HBW)
Jacana jacana jacana, Parra jacana – South American wattled jacana
Jacana jacana melanopygia, Parra melanopygia
Jacana jacana intermedia, Parra intermedia
Jacana jacana scapularis, Jacana scapularis
Jacana jacana peruviana, Jacana spinosa peruviana
Jacana jacana hypomelaena, Parra hypomelaena – black-backed jacana (HBW), Panama wattled jacana (Avibase)
Actophilornis
Actophilornis africanus, Actophilus africanus, Parra africana – African jacana (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926), African lily-trotter, greater African jacana
Actophilornis albinucha, Parra albinucha – Madagascan jacana, Madagascar jacana (Avibase; HBW), Malagasy jacana
Metopidius indicus, Parra indica – bronze-winged jacana (Avibase; HBW)
Microparra capensis, Parra capensis – lesser jacana (Avibase; HBW), lesser African jacana, lesser lily-trotter, smaller jacana (Bowen 1926), smaller lillytrotter
Irediparra gallinacea – comb-crested jacana (Avibase; HBW), lotusbird, lilytrotter, lily-trotter, lily trotter, skipper, water pheasant
Irediparra gallinacea gallinacea, Jacana gallinacea, Parra gallinacea
Irediparra gallinacea novaeguineae, Parra novaeguinae
Irediparra gallinacea novaehollandiae, Jacana gallinacea novaehollandiae , Hydralector novaehollandiae – Australian comb-crested jacana, lotus-bird (Storr 1973)
Scolopaci [SYN of Limicoli] – snipe-like waders
Scolopacidae – sandpipers (Bowen 1926), "sandpipers, snipes, phalaropes" (HBW)
Numeniinae – curlews
Bartramia longicauda, Tringa longicauda – upland sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), upland plover, field plover, Bartram's sandpiper, Bartramian sandpiper, Bartramian tattler
Numenius – curlews
Numenius minutus – little curlew (Avibase; HBW), little whimbrel, least whimbrel, pygmy curlew
Numenius borealis, Phaeopus borealis, Scolopax borealis – Eskimo curlew (Avibase; HBW), Eskimo whimbrel, northern curlew
Numenius phaeopus, Phaeopus phaeopus – whimbrel (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), common whimbrel, Eurasian whimbrel, western whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus phaeopus, Scolopax phaeopus – European whimbrel, East African whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus rogachevae
Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris – steppe whimbrel (Avibase)
Numenius phaeopus islandicus – Iceland whimbrel (Avibase)
Numenius phaeopus variegatus, Tantalus variegatus – Eastern Siberian whimbrel, Siberian whimbrel (Avibase)
↓or Numenius hudsonicus – Hudsonian whimbrel (Avibase), Hudsonian curlew, American whimbrel (HBW)
Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus or Numenius hudsonicus hudsonicus – Hudsonian whimbrel, Hudsonian curlew, Hudsonian Curlew (Hudsonian) (Avibase)
Numenius phaeopus rufiventris or Numenius hudsonicus rufiventris – Alaskan whimbrel
Numenius tahitiensis, Phaeopus tahitiensis, Scolopax tahitiensis – bristle-thighed curlew (Avibase; HBW), Otahiti curlew
Numenius americanus – long-billed curlew (Avibase; HBW), sicklebill curlew, sicklebird, candlestick bird
Numenius americanus americanus
Numenius americanus parvus
SYN Numenius americanus occidentalis, Numenius occidentalis – northern curlew
Numenius madagascariensis, Scolopax madagascariensis – Far Eastern curlew (Avibase; HBW), eastern curlew, Australian curlew, red-rumped curlew
Numenius arquata, Numenius arquatus – Eurasian curlew (Avibase; HBW), common curlew, curlew (Nicoll 1919)
Numenius arquata arquata, Scolopax arquata – western curlew, western Eurasian curlew, European curlew, curlew (Bowen 1926), whaup
Numenius arquata orientalis, Numenius orientalis; Numenius arquata lineatus, Numenius lineatus – eastern curlew (Bowen 1926), eastern Eurasian curlew (Avibase)
Numenius arquata suschkini
Numenius tenuirostris – slender-billed curlew (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919)
Limosinae – godwits
Limosa – godwits
Limosa lapponica – bar-tailed godwit (Avibase; HBW), white-rumped godwit
Limosa lapponica [lapponica or taymyrensis] (subspecies group) – European bar-tailed godwit
Limosa lapponica lapponica, Scolopax lapponica – western bar-tailed godwit, bar-tailed godwit (Bowen 1926), Lapland godwit, red godwit
Limosa lapponica taymyrensis
Limosa lapponica [baueri, anadyrensis or menzbieri] (subspecies group) – Siberian bar-tailed godwit, Pacific godwit
Limosa lapponica baueri, Limosa baueri – Western Alaskan bar-tailed godwit, eastern bar-tailed godwit (Avibase)
Limosa lapponica anadyrensis – Anadyr bar-tailed godwit (Avibase)
Limosa lapponica menzbieri – Northern Siberian bar-tailed godwit
Limosa limosa – black-tailed godwit (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919)
Limosa limosa limosa, Scolopax limosa – European black-tailed godwit (Avibase), black-tailed godwit (Bowen 1926)
Limosa limosa islandica – Icelandic black-tailed godwit (Avibase), northern black-tailed godwit
Limosa limosa melanuroides, Limosa melanuroides – Asian black-tailed godwit, Siberian black-tailed godwit (Avibase), Eastern Siberian black-tailed godwit, eastern black-tailed godwit
Limosa haemastica, Numenius haemastica, Scolopax haemastica – Hudsonian godwit (Avibase; HBW), ring–tailed marlin, ringtail marlin
Limosa fedoa, Numenius fedoa – marbled godwit (Avibase; HBW), marlin
Limosa fedoa fedoa, Scolopax fedoa
Limosa fedoa beringiae – Alaska marbled godwit (Avibase), Beringian marbled godwit
Arenariinae – turnstone and stints
Arenariini [SYN of Arenariinae]
Arenaria – turnstones
Arenaria interpres – ruddy turnstone (Avibase; HBW), turnstone (Nicoll 1919), calico-back
Arenaria interpres interpres, Strepsilas interpres, Tringa interpres – common ruddy turnstone, palaearctic ruddy turnstone, turnstone (Bowen 1926)
Arenaria interpres morinella, Tringa morinella – Canadian ruddy turnstone (Avibase)
Arenaria melanocephala, Strepsilas melanocephalus – black turnstone (Avibase; HBW)
Prosobonia
Prosobonia cancellata or Aechmorhynchus cancellatus, Prosobonia cancellata cancellata, Tringa cancellata – Kiritimati sandpiper (Avibase), Christmas sandpiper, thin-billed sandpiper, sharp-billed sandpiper
Prosobonia parvirostris or Aechmorhynchus parvirostris, Prosobonia cancellata parvirostris, Tringa parvirostris – Tuamotu sandpiper (Avibase; HBW)
Aechomrhynchus sp. – Marquesas sandpiper
Prosobonia leucoptera, Prosobonia cancellata leucoptera, Tringa leucoptera – Tahiti sandpiper, Tahitian sandpiper (Avibase)
Prosobonia ellisi – Moorea sandpiper, Moorean sandpiper, white-winged sandpiper, Ellis's sandpiper (Avibase)
Prosobonia sp. – Pitcairn sandpiper
Prosobonia sp. – Cook Islands sandpiper
Calidriini, Eroliinae [SYN of Arenariinae] – calidrids, typical waders
Calidris
Calidris tenuirostris, Totanus tenuirostris – great knot (Avibase; HBW), greater knot, great sandpiper, oriental great knot, eastern Asiatic knot, eastern knot
Calidris canutus – red knot (Avibase; HBW), common knot, knot (Nicoll 1919), red-breasted sandpiper, grayback, robin snipe
Calidris canutus canutus, Tringa canutus – Siberian red knot, Siberian knot, European knot, lesser knot, knot (Bowen 1926)
Calidris canutus roselaari
Calidris canutus rufa, Tringa rufa – American red knot (Avibase), American knot
Calidris canutus islandica – nearctic red knot (Avibase), Greenland knot
Calidris canutus piersmai – New Siberian Islands red knot
Calidris canutus rogersi – North-eastern Siberian red knot, Asiatic knot
Calidris virgata or Aphriza virgata, Tringa virgata – surfbird (Avibase; HBW), surf-bird, surf bird
Calidris pugnax or Philomachus pugnax, Machetes pugnax, Pavoncella pugnax, Tringa pugnax – ruff (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), ruff and reeve
SYN Calidris pugnax pugnax, Philomachus pugnax pugnax
SYN Calidris pugnax occidentalis, Philomachus pugnax occidentalis
Limicola falcinellus or Calidris falcinellus, Erolia falcinella, Philomachus falcinellus, Scolopax falcinellus; Limicola platyrhyncha; Limicola pygmæa, Numenius pygmæs – broad-billed sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919)
Limicola falcinellus falcinellus, Calidris falcinellus falcinellus, Limicola platyrhyncha platyrhyncha – western broad-billed sandpiper (Avibase)
Limicola falcinellus sibirica, Calidris falcinellus sibirica, Limicola platyrhyncha sibirica, Limicola sibirica – eastern broad-billed sandpiper (Avibase), Siberian broad-billed sandpiper
Calidris acuminata, Erolia acuminata, Ereunetes acuminatus, Actodromas acuminata, Pisobia acuminata, Tringa acuminata, Totanus acuminatus – sharp-tailed sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), sharp-tailed stint, Asian pectoral sandpiper, Siberian pectoral sandpiper
Calidris cooperi, Pisobia cooperi, Tringa cooperi [invalid taxon; acuminata × ferruginea] – Cooper's sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea, Erolia ferruginea, Ereunetes ferrugineus, Tringa ferruginea; Calidris testacea, Erolia testacea; Calidris subarquata – curlew sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), curlew-sandpiper (Bowen 1926), curlew stint
Calidris himantopus, Micropalama himantopus, Ereunetes himantopus, Tringa himantopus – stilt sandpiper (Avibase; HBW)
Calidris temminckii, Erolia temminckii, Ereunetes temminckii, Tringa temminckii – Temminck's stint (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), Temminck's sandpiper
Calidris subminuta, Erolia subminuta, Ereunetes subminutus, Pisobia subminuta, Tringa subminuta; Actodromas damacensis, Pisobia damacensis, Tringa damacensis – long-toed stint (Avibase; HBW)
Calidris ruficollis, Erolia ruficollis, Ereunetes ruficollis, Pisobia ruficollis, Tringa ruficollis – red-necked stint (Avibase; HBW), red-necked sandpiper, rufous-necked stint, rufous-necked sandpiper, eastern little stint
Calidris pygmea or Eurynorhynchus pygmeus, Platalea pygmea – spoon-billed sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), spoonbill sandpiper
Calidris alba, Erolia alba, Crocethia alba, Ereunetes albus, Tringa alba; Calidris arenaria, Tringa arenaria; Arenaria calidris; Calidris leucophaea – sanderling (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), sand lark, curwillet, three-toed sandpiper
Calidris alba alba, Crocethia alba alba, Calidris arenaria arenaria
