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BİYOTERMİNOLOJİ ~ BIOTERMINOLOGY
BİYOLOJİ
~ BIOLOGY

İngilizce Kuş Adları
English Names of Birds
 
by
Ümüt Çınar

Kasım 2015-2017
(tamamlanmamış)
3

01 → Pᴀʟᴇᴏɢɴᴀᴛʜᴀᴇ : Sᴛʀᴜᴛʜɪᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Rʜᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀsᴜᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴛᴇʀʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴇᴘʏᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Dɪɴᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lɪᴛʜᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tɪɴᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs & Rᴇfᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇs
02 → Gᴀʟʟᴏᴀɴsᴇʀᴀᴇ : Gᴀʟʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
03 →
Gᴀʟʟᴏᴀɴsᴇʀᴀᴇ : Aɴsᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
04 → Cᴏʟᴜᴍʙᴇᴀ : Pʜᴏᴇɴɪᴄᴏᴘᴛᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴏᴅɪᴄɪᴘᴇᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Mᴇsɪᴛᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴛᴇʀᴏᴄʟɪᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴏʟᴜᴍʙɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
05 → Oᴛɪᴅᴀᴇ : Mᴜsᴏᴘʜᴀɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Oᴛɪᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴜᴄᴜʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀᴘʀɪᴍᴜʟɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴛᴇᴀᴛᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Nʏᴄᴛɪʙɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴏᴅᴀʀɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴏᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
06 → Gʀᴜᴀᴇ : Oᴘɪsᴛʜᴏᴄᴏᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Gʀᴜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cʜᴀʀᴀᴅʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
07 → Aʀᴅᴇᴀᴇ : Eᴜʀʏᴘʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʜᴀᴇᴛʜᴏɴᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Gᴀᴠɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴘʜᴇɴɪsᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cɪᴄᴏɴɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʀᴏᴄᴇʟʟᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴜʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʟᴀᴛᴀʟᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴇʟᴇᴄᴀɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aʀᴅᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
08 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴀᴛʜᴀʀᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴄᴄɪᴘɪᴛʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴛʀɪɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
09 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴏʟɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lᴇᴘᴛᴏsᴏᴍᴀᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tʀᴏɢᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Bᴜᴄᴇʀᴏᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴏʀᴀᴄɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
10 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Pɪᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
11 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴀʀɪᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Fᴀʟᴄᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Psɪᴛᴛᴀᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
12Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs : Aᴄᴀɴᴛʜɪsɪᴛᴛɪ, Tʏʀᴀɴɴɪ
13 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ : Mᴇɴᴜʀɪᴅᴀ, Cʟɪᴍᴀᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴅᴀ, Mᴇʟɪᴘʜᴀɢɪᴅᴀ, Oʀᴛʜᴏɴʏᴄʜɪᴅᴀ
14 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Mᴏʜᴏᴜᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Oʀɪᴏʟoɪᴅᴇᴀ
15 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Nᴇosɪᴛᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Mᴀʟᴀᴄᴏɴᴏᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
16 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Cᴏʀᴠᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
17 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Mᴇʟᴀɴᴏᴄʜᴀʀɪᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cɴᴇᴍᴏᴘʜɪʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cᴀʟʟᴀᴇᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Pɪᴄᴀᴛʜᴀʀᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Pᴀʀᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
18 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Sʏʟᴠɪᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
19 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Rᴇɢᴜʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Bᴏᴍʙʏᴄɪʟʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cᴇʀᴛʜɪᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Mᴜsᴄɪᴄᴀᴘᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
20 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Dɪᴄᴀᴇɪᴅᴀᴇ, Nᴇᴄᴛᴀʀɪɴɪɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pʟᴏᴄᴇɪᴅᴀᴇ, Esᴛʀɪʟᴅɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀᴇ, Mᴏᴛᴀᴄɪʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Fʀɪɴɢɪʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ
21 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Iᴄᴛᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Eᴍʙᴇʀɪzɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀssᴇʀᴇʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Iᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀʀᴜʟɪᴅᴀᴇ
22 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Iᴄᴛᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Cᴀʀᴅɪɴᴀʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Tʜʀᴀᴜᴘɪᴅᴀᴇ

 
 

Cribratrices [= Anseriformes & Phoenicopteriformes] – sifters (MacGillivray 1842)


Anseriformes – "screamers, swans, geese, and ducks" (AOU 1957), "swans, geese, ducks, and allies" (AOU 1931), ducks and geese (Lawrence 1895), duck-like birds, anseriforms
Dromornithidae – dromornithids, thunder birds, giant emus, giant runners, demon ducks, mihirungs
Dromornis stirtoni – Stirton's thunderbird, Stirton's thunder bird
Bullockornis planei – demon-duck of doom, thunderbird
Genyornis newtoni – mihirung
Gastornithidae – diatrymas
Anseres [sensu lato] – lamellirostral swimmers (AOU 1886, 1895, 1910)
Anseres [sensu stricto] – true anseriformes, "ducks, geese, and swans" (Phillips 1922), "swans, geese, and ducks" (AOU 1957)
Anhimidae – screamers (HBW; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Anhima cornuta, Palamedea cornuta; Palamedea bispinosa – horned screamer (Avibase; HBW; Beddard & Mitchell 1894; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), horned kamichi, kamichi
Chauna
Chauna chavaria, Palamedea chavaria, Parra chavaria; Opistolophus fidelis; Chauna derbiana, Palamedea derbyana; Chauna nigricollis – northern screamer (Avibase; HBW; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), black-necked screamer (Maxwell 1978a), Derbian screamer (Reynolds 1897)
Chauna torquata, Chaja torquata; Chauna cristata, Palamedea cristata Swainson, 1837 (not of Linnaeus, 1766), Chauna salvadorii [new name for Palamedea cristata Swainson, 1837] – southern screamer (Avibase; HBW; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), crested screamer
Anseranatidae, Anseranatinae – magpie geese, magpie goose (HBW)
Anseranas semipalmata, Choristopus semipalmatus, Anas semipalmata – magpie goose (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), magpie-goose, pied goose (Johnsgard 1978), black-and-white goose (Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1978), semipalmated goose (Eyton 1838; Johnsgard 1978), semi-palmated goose (Hubbard 1907), semipalmated duck
Anatoidea – anatoids
Anatidae – "ducks, geese, and swans" (AOU 1886, 1895, 1910; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), "swans, geese, and ducks" (AOU 1931, 1957), "ducks, geese, swans" (HBW), ducks (Giraud 1844; Nicoll 1919), duck tribe (Eyton 1838), duck kind (RZSI 1833), waterfowl (Payne 1913)
Dendrocygninae, Dendrocygnidae, Dendrocygnini – whistling ducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), tree ducks (Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1978), tree-ducks (AOU 1931)
Dendrocygna, Dendrocycna – whistling ducks (Murray 1889), whistling duck (Brit.), whistling-duck, tree duck (Amer.)
Dendrocygna viduata, Dendrocycna viduata, Anas viduata – white-faced whistling duck (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), white-faced whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), white-faced tree duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1978), white-faced tree-duck (Bowen 1926; AOU 1931), white-faced duck-1, white-faced visi-visi (Phillips 1922), white-masked duck (Phillips 1922), widow tree-duck (Gurney 1872), widow duck (Hubbard 1907 [These Ducks, known to dealers as "Widow" Ducks], Phillips 1922), Brazilian tree duck (Phillips 1922)
Dendrocygna autumnalis – black-bellied whistling duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), black-bellied whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), black-bellied tree duck (Grinnell 1901; Payne 1913; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), black-bellied tree-duck (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931), black-bellied duck, red-bellied whistling duck (WWT 1951), red-billed whistling duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Johnsgard 1965), red-billed whistling-duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), red-billed tree duck (Johnsgard 1975), red-billed tree-duck, gray-breasted tree duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), grey-breasted tree duck, autumnal tree duck, autumnal tree-duck, pichichi (Johnsgard 1975)
Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis, Dendrocycna autumnalis, Anas autumnalis or Dendrocygna autumnalis fulgens; Dendrocygna autumnalis lucida – northern black-bellied whistling duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), northern black-bellied whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), northern red-bellied whistling duck (BioLib), northern red-billed whistling duck (Johnsgard 1965), red-billed tree duck (Hubbard 1907), red-billed whistling tree duck (Phillips 1922), red-billed whistling duck (Hubbard 1907), black-bellied tree duck (Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), black-bellied whistling tree duck (Phillips 1922), black-bellied whistler (Hubbard 1907), autumnal whistling tree duck (Phillips 1922), fiddler (Phillips 1922), cornfield duck (Phillips 1922), corn duck (Phillips 1922), long-legged duck (Phillips 1922)
Dendrocygna autumnalis discolor, Dendrocygna discolor, Dendrocycna discolor or Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis – southern black-bellied whistling duck (Johnsgard 1978), southern black-bellied whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), southern red-bellied whistling duck (BioLib), southern red-billed whistling duck (Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1965), southern red-billed tree duck (Phillips 1922), gray-breasted tree duck (Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), gray-necked tree duck (Phillips 1922), two-color tree duck (Phillips 1922), Colombian tree duck (Phillips 1922), vicissi duck (Phillips 1922), visi-visi (Phillips 1922)

§ Alt türlerin kuzey güney seçiminde bir karışıklık var. Avibase ile HBW geçerli iki alt tür gösteriyor: Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis (Southern) ile Dendrocygna autumnalis fulgens (Northern). Fakat aşağıdaki ve diğer kaynaklara (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978) göre: Dendrocygna autumnalis autumnalis [= fulgens = lucida] (Northern) ile Dendrocygna autumnalis discolor (Southern).