Calidris alba rubida, Crocethia alba rubida, Calidris arenaria rubida, Calidris leucophaea rubida, Charadrius rubidus – ruddy plover
Calidris alpina, Erolia alpina, Ereunetes alpina, Pelidna alpina, Tringa alpina – dunlin (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), red-backed sandpiper, black-breast dunlin, purre
Calidris alpina [alpina or centralis] – northern dunlin, North-european dunlin, European dunlin
Calidris alpina alpina – dunlin (Bowen 1926)
Calidris alpina centralis, Erolia alpina centralis
Calidris alpina schinzii, Erolia alpina schinzii, Calidris schinzii – short-billed dunlin (Avibase), southern dunlin, common dunlin, Icelandic dunlin
Calidris alpina [sakhalina, actites, kistchinski] – Northeast Asian dunlin
Calidris alpina sakhalina, Scolopax sakhalina – Siberian dunlin (Avibase)
Calidris alpina actites
SYN Calidris alpina litoralis
Calidris alpina kistchinski
Calidris alpina [pacifica or arcticola] – Pacific dunlin (Avibase)
Calidris alpina arcticola
Calidris alpina pacifica, Pelidna pacifica – Pacific dunlin
Calidris alpina hudsonia – American dunlin, eastern dunlin (Avibase)
Calidris alpina arctica, Erolia alpina arctica – Greenland dunlin (Avibase)
Calidris maritima, Erolia maritima, Arquatella maritima, Ereunetes maritimus, Charadrius maritima, Tringa maritima – purple sandpiper (Avibase; HBW)
Calidris maritima maritima
SYN Calidris maritima groenlandica – Greenland purple sandpiper (Avibase)
Calidris maritima belcheri
Calidris maritima littoralis
Calidris ptilocnemis, Erolia ptilocnemis, Ereunetes ptilocnemis, Arquatella ptilocnemis, Tringa ptilocnemis – rock sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), Alaskan sandpiper
Calidris ptilocnemis ptilocnemis – Pribilof Islands rock sandpiper, Pribilof Is. rock sandpiper (Avibase), Pribilof rock sandpiper, Pribilofs rock sandpiper, Pribilof sandpiper
Calidris ptilocnemis quarta, Erolia maritima quarta – Kuril Islands rock sandpiper, Kuril Is. rock sandpiper (Avibase), Commander sandpiper
SYN Calidris ptilocnemis kurilensis, Arquatella ptilocnemis kurilensis
Calidris ptilocnemis tschuktschorum – Bering Strait rock sandpiper, Bering Sea Is. rock sandpiper (Avibase), Northern Aleutian sandpiper
Calidris ptilocnemis couesi, Arquatella couesi – Pacific Coast rock sandpiper (Avibase), Aleutian rock sandpiper, Aleutians rock sandpiper, Aleutian sandpiper
Calidris bairdii, Erolia bairdii, Ereunetes bairdii, Pisobia bairdii, Actodromas bairdii – Baird's sandpiper (Avibase; HBW)
Calidris minuta, Erolia minuta, Ereunetes minutus, Tringa minuta – little stint (Avibase; HBW;Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946), little sandpiper, lesser stint, pigmy sandpiper
Calidris minutilla, Erolia minutilla, Actodromas minutilla, Ereunetes minutillus, Pisobia minutilla, Tringa minutilla – least sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), least stint, American stint, oxeye
Calidris fuscicollis, Erolia fuscicollis, Actodromas fuscicollis, Pisobia fuscicollis, Tringa fuscicollis – white-rumped sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), Bonaparte's sandpiper
Calidris subruficollis or Tryngites subruficollis, Ereunetes subruficollis, Tringa subruficollis – buff-breasted sandpiper (Avibase; HBW)
Calidris melanotos, Erolia melanotos, Ereunetes melanotos, Pisobia melanotos, Tringa melanotos; Pisobia maculata, Actodromas maculata, Tringa maculata – pectoral sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), American pectoral sandpiper, grass snipe
Calidris pusilla, Erolia pusilla, Ereunetes pusillus, Tringa pusilla – semipalmated sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), oxeye
Calidris mauri, Erolia mauri, Ereunetes mauri; Ereunetes occidentalis – western sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), western semipalmated sandpiper
Tringinae – phalaropes and shanks
Xenus cinereus or Xenus cinerea, Tringa cinerea, Scolopax cinerea; Tringa terek – Terek sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Phalaropus – phalarope, wadepiper
Phalaropus tricolor or Steganopus tricolor – Wilson's phalarope (Avibase; HBW)
Phalaropus lobatus, Lobipes lobatus, Tringa lobata – red-necked phalarope (Avibase; HBW), hyperborean phalarope, northern phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius, Crymophilus fulicarius, Tringa fulicaria – red phalarope (Avibase; HBW), grey phalarope, gray phalarope
Actitis
Actitis hypoleucos, Totanus hypoleucus, Tringa hypoleucos – common sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946), Eurasian sandpiper, sandpiper (Nicoll 1919)
SYN Actitis hypoleucos hypoleucos
SYN Actitis hypoleucos amurensis
Actitis macularius, Tringa macularia – spotted sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), spotted tattler
SYN Actitis macularius macularius
SYN Actitis macularius ravus, Tringa macularia rava
Tringa – shanks and tattlers
Tringa ochropus, Helodromas ochropus, Totanus ochropus – green sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946)
Tringa solitaria, Helodromas solitarius, Totanus solitarius – solitary sandpiper (Avibase; HBW), solitary tattler
Tringa solitaria solitaria, Totanus solitarius solitarius – eastern solitary sandpiper (Avibase), south-eastern solitary sandpiper, pale-dotted sandpiper
Tringa solitaria cinnamomea, Totanus solitarius cinnamomeus – western solitary sandpiper (Avibase), cinnamon-dotted sandpiper
Tringa brevipes or Heteroscelus brevipes, Tringa incana brevipes, Heteroscelus incanus brevipes, Heteractitis brevipes, Totanus brevipes – grey-tailed tattler (Avibase; HBW), gray-tailed tattler, grey-tailed sandpiper, gray-tailed sandpiper, grey-rumped tattler, gray-rumped tattler, grey-rumped sandpiper, gray-rumped sandpiper, Siberian tattler, Asian tattler, Asian wandering tattler, Polynesian tattler
Tringa incana or Heteroscelus incanus, Tringa incana incana, Heteroscelus incanus incanus, Heteractitis incanus, Scolopax incana – wandering tattler (Avibase; HBW), American wandering tattler, American tattler, Alaskan tattler
Tringa erythropus, Totanus erythropus, Scolopax erythropus; Tringa fuscus – spotted redshank (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), greater redshank, dusky redshank
Tringa melanoleuca, Totanus melanoleuca, Scolopax melanoleuca – greater yellowlegs (Avibase; HBW), greater tattler, grey yellowlegs, gray yellowlegs, stone snipe, tell-tale
Tringa guttifer, Pseudototanus guttifer, Totanus guttifer – Nordmann's greenshank (Avibase), spotted greenshank (HBW), Armstrong's sandpiper
Tringa nebularia, Totanus nebularia, Totanus nebularius – common greenshank (Avibase; HBW), greenshank (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946) green-shank, greater greenshank
Tringa nebularia nebularia, Glottis nebularia, Scolopax nebularia – Eurasian greenshank
Tringa nebularia glottoides
Tringa semipalmata or Catoptrophorus semipalmatus, Symphemia semipalmata, Scolopax semipalmata – willet (Avibase; HBW), semipalmated tattler
Tringa semipalmata semipalmata, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus semipalmatus, Symphemia semipalmata semipalmata – eastern willet (Avibase)
Tringa semipalmatus inornata, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus inornatus, Symphemia semipalmata inornata – western willet (Avibase)
Tringa flavipes, Totanus flavipes, Scolopax flavipes – lesser yellowlegs (Avibase; HBW), lesser tattler, summer yellowlegs, yellowshanks
Tringa stagnatilis, Totanus stagnatilis – marsh sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), marsh-sandpiper (Bowen 1926), little greenshank
Tringa glareola, Totanus glareola, Rhyacophilus glareola – wood sandpiper (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Tomlinson 1946), wood-sandpiper (Bowen 1926)
Tringa totanus, Totanus totanus – common redshank (Avibase; HBW), redshank (Nicoll 1919), lesser redshank
Tringa totanus totanus, Scolopax totanus – continental redshank, continental common redshank (Avibase), European common redshank, redshank (Bowen 1926)
SYN Tringa totanus britannica
Tringa totanus robusta, Totanus calidris robustus – Iceland redshank, Iceland common redshank (Avibase), North Atlantic Island common redshank
Tringa totanus ussuriensis – Central Asian redshank, Central Asian common redshank (Avibase)
Tringa totanus eurhina, Totanus totanus eurhinus – eastern redshank, eastern common redshank (Avibase)
SYN Tringa totanus meinertzhageni
Tringa totanus terrignotae
Tringa totanus craggi
Scolopacinae – "dowitchers, snipe, and woodcock"
Lymnocryptes minimus, Lymnocryptes minima – jack snipe (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), jack-snipe, jacksnipe, Eurasian jacksnipe, European jack snipe, European jacksnipe, half snipe, halfsnipe, judcock
Lymnocryptes minimus minimus, Gallinago minima, Scolopax minima; Gallinago gallinula
Lymnocryptes minimus nipponensis
Limnodromus – dowitchers
Limnodromus griseus, Macrorhamphus griseus – short-billed dowitcher (Avibase; HBW), American dowitcher, brownback, common dowitcher, dowitcher, grey snipe, gray snipe, grey-back snipe, gray-back snipe, red-breasted snipe
Limnodromus griseus griseus, Scolopax grisea – Atlantic short-billed dowitcher (Avibase), Labrador short-billed dowitcher, eastern dowitcher
Limnodromus griseus caurinus – Pacific short-billed dowitcher (Avibase), Alaska dowitcher
Limnodromus griseus hendersoni – prairie short-billed dowitcher (Avibase), inland short-billed dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus, Macrorhamphus scolopaceus – long-billed dowitcher (Avibase; HBW), long-billed reedhaunter, greater dowitcher, greater grayback, western red-breasted snipe
SYN Limnodromus scolopaceus scolopaceus, Limosa scolopacea
SYN Limnodromus scolopaceus fasciatus
Limnodromus semipalmatus, Macrorhamphus semipalmatus – Asian dowitcher (Avibase; HBW), Asiatic dowitcher, oriental dowitcher, snipe-billed dowitcher, semi-palmated snipe
Scolopax – woodcocks
Scolopax rusticola – Eurasian woodcock (Avibase; HBW), European woodcock, common woodcock, woodcock (Nicoll 1919)
SYN Scolopax rusticola rusticola
SYN Scolopax rusticola ultimus
Scolopax mira, Scolopax rusticola mira – Amami woodcock (Avibase; HBW), Ryukyu woodcock
Scolopax saturata [sensu lato : incl. rosenbergii] – dusky woodcock
Scolopax saturata [sensu stricto : excl. rosenbergii], Scolopax saturata saturata – Javan woodcock (Avibase; HBW), Javan dusky woodcock, Javanese woodcock, East Indian woodcock, rufous woodcock, dusky woodcock,
Scolopax rosenbergii, Scolopax saturata rosenbergii – New Guinea woodcock (Avibase; HBW), New Guinea dusky woodcock, Rosenberg's woodcock
Scolopax bukidnonensis – Bukidnon woodcock (Avibase; HBW), Philippine woodcock
Scolopax celebensis – Sulawesi woodcock (Avibase; HBW), Celebes woodcock, Celebean woodcock
Scolopax celebensis celebensis
Scolopax celebensis heinrichi
Scolopax rochussenii – Moluccan woodcock (Avibase; HBW), Obi woodcock
Scolopax minor, Rubicola minor, Philohela minor – American woodcock (Avibase; HBW), woodcock, wood snipe, brush snipe, mud snipe, big-headed snipe, blind snipe, wall-eyed snipe, whistling snipe, bogbird, bogsucker, night partridge, timberdoodle, timber doodle, hokumpoke, becasse
Scolopax anthonyi – Puerto Rican woodcock (Avibase)
Scolopax brachycarpa – Hispaniola woodcock
Chubbia jamesoni or Gallinago jamesoni – Andean snipe (Avibase; HBW), Jameson's snipe
SYN Gallinago jamesoni jamesoni, Capella jamesoni, Xylocota jamesoni
SYN Gallinago jamesoni chapmani
Chubbia stricklandiior Gallinago stricklandii, Capella stricklandii – Fuegian snipe (Avibase; HBW), cordilleran snipe, Strickland's snipe
Chubbia imperialis or Gallinago imperialis, Capella imperialis – imperial snipe (Avibase; HBW), banded snipe, Bogota snipe
Coenocorypha – austral snipes, New Zealand snipes
Coenocorypha pusilla, Gallinago pusilla – Chatham snipe (HBW), Chatham Island snipe, Chatham Islands snipe (Avibase)
Coenocorypha barrierensis, Coenocorypha huegeli barrierensis, Coenocorypha aucklandica barrierensis – North Island snipe, Little Barrier snipe (Avibase), Barrier Sub-Antarctic snipe
Coenocorypha aucklandica – Subantarctic snipe (Avibase), New Zealand snipe, Auckland snipe (HBW)
Coenocorypha aucklandica aucklandica, Gallinago aucklandica; Scolopax holmesi – Auckland snipe, Auckland Islands snipe, Auckland Islands Subantarctic snipe (Avibase)
Coenocorypha aucklandica perseverance – Campbell snipe, Campbell Island snipe, Campbell Island Subantarctic snipe (Avibase)
Coenocorypha aucklandica meinertzhagenae – Antipodes snipe, Antipodes Island snipe, Antipodes Subantarctic snipe (Avibase)
Coenocorypha iredalei, Coenocorypha huegeli iredalei, Coenocorypha aucklandica iredalei – South Island snipe, Stewart Island snipe (Avibase), Stewart Island Subantarctic snipe, Stewart Island Sub-Antarctic snipe
Coenocorypha huegeli, Coenocorypha huegeli huegeli, Coenocorypha aucklandica huegeli, Gallinago huegeli – Snares snipe (HBW), Snares Island snipe (Avibase)
Coenocorypha chathamica; Coenocorypha chathamensis – Forbes's snipe (Avibase), Forbes' snipe, giant Chatham Island snipe
Coenocorypha miratropica – Viti Levu snipe, Fijian snipe (Avibase), Fiji snipe
Coenocorypha neocaledonica – New Caledonian snipe
Coenocorypha sp. 'Norfolk' – Norfolk snipe, Norfolk Island snipe
Gallinago
Gallinago solitaria, Capella solitaria – solitary snipe (Avibase; HBW)
Gallinago solitaria solitaria, Capella solitaria solitaria – eastern solitary snipe
Gallinago solitaria japonica, Capella solitaria japonica, Spilura solitaria japonica – Japanese solitary snipe, Japanese snipe
Gallinago hardwickii, Capella hardwickii, Scolopax hardwickii – Latham's snipe (Avibase; HBW), Japanese snipe, Australian snipe
Gallinago nemoricola, Capella nemoricola – wood snipe (Avibase; HBW), Himalayan snipe
Gallinago delicata, Capella delicata, Gallinago gallinago delicata – Wilson's snipe (Avibase; HBW), North American common snipe
Gallinago gallinago – common snipe (Avibase; HBW), snipe, full snipe (Nicoll 1919), whole snipe, fantail snipe
Gallinago gallinago gallinago, Capella gallinago gallinago, Capella gallinago, Scolopax gallinago – Palearctic common snipe, common snipe (Bowen 1926), Eurasian snipe, European snipe, fantail snipe
Gallinago gallinago faeroeensis, Telmatias faeroeensis – Faeroe common snipe (Avibase), North Atlantic Island common snipe
Gallinago stenura, Capella stenura, Scolopax stenura – pin-tailed snipe, pintail snipe (Avibase; HBW), Asiatic snipe
Gallinago megala, Capella megala – Swinhoe's snipe (Avibase; HBW), forest snipe, marsh snipe, Chinese snipe
Gallinago nigripennis, Capella nigripennis – African snipe (Avibase; HBW), Ethiopian snipe (Bowen 1926)
Gallinago macrodactyla – Madagascan snipe, Madagascar snipe (Avibase; HBW)
Gallinago media, Capella media, Scolopax media; Gallinago major – great snipe (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), greater snipe, double snipe (Bowen 1926), solitary snipe, western solitary snipe
Gallinago paraguaiae [sensu lato] – South American snipe (Avibase; HBW)
Gallinago paraguaiae paraguaiae or Gallinago paraguaiae [sensu stricto], Scolopax paraguaiae – Paraguayan snipe, South American snipe
Gallinago paraguaiae magellanica or Gallinago magellanica, Scolopax magellanicus – Magellanic snipe, Magellan snipe
Gallinago andina – puna snipe (Avibase; HBW)
Gallinago andina andina, Capella paraguaiae andina, Capella andina
Gallinago andina innotata, Capella paraguaiae innotata
Gallinago nobilis, Capella nobilis – noble snipe (Avibase; HBW), Paramo snipe
Gallinago undulata – giant snipe (Avibase; HBW)
Gallinago undulata undulata, Capella undulata, Scolopax undulata
Gallinago undulata gigantea, Scolopax gigantea
Turnici – buttonquails
Turnicidae – buttonquails (HBW), button-quails (Bowen 1926), hemipodes
Ortyxelos meiffrenii, Turnix meiffrenii – quail-plover (HBW; Bowen 1926), lark buttonquail (Avibase), lark quail, African larkquail
Turnix
Turnix sylvaticus, Turnix sylvatica – common buttonquail (HBW), buttonquail, button-quail, small buttonquail (Avibase), little button quail, little buttonquail, little button-quail, little bustard quail, little bustardquail, bustard quail, little striped buttonquail, striped button-quail, Kurrichane buttonquail
Turnix sylvaticus sylvaticus, Tetrao sylvaticus – Mediterranean small buttonquail (Avibase), Andalucian hemipode, Andalusian hemipode
Turnix sylvaticus lepurana, Turnix sylvatica lepurana, Turnix lepurana, Hemipodius lepurana, Ortygis lepurana – Kurrichane buttonquail, Kurrichane button-quail (Bowen 1926), Kurichane hemipode (Gurney 1872), small button quail, Small Buttonquail (Small) (Avibase), West African button-quail
SYN Turnix sylvaticus alleni, Turnix sylvatica alleni
SYN Turnix sylvaticus arenarius
Turnix sylvaticus davidi, Turnix sylvatica davidi
SYN Turnix sylvaticus mikado, Turnix sylvatica mikado
Turnix sylvaticus bartelsorum, Turnix sylvatica bartelsorum
Turnix sylvaticus dussumier, Turnix sylvatica dussumier; Turnix dussumieri, Hemipodius dussumieri; Turnix sykesii, Hemipodius sykesi – little button quail (Murray 1889), pigmy button quail
Turnix sylvaticus whiteheadi, Turnix sylvatica whiteheadi, Turnix whiteheadi
Turnix sylvaticus nigrorum, Turnix sylvatica nigrorum
Turnix sylvaticus celestinoi, Turnix sylvatica celestinoi, Turnix celestinoi
SYN Turnix sylvaticus masaaki, Turnix sylvatica masaaki, Turnix maculosa masaaki
Turnix sylvaticus suluensis, Turnix sylvatica suluensis, Turnix suluensis – Tawitawi small buttonquail, Tawitawi buttonquail
Turnix maculosus, Turnix maculosa – red-backed buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), red-backed button-quail, red-backed button quail, spotted buttonquail, black-spotted quail, black-spotted turnix, orange-breasted quail, black-backed quail, black-backed bustardquail, black-backed buttonquail, black-backed hemipode
Turnix maculosus maculosus, Turnix maculosa maculosa, Hemipodius maculosus
Turnix maculosus beccarii, Turnix maculosa beccarii, Turnix beccarii
Turnix maculosus kinneari, Turnix maculosa kinneari, Turnix sylvatica kinneari
Turnix maculosus obiensis, Turnix maculosa obiensis
Turnix maculosus sumbanus, Turnix maculosa sumbana
Turnix maculosus floresianus, Turnix maculosa floresiana
Turnix maculosus savuensis, Turnix maculosa savuensis
Turnix maculosus saturatus, Turnix maculosa saturata, Turnix sylvatica saturata
Turnix maculosus furvus, Turnix maculosa furva
Turnix maculosus giluwensis, Turnix maculosa giluwensis
Turnix maculosus horsbrughi, Turnix maculosa horsbrughi, Turnix horsbrughi
Turnix maculosus mayri, Turnix maculosa mayri
Turnix maculosus salomonis, Turnix maculosa salamonis
Turnix maculosus melanotus, Turnix maculosa melanota – red-backed quail (Storr 1973)
SYN Turnix maculosus pseutes, Turnix maculosa pseutes – Australian red-backed buttonquail
SYN Turnix maculosus yorki, Turnix maculosa yorki
Turnix hottentottus, Turnix hottentotta – Hottentot buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), Hottentot button-quail, Hottentot button quail
Turnix nanus, Turnix nana – black-rumped buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), black-rumped button-quail, black-rumped button quail, dwarf buttonquail, African button-quail, Natal buttonquail
SYN Turnix nanus nanus, Turnix nana nana, Turnix hottentottus nanus, Turnix hottentotta nana
SYN Turnix nanus lucianus, Turnix hottentotta luciana
SYN Turnix nanus insolatus, Turnix hottentotta insolata
Turnix tanki; Turnix maculatus; Turnix maculosa auctorum – yellow-legged buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), yellow-legged button-quail, yellow-legged button quail, yellow-legged bustard quail, yellow-legged hemipode
Turnix tanki tanki; Turnix maculatus tanki; Turnix joudera – Indian yellow-legged buttonquail, Indian button-quail, Indian button quail (Murray 1889), Indian turnix, larger button-quail
SYN Turnix tanki albiventris, Turnix albiventris – Nicobar button-quail, Nicobar button quail (Murray 1889), Nicobar yellow-legged button quail
Turnix tanki blanfordii, Turnix blanfordii; Turnix blanfordi; Turnix maculatus maculatus – Burmese button quail, Burmese yellow-legged button, Blanford's buttonquail, Blanford's button quail, Blanford's or the Burmo-Malayan button quail (Murray 1889 [as Turnix maculosa (acc.) = Hemipodius maculosus, Turnix maculatus, Turnix Blanfordi (syn.)])