Prior to 1947 the Black-bellied Tree Duck was regarded as consisting of two races, the distinctively gray-breasted Dendrocygna autumnalis discolor of South America and D. a. autumnalis of Central and North America. The hostspecificity of external parasites was largely based on this terminology. However, Friedmann (1947) proposed that D. a. autumnalis was divisible into two races based on the coloration of belly and abdominal plumage. His designations, D. a. fulgens for Texas and northeastern Mexico and D. a. lucida for birds in the remainder of Mexico and Central America, have been recognized by the current AOU Check-list (1957) and are used in this paper for our descriptions of host birds. The reader should be aware, however, that many authorities dispute these races and continue to use the older nomenclature (cf. Delacour, 1954:47 and Conover, 1948:314 for further discussion). D. a. discolor remains recognized by all workers as the South American race. (KAYNAK Burruss Mcdaniel, Donald Tuff, Eric Bolen (1966), External Parasites of the Black-Bellied Tree Duck and Other Dendrocygnids. Wilson Bulletin 78:4 462-468)

Dendrocygna guttata, Dendrocycna guttata, Anas guttata; Dendrocycna guttulata, Dendrocycna guttulata – spotted whistling duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), spotted whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), spotted whistle duck, spotted whistle-duck, spotted tree duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), spotted tree-duck, white-spotted tree duck (Phillips 1922), Muller's tree duck (Hubbard 1907), wandering tree duck (Phillips 1922)
Dendrocygna arborea, Dendrocycna arborea, Anas arborea – West Indian whistling duck (Phillips 1922), West Indian whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), West Indian tree duck (Phillips 1922; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), West Indian tree-duck, West Indian treeduck, black-billed whistling duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), black-billed whistler (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), black-billed tree duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), black-billed tree-duck, Antillean whistling duck (Phillips 1922), Antillean tree duck (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Cuban whistling duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Cuban whistling-duck, Cuban tree duck (Johnsgard 1975), Cuban tree-duck
SYN Anas jacquini – Jacquin's duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Dendrocygna bicolor; Dendrocygna fulva – fulvous whistling duck (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), fulvous whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), fulvous whistle duck, fulvous whistle-duck, fulvous tree duck (Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), fulvous tree-duck (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Bowen 1926), fulvous duck, fulvous-bellied tree duck (Grinnell 1901; Phillips 1922), yellow-bellied fiddler (Phillips 1922), rufous duck (Phillips 1922), brown tree duck (Phillips 1922), brown vicissi (Phillips 1922), larger whistling teal (Murray 1889; Phillips 1922), greater whistling teal (Phillips 1922), squealer (Phillips 1922), long-legged duck (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1975), Mexican squealer (Johnsgard 1975), Mexican duck (Phillips 1922), Mexican tree-duck (Payne 1913), Spanish cavalier (Phillips 1922), cavalier (Payne 1913)
SYN Dendrocygna bicolor bicolor, Anas bicolor; Dendrocygna bicolor fulva, Dendrocygna fulva, Dendrocycna fulva, Anas fulva Gmelin, 1788 (not Anas fulva Meuschen, 1787); Anas virgata; Dendrocygna major – ↑
SYN Dendrocygna bicolor helva
Dendrocygna eytoni, Dendrocycna eytoni, Ctenanas eytoni, Leptotarsis eytoni – plumed whistling duck (Phillips 1922; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), plumed whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), plumed tree duck (Johnsgard 1978), plumed tree-duck, grass whistle duck (Johnsgard 1978 [LOC Australia]), grass whistle-duck, Eyton's whistling duck (WWT 1951), Eyton's whistling-duck (Johnsgard 1965), Eyton whistling duck (Johnsgard 1978), Eyton's tree duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1922), Eyton's tree-duck, red-legged tree duck, red-legged tree-duck, wood duck (Phillips 1922)
SYN Dendrocygna eytoni eytoni
SYN Dendrocygna eytoni munna – eastern plumed whistling duck (Mathews 1912)
Dendrocygna arcuata – wandering whistling duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), wandering whistling-duck (Avibase; HBW), wandering whistling tree duck, wandering tree duck (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), wandering tree-duck, diving whistling duck, diving whistling-duck, diving tree duck, water whistling-duck, water whistle-duck (Johnsgard 1978 [LOC Australia]), whistling tree duck (Phillips 1922), whistling tree-duck, whistling teal (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), black-spotted tree duck (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978)
Dendrocygna arcuata arcuata, Dendrocygna arcuata, Dendrocycna arcuata, Dendronessa arcuata, Anas arcuata; Dendrocygna vagans, Dendrocycna vagans, Anas vagans; Dendrocygna badia – East Indian wandering whistling duck ((Johnsgard 1965, 1978), East Indian wandering whistling-duck (Avibase;), Indonesian wandering whistling duck, small Indian tree duck (Hubbard 1907), small Indian whistling duck (Hubbard 1907), Torresian wandering whistling-duck
Dendrocygna arcuata pygmaea – lesser wandering whistling duck ((Johnsgard 1965, 1978), lesser wandering whistling-duck (Avibase), lesser whistling teal, New Britain wandering whistling duck
Dendrocygna arcuata australis, Dendrocygna javanica australis; Dendrocygna javanica gouldi, Dendrocygna gouldi; Dendrocygna javanica peroni – Australian wandering whistling duck ((Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian wandering whistling-duck (Avibase), Australian Indian wandering whistling duck, wandering whistling teal, whistling duck (Mathews 1913)
Dendrocygna javanica, Dendrocygna javanica javanica, Dendrocycna javanica, Anas javanica – lesser whistling duck (Murray 1889; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), lesser whistling-duck, lesser whistling teal (Johnsgard 1978), lesser tree duck (Johnsgard 1978), lesser tree-duck, larger tree duck (Hubbard 1907), larger whistling duck (Hubbard 1907), Indian whistling duck (Johnsgard 1978), Indian whistling-duck, Indian tree duck, Indian tree-duck, Javan whistling duck (WWT 1951), Javan whistling-duck, Javan tree duck, Javan tree-duck, whistling teal
Thalassornini, Thalassorninae (SYN of Dendrocygninae)– white-backed ducks
Thalassornis leuconotus – white-backed duck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), white-backed whistling duck, white-backed whistling-duck, yellow-throated diving duck (Gurney 1872)
Thalassornis leuconotus leuconotus – African white-backed duck (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Thalassornis leuconotus insularis, Thalassornis insularis – Madagascan white-backed duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Madagascar white-backed duck (Avibase)
Stictonettinae, Stictonettini – freckled ducks
Stictonetta naevosa, Tadorna naevosa, Anas naevosa; Stictonetta naevosa lesueuri; Stictonetta branda – freckled duck (Avibase; HBW; Mathews 1913, Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), monkey duck [LOC Australia] (Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), oatmeal duck (Johnsgard 1978), grey duck [LOC Australia] (Phillips 1925), gadwall [LOC Australia] (Phillips 1925), canvasback, canvas-back [LOC Australia] (Phillips 1925), diamantina duck, speckled duck (Phillips 1925)
Plectropterinae, Plectropterini – spur-winged goose
Plectropterus – spur-winged geese (Johnsgard 1975)
Plectropterus gambensis – spur-winged goose (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Plectropterus gambensis gambensis, Anser gambensis, Anas gambensis – Gambian spur-winged goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Gambian goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Hubbard 1907), Gamba goose (Eyton 1838), Gambo goose (Phillips 1922), spur-winged goose (Jenyns 1835; Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1922; Bowen 1926), northern spur-winged goose (Avibase), western spur-winged goose (Gurney 1872)
SYN Plectropterus rueppelli, Plectropterus ruppelli, Plectropterus rüppelli – Rüppell's spur-winged goose (Hubbard 1907)
SYN Plectropterus scioanus – Shoa spur-winged goose (Hubbard 1907)
Plectropterus gambensis niger, Plectropterus niger – black spur-winged goose (Avibase; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), southern spur-winged goose
Anserinae [sensu lato] – swans and geese, swans and true geese (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), geese (MacGillivray 1842), anserine birds (MacGillivray 1842)
Biziurini [sensu stricto : excl. Malacorhynchus] – musk duck
Biziurinae [sensu latoto : incl. Malacorhynchus] (SYN of Biziurini) – musk duck and pink-eared ducks
Biziura – musk ducks
Biziura lobata – musk duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), lobated duck (Hubbard 1907), lobed duck
Biziura lobata lobata, Anas lobata
Biziura lobata menziesi
Biziura delautouri – New Zealand musk duck, de Lautour's duck
Nettapodini, Nettapodinae, Cheniscinae – pygmy-geese
Nettapus, Nettopus – pygmy geese (Johnsgard 1975), dwarf geese
Nettapus auritus, Anas aurita – African pygmy goose (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), African pygmy-goose (Avibase; HBW), African dwarf goose (Gurney 1872; Phillips 1922), dwarf goose (Bowen 1926; Johnsgard 1978), eared pigmy goose (Hubbard 1907), eared pygmy goose (Phillips 1922)
SYN Nettapus madagascariensis, Nettopus madagascariensis, Cheniscus madagascariensis, Anas madagascariensis – Madagascar bernicle (Eyton 1838), Madagascar teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Nettapus coromandelianus – cotton pygmy goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), cotton pygmy-goose (Avibase; HBW), cotton pigmy-goose, cotton teal (Murray 1889; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), Asian pygmy goose, pygmy goose (WWT 1951)
Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus, Nettapus coromandelianus, Nettopus coromandelianus, Cheniscus coromandelianus, Bernicla coromandeliana, Anser coromandeliana, Anas coromandeliana; Nettapus coromandelicus; Nettapus coromandus – lesser cotton pygmy goose, Indian cotton teal (Johnsgard 1965), Indian cotton pygmy goose, Indian cotton pygmy-goose (Avibase), Indian pygmy goose (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), Indian pigmy goose (Hubbard 1907), cotton teal (Phillips 1922), cotton-teal (Hubbard 1907), cotton bernicle (Eyton 1838), goose teal (Phillips 1922), green-backed goose teal (Phillips 1922), rice teal (Phillips 1922), Coromandel teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Nettapus coromandelianus albipennis, Cheniscus coromandelianus albipennis, Nettapus albipennis – greater cotton pygmy goose, Australian cotton pygmy goose, Australian cotton pygmy-goose (Avibase), Australian cotton pygmy-goose, Australian pygmy goose (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian pygmy-goose, white pygmy goose (Johnsgard 1978), white pygmy-goose, white cotton goose, white-winged pigmy goose (Hubbard 1907), white-quilled pygmy goose (Johnsgard 1978), white-quilled pygmy-goose, white-quilled dwarf-goose, white-bodied goose teal (Phillips 1922), quacky duck (Phillips 1922), quackyduck
Nettapus pulchellus, Nettopus pulchellus, Cheniscus pulchellus – green pygmy goose (Phillips 1922; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), green pygmy-goose (Avibase; HBW), green cotton teal, green dwarf-goose, green goose (Johnsgard 1978), green goose teal (Phillips 1922), Australian goose teal (Phillips 1922), Australian pygmy goose (Phillips 1922), beautiful pigmy goose (Hubbard 1907)
Oxyurini, Oxyurinae, Erismaturinae – stiff-tailed ducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), stiff-tail ducks, ruddy and masked ducks (AOU 1931, 1957)
Heteronettinae (SYN of Oxyurini)
Heteronetta atricapilla, Anas atricapilla; Heteronetta melanocephala, Nyroca melanocephala, Fuligula melanocephala, Anas melanocephala Vieillot, 1816 (not of Gmelin, 1789); Anas nigriceps – black-headed duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Nomonyx dominicus, Oxyura dominica, Erismatura dominica, Biziura dominica, Fuligula dominica, Anas dominica; Querquedula dominicensis; Erismatura ortygoides – masked ruddy duck, masked duck (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), white-winged lake duck, St. Domingo duck, St. Domingo teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907), Dominican duck (Eyton 1838)
SYN Erismatura spinosa, Cerconectes spinosa, Anas spinosa, Dendrocygnus spinosa – spinous-tailed duck (Hubbard 1907), spinous-tailed teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Oxyura – stiff-tailed ducks, typical stiff-tails (Johnsgard 1965)
Oxyura vittata, Erismatura vittata – lake duck (Avibase; HBW), Argentine lake duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Argentine ruddy duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Argentine blue-bill, Argentine blue-billed duck (Johnsgard 1978)
Oxyura jamaicensis, Erismatura jamaicensis – ruddy duck (Avibase; HBW; Cottam 1939; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis, Erismatura jamaicensis jamaicensis, Anas jamaicensis, Anas recurvirostra [new name for Anas jamaica]; Erismatura alleni – North American ruddy duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), West Indian ruddy duck, Antillean ruddy duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), common ruddy duck, ruddy duck, butterball (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), butterball duck, stifftail (Johnsgard 1978), stiff-tail (Johnsgard 1975), spine-tailed duck, salt water teal, dun bird, Jamaica shoveler (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
?SYN Oxyura jamaicensis rubida, Erismatura jamaicensis rubida, Erismatura rubida, Fuligula rubida, Anas rubidus; Anas cyanorostris – ruddy duck (Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Payne 1913; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), wire tail (Payne 1913), dipper (Payne 1913), bullet-head (Payne 1913), buffle-head (Payne 1913)
Oxyura jamaicensis andina, Oxyura ferruginea andina [intermediate between jamaicensis and ferruginea] – Colombian ruddy duck (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Colombian lake duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Oxyura jamaicensis ferruginea or Oxyura ferruginea, Oxyura ferruginea ferruginea, Erismatura ferruginea; Oxyura aequatorialis, Erismatura aequatorialis – Peruvian ruddy duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Andean lake duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Andean duck (Avibase; HBW), Andean ruddy duck, rusty lake duck (WWT 1951)
Oxyura australis, Erismatura australis – blue-billed duck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951 [as Oxyura jamaicensis australis]), Fraser & Gray 2013), blue-bill, Australian blue-bill, Australian blue-billed duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian stifftail (Johnsgard 1978), Australian stiff-tail, stifftail (Fraser & Gray 2013), stiff-tailed duck (Fraser & Gray 2013), spiny-tailed duck(Fraser & Gray 2013), spinetail (Fraser & Gray 2013), diver (Fraser & Gray 2013), diving duck (Fraser & Gray 2013)
– little musk duck (Fraser & Gray 2013)
Oxyura maccoa, Erismatura maccoa, Oxyura jamaicensis maccoa – Maccoa duck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Maccoa diving duck (Gurney 1872)
Oxyura leucocephala, Erismatura leucocephala, Undina leucocephala, Oidemia leucocephala, Biziura leucocephala, Platypus leucocephalus, Anas leucocephalus, Anas leucocephala; Erismatura mersa, Undina mersa, Anas mersa – white-headed duck (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), white-headed stiff-tailed duck, white-headed stiff-tail duck, white-headed stifftail duck, white-headed stifftail (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), white-headed stiff-tail, white-headed scoter (Jenyns 1835), stiff-tailed white-faced duck (Murray 1889), white-faced stiff-tailed duck (Lawrence 1895), white faced duck-3, black white faced duck, white-fronted duck (Buck & Chapman 1893), stiff-tailed duck (Oates 1899; Nicoll 1919), stiff-tail duck, spiny-tailed duck (WWT 1951), Ural duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Oxyura vantetsi – New Zealand stiff-tailed duck (Avibase)
Anserini, Anserinae [sensu lato] – geese and swans, "geese, swans"
Malacorhynchus – pink-eared ducks
Malacorhynchus membranaceus, Rhynchaspis membranacea, Anas membranacea; Malacorhynchus malacorhynchus, Anas malacorhyncha Schlegel, 1866 (nec Gmelin); Malacorhynchus membranaceus assimilis; Malacorhynchus fasciatus, Anas fasciata; Malacorhynchus iodotis – pink-eared duck (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), pink-ear (Johnsgard 1978), pink-eyed duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), soft-billed duck (Hubbard 1907 [It is an inhabitant of Southern Australia, where it is known to the Colonists as the "Soft-billed" or "Pink-eyed Duck."]), membranaceous duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), zebra duck (Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978), zebra teal, whistling duck (Phillips 1925), whistler (Johnsgard 1978), widgeon [LOC Victoria] (Phillips 1925)
Malacorhynchus scarletti – Scarlett's duck (Avibase)
Cereopsini, Cereopsinae (SYN of Anserini [sensu lato]) – Australasian geese
Coscoroba coscoroba, Cygnus coscoroba, Anas coscoroba, Coscoroba chionis [new name for Anas coscoroba]; Coscoroba candida, Anser candidus; Cygnus anatoides – coscoroba swan (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), coscoroba goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), coscoroba
Cereopsis novaehollandiae – Cape Barren goose (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), pig goose (Johnsgard 1978), cereopsis goose (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), cereopsis (Johnsgard 1965)
Cereopsis novaehollandiae novaehollandiae; Cereopsis novaezealandiae; Cereopsis australis; Cereopsis cinerea; Anser griseus; Anas terrae leeuwin – eastern Cape Barren goose, New Holland cereopsis (Eyton 1838)
SYN Cereopsis novaehollandiae georgi
Cereopsis novaehollandiae grisea – Recherche Cape Barren goose, southwestern Cape Barren goose, island Cape Barren goose (Avibase)