Turnix ocellatus, Turnix ocellata – spotted buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), spotted button-quail, spotted button quail,
Turnix ocellatus ocellatus, Oriolus ocellatus
Turnix ocellatus benguetensis
Turnix suscitator – barred buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), bustard quail, common bustardquail, common bustard-quail, common bustard quail
Turnix suscitator suscitator, Tetrao suscitator
SYN Turnix suscitator kuiperi
SYN Turnix suscitator machetes
SYN Turnix suscitator baweanus
Turnix suscitator taigoor, Turnix taigoor – Indian barred buttonquail (Avibase), Indian buttonquail, Indian bustard quail, black-breasted bustard quail
Turnix suscitator leggei, Turnix javanica leggei
Turnix suscitator plumbipes, Hemipodius plumbipes, Coturnix plumbipes – Indo-Malayan bustard quail (Murray 1889 [as Turnix plumbipes (acc.) = Hemipodius plumbipes, Turnix ocellatus, Turnix pugnax, Turnix taigoor (syn.)])
Turnix suscitator bengalensis, Turnix bengalensis
Turnix suscitator rostratus, Turnix rostrata
Turnix suscitator blakistoni, Areoturnix blakistoni
Turnix suscitator pallescens
Turnix suscitator thai
Turnix suscitator atrogularis, Hemipodius atrogularis
Turnix suscitator interrumpens
Turnix suscitator fasciatus, Turnix suscitator fasciata, Hemipodius fasciatus
Turnix suscitator haynaldi
Turnix suscitator nigrescens, Turnix nigrescens
Turnix suscitator rufilatus, Turnix suscitator rufilata, Turnix rufilatus; Turnix pugnax
Turnix suscitator okinavensis
Turnix suscitator powelli, Turnix powelli – dusky buttonquail (HBW), Sunda barred buttonquail (Avibase), Sunda buttonquail, Lesser Sunda buttonquail, Powell's buttonquail
Turnix nigricollis, Tetrao nigricollis – Madagascan muttonquail, Madagascar buttonquail (Avibase; HBW)
Turnix melanogaster, Hemipodius melanogaster – black-breasted buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), black-breasted button-quail, black-breasted quail (Storr 1973), black-breasted hemipode, black-breasted turnix, black-fronted quail
Turnix castanotus, Turnix castanota – chestnut-backed buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), chestnut-backed button-quail, chestnut-backed hemipode, thick-billed quail (Avustr.)
SYN Turnix castanotus castanotus, Turnix castanota castanota
SYN Turnix castanotus magnifica, Turnix castanota magnifica
Turnix olivii, Turnix castanotus olivii, Turnix castanota olivii – buff-breasted buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), buff-breasted button-quail, buff-breasted quail, buff-backed quail (Storr 1973), Olive's buttonquail, Olive's quail, Robinson's buttonquail
Turnix varius, Turnix varia – painted buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), painted button-quail, painted quail (Storr 1973), varied hemipode, butterfly quail, scrub quail, speckled quail, New Holland partridge, varied turnix, varied quail, sparkling hemipode
Turnix varius varius, Turnix varia varia, Perdix varia – Australian painted button-quail
Turnix varius scintillans, Turnix varia scintillans, Hemipodius scintillans – Houtman Abrolhos painted button-quail
Turnix varius novaecaledoniae, Turnix varia novaecaledoniae or Turnix novaecaledoniae – New Caledonian painted buttonquail (Avibase), New Caledonia painted buttonquail, New Caledonia buttonquail, New Caledonian buttonquail (HBW)
Turnix worcesteri – Worcester's buttonquail (Avibase), Luzon buttonquail (HBW), Philippine buttonquail
Turnix everetti, Turnix sylvatica everetti – Sumba buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), Everett's buttonquail
Turnix pyrrhothorax, Hemipodius pyrrhothorax – red-chested buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), red-chested button-quail, red-chested quail (Storr 1973), red-chested hemipode, red-breasted quail, red-breasted turnix, yellow quail
SYN Turnix pyrrhothorax pyrrhothorax
SYN Turnix pyrrhothorax berneyi
Turnix velox – little buttonquail (Avibase; HBW), little button-quail, Australian little buttonquail, little quail (Storr 1973), butterfly quail, button quail, dotterel quail, swift-flying quail, swift-flying turnix, swift-flying hemipode
SYN Turnix velox velox, Hemipodius velox
SYN Turnix velox picturata
SYN Turnix velox leucogaster, Turnix leucogaster
Lari [sensu lato] – gulls and allies
Dromadidae – crab-plover (HBW; Bowen 1926)
Dromas ardeola – crab-plover (HBW; Bowen 1926), crab plover (Avibase; Nicoll 1919)
Glareolidae [sensu lato : incl Cursoriidae] – pratincoles and coursers, "coursers, pratincoles" (HBW)
Cursoriinae, Cursoriidae (SYN of Glareolidae [sensu lato]) – coursers
Cursorius + Rhinoptilus – coursers
Rhinoptilus
Rhinoptilus africanus or Smutsornis africanus – double-banded courser (Avibase; HBW), two-banded courser
Rhinoptilus africanus africanus, Smutsornis africanus africanus, Cursorius africanus
SYN Rhinoptilus africanus sharpei, Smutsornis africanus sharpei
Rhinoptilus africanus raffertyi, Smutsornis africanus raffertyi
Rhinoptilus africanus hartingi, Smutsornis africanus hartingi – Somali double-banded courser (Avibase), Somali two-banded courser (Archer & Godman 1961)
Rhinoptilus africanus gracilis, Smutsornis africanus gracilis, Cursorius gracilis – Masai double-banded courser (Avibase)
SYN Rhinoptilus africanus illustris
Rhinoptilus africanus bisignatus, Smutsornis africanus bisignatus, Cursorius bisignatus – Angola double-banded courser (Avibase)
Rhinoptilus africanus traylori, Smutsornis africanus traylori
Rhinoptilus africanus granti, Smutsornis africanus granti – Deelfontein double-banded courser (Avibase)
Rhinoptilus africanus erlangeri, Smutsornis africanus erlangeri
Rhinoptilus cinctus, Cursorius cinctus – three-banded courser (Avibase; HBW), treble-banded courser
Rhinoptilus cinctus cinctus, Hemerodromus cinctus – Heuglin's courser (Bowen 1926; Tomlinson 1946)
Rhinoptilus cinctus emini – Emin's courser, Emin's three-banded courser (Avibase)
Rhinoptilus cinctus seebohmi, Rhinoptilus seebohmi – Seebohm's courser, Seebohm's three-banded courser (Avibase)
Rhinoptilus cinctus mayaudi
Rhinoptilus cinctus balsaci
Rhinoptilus chalcopterus – bronze-winged courser (Avibase; HBW), bronze-wing courser (Bowen 1926), southern bronze-winged courser, violet-tipped courser
SYN Rhinoptilus chalcopterus chalcopterus, Cursorius chalcopterus
SYN Rhinoptilus chalcopterus albofasciatus, Rhinoptilus albofasciatus
Rhinoptilus bitorquatus, Cursorius bitorquatus, Macrotarsius [sic] bitorquatus – Jerdon's courser (Avibase; HBW)
Cursorius
Cursorius cursor – cream-colored courser (Avibase), cream-coloured courser (HBW; Nicoll 1919)
Cursorius cursor cursor, Charadrius cursor; Cursorius gallicus – common cream-colored courser, common cream-coloured courser, cream-coloured courser (Bowen 1926), desert courser
SYN Cursorius cursor dahlakensis, Cursorius gallicus dahlakensis – Dahlak Island courser
SYN Cursorius cursor bannermani
Cursorius cursor exsul, Cursorius gallicus exsul – Cape Verde cream-colored courser (Avibase), Cape Verde cream-coloured courser
Cursorius cursor bogolubovi, Cursorius gallicus bogolubovi, Cursorius isabellinus bogolubovi – eastern cream-colored courser (Avibase), eastern cream-coloured courser
Cursorius somalensis – Somali courser (Avibase; HBW)
Cursorius somalensis somalensis, Cursorius cursor somalensis, Cursorius gallicus somalensis; Cursorius somaliensis – Somaliland courser
Cursorius somalensis littoralis, Cursorius rufus littoralis, Cursorius cursor littoralis, Cursorius gallicus littoralis – Jubaland courser, Jubaland Somali courser (Avibase)
SYN Cursorius somalensis meruensis, Cursorius rufus meruensis, Cursorius cursor meruensis
Cursorius rufus – Burchell's courser (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Cursorius rufus rufus, Cursorius cursor rufus
SYN Cursorius rufus theresae, Cursorius cursor theresae
Cursorius temminckii – Temminck's courser (Avibase; HBW)
Cursorius temminckii temminckii – Temminck's courser (Bowen 1926)
SYN Cursorius temminckii damarensis – Damaraland courser
Cursorius temminckii ruvanensis, Cursorius ruvanensis
Cursorius temminckii aridus
Cursorius coromandelicus, Charadrius coromandelicus – Indian courser (Avibase; HBW)
Glareolinae, Glareolidae [sensu stricto : excl Cursoriidae] (SYN of Glareolidae [sensu lato]) – pratincoles (Bowen 1926)
Glareola, Galachrysia – pratincoles, greywaders
Glareola cinerea, Galachrysia cinerea – grey pratincole (Avibase; HBW), gray pratincole, cream-colored pratincole
SYN Glareola cinerea cinerea, Galachrysia cinerea cinerea
SYN Glareola cinerea colorata, Galachrysia cinerea colorata
Glareola lactea – small pratincole (Avibase), small Indian pratincole, little pratincole (HBW), milky pratincole
Glareola nuchalis, Galachrysia nuchalis – rock pratincole (Avibase; HBW)
Glareola nuchalis [nuchalis or torrens] – white-collared pratincole
Glareola nuchalis nuchalis, Galachrysia nuchalis nuchalis – white-collared pratincole (Bowen 1926), white-collared rock pratincole (Avibase), Ituri white-collared pratincole
SYN Glareola nuchalis emini, Galachrysia nuchalis emini – Emin's white-collared pratincole (Bowen 1926)
Glareola nuchalis torrens
Glareola nuchalis liberiae, Glareola liberiae – rufous-collared pratincole, rufous-collared rock pratincole (Avibase), chestnut-collared pratincole, Gabon white-collared pratincole
Glareola ocularis – Madagascan pratincole, Madagascar pratincole (Avibase; HBW)
Glareola isabella or Stiltia isabella – Australian pratincole (Avibase; HBW), pratincole, Australian courser, isabelline pratincole, long-legged pratincole, Arnham Land grouse, roadrunner, nankeen plover, swallow-plover
Glareola nordmanni – black-winged pratincole (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926)
Glareola pratincola – collared pratincole (Avibase; HBW), common pratincole, pratincole (Nicoll 1919), red-winged pratincole, swallow plover
Glareola pratincola pratincola, Hirundo pratincola – northern collared pratincole, European pratincole (Bowen 1926)
SYN Glareola pratincola limbata, Glareola limbata – Sudan pratincole (Archer & Godman 1961), Red Sea pratincole (Bowen 1926)
Glareola pratincola fuelleborni, Glareola fusca fuelleborni – East African pratincole
SYN Glareola pratincola boweni
Glareola pratincola erlangeri – Somali pratincole
Glareola pratincola riparia
Glareola maldivarum, Glareola (Pratincola) maldivarum – oriental pratincole (Avibase; HBW), eastern pratincole, eastern collared pratincole, Indian pratincole, large Indian pratincole
Stercorariidae – skuas (HBW)
Stercorarius [sensu lato]
Stercorarius [sensu stricto] – jaegers
Stercorarius parasiticus – parasitic jaeger [Amer.] (Avibase), parasitic skua [Brit.], arctic skua, arctic jaeger (HBW), short-tailed skua, Richardson's jaeger, Richardson's skua (Nicoll 1919)
SYN Stercorarius parasiticus parasiticus, Larus parasiticus
SYN Stercorarius parasiticus parallelus
Stercorarius longicaudus – long-tailed jaeger [Amer.] (Avibase; HBW), long-tailed skua [Brit.]