Cnemiornis – New Zealand geese
Cnemiornis gracilis – North Island goose (Avibase)
Cnemiornis calcitrans – South Island goose (Avibase)
Cygnini, Cygninae (SYN of Anserini [sensu lato]) – swans (AOU 1886, 1895, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Sthenelides melancoryphus or Cygnus melancoryphus, Anas melancorypha; Cygnus melanocoryphus, Anas melanocorypha; Anas melanocephalus, Anas melanocephala; Cygnus nigricollis, Anas nigricollis – black-necked swan (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), blackneck swan
Cygnus – true swans
subgenus Chenopis
Cygnus atratus, Chenopis atrata, Anas atrata – black swan (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Cygnus atratus atratus – Australian black swan
Cygnus sumnerensis, Cygnus atratus sumnerensis – New Zealand black swan, New Zealand swan, pouwa swan, Chatham Island swan (Avibase), Sumner's swan
?SYN Cygnus chathamensis; Cygnus chathamicus – Chatham Islands black swan
subgenus Cygnus
Cygnus olor, Sthenelides olor, Anas olor – mute swan (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; RZSI 1833; Jenyns 1835; Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; AOU 1931, 1957; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), common swan (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907), tame swan (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), white swan (Johnsgard 1978)
SYN Cygnus immutabilis – Polish mute swan, Polish swan (Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1978), changeless swan, unchanging swan
Cygnus olor [white morph] – white swan
Cygnus olor [gray morph]
– cob
JUV – cygnet (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Cygnus buccinator, Olor buccinator, Cygnus cygnus buccinator, Olor cygnus buccinator; Cygnus passmori – trumpeter swan (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), bugler swan, wild swan (Johnsgard 1975)
Cygnus columbianus [sensu lato], Olor columbianus; Cygnus americanus – tundra swan (HBW; Palmer 1976 [Johnsgard 1975: The term "tundra swan" has been proposed by Palmer (1976) to designate the collective whistling swan-Bewick swan complex, on the assumption that they consist of a single species]), whistling swan (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1975), whistler (Johnsgard 1975), wild swan (Johnsgard 1975), American wild swan (Hubbard 1907), American swan (Giraud 1844)
Cygnus columbianus columbianus, Cygnus columbianus [sensu stricto], Olor columbianus columbianus, Anas columbianus – whistling swan (Avibase; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), tundra swan (HBW)
SYN Cygnus columbianus atlanticus
Cygnus columbianus bewickii, Cygnus bewickii, Olor bewickii; Cygnus minor – Bewick's swan (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951), Bewick swan (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), western whistling swan
SYN Cygnus columbianus bewickii, Olor columbianus bewickii, Cygnus bewickii bewickii – Bewick's swan (Johnsgard 1965), western Bewick's swan
SYN Cygnus columbianus jankowskyi, Olor columbianus jankowskii, Cygnus bewickii jankowskyi – Jankowski's swan (WWT 1951), Jankowski's Bewick's swan (Avibase), eastern Bewick's swan (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965)
Beak Morph-A – yellownebs
Beak Morph-B – pennyfaces
Beak Morph-C – blacknebs
subgenus Olor – black-and-yellow-billed swans
Cygnus cygnus, Olor cygnus; Cygnus musicus; Cygnus ferus – whooper swan (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910, 1931, 1957; Nicoll 1919; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), whooping swan (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895), wild swan (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), hooper swan, elk swan, whistling swan (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Hubbard 1907)
Cygnus cygnus cygnus, Olor cygnus cygnus, Anas cygnus – whooper swan (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Cygnus cygnus islandicus, Olor cygnus islandicus, Cygnus islandicus – Icelandic whooper swan (Avibase), Iceland whooper swan (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Cygnus equitum – dwarf Maltese swan (Avibase), dwarf swan
Cygnus falconeri – giant Maltese swan (Avibase), giant swan, Maltese swan
Cygnus davidii, Cygnus (Coscoroba) davidi – Père David's swan (Hubbard 1907), Pere David's swan, David's swan
Anserini, Anserinae [sensu stricto : excl. Cereopsini, Cygnini] (SYN of Anserini [sensu lato]) – geese (AOU 1886, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), true geese (Lawrence 1895), geese and brant (Payne 1913)
Branta – black geese, bernacle-geese (MacGillivray 1842)
Branta bernicla [sensu lato: incl. hrota & nigricans] – brant goose (Johnsgard 1965, Johnsgard 1975), brant (Johnsgard 1978), brent goose (HBW), brent (Johnsgard 1975, 1978)
Branta bernicla bernicla or Branta bernicla [sensu stricto: excl. hrota & nigricans], Brenthus bernicla, Anser bernicla, Anas bernicla; Branta brenta, Bernicla brenta, Anser brenta; Bernicla melanopsis; Bernicla torquata, Anser (Brenthus) torquatus; Bernicla collaris, Bernicla platyuros, Bernicla micropus, Bernicla pallida – dark-bellied brant goose (Johnsgard 1965), dark-bellied brent goose (HBW; WWT 1951), dark-bellied brant (Avibase; Johnsgard 1978), dark-bellied brent, Russian brant (Johnsgard 1978), Russian brent, Russian brent goose, Russian brant goose, brant (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1957 [incl. hrota]), brent (Alphéraky 1905), brent goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; MacGillivray 1842; Giraud 1844; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919), brent-goose (Alphéraky 1905), brand goose (MacGillivray 1842), brent bernicle (Jenyns 1835; Eyton 1838; Hubbard 1907), common brant, common brant goose, barnacle (MacGillivray 1842), barnacle-goose [LOC Ireland] (Alphéraky 1905), bernicle (Alphéraky 1905), black-headed barnacle (MacGillivray 1842), black-faced bernacle-goose (MacGillivray 1842), black goose (Alphéraky 1905), ring-necked barnacle (MacGillivray 1842), collared goose (Hubbard 1907), clatter goose (MacGillivray 1842), clatter-goose (Alphéraky 1905), horra goose (MacGillivray 1842), horra-goose (Alphéraky 1905), horie-goose [LOC Shetland] (Alphéraky 1905), rott-goose (Alphéraky 1905), rat-goose (Alphéraky 1905), road-goose (Alphéraky 1905), rood-goose (Alphéraky 1905), ware goose (MacGillivray 1842), ware-goose (Alphéraky 1905), sea-goose (Alphéraky 1905), quink goose (Alphéraky 1905), crocker (Alphéraky 1905)
SYN Branta bernicla glaucogastra, Anser brenta glaucogaster, Bernicla glaucogaster – light-bellied brent (Alphéraky 1905), white-bellied brent (Hubbard 1907), brant (AOU 1910)
Branta bernicla hrota or Branta hrota, Anas hrota; Bernicla pallida; Branta bernicla americana – pale-bellied brant goose, pale-bellied brant (Avibase), pale-bellied brent goose (HBW), light-bellied brant goose (Johnsgard 1965), light-bellied brent goose (WWT 1951), light-bellied brant (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1978), light-bellied brent, light-bellied goose, East Canadian High Arctic light-bellied brent goose, white-bellied brant, white-bellied brent, Atlantic brant goose (Johnsgard 1975), Atlantic brent goose, Atlantic brent, Atlantic brant (Johnsgard 1978), American brant (AOU 1931; Johnsgard 1975), common brant of the Atlantic coast (Grinnell 1901)
Unnamed intergrade taxon Branta hrota ...[Western High Arctic brant population: is intermediate in appearance between nigricans and hrota] – grey-bellied brent, grey-bellied brent goose, gray-bellied brant, gray-bellied brent, grey-bellied Parry Island brent goose, Western High Arctic brent goose, intermediate brant
Branta nigricans [sensu lato: incl. orientalis] – black brant (Avibase; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), black brent (Alphéraky 1905), black-bellied brent goose (HBW), black sea brant (Payne 1913), Pacific black brant (WWT 1951), "Pacific (Black) Brant Goose" (Johnsgard 1975), Lawrence's brant goose, Lawrence brant goose (Johnsgard 1975 [Considered by Delacour (1954) to represent B. b. orientalis (Tougarinov), with nigricans restricted to the questionably valid "Lawrence brant goose," which is not recognized by the A.O.D. (1957).]), Eskimo goose [LOC Fort Yukon] (Alphéraky 1905)
Branta bernicla nigricans or Branta nigricans nigricans, Branta brenta nigricans, Bernicla brenta nigricans, Branta nigricans, Bernicla nigricans, Anser (Brenthus) nigricans, Anser nigricans – black-bellied brent goose, black-bellied brent, black brant goose (Johnsgard 1975), black brant (Grinnell 1901; Johnsgard 1978), black brent, black helldiver, Lawrence's brant goose (Johnsgard 1965), Lawrence brant goose (Johnsgard 2010)
Branta bernicla orientalis or Branta nigricans orientalis – grey-bellied brent goose, grey-bellied brant, grey brant, Pacific black brant (Avibase), Pacific brant (Johnsgard 1978), Pacific brent, Pacific brent goose (Hubbard 1907), black brant (Johnsgard 1965 [as B. b. nigricans Lawrence's Brant Goose & B. b. orientalis Black Brant])
Branta ruficollis, Brenta ruficollis, Rufibrenta ruficollis, Bernicla (Rufibrenta) ruficollis, Bernicla ruficollis, Anas (Bernicla) ruficollis, Anser (Brenthus) ruficollis, Ptocas ruficollis, Leucopareia ruficollis, Anser ruficollis, Anas ruficollis; Anas pulchricollis; Anser torquatus, Anas torquata – red-breasted goose (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; MacGillivray 1842; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), red-breast merganser (Millais 1907), red-breasted bernicle (Jenyns 1835), red-necked goose (Eyton 1838, Hubbard 1907), red-necked bernacle-goose (MacGillivray 1842), Siberian red-breasted goose
Branta leucopsis, Bernicla leucopsis, Chenalopex leucopsis, Leucopareia leucopsis, Anser (Brenthus) leucopsis, Anser leucopsis, Anas leucopsis; Bernicla erythropus Stephens, 1824, Anas erythropus Gmelin, 1788 (nec Linn.), Anser erythropus Bonnaterre, 1790 (nec Linn.); Bernicla minor – barnacle goose (Avibase; HBW; Grinnell 1901; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Alphéraky 1905; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), barnacle (MacGillivray 1842; Alphéraky 1905), bernacle (Alphéraky 1905), bernacle-goose (MacGillivray 1842), common bernicle (Jenyns 1835; Eyton 1838), white-faced bernacle-goose (MacGillivray 1842), white-checked barnacle (MacGillivray 1842), Wexford bernacle (Alphéraky 1905), clakis (MacGillivray 1842), claike goose (MacGillivray 1842), hell-hounds (Alphéraky 1905)
Branta sandvicensis, Bernicla sandvicensis, Nesochen sandvicensis, Chloephaga sandvicensis, Anser sandvicensis – nene (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965), ne-ne (WWT 1951), nene goose (Johnsgard 1978), Hawaiian goose (HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Sandwich goose, Sandwich Island goose (Eyton 1838, Hubbard 1907)
Branta hylobadistes – nene-nui, greater nene (Avibase), big nene,woods-walking goose, woodwalking goose
Branta rhuax – Big Island giant goose
?Branta sp. – giant Hawaii goose
Branta hutchinsii – cackling goose (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), cackler, little Canada goose, small Canada goose, lesser Canada goose (Alphéraky 1905), small grey goose (Alphéraky 1905), little wild goose (Alphéraky 1905), Hutchins's goose (Grinnell 1901; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907), Hutchins goose (Johnsgard 1975 [as Hutchins Goose], 1978 [as Hutchin's goose]), Hutchins's goose (Giraud 1844), Hutchins's Canada goose (Alphéraky 1905), Hutchins's barnacle goose (Alphéraky 1905), Hutchins's bernacle goose, Hutchins's brant, flight goose (Alphéraky 1905), mud goose (Alphéraky 1905), prairie goose (Alphéraky 1905), China brant [LOC California], Mexican brant
Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii, Branta canadensis hutchinsi, Anser (Branta) canadensis hutchinsii, Bernicla canadensis hutchinsii, Bernicla hutchinsii, Bernicla (Leucoblepharon) hutchinsii, Leucoblepharon hutchinsii, Anser (Brenthus) hutchinsii, Anser hutchinsii – tundra cackling goose (Avibase), tundra goose, Baffin Island Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Richardson's cackling goose, Richardson's Canada goose (Johnsgard 1965), Richardson's goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951), Richardson goose (Johnsgard 1975), Richardson Canada goose (Johnsgard 1978), Hutchins cackling goose (Aldrich 1946), Hutchins goose (Payne 1913), Hutchins's goose (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931), Hutchins's brant
Branta hutchinsii taverneri, Branta canadensis taverneri – Alaska Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Taverner's cackling goose, Taverner's Canada goose (Johnsgard 1965), Taverner cackling goose (Avibase), Taverner Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Taverna Canada goose
Branta hutchinsii leucopareia, Branta canadensis leucopareia, Branta leucopareia, Bernicla leucopareia, Anser (Bernicla) leucopareius, Anser leucopareius – Aleutian cackling goose (Avibase), Aleutian Canada goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Aleutian goose, lesser Canada goose (AOU 1931; Aldrich 1946), tundra Canada goose (WWT 1951), tundra goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Branta hutchinsii minima, Branta canadensis minima, Branta minima; Bernicla munroii – cackling Canada goose (AOU 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), cackling goose (Grinnell 1901; Payne 1913; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951), lesser Canada goose, Alaskan cackling goose (Aldrich 1946), brown brant (Payne 1913), gray brant (Payne 1913)
Branta hutchinsii asiatica, Branta canadensis asiatica – Bering cackling goose (Avibase), Bering Canada goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Asiatic cackling goose (Aldrich 1946)
Branta hutchinsi ssp. – Kurile cackling goose (Avibase), Kurile Canada goose
Branta canadensis [sensu lato: incl. hutchinsii] – Canada goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; RZSI 1833; Grinnell 1901; Payne 1913; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Canadian goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), ring-neck goose, west coast goose, common wild goose, honker (Payne 1913; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), white-cheeked goose (Aldrich 1946; Silcock 2006)
Branta canadensis [sensu stricto: excl. hutchinsii] – Canada goose (Avibase; HBW; Giraud 1844), Canadian goose (Hubbard 1907), big Canada goose, greater Canada goose, white-cheeked goose (Johnsgard 1975)
Branta canadensis canadensis, Bernicla canadensis, Anser canadensis, Cygnus canadensis, Anas canadensis – Atlantic Canada goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), eastern Canada goose (Aldrich 1946; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), common Canada goose (AOU 1931), Canada goose (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910; WWT 1951), Canada swan (Jenyns 1835)
Branta canadensis interior – Interior Canada goose (Avibase; Aldrich 1946), Central Canada goose (Johnsgard 1965), Hudson Bay Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Ungava Canada goose, Todd's Canada goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Todd Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975)
Branta canadensis parvipes, Anser parvipes; Bernicla barnstonii – Athabaska Canada goose (Aldrich 1946; Johnsgard 1975), lesser Canada goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Branta canadensis moffitti – Great Basin Canada goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Basin Canada goose (Aldrich 1946), eastern Canada Goose, Moffit's Canada goose (Avibase), Moffitt Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978)
Branta canadensis maxima – giant Canada goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Branta canadensis fulva – Vancouver Canada goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Queen Charlotte Canada goose (Johnsgard 1975)
Branta canadensis occidentalis, Branta leucopareia occidentalis, Branta occidentalis, Bernicla occidentalis – dusky Canada goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), western Canada goose (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975),west coast goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Pacific Canada goose (Aldrich 1946), white-cheeked goose (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Grinnell 1901; Payne 1913), Mexican goose (Payne 1913)
Philacte canagica or Chen canagica or Anser canagicus, Bernicla canagica, Chloephaga canagica, Anas canagicus, Anas canagica; Anser pictus – emperor goose (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Grinnell 1901; Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), emperor-goose (Alphéraky 1905), beach goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), painted goose (Alphéraky 1905), white-headed goose (Alphéraky 1905)
Chen, Anser subgenus Chen – white geese
Chen caerulescens or Anser caerulescens – snow goose (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1957 [incl. hyperborea & atlantica; excl. caerulescens]; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), white goose (Johnsgard 1975), white brant (Johnsgard 1975), wavy (Johnsgard 1975)
Chen caerulescens caerulescens [sensu lato], Anser caerulescens caerulescens [sensu lato] – lesser snow goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), common snow goose
!SYN Chen caerulescens caerulescens [sensu stricto], Anser caerulescens caerulescens [sensu stricto], Anas caerulescens – blue morph snow goose (Avibase), blue snow goose (WWT 1951), blue goose (AOU 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Grinnell 1901; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), blue-winged goose, blue-winged snow goose (Hubbard 1907), blue wavey, Esquimaux goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
!SYN Chen caerulescens hyperboreus, Anser caerulescens hyperboreus, Chen hyperborea hyperborea, Chen hyperboreus, Chen hyberborea, Chenalopex hyperboreus, Chionochen hyperboreus, Anser hyperboreus, Anas hyperborea; Chen hyperboreus albatus, Anser hyperboreus albatus, Chen albatus, Anser albatus – white morph snow goose (Avibase), lesser snow goose, (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1931; Grinnell 1901; Payne 1913; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), common snow goose, snow goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910; Payne 1913), snow-goose (Alphéraky 1905), wavey (Alphéraky 1905), wevoi (Alphéraky 1905), wae-wae (Alphéraky 1905), wavy, common wavey, little wavey, white wavey, white goose (Payne 1913), white brant (Alphéraky 1905), white brand (Alphéraky 1905), light goose, Alaska goose, Arctic goose, Texas goose (Alphéraky 1905), Mexican goose (Alphéraky 1905), red goose (Alphéraky 1905), fish brant (Alphéraky 1905)