Stercorarius longicaudus longicaudus – western long-tailed jaeger
Stercorarius longicaudus pallescens – eastern long-tailed jaeger (Avibase), American long-tailed skua
Stercorarius pomarinus, Lestris pomarinus – pomarine skua [Brit.], pomarine jaeger [Amer.] (Avibase; HBW), pomatorhine skua, pomatorhine jaeger
Catharacta – skuas
Stercorarius skua or Catharacta skua, Stercorarius skua skua, Megalestris skua – great skua (Avibase; HBW), great jaeger, northern jaeger, northern skua, common skua, skua, bonxie
Stercorarius maccormicki or Catharacta maccormicki, Catharacta skua maccormicki – south polar skua (Avibase; HBW), MacCormick's skua, McCormick's jaeger, Antarctic jaeger, Antarctic skua
Stercorarius antarcticus or Catharacta antarctica [sensu lato : incl. lonnbergi] – brown skua (HBW)
Stercorarius antarcticus or Catharacta antarctica [sensu stricto : excl. lonnbergi] – southern skua (Avibase), southern jaeger, southern great skua, southern great jaeger, subantarctic skua, subantarctic jaeger, Antarctic skua, Antarctic jaeger
Stercorarius antarcticus antarcticus, Catharacta skua antarctica, Lestris antarcticus – Falkland skua, Falkland southern skua (Avibase), Falklands jaeger, Falklands skua
Stercorarius antarcticus hamiltoni, Catharacta skua hamiltoni, Catharacta hamiltoni – Tristan da Cunha skua, Tristan skua, Tristan southern skua (Avibase)
Stercorarius antarcticus lonnbergi or Stercorarius lonnbergi – brown skua (Avibase), brown jaeger, dark skua, Lonnberg's skua, Lonnberg's jaeger, subantarctic skua
SYN Stercorarius lonnbergi lonnbergi, Stercorarius antarcticus lonnbergi, Catharacta antarctica lonnbergi, Catharacta skua lonnbergi, Catharacta lonnbergi
SYN Stercorarius lonnbergi clarkei, Catharacta lonnbergi clarkei
SYN Stercorarius lonnbergi intercedens, Catharacta lonnbergi intercedens
Stercorarius chilensis, Catharacta chilensis, Stercorarius antarcticus chilensis, Catharacta skua chilensis – Chilean skua (Avibase; HBW), cinnamon skua
Alcae (SYN of Lari [sensu lato]) – auks
Alcidae – auks (HBW), "puffins, guillemots, murres, and allies"
Mancallinae – Lucas auks
Mancalla californiensis Lucas, 1901 – Lucas auk § Frederic Augustus Lucas 1852 – 1929
Fraterculinae
Fraterculini – puffins
Cerorhinca monocerata, Alca monocerata – rhinoceros auklet (Avibase; HBW), rhinoceros puffin, rhino auklet, horn-billed auklet, horn-billed auk, horn-billed puffin, unicorn puffin
Fratercula
Fratercula cirrhata, Lunda cirrhata, Alca cirrhata; Sagmatorrhina lathami – tufted puffin (Avibase; HBW), crested puffin
Fratercula arctica – Atlantic puffin (Avibase; HBW), common puffin, puffin [LOC Newfoundland], large-billed puffin, sea parrot
SYN Fratercula arctica glacialis
Fratercula arctica arctica, Alca arctica – North-east Atlantic puffin, northern puffin
Fratercula arctica grabae, Mormon grabae – Southern Atlantic puffin (Avibase), southern puffin
Fratercula arctica naumanni – Northwest Atlantic puffin (Avibase), North-west Atlantic puffin
Fratercula corniculata, Mormon corniculata – horned puffin (Avibase; HBW)
Fratercula dowi – Dow's puffin § Ronald J. Dow
Aethiini – auklets
Ptychoramphus aleuticus – Cassin's auklet (Avibase; HBW)
Ptychoramphus aleuticus aleuticus, Uria aleutica – Aleutian auklet, Aleutian auk
Ptychoramphus aleuticus australis – Mexican auklet, Mexican Cassin's auklet (Avibase)
Aethia
Aethia pusilla, Simorhynchus pusillus, Uria pusilla – least auklet (Avibase; HBW), knob-billed auk
Aethia cristatella, Simorhynchus cristatellus, Alca cristatella– crested auklet (Avibase; HBW)
Aethia pygmaea, Simorhynchus pygmaeus – whiskered auklet (Avibase; HBW), pygmy auklet
Aethia pygmaea pygmaea, Alca pygmaea
Aethia pygmaea camtschatica, Alca camtschatica
Aethia psittacula, Cyclorrhynchus psittaculus, Phaleris psittacula, Alca psittacula – parakeet auklet (Avibase; HBW), paroquet auklet
Alcinae
Brachyramphini – brachyramphine murrelets
Brachyramphus
Brachyramphus perdix, Brachyramphus marmoratus perdix, Cepphus perdix – long-billed murrelet (Avibase; HBW), partridge auk
Brachyramphus marmoratus, Brachyramphus marmoratus marmoratus, Colymbus marmoratus – marbled murrelet (Avibase; HBW)
Brachyramphus brevirostris, Uria brevirostris; Brachyramphus kittlitzii – Kittlitz's murrelet (Avibase; HBW)
Cepphini – true guillemots
Cepphus
Cepphus grylle – black guillemot (Avibase; HBW), tystie, pigeon [LOC Newfoundland]
Cepphus grylle grylle, Alca grylle – Baltic black guillemot
SYN Cepphus grylle criticus
Cepphus grylle islandicus – Icelandic black guillemot (Avibase), Iceland black guillemot
Cepphus grylle arcticus, Uria arctica – subarctic black guillemot (Avibase)
SYN Cepphus grylle atlantis – Atlantic black guillemot
Cepphus grylle faeroeensis – Faeroes black guillemot (Avibase)
Cepphus grylle mandtii, Uria mandtii – arctic black guillemot (Avibase), arctic guillemot, northern black guillemot, Mandt's guillemot
SYN Cepphus grylle ultimus
SYN Cepphus grylle tajani
Cepphus carbo – spectacled guillemot (Avibase; HBW), sooty guillemot
Cepphus columba – pigeon guillemot (Avibase; HBW)
Cepphus columba columba
Cepphus columba adiantus, Cepphus columba adianta
Cepphus columba eureka
Cepphus columba kaiurka – Commander Islands pigeon guillemot (Avibase), Commander Islands guillemot
Cepphus columba snowi, Cepphus snowi – Kurile guillemot, Kuril Islands pigeon guillemot, Kuril Is. pigeon guillemot (Avibase), Snow's pigeon guillemot
Synthliboramphini – synthliboramphine murrelets
Synthliboramphus
Synthliboramphus antiquus – ancient murrelet (Avibase; HBW), ancient auk, black-throated auk
Synthliboramphus antiquus antiquus, Alca antiqua
Synthliboramphus antiquus microrhynchos – short-billed murrelet, short-billed auk
Synthliboramphus wumizusume, Uria wumizusume – Japanese murrelet (Avibase; HBW), crested murrelet, crested auk, Temminck's murrelet
Synthliboramphus craveri, Endomychura craveri, Brachyramphus craveri, Uria craveri – Craveri's murrelet
Synthliboramphus scrippsi, Synthliboramphus hypoleucus scrippsi, Endomychura hypoleuca scrippsi – Scripps's murrelet (Avibase; HBW), Scripps' murrelet
SYN Synthliboramphus scrippsi scrippsi
SYN Synthliboramphus scrippsi pontilis
Synthliboramphus hypoleucus [sensu lato], Endomychura hypoleuca – Xantus's murrelet, Xantus' murrelet
Synthliboramphus hypoleucus [sensu stricto], Synthliboramphus hypoleucus hypoleucus, Endomychura hypoleuca hypoleuca, Brachyramphus hypoleucus – Guadalupe murrelet (Avibase; HBW)
Alcini – typical auks and murres
Uria
Uria lomvia, Alca lomvia – thick-billed murre (Avibase; HBW), thick-billed guillemot, Brunnich's murre, Brünnich's guillemot, tinker [LOC Newfoundland], turr [LOC Newfoundland]
Uria lomvia lomvia – North Atlantic thick-billed murre, Brünnich's thick-billed murre (Avibase)
SYN Uria lomvia arroides
Uria lomvia arra, Cepphus arra – Pallas's murre, Pallas' murre
Uria lomvia heckeri
Uria lomvia eleonorae
Uria lomvia affinis, Uria affinis
Uria aalge, Colymbus aalge – common murre (Avibase; HBW), murre, muurr [LOC Newfoundland], common guillemot, guillemot, thin-billed murre
Uria aalge aalge – Altantic murre, Atlantic common murre (Avibase)
SYN Uria aalge intermedia, Uria intermedia
SYN Uria aalge spiloptera
Uria aalge albionis – Southern Atlantic common murre (Avibase), southern guillemot
SYN Uria aalge ibericus – Iberian murre, Iberian guillemot
Uria aalge hyperborea – North-east Atlantic common murre
Uria aalge inornata – North Pacific murre, North Pacific common murre (Avibase), Bering Sea murre
Uria aalge californica, Catarractes californicus – California murre, California common murre (Avibase), California guillemot
Alle alle, Plautus alle, Alca alle – little auk (HBW; Nicoll 1919), dovekie (Avibase), sea dove, arctic auklet, bull bird [LOC Newfoundland]
Alle alle alle, Plautus alle alle – common dovekie (Avibase)
Alle alle polaris, Plautus alle polaris – Franz Joseph dovekie (Avibase)
Alca torda – razorbill (Avibase; HBW), razor-billed auk, tinker [LOC Newfoundland]
Alca torda torda – continental razorbill, northern razorbill
SYN Alca torda pica
Alca torda islandica, Alca islandica – island razorbill
SYN Alca torda britannica – British razorbill
Pinguinus impennis, Alca impennis, Plautus impennis – great auk (Avibase)
Lari [sensu stricto] (SYN of Lari [sensu lato])
Stercorariidae
Laridae [sensu lato : Sterninae, Rynchopinae, Larinae] – "gulls, terns, skimmers" (HBW), gulls and terns (Bowen 1926)
Gyginae – white terns
Gygis – white terns
Gygis alba [sensu lato : incl. microrhyncha] – white tern, white-tern, white noddy, angel tern, fairy tern, atoll tern
Gygis alba [sensu stricto : excl. microrhyncha] – common white tern (HBW), common white-tern (Avibase), common fairy tern
Gygis alba alba, Anous albus, Sterna alba – Atlantic white tern, Atlantic white-tern, Atlantic common white-tern
Gygis alba leucopes
Gygis alba candida, Sterna candida – Indo-Pacific white tern, Pacific white tern, Pacific white-tern, Pacific common white-tern (Avibase), common white tern
SYN Gygis alba monte
SYN Gygis alba pacifica
SYN Gygis alba rothschildi
SYN Gygis alba royana
Gygis microrhyncha, Gygis alba microrhyncha – little white tern (Avibase; HBW), little white-tern, little fairy tern, Marquesan white tern
Rhynchopinae or Rynchopidae – skimmers
Rynchops
Rynchops niger, Rynchops nigra – black skimmer (Avibase; HBW), American skimmer
Rynchops niger niger – northern black skimmer (Avibase)
SYN Rynchops niger oblita
Rynchops niger intercedens, Rhynchops intercedens
Rynchops niger cinerascens, Rhynchops cinerascens – Amazon skimmer
SYN Rynchops niger intermedia, Rynchops melanura intermedia
Rynchops flavirostris – African skimmer (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926), scissorbill, scissor bill (Nicoll 1919), scissor-billed tern