Chen caerulescens atlanticus, Anser caerulescens atlanticus, Chen hypoborea atlantica, Chen atlantica; Chen caerulescens nivalis, Anser caerulescens nivalis, Chen hyperboreus nivalis, Chen hyperborea nivalis, Anser hyperboreus nivalis , Chen nivalis, Anser nivalis – greater snow goose (Avibase; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Grinnell 1901; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), greater snow-goose (Alphéraky 1905), Greenland snow goose, lesser snow goose (Hubbard 1907 [as Chen Nivalis. Anser Nivalis])
Chen rossii or Anser rossii, Exanthemops rossii – Ross's goose (Avibase; HBW; Grinnell 1901; AOU 1910, 1931, 1957; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Ross goose (Payne 1913; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Ross's snow goose (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895; Hubbard 1907), little white goose (Chen rossii), China goose (Payne 1913 [The Ross goose has been given the name of China goose by many who wanted some distinguishing nomenclature for them, when in fact the Ross goose is purely an American Pacific Coast bird]), horned wavey
Anser rossii [white morph] – white Ross's goose, white morph Ross's goose
Anser rossii [intermediate morph]
Anser rossii [blue morph] – blue Ross's goose, blue morph Ross's goose
Anser – grey geese
Anser indicus, Anser indica, Eulabeia indica, Bernicla indica, Anas indica; Anser undulata; Anser melanocephalus; Anser skorniakovi – bar-headed goose (Avibase; HBW; Eyton 1838; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), barred-headed goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Murray 1889; Alphéraky 1905)
Anser brachyrhynchus, Anser fabalis brachyrhynchus, Anser arvensis brachyrhynchus, Anser segetum brachyrhynchus, Melanonyx brachyrhynchus; Anser brachyrrhynchus; Anser brevirostris; Anser phcenicopus – pink-footed goose (Avibase; HBW; Murray 1889; Alphéraky 1905; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), pink-footed bean goose (Alphéraky 1905; AOU 1910, 1931; Johnsgard 1978), pink-foot goose (Martin 1799), pinkfoot (sg), pinkfeet (pl), short-billed grey goose (MacGillivray 1842), grey goose (Alphéraky 1905), blacknebs (Alphéraky 1905 [as blacknebs (Scotland)])
Anser anser; Anser cinereus – greylag goose (Avibase; HBW), graylag goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), grey-lag goose (Alphéraky 1905), grey lag goose (Murray 1889), gray lag-goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; AOU 1957), grey goose (Lawrence 1895), gray goose (Johnsgard 1978), large grey goose (Alphéraky 1905)
Anser anser anser, Anas anser; Anser cinereus; Anser cineraceus; Anser sylvestris; Anser palustris; Anas anser ferus, Anser ferus, Anser vulgaris – western greylag goose (HBW), western graylag goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), European greylag goose (Avibase), European graylag goose, greylag goose (WWT 1951), grey lag (MacGillivray 1842; Alphéraky 1905), grey lag goose (RZSI 1833), grey-lag goose (Hubbard 1907; Alphéraky 1905), grey-lag wild goose (Martin 1799), grey goose (MacGillivray 1842), gray goose, thick-billed grey goose (MacGillivray 1842), wild goose (RZSI 1833; Jenyns 1835; MacGillivray 1842; Hubbard 1907), feral goose, marsh goose (MacGillivray 1842), fen goose (MacGillivray 1842)
Anser anser rubrirostris, Anser cinereus rubrirostris, Anser rubrirostris; Anser cinereus β subalbifrons – eastern greylag goose (HBW; WWT 1951), eastern graylag goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Siberian greylag goose (Avibase), Siberian graylag goose, red-beaked goose (Hubbard 1907), red-billed grey lag (Alphéraky 1905)
Anser anser var. domesticus – domestic greylag goose, domestic goose (Martin 1799), domesticated goose
DOM Adler Goose (Адлерская)
DOM African Goose
DOM Alsatian Goose (''Oie d'Alsace'')
DOM American Buff Goose
DOM Amorstream Goose
DOM Anhui Goose
DOM Aonghus Goose
DOM Arzamas Goose (''Арзамасская'')
DOM Austrian Landrace (''Österreichische landgans'')
DOM Balien Eu Goose
DOM Bavarian Landrace (''Bayerische Landgans'')
DOM Benkov Goose (''Бяла Бенковска гъска'')
DOM Bilgorey Goose
DOM Bogdanovski Goose, Javakhetian Goose
DOM Bourbon Goose (''Oie du Bourbonnais'', ''Blanche de Bourbonnais'')
DOM Brecon Buff Goose
DOM Buff Back Goose, English Saddleback Goose
DOM Celle Goose (''Celler Gans'')
DOM Changle Goose
DOM Chinese Goose
DOM Co Goose
DOM Cotton Patch Goose
DOM Curly breasted Sebastopol Goose
DOM Czech Goose (''Česká husa'')
DOM Czech crested Goose (''Česká chocholatá hus'')
DOM Danish Landrace (''Danske gæs'')
DOM Daoxian Goose
DOM Diepholz Goose (''Diepholzer Gans'')
DOM Drava Goose (''Dravska guska'')
DOM Embden Goose (''Emdener Gans'')
DOM Emporda Goose (''Emporda-Gans'')
DOM Euskal Antzara Goose
DOM Faroese Goose (''Færøske gæs'')
DOM Fighting Goose, Steinbacher Goose
DOM Flemish Goose (''Oie flamande'')
DOM Franconian Goose (''Fränkische Landgans'')
DOM Garbonosa Goose
DOM German Laying Goose (''Deutsche Legegans'')
DOM Gorki Goose (Горьковская or Линдовская)
DOM Gorkowska Goose
DOM Greyback Goose
DOM Han Tah Pra Goose
DOM Hungarian Goose
DOM Huoyan Goose
DOM Hwo Goose
DOM Javakhetian Goose
DOM Kaluga Goose
DOM Kangan Goose
DOM Kartuzy Landrace (''Kartuska'')
DOM Kholmogory Goose (''Холмогорская'')
DOM Kielce Landrace (''Kielecka'')
DOM Koean Goose
DOM Krasnozerskoye Goose (''Краснозёрская'', ''Krasnozy'', ''Skoye'')
DOM Kuban Goose (''Кубанская'') [Crossbreed: Chinese and Gorki Goose]
DOM Landes Goose (''Oie des Landes'')
DOM Large Grey Goose
DOM Leine Goose (''Leinegans'')
DOM Lingzian Goose
DOM Likewu Goose
DOM Lionhead Goose
DOM Lippe Goose (''Lippegans'')
DOM Local Geese of Karal and Massakory
DOM Local Goose of Mandelia
DOM Lubelska Goose
DOM Mongolian Local Geese<
DOM Normandy Goose (''Oie normande''; including Crested Normandy Goose)
DOM Norwegian White Goose (''Norsk hvit gås'')
DOM Nungan Mieu Goose
DOM Obroshino Goose (Оброшинская)
DOM Öland Goose (''Ölandsgås'')
DOM Padans Goose (''Oca Padovana'')
DOM Pereyaslav Goose (''Переяславская'')
DOM Philippine domestic Goose<
DOM Pilgrim Goose
DOM Podkarpacka Goose
DOM Poitou Goose (''Oie du Poitou'', ''Blanche de Poitou'')
DOM Pomeranian Goose (including Pomeranian Saddleback)
DOM Pskov Bald Goose (Псковская)
DOM Qingyang Goose
DOM Rhenish Goose
DOM Rhineland Laying Goose (''Rheinische Legegans'')
DOM Romanic Goose (''Romaanse gans'')
DOM Roman Tufted Goose (''Oca Italiano'')
DOM Romny Goose
DOM Russian Goose (Russian Grey or Russian Landrace? de: Russische Gans, fr: Oie grise de Russie, ru: Крупная серая or Ландская)
DOM Rypinska Goose
DOM Rung Goose
DOM Scania Goose (''Skånegås'')
DOM Sebastopol Goose (''Lockengans'')
DOM Shetland Goose
DOM Shitou Goose
DOM Sichuan White Goose
DOM Skanegas
DOM Slovak White Goose (''Slovenská hus'')
DOM Smålen Goose (''Smålensgås'')
DOM Solnechnogorsk Goose
DOM Steinbacher Goose (''Steinbacher Kampfgans'')
DOM Subcarpathian Goose (''Podkarpacka'')
DOM Suwalska Goose (''Suwałska'')
DOM Suchovy Goose (''Suchovská hus'')
DOM Synthetic Ukrainian Goose
DOM Taihu Goose
DOM Tame Goose
DOM Toulouse Goose (including Light Toulouse)
DOM Touraine Goose (''Oie de Touraine'')
DOM Tufted Roman Goose, Italian Goose, White Italian Goose (''Oca Italiano'')
DOM Tula Goose (''Tульская бойцовая'')
DOM Turkish Goose
DOM Twente Landrace (''Twentse landgans'')
DOM Ural Goose, Shadrin Goose (''Уральская'' or ''Шадринская'')
DOM Venetian Goose (''Oca Pezzata Veneta'')
DOM Vishtines Goose (''Vištinės žąsys'')
DOM Vladimir Clay Goose (''Владимирская глинистая'')
DOM Wanxi White Goose
DOM West of England Goose (including Crested Goose)
DOM White Hungarian Goose
DOM White Norman Goose
DOM Wugang Goose
DOM Wulong Goose
DOM Wuzhong Goose
DOM Xupu Goose
DOM Yanguiang Goose
DOM Yan Goose
DOM Yili Goose
DOM Yong Kang Grey Gosse
DOM Zatory Landrace (''Zatorska'')
DOM Zhedong Goose
DOM Zhejiang White Goose
DOM Zie Goose
???Anser grandis (Gmelin) – great goose (Pennant 1785; Latham 1785; Hume & Walters 2012)
Anser cygnoides or Anser cygnoid, Cygnopsis cygnoides, Cycnopsis cygnoides, Anser (Cygnopses) cygnoidis, Anas cygnoides, Anas cygnoid; Cygnopsis cygnoides australis; Cygnus sinensis, Anser sinensis; Cygnopsis guineensis, Anser guineensis; Anser muscoviticus; Anas orientalis; Anser grandis Finsch, 1877 (nec Gmelin) – swan goose (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), swan-goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Alphéraky 1905), swan-bill goose (Oates 1899), Guinea swan (Jenyns 1835), Chinese goose (Oates 1899, Hubbard 1907)
Anser cygnoides cygnoides, Anser cygnoides ferus, Cygnopsis ferus – wild swan goose, feral swan goose
Anser cygnoides var. domesticus – domestic swan goose, Chinese goose (RZSI 1833; Alphéraky 1905 [The swan-goose, under the name of the Chinese goose, is very widely spread in the domesticated state]; Johnsgard 1965, 1978) § Hubbard 1907: They are great favourites in America, where they are much bred by fanciers, and are known as the " Swan Goose," " Chinese Swan," " Knob Goose," " Siberian Goose," and a variety of other fanciful terms.
DOM [A] – Chinese goose
DOM [A morph] – Brown Chinese goose, Brown China
DOM [A morph] – White Chinese goose, White China
DOM [B] – African goose, African
DOM [B morph] – African brown goose, Brown African
DOM [B morph] – Buff African
DOM [B morph] – White African
Anser fabalis [sensu lato : incl. serrirostris]– bean goose (HBW; Martin 1799; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; MacGillivray 1842; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910, 1931, 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), bean-goose (Alphéraky 1905), bog-goose (Alphéraky 1905)
Anser fabalis [sensu stricto], Anser fabalis fabalis; Anser arvensis, Melanonyx arvensis – taiga bean goose (Avibase; HBW), forest bean goose, forest bean geese (Delacour 1951 [incl. fabalis, johanseni, middendorfi]), narrow-billed grey goose (MacGillivray 1842), yellow-billed bean goose, yellow-billed bean-goose (Alphéraky 1905), orange-legged goose (MacGillivray 1842), small grey goose (MacGillivray 1842), grey goose (Alphéraky 1905), wild goose (MacGillivray 1842)
Anser fabalis fabalis, Anser arvensis fabalis; Anser arvensis arvensis; Anser leuconyx – western taiga bean goose (Avibase), western bean goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), yellow-billed bean goose (Alphéraky 1905; WWT 1951), bean goose (WWT 1951), wild goose
Anser fabalis johanseni – West Siberian taiga bean goose, Siberian taiga bean goose (Avibase), Siberian bean goose, Johansen's bean goose (Johnsgard 1965), Johansen bean goose (Johnsgard 1978)
Anser fabalis middendorffii, Anser segetum middendorffii, Anser serrirostris middendorffii, Anser middendorffii; Anser grandis Middendorff 1844 (not of Gmelin), Anser fabalis sibiricus, Anser arvensis sibiricus, Melanonyx arvensis sibiricus– East Siberian taiga bean goose, Middendorff's taiga bean goose (Avibase), Middendorff's bean goose, Middendorf's bean goose (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Middendorf bean goose (Johnsgard 1978), Middendorff's goose (Alphéraky 1905)
Anser serrirostris, Anser fabalis serrirostris; Anser segetum; Anser sylvestris – tundra bean goose (Avibase; HBW), tundra bean geese (Delacour 1951 [incl. serrirostris, rossicus, brachyrhynchus]), bean-goose (Alphéraky 1905), harvest goose (Alphéraky 1905)
Anser serrirostris serrirostris, Anser segetum serrirostris, Anser arvensis serrirostris, Melanonyx segetum serrirostris – East Siberian tundra bean goose, eastern bean goose (WWT 1951), eastern bean-goose (Alphéraky 1905), thick-billed bean goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978; Kear 2005)
SYN Anser serrirostris curtus, Anser fabalis curtus
SYN Anser fabalis mentalis, Melanonyx segetum mentalis, Melanonyx mentalis, Anser (Melanonyx) mentalis, Anser mentalis; Anser grandis Przewalski, 1876 (nec Pallas) – thick-billed goose (Alphéraky 1905; Kuroda 1913)
Anser serrirostris rossicus, Anser fabalis rossicus, Anser arvensis rossicus – Russian tundra bean goose (Avibase), Northern Russian tundra bean goose, Russian bean goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), tundra bean goose (WWT 1951), small grey goose
?SYN Anser carneirostris, Anser (Melanonyx) carneirostris, Melanonyx carneirostris – Buturlin's goose, Novaia Zemlia bean-goose (Alphéraky 1905)
?SYN Anser fabalis neglectus, Anser neglectus, Melanonyx neglectus [colour variant of rossicus] – Sushkin's bean goose (Alphéraky 1905; Brink ‎1930), Sushkin's goose (Kuroda 1913; Johnsgard 1978; Kear 2005), large pink-footed goose (Alphéraky 1905; Kuroda 1913)
Anser albifrons – greater white-fronted goose (Avibase; HBW), greater whitefront, white-fronted goose (Martin 1799; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; MacGillivray 1842; Murray 1889; Grinnell 1901; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), white-fronted brent (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), white front, white-front, whitefront (Johnsgard 1978), harlequin brant (Alphéraky 1905), pied brant (Alphéraky 1905), prairie brant (Alphéraky 1905), specklebelly goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), specklebelly (Amer.), speckled belly (Alphéraky 1905), speckle belly goose, speckled brant (Alphéraky 1905), spectacled brant, bald goose (MacGillivray 1842), freckle breast (Amer.), yellow-foot (Amer.), yellow-legged goose [LOC California] (Alphéraky 1905), gray brant, grey brant [LOC California] (Alphéraky 1905), laughing goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; MacGillivray 1842; Murray 1889; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907), tortoise-shell goose (Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907 [This handsome bird has obtained the name of "Tortoise-shell Goose," on account of the mixture of brown, white, and black in the plumage.]), barred goose (Alphéraky 1905)
Anser albifrons albifrons, Branta albifrons, Anas albifrons– Eurasian greater white-fronted goose (Avibase), European white-fronted goose (AOU 1910; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), continental white-fronted goose, west tundra greater white-fronted goose, white-fronted goose (Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1931; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951)
Anser albifrons flavirostris, Anser flavirostris – Greenland white-fronted goose (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Greenland greater white-fronted goose (Avibase)
Anser albifrons frontalis, Anser frontalis – tundra white-fronted goose, tundra greater white-fronted goose (Avibase), Pacific white-fronted goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Anser albifrons sponsa – Pacific white-fronted goose
Anser albifrons gambeli, Anser gambeli [gambelli] – Gambel's white-fronted goose, Gambel white-fronted goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Gambel greater white-fronted goose (Avibase), American white-fronted goose (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895), interior white-fronted goose, white-fronted goose (AOU 1910; Payne 1913), Tule goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Thule goose (AOU 1931), speckle-breast (Payne 1913)
Anser albifrons elgasi, Anser elgasi [or SYN of gambeli] – Tule white-fronted goose (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Tule greater white-fronted goose (Avibase), Tule goose (Johnsgard 1965 [as A. a. gambelli], 1975, 1978)
Anser albifrons subsp. – Perry River white-fronted goose (WWT 1951 [A pair captured by the Directoron the R . Kennet (atributary of the Perry River), N .W. Territories, Canada, when flightless during the summer of 1949])
Anser erythropus, Anser albifrons erythropus, Anas erythropus; Anser erythropus minutus, Anser albifrons minutus, Anser minutus; Anser finmarchicus; Anser temminckii; Anser brevirostris, Marilochen brevirostris; Anser cineraceus; Anser rhodrhynchus – lesser white-fronted goose (Avibase; HBW; Alphéraky 1905; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), small white-fronted goose (Alphéraky 1905), dwarf goose (Murray 1889), peeping goose, squeaking goose, laughing goose (Eyton 1838), barnacle goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas erythropus])
Anatinae [excl. Dendrocygninae; incl. Neochen, Sarkidiornis, Cairina, Coscoroba, Tadorna, Anas] – shoal-water ducks (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Anatinae [excl. Dendrocygninae & Plectropterinae (: Plectropterus, Cairina, Sarcidiornis, Asarcornis, Rhodonessa, Pteronetta, Nettapus)] – surface-feeding ducks (Phillips 1922), non-diving ducks (Grinnell 1901)
Anatinae [sensu lato], Boschinae, Dafilinae, Marecinae, Querquedulinae, Sibirionettinae, Spatulinae – ducks (Lawrence 1895)
Tadornini, Tadorninae [sensu lato] – shelducks and sheldgeese
Merganettini, Merganettinae (SYN of Tadornini [sensu lato]) – torrent ducks (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), torrent-ducks (Hubbard 1907)
Merganetta armata – torrent duck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Merganetta armata armata; Merganetta andina; Raphipterus chilensis – Chilean torrent duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965), Chilean torrent-duck, Argentine torrent duck (Johnsgard 1978), Argentine torrent-duck
SYN Merganetta armata fraenata, Merganetta fraenata
Merganetta armata turneri, Merganetta leucogenis turneri, Merganetta turneri – Turner's torrent duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965)
Merganetta armata garleppi, Merganetta leucogenis garleppi, Merganetta garleppi – Garlepp's torrent duck, Bolivian torrent duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965)
Merganetta armata berlepschi, Merganetta leucogenis berlepschi, Merganetta berlepschi – Berlepsch's torrent duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Argentine torrent duck (Johnsgard 1965)