Rynchops albicollis – Indian skimmer (Avibase; HBW), Indian scissors-bill
Anoinae – noddies
Anous [sensu lato : incl. Procelsterna] – noddies
Anous [sensu stricto] – noddies
Anous stolidus – brown noddy (Avibase; HBW), common noddy, noddy, noddy tern
Anous stolidus stolidus, Sterna stolida – Atlantic brown noddy (Avibase)
Anous stolidus pileatus, Sterna pileata – Indo-Pacific common noddy
SYN Anous stolidus pullus, Anous pullus
SYN Anous stolidus plumbeigularis, Anous plumbeigularis – Red Sea noddy (Bowen 1926)
Anous stolidus galapagensis, Anous galapagensis – Galapagos brown noddy
Anous stolidus ridgwayi – East Pacific brown noddy
Anous minutus – black noddy (Avibase; HBW), white-capped noddy
Anous minutus minutus – Indo-Pacific black noddy
Anous minutus worcesteri, Micranous worcesteri
Anous minutus marcusi, Micranous marcusi
Anous minutus diamesus, Micranous diamesus – East Pacific black noddy (Avibase)
Anous minutus atlanticus, Megalopterus minutus atlanticus – Atlantic black noddy (Avibase), Atlantic white-capped noddy
Anous minutus americanus, Megalopterus minutus americanus – Caribbean black noddy (Avibase)
Anous minutus melanogenys, Anous melanogenys – Hawaiian black noddy (Avibase)
Anous tenuirostris – white-capped noddy, lesser noddy (Avibase; HBW)
Anous tenuirostris tenuirostris, Sterna tenuirostris – Seychelles white-capped noddy
Anous tenuirostris melanops, Anous melanops – Houtman Abrolhos lesser noddy
Procelsterna
Anous ceruleus or Procelsterna cerulea – blue noddy (Avibase; HBW), blue-grey noddy, blue-gray noddy, blue-grey ternlet, blue-gray ternlet, blue-grey fairy ternlet, blue-gray fairy ternlet
Procelsterna cerulea cerulea, Anous cerulea, Sterna cerulea
Procelsterna cerulea saxatilis
Procelsterna cerulea nebouxi
Procelsterna cerulea teretirostris, Sterna teretirostris
Procelsterna cerulea murphyi
Anous albivitta or Procelsterna albivitta – grey noddy (HBW), gray noddy (Avibase), grey ternlet, gray ternlet, Western Pacific grey ternlet
Procelsterna albivitta albivitta, Procelsterna cerulea albivitta
Procelsterna albivitta skottsbergii, Procelsterna cerulea skottsbergii
Procelsterna albivitta imitatrix, Procelsterna cerulea imitatrix
Sternidae [: Gyginae + Anoinae + Sterninae] – terns
Sterninae – terns
Onychoprion – brown-backed terns
Onychoprion fuscata, Sterna fuscata; Sterna fuliginosa – sooty tern (Avibase; HBW), wideawake tern, wideawake
Onychoprion fuscatus fuscatus, Onychoprion fuscata fuscata, Sterna fuscata fuscata; Sterna fuliginosa fuliginosa – Atlantic sooty tern, Caribbean sooty tern (Avibase)
Onychoprion fuscatus nubilosus [sensu lato : + infuscatus, serratus, kermadeci, oahuensis, crissalis, luctuosus] – Indopacific sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus nubilosus [sensu stricto], Onychoprion fuscata nubilosa, Sterna fuscata nubilosa, Sterna fuliginosa nubilosa, Sterna nubilosa – Indian Ocean sooty tern
SYN Onychoprion fuscatus somaliensis, Sterna fuscata somaliensis – Somali sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus infuscatus, Sterna fuscata infuscata, Sterna fuliginosa infuscata – Sunda sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus serratus, Onychoprion fuscata serrata, Sterna fuscata serrata, Sterna fuliginosa serrata, Sterna serrata – Melanesian sooty tern, Pacific sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus kermadeci, Sterna fuscata kermadeci, Sterna fuliginosa kermadeci – New Zealand sooty tern, Kermadec sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus oahuensis, Sterna fuscata oahuensis, Sterna fuliginosa oahuensis, Sterna oahuensis – Central Pacific sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus crissalis, Sterna fuscata crissalis, Sterna fuliginosa crissalis, Haliplana fuliginosa crissalis – East Pacific sooty tern, crissal sooty tern (Avibase)
Onychoprion fuscatus luctuosus, Onychoprion fuscata luctuosa, Sterna fuscata luctuosa, Sterna fuliginosa luctuosa – Juan Fernández sooty tern
Onychoprion lunatus, Sterna lunata – spectacled tern, grey-backed tern (Avibase; HBW), gray-backed tern, grey-bodied tern, gray-bodied tern
Onychoprion anaethetus, Sterna anaethetus, Sterna anaetheta; Sterna anaestheta – bridled tern (Avibase; HBW), brown-winged tern, lesser sooty tern (Nicoll 1919)
Onychoprion anaethetus anaethetus, Sterna anaethetus anaethetus – Indo-Pacific bridled tern, Panayan tern
SYN Onychoprion anaethetus rogersi, Sterna anaethetus rogersi
SYN Onychoprion anaethetus novaehollandiae, Sterna anaethetus novaehollandiae
Onychoprion anaethetus melanopterus, Sterna anaethetus melanoptera, Sterna melanoptera– Atlantic bridled tern (Avibase)
SYN Onychoprion anaethetus recognitus, Sterna anaethetus recognita, Melanosterna anaethetus recognita – American bridled tern (Avibase)
Onychoprion anaethetus antarcticus, Sterna anaethetus antarctica, Sterna antarctica – Western Indian bridled tern, West Indian Ocean bridled tern (Avibase)
SYN Onychoprion anaethetus fuligulus, Sterna anaethetus fuligula, Sterna fuligula – Red Sea bridled tern (Avibase; Bowen 1926), Red Sea brown-winged tern
Onychoprion anaethetus nelsoni, Sterna anaethetus nelsoni, Sterna anaetheta nelsoni
Onychoprion aleuticus, Onychoprion aleutica, Sterna aleutica; Sterna camtschatica – Aleutian tern (Avibase; HBW)
Sternula – little white terns
Sternula albifrons, Sterna albifrons; Sterna minuta – little tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), little ternlet
Sternula albifrons albifrons, Sterna albifrons albifrons, Sterna minuta minuta – Eurasian little tern, European little tern, little river-tern, lesser tern, least tern, sea swallow, hooded tern, fairy bird
Sternula albifrons sinensis, Sterna albifrons sinensis, Sterna minuta sinensis, Sterna sinensis – Western Pacific little tern, Chinese little tern
SYN Sternula albifrons pusilla, Sterna albifrons pusilla, Sterna pusilla
Sternula albifrons placens, Sterna albifrons placens, Sternula placens
Sternula albifrons guineae, Sterna albifrons guineae – West African little tern (Avibase)
Sternula albifrons innominata, Sterna albifrons innominata, Sterna minuta innominata
Sternula antillarum, Sterna antillarum – least tern (Avibase; HBW), American least tern
Sternula antillarum antillarum, Sterna antillarum antillarum, Sterna albifrons antillarum – Atlantic least tern (Avibase)
SYN Sternula antillarum staebleri, Sterna antillarum staebleri, Sterna albifrons staebleri
Sternula antillarum browni, Sterna antillarum browni, Sterna albifrons browni – California least tern (Avibase), Brown's tern
SYN Sternula antillarum mexicanus, Sterna antillarum mexicana, Sterna albifrons mexicana
Sternula antillarum athalassos, Sterna antillarum athalassos, Sterna albifrons athalassos – interior least tern (Avibase)
Sternula superciliaris, Sterna superciliaris – yellow-billed tern (Avibase; HBW), Amazon tern
Sternula nereis, Sterna nereis – fairy tern (Avibase; HBW), nereis tern
Sternula nereis nereis, Sterna nereis nereis – Australian fairy tern
SYN Sternula nereis horni, Sterna nereis horni
Sternula nereis exsul, Sterna nereis exsul – New Caledonian fairy tern
Sternula nereis davisae, Sterna nereis davisae – New Zealand fairy tern (Avibase)
Sternula lorata, Sterna lorata – Peruvian tern, Andean tern, Chilean tern
Sternula saundersi, Sterna saundersi, Sterna albifrons saundersi – Saunders's tern (Avibase; HBW), Saunders's little tern, Indian little tern (Bowen 1926), black-shafted little tern, black-shafted tern, Mekran Coast little tern
Sternula balaenarum, Sterna balaenarum – Damara tern (Avibase; HBW)
Phaetusa – large-billed terns
Phaetusa simplex – large-billed tern (Avibase; HBW), great-billed tern
Phaetusa simplex simplex, Sterna simplex
Phaetusa simplex chloropoda, Sterna chloropoda
Gelochelidon – gull-billed terns
Gelochelidon nilotica [sensu lato], Sterna nilotica; Gelochelidon anglica, Sterna anglica – gull-billed tern (Avibase; Nicoll 1919), long-legged tern, marsh tern
Gelochelidon nilotica [sensu stricto : excl. macrotarsa] – common gull-billed tern (HBW)
Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica, Sterna nilotica nilotica; Gelochelidon anglica anglica, Sterna anglica angelica – West Eurasian gull-billed tern, gull-billed tern (Bowen 1926)
Gelochelidon nilotica aranea, Sterna nilotica aranea, Sterna anglica aranea, Sterna aranea
Gelochelidon nilotica affinis, Sterna nilotica affinis, Sterna anglica affinis – South-east Asian gull-billed tern
SYN Gelochelidon nilotica addenda, Sterna nilotica addenda, Sterna anglica addenda
Gelochelidon nilotica vanrossemi, Sterna nilotica vanrossemi, Sterna anglica vanrossemi – western gull-billed tern (Avibase)
Gelochelidon nilotica gronvoldi, Sterna nilotica gronvoldi, Sterna anglica groenvoldi
Gelochelidon nilotica macrotarsa or Gelochelidon macrotarsa, Sterna nilotica macrotarsa, Sterna anglica macrotarsa, Sterna macrotarsa – Australian gull-billed tern (HBW)
Hydroprogne – Caspian terns
Hydroprogne caspia, Sterna caspia, Helopus caspius; Hydroprogne tschegrava – Caspian tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
SYN Hydroprogne caspia caspia; Hydroprogne tschegrava tschegrava
SYN Hydroprogne caspia imperator – Coues' Caspian tern (Avibase)
SYN Hydroprogne caspia strenua, Hydroprogne tschegrava strenua – Australian Caspian tern (Avibase)
Larosterna – Inca terns
Larosterna inca, Sterna inca – Inca tern (Avibase; HBW)
Chlidonias – marsh terns
Chlidonias niger, Chlidonias nigra, Sterna nigra, Hydrochelidon nigra – black tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Chlidonias niger niger, Chlidonias nigra nigra – Eurasian black tern (Avibase)
Chlidonias niger surinamensis, Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis, Sterna surinamensis – North American black tern (Avibase), American black tern, western black tern
Chlidonias leucopterus, Sterna leucoptera, Hydrochelidon leucoptera – white-winged tern (Avibase; HBW), white-winged black tern (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
Chlidonias hybrida, Sterna hybrida; Chlidonias leucopareia, Hydrochelidon leucopareia – whiskered tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), marsh tern
Chlidonias hybrida hybrida; Chlidonias leucopareia leucopareia – Eurasian whiskered tern, whiskered tern (Bowen 1926)
SYN Chlidonias hybrida swinhoei, Sterna hybrida swinhoei, Hydrochelidon leucopareia swinhoei
SYN Chlidonias hybrida indicus, Sterna hybrida indicus
Chlidonias hybrida javanicus, Chlidonias hybrida javanica, Chlidonias javanica – Australasian whiskered tern, eastern whiskered tern
SYN Chlidonias hybrida fluviatilis, Sterna hybrida fluviatilis, Hydrochelidon fluviatilis
SYN Chlidonias hybrida leggei, Hydrochelidon leucopareia leggei
Chlidonias hybrida delalandii, Sterna hybrida delalandii – African whiskered tern
SYN Chlidonias hybrida sclateri, Sterna hybrida sclateri, Chlidonias leucopareia sclateri
Chlidonias albostriatus, Sterna albostriata, Onychoprion albostriatus, Hydrochelidon albostriata – black-fronted tern (Avibase; HBW), inland tern, riverbed tern, sea martin, ploughboy
Thalasseus – crested terns
Thalasseus maximus, Sterna maxima – royal tern (Avibase; HBW)
Thalasseus maximus maximus, Sterna maxima maxima – American royal tern (Avibase), New World royal tern, Nearctic royal tern
Thalasseus maximus albididorsalis, Sterna maxima albididorsalis – West African royal tern, African royal tern (Avibase), Old World royal tern
Thalasseus bergii, Sterna bergii – greater crested tern (HBW), greater crested-tern (Avibase), great crested tern, great crested-tern (Avibase), crested tern, large crested tern, swift tern (Nicoll 1919), Ruppell's swift, diver
Thalasseus bergii bergii, Sterna bergii bergii
Thalasseus bergii enigma, Thalasseus bergii enigmus, Sterna bergii enigma
Thalasseus bergii velox, Sterna bergii velox, Thalasseus velox – Arabian great crested-tern (Avibase), Red Sea crested tern, Red Sea swift tern (Bowen 1926)
Thalasseus bergii cristatus, Thalasseus bergii cristata, Sterna bergii cristata, Sterna cristata – Australasian crested tern
SYN Thalasseus bergii gwendolenae, Sterna bergii gwendolenae
Thalasseus bergii thalassinus, Sterna bergii thalassina – Mascarene great crested-tern (Avibase), Mascarene swift tern
Thalasseus sandvicensis [sensu lato : incl acuflavidus], Sterna sandvicensis – Sandwich tern (HBW)
Thalasseus sandvicensis [sensu stricto] or Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis, Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis – Sandwich tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), Eurasian Sandwich tern
Thalasseus acuflavidus or Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavidus, Sterna sandvicensis acuflavida, Sterna acuflavida – Cabot's tern (Avibase; HBW), Cabot's Sandwich tern, North American Sandwich tern
Thalasseus acuflavidus acuflavidus
Thalasseus acuflavidus eurygnathus or Thalasseus eurygnathus, Sterna eurygnatha, Thalasseus sandvicensis eurygnathus, Sterna sandvicensis eurygnatha – Cayenne tern (Avibase)
Thalasseus elegans, Sterna elegans – elegant tern (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Thalasseus elegans elegans, Sterna elegans elegans
SYN Thalasseus elegans ichlus, Sterna elegans ichla
Thalasseus bengalensis, Sterna bengalensis; Sterna media – lesser crested tern (HBW; Mlíkovský 2011), lesser crested-tern (Avibase), little crested tern, middle tern (Nicoll 1919), allied tern § Mlíkovský 2011: The species was usually called Sterna media from the 1820s to the 1920s and Sterna bengalensis from the 1930s onwards. ... In summary, Sterna media of Bossi (1808) and Vieillot (1816) are nomina nuda, and Sterna media in Vieillot (1819) is a misprint for Sterna naevia.
Thalasseus bengalensis bengalensis, Sterna bengalensis bengalensis – Indian lesser crested tern, Leeson's lesser crested-tern (Avibase)
SYN Thalasseus bengalensis par, Sterna bengalensis par, Pelecanopus bengalensis par; Thalasseus bengalensis arabicus – Arabian lesser crested tern (Bowen 1926)
Thalasseus bengalensis torresii, Sterna bengalensis torresii, Thalasseus torresii – eastern lesser crested tern, Gould's lesser crested-tern (Avibase)
Thalasseus bengalensis emigratus, Sterna bengalensis emigrata
Thalasseus bernsteini, Sterna bernsteini – Chinese crested tern (HBW), Chinese crested-tern (Avibase), Chinese lesser crested tern
Sterna [sensu lato]
Sterna [sensu lato] – large white terns
Sterna dougallii – roseate tern (Avibase; HBW), rosy tern
Sterna dougallii dougallii – Atlantic roseate tern (Avibase)
Sterna dougallii bangsi – Asian roseate tern, Indo-pacific roseate tern (Avibase)
Sterna dougallii arideensis
Sterna dougallii korustes, Sternula korustes
Sterna dougallii gracilis – Australasian roseate tern
Sterna striata – white-fronted tern (Avibase; HBW)
Sterna striata striata
Sterna striata incerta
Sterna striata aucklandorna – southern white-fronted tern
Sterna sumatrana; Sterna melanauchen – black-naped tern (Avibase; HBW)
Sterna sumatrana sumatrana, Sterna melanauchen melanauchen – Australasian black-naped tern
Sterna sumatrana mathewsi, Sterna melanauchen mathewsi
Sterna hirundo – common tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), black-billed common tern, black-billed tern, long-winged tern, Asiatic common tern, sea-swallow, red-footed tern
Sterna hirundo hirundo – Atlantic common tern, European common tern, western common tern, Common Tern (Common) (Avibase)
SYN Sterna fluviatilisNaumann, 1839 – river tern, common tern
Sterna hirundo minussensis
Sterna hirundo longipennis, Sterna longipennis – Siberian common tern (Avibase)
Sterna hirundo tibetana, Sterna tibetana – Tibetan common tern
Sterna hirundinacea – South American tern (Avibase; HBW)
Sterna vittata – Antarctic tern (Avibase; HBW), swallow-tailed tern, wreathed tern
Sterna vittata vittata – Indian Ocean Antarctic tern, Kerguelen tern-2
Sterna vittata tristanensis
Sterna vittata sanctipauli
Sterna vittata georgiae – South Georgia Antarctic tern (Avibase)
Sterna vittata gaini
Sterna vittata bethunei, Sterna bethunei – New Zealand Antarctic tern
SYN Sterna vittata macquariensis – Macquarie Island wreathed tern, Macquarie tern
Sterna paradisaea – arctic tern (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), tern [LOC Newfoundland]
Sterna forsteri – Forster's tern (Avibase; HBW)
Sterna trudeaui – snowy-crowned tern (Avibase; HBW), Trudeau's tern
Sterna acuticauda – black-bellied tern (Avibase; HBW)
SYN Sterna acuticauda acuticauda
SYN Sterna acuticauda melanogaster, Sterna melanogaster
Sterna aurantia – river tern (Avibase; HBW), Indian river tern
Sterna repressa – white-cheeked tern (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926)
Sterna virgata – Kerguelen tern-1 (Avibase; HBW)
Sterna virgata virgata
Sterna virgata mercuri
Larinae or Laridae [sensu stricto : excl. Sternidae & Rhynchopidae] – gulls, seagulls
Creagrus furcatus, Larus furcatus – swallow-tailed gull (Avibase; HBW)
Hydrocoloeus minutus, Larus minutus – little gull (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919)
Rhodostethia rosea, Hydrocoloeus roseus, Larus roseus – Ross's gull (Avibase; HBW), wedge-tailed gull
Rissa
Rissa tridactyla, Larus tridactylus – black-legged kittiwake (Avibase; HBW), common kittiwake, kittiwake, kittiwake gull (Nicoll 1919)
Rissa tridactyla tridactyla, Larus tridactylus tridactylus – Atlantic black-legged kittiwake (Avibase), Atlantic kittiwake, tickle ace [LOC Newfoundland]
Rissa tridactyla pollicaris, Larus tridactylus pollicaris, Rissa pollicaris – Pacific black-legged kittiwake (Avibase), Pacific kittiwake
SYN Rissa tridactyla kotzebuei, Rissa kotzebuei – Kotzebue's kittiwake
Rissa brevirostris, Larus (Rissa) brevirostris, Larus brevirostris – red-legged kittiwake (Avibase; HBW), short-billed kittiwake
Pagophila eburnea, Larus eburneus; Pagophila alba – ivory gull (Avibase; HBW)
Xema sabini, Larus sabini – Sabine's gull (Avibase; HBW), fork-tailed gul, xeme
SYN Xema sabini sabini, Larus sabini sabini
SYN Xema sabini palaearctica, Larus sabini palaearctica
SYN Xema sabini tschuktschorum, Larus sabini tschuktschorum
SYN Xema sabini woznesenskii, Larus sabini woznesenskii – southern Sabine's gull (Avibase)
Saundersilarus saundersi, Chroicocephalus saundersi, Larus saundersi – Saunders's gull (Avibase; HBW), Chinese black-headed gull
Larus [sensu lato]
Chroicocephalus
Chroicocephalus genei or Larus genei; Larus gelastes – slender-billed gull (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), rosy gull (Bowen 1926)
Chroicocephalus philadelphia or Larus philadelphia, Sterna philadelphia – Bonaparte's gull (Avibase; HBW)
Chroicocephalus ridibundus or Larus ridibundus – common black-headed gull, black-headed gull (Avibase; HBW), brown-headed gull-2 (Nicoll 1919)
SYN Chroicocephalus ridibundus ridibundus, Larus ridibundus ridibundus – northern black-headed gull, common black-headed gull (Avibase), black-headed gull (Bowen 1926)
SYN Chroicocephalus ridibundus sibiricus, Larus ridibundus sibiricus – Siberian black-headed gull (Avibase)
Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus or Larus brunnicephalus – brown-headed gull-1 (Avibase; HBW), Indian black-headed gull
Chroicocephalus serranus or Larus serranus – Andean gull (Avibase; HBW), mountain gull
Chroicocephalus maculipennis or Larus maculipennis – brown-hooded gull (Avibase; HBW), Patagonian black-headed gull
Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus or Larus cirrocephalus – grey-headed gull (Avibase; HBW), gray-headed gull, grey-hooded gull, gray-hooded gull
Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus cirrocephalus, Larus cirrocephalus cirrocephalus
Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus poiocephalus, Larus cirrocephalus poiocephalus, Larus poiocephalus – African grey-headed gull (Avibase), African gray-headed gull
Chroicocephalus hartlaubii or Larus hartlaubii, Larus novaehollandiae hartlaubii – Hartlaub's gull (HBW), king gull (Avibase)
Chroicocephalus bulleri or Larus bulleri – black-billed gull (Avibase; HBW), Buller's gull
Chroicocephalus scopulinus, Larus scopulinus or Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae scopulinus, Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus – red-billed gull (Avibase; HBW), mackerel gull
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae or Larus novaehollandiae – silver gull (Avibase; HBW)
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae novaehollandiae, Larus novaehollandiae novaehollandiae – Australian silver gull
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae gunni, Larus novaehollandiae gunni
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae forsteri, Larus novaehollandiae forsteri
Leucophaeus
Leucophaeus modestus or Larus modestus – grey gull (Avibase; HBW), gray gull
Leucophaeus scoresbii or Larus scoresbii, Gabianus scoresbii – dolphin gull (Avibase; HBW), Magellan gull, Scoresby's gull
Leucophaeus atricilla or Larus atricilla – laughing gull (Avibase; HBW)
Leucophaeus atricilla atricilla, Larus atricilla atricilla – Carribean laughing gull
Leucophaeus atricilla megalopterus, Larus atricilla megalopterus – North American laughing gull (Avibase), western laughing gull
Leucophaeus pipixcan or Larus pipixcan; Larus franklini – Franklin's gull (Avibase; HBW)
Leucophaeus fuliginosus or Larus fuliginosus – lava gull (Avibase; HBW), dusky gull
Ichthyaetus
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus or Larus ichthyaetus – Pallas's gull (HBW), great black-headed gull (Avibase; Nicoll 1919), fish gull, fish-gull (Bowen 1926)
Ichthyaetus relictus or Larus relictus, Larus melanocephalus relictus – relict gull (Avibase; HBW), Central Asian gull, Mongolian gull, Lonnberg's gull
Ichthyaetus melanocephalus or Larus melanocephalus, Larus melanocephalus melanocephalus – Mediterranean gull (Avibase; HBW), Mediterranean black-headed gull (Nicoll 1919)
Ichthyaetus audouinii or Larus audouinii – Audouin's gull (Avibase; HBW)
Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus or Larus leucophthalmus – white-eyed gull (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), Red Sea black-headed gull
Ichthyaetus hemprichii or Larus hemprichii, Larus (Adelarus) hemprichii – sooty gull (Avibase; HBW; Tomlinson 1946), Hemprich's gull (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926), Aden gull
Larus [sensu stricto]
Larus heermanni, Blasipus heermanni – Heermann's gull (Avibase; HBW; Grinnell 1902)
Larus pacificus, Gabianus pacificus – Pacific gull (Avibase; HBW), large-billed gull, Australian gull
Larus pacificus pacificus – East coast Pacific gull
Larus pacificus georgii – West coast Pacific gull
Larus crassirostris – black-tailed gull (Avibase; HBW), Japanese gull, Temminck's gull
Larus belcheri, Larus belcheri belcheri, Leucophaeus belcheri – Belcher's gull (HBW), band-tailed gull (Avibase)
Larus atlanticus, Larus belcheri atlanticus – Olrog's gull (Avibase; HBW), Simeon's gull
Larus canus – mew gull (Avibase; HBW), common gull, "common" gull (Nicoll 1919)
Larus canus canus – European mew gull (Avibase), North-west European mew gull, common gull
Larus canus heinei, Larus heinei – Russian mew gull (Avibase), Russian common gull, eastern common gull, North-east European mew gull,
SYN Larus canus stegmanni
Larus canus kamtschatschensis, Larus kamtschatschensis, Gavina kamtchatchensis – Kamchatkan mew gull, Kamchatka mew gull (Avibase), Kamchatka gull (HBW), eastern mew gull, eastern common gull
Larus canus brachyrhynchus or Larus brachyrhynchus – short-billed gull (Avibase; HBW), American mew gull, mew gull
Larus delawarensis – ring-billed gull (Avibase; HBW), Delaware gull
Larus occidentalis – western gull (Avibase; HBW)
Larus occidentalis occidentalis
Larus occidentalis wymani – Wyman's gull, Wyman's western gull (HBW)
Larus livens, Larus occidentalis livens – yellow-footed gull (Avibase; HBW), Cortez gull
Larus marinus – great black-backed gull (Avibase; HBW; Nicoll 1919), greater black-backed gull, black-back, saddler [LOC Newfoundland]
Larus argentatus [sensu lato] – herring gull (Nicoll 1919)
Larus argentatus [sensu stricto] – European herring gull (Avibase; HBW)
Larus argentatus argentatus – Scandinavian herring gull, European Herring Gull (Scandinavian) (Avibase)
SYN Larus argentatus omissus – Baltic herring gull, Baltic yellow-legged gull
Larus argentatus argenteus, Larus argenteus – European herring gull, European Herring Gull (European) (Avibase), western herring gull, British herring gull
Larus armenicus, Larus cachinnans armenicus – Armenian gull (Avibase; HBW)
Larus michahellis – western yellow-legged gull, yellow-legged gull (Avibase; HBW)
Larus michahellis michahellis, Larus cachinnans michaellis, Larus argentatus michahellis – Mediterranean yellow-legged gull (Avibase)
SYN Larus michahellis lusitanius, Larus argentatus lusitanius – Cantábrican yellow-legged gull (Avibase), Cantabrican Gull
Larus michahellis atlantis, Larus fuscus atlantis, Larus cachinnans atlantis – Atlantic yellow-legged gull (Avibase), Atlantic Islands gull, Atlantic gull, Azorean yellow-legged gull
Larus cachinnans – Caspian gull (Avibase; HBW), yellow-legged gull, yellow-legged herring gull, yellow-legged herring-gull (Bowen 1926), Mediterranean herring gull (Nicoll 1919), jolly gull
SYN Larus cachinnans cachinnans, Larus argentatus cachinnans
SYN Larus cachinnans ponticus, Larus barabensis ponticus, Larus argentatus ponticus – Black Sea yellow-legged gull, Pontic gull
Larus dominicanus – kelp gull (Avibase; HBW), Dominican gull (NZ), southern black-backed gull (Africa and Australia)
Larus dominicanus dominicanus – Pacific kelp gull
Larus dominicanus antipodus – New Zealand black-backed gull
Larus dominicanus austrinus – Antarctic kelp gull (Avibase)
Larus dominicanus judithae – Indian Ocean kelp gull (Avibase)
Larus dominicanus melisandae – Madagascar gull (Avibase)
Larus dominicanus vetula – Cape kelp gull (Avibase), Cape gull
Larus fuscus – lesser black-backed gull (Avibase; HBW)
Larus fuscus fuscus – Baltic lesser black-backed gull, Baltic gull (Avibase), British lesser black-backed gull, lesser black-backed gull (Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926)
graellsii + intermedius – lesser black-backed gull (HBW)
Larus fuscus intermedius, Larus intermedius – East North Sea lesser black-backed gull, lesser black-backed gull
Larus fuscus graellsii, Larus graellsii – western lesser black-backed gull, dark-backed gull
Larus fuscus barabensis or Larus barabensis, Larus cachinnans barabensis, Larus argentatus barabensis, Larus heuglini barabensis – steppe gull (HBW), Baraba gull (Avibase)
Larus heuglini – Heuglin's gull (HBW), Siberian gull (Avibase), Kola lesser black-backed gull
Larus heuglini heuglini or Larus fuscus heuglini, Larus argentatus heuglini
SYN Larus heuglini antelius, Larus argentatus antelius
Larus heuglini taimyrensis or Larus fuscus taimyrensis, Larus argentatus taimyrensis, Larus affinis taimyrensis – Taymyr gull, Taymyr Siberian gull (Avibase), Taymyr lesser black-backed gull
Larus californicus – California gull (Avibase; HBW), Californian gull
Larus californicus californicus – Great Basin California gull, dark-mantled California gull
Larus californicus albertaensis – Great Plains Galifornia gull, light-mantled California gull
Larus smithsonianus [sensu lato : incl. vegae, mongolicus] – arctic herring gull (HBW)
Larus smithsonianus [sensu stricto] or Larus smithsonianus smithsonianus, Larus argentatus smithsonianus – American herring gull (Avibase; HBW), Smithsonian gull, gull [LOC Newfoundland], blue-backed seagull [LOC Newfoundland]
Larus glaucescens – glaucous-winged gull (Avibase; HBW)
Larus hyperboreus – glaucous gull (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926), Blue or Harp gull [LOC Newfoundland]
Larus hyperboreus hyperboreus – common glaucous gull
Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus
Larus hyperboreus barrovianus, Larus barrovianus – Point Barrow glaucous gull (Avibase), Barrow glaucous gull, Point Barrow gull, western glaucous gull
Larus hyperboreus leuceretes, Larus leuceretes – Greenland glaucous gull
Larus thayeri, Larus glaucoides thayeri, Larus argentatus thayeri – Thayer's gull (Avibase; HBW), Thayer's Iceland gull
Larus glaucoides – Iceland gull (Avibase; HBW), white-winged gull
Larus glaucoides glaucoides
Larus glaucoides kumlieni, Larus kumlieni – Kumlien's gull, Kumlien's Iceland gull (Avibase)
Larus schistisagus – slaty-backed gull (Avibase; HBW), Pacific gull
SYN Larus schistisagus schistisagus
SYN Larus schistisagus ochotensis
Larus vegae – Vega gull (Avibase), Vega herring gull (HBW)
Larus vegae vegae or Larus smithsonianus vegae, Larus argentatus vegae, Larus heuglini vegae – East Siberian gull, East Siberian herring gull
SYN Larus vegae birulai, Larus argentatus birulai – Birula's gull
Larus mongolicus or Larus vegae mongolicus or Larus smithsonianus mongolicus, Larus cachinnans mongolicus, Larus argentatus mongolicus – Mongolian gull, Mongolian herring gull (HBW), Mongolian Vega gull (Avibase)

 



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MAKALELER 83 MACİRLERİ