Merganetta armata colombiana, Merganetta colombiana – Colombian torrent duck (Avibase; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Colombian torrent-duck
Merganetta armata leucogenis, Merganetta leucogenis leucogenis, Anas leucogenis, Merganetta leucogenys – Peruvian torrent duck (Avibase; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Peruvian torrent-duck
Tadornini, Tadorninae [sensu stricto] (SYN of Tadornini [sensu lato]) – shelducks and sheldgeese, sheldgeese and shelducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), "sheldgeese, shelducks, and steamer ducks"
Neochen jubata, Neochen jubatus, Alopochen jubata, Alopochen jubatus, Oressochen jubatus, Chenalopex jubatus, Chenalopex jubata, Anser jubatus; Anser polycomos – Orinoco goose (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Spix's goose (Phillips 1922)
Oressochen melanopterus or Chloephaga melanoptera, Bernicla melanoptera, Anser melanopterus; Anser montana Tschudi, 1843 (not of Gmelin, 1789), Anser anticola Tschudi, 1844 [substitute name for A. montana Tschudi, preoccupied] – Andean goose (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Chloephaga [Chloëphaga] – South American sheldgeese (Johnsgard 1965)
Chloephaga picta – upland goose (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1978), white upland goose, Magellan goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), bastard goose
Chloephaga picta picta, Bernicla picta, Anas picta – lesser upland goose, lesser Magellan goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), white-breasted upland goose (Avibase), "Upland Goose (Eastern Race)" (WWT 1951), painted goose (Hubbard 1907), painted duck (Latham), upland goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
SYN Chloephaga magellanica, Bernicla (Chloephaga) magellanica, Bernicla magellanica, Anas magellanica Gmelin, 1789 (not of Sparrman, 1787) – upland goose (Hubbard 1907), upland Magellanic goose (Eyton 1838), Magellan goose (Hubbard 1907), Magellanic goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
SYN Chloephaga magellanica inornata, Chloephaga inornata, Anser inornatus, Anas inornatus
SYN Chloephaga picta dispar, Chloephaga dispar, Bernicla dispar – bar-breasted upland goose (Avibase), barred upland goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951), black-banded goose, Chilian goose (Hubbard 1907 [as Chilian goose (Chloëphaga hybrida. Bernicla dispar). This Bernicle is usually offered for sale by dealers under the name of " Second Species of Magellan Goose,'' at prices varying from £7 to £10 the pair.])
Chloephaga picta leucoptera, Chloephaga leucoptera, Bernicla leucoptera, Anas leucoptera – greater upland goose, greater Magellan goose (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), bar-breasted upland goose (Avibase), white-winged Antarctic goose (Eyton 1838 < Brown.Illust.Zool.pl.40) § Mükerrer adlandırma: Avibase "Upland Goose (Bar-breasted)" adını hem dispar hem de leucoptera için kullanmış.
Chloephaga hybrida – kelp goose (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Chloephaga hybrida hybrida, Anas hybrida; Anas magellanica Sparrman, 1787; Anas ganta – lesser kelp goose, Patagonian kelp goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), kelp goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), hybrid goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
SYN Chloephaga antarctica, Bernicla (Chloephaga) antarctica, Bernicla antarctica, Anas antarctica – Antarctic goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Eyton 1838)
Chloephaga hybrida malvinarum – greater kelp goose, Falkland kelp goose (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Falkland Island kelp goose (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Chloephaga poliocephala, Bernicla (Chloephaga) poliocephala, Bernicla poliocephala; Bernicla chiloensis – ashy-headed goose (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), ashy-headed sheldgoose (Johnsgard 1978), chestnut-breasted goose (Hubbard 1907)
Chloephaga rubidiceps, Bernicla rubidiceps – ruddy-headed goose (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), ruddy-headed sheldgoose (Johnsgard 1978)
Radjah
Radjah radjah, Tadorna radjah, Casarca radjah, Anas radjah – radjah shelduck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), radjah sheldrake (Phillips 1922a), rajah shelduck, rajah sheldrake (Hubbard 1907), raja shelduck, white-headed shelduck (Johnsgard 1978), white-headed sheldrake (Phillips 1922), white-necked sheldrake (Phillips 1922), mangrove duck
Radjah radjah radjah, Tadorna radjah radjah, Casarca radjah radjah, Anas radjah – Moluccan radjah shelduck (Avibase), black-backed radjah shelduck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), black-backed shelduck
Radjah radjah rufitergum, Tadorna radjah rufitergum, Casarca radjah rufitergum, Tadorna rufitergum – Australian radjah shelduck (Avibase), Torresian radjah shelduck, red-backed radjah shelduck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Burdekin duck (Phillips 1922 [LOC Queensland]; Johnsgard 1978), Burdekin shelduck, white duck (Phillips 1922 [LOC Northwest Australia])
SYN Tadorna radjah flindersi
Alopochen
Alopochen aegyptiaca, Alopochen aegyptiacus, Chenalopex aegyptiaca, Chenalopex aegyptiacus, Anas aegyptiaca, Anser aegyptiacus – Egyptian goose (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Gurney 1872; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1922; Bowen 1926; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Nile goose (Phillips 1922), mountain goose (Phillips 1922), Zambesi goose (Phillips 1922)
Alopochen kervazoi – Réunion shelduck, Reunion shelduck (Avibase), Réunion Island shelduck, Réunion sheldgoose, Kervazo's Egyptian goose
Alopochen mauritianus – Mauritian shelduck (Avibase), Mauritius shelduck, Mauritius sheldgoose, Mauritius comb goose, Mauritius swan, Mascarene sheldgoose
Alopochen sirabensis – Malagasy shelduck, Madagascar shelduck, Sirabe shelduck
Tadorna – shelducks, sheldrakes
subgenus Tadorna
Tadorna tadorna, Anas tadorna, Vulpanser tadorna; Tadorna vulpanser; Tadorna cornuta, Anas cornuta; Tadorna bellonii; Anas damiatica – common shelduck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), common sheldrake (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), common shieldrake (Paget 1834; Jenyns 1835; Phillips 1922), northern shelduck (Johnsgard 1978), red-billed shelduck, sheld-duck (Phillips 1922; AOU 1931, 1957), shelduck, sheld duck (Nicoll 1919), shelldrake (Murray 1889), sheldrake (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Johnsgard 1978), sheldfowl, mussel-duck, sly goose (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1922), fox goose (Hubbard 1907), burrow duck (Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907 [It is known by the familiar names of "Sly Goose," "Fox Goose," and "Burrow Duck"], Phillips 1922), burrow-duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), burrowduck, barduck, bardrake (Phillips 1922), bargander (Phillips 1922), bay duck (Phillips 1922), damietta duck (Phillips 1922), St. George's duck (Phillips 1922), skeeling goose (Phillips 1922), strand goose (Phillips 1922), stock annet (Phillips 1922)
subgenus Casarca
Tadorna cana, Casarca cana, Anas cana – South African shelduck (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1922; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), South African sheldrake (Phillips 1922), African shelduck, Cape shelduck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), grey-headed shelduck, gray-headed shelduck (Johnsgard 1978), grey-headed duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922), white-headed goose (Hubbard 1907 [This rare bird, sometimes erroneously termed the "White-headed Goose"]), white-fronted sheldrake (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922)
Tadorna ferruginea, Casarca ferruginea, Anas ferruginea; Tadorna casarca, Casarca casarca, Anas casarca; Tadorna rutila, Casarca rutila, Anas rutila – ruddy shelduck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), ruddy sheld-duck (Bowen 1926; AOU 1957), ruddy sheld duck (Nicoll 1919), ruddy sheldrake (Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910, 1931; Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), ruddy shelldrake (Murray 1889), ruddy shieldrake (Jenyns 1835; Lawrence 1895), ruddy duck, ruddy goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922), Brahminy duck [LOC India] (Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), collared duck (Hubbard 1907 [This handsome bird is known by a variety of names, in India, it being the " Brahminy Duck" or " Rajah,'' and in this [UK] country " Ruddy Goose " and " Collared Duck.''], Phillips 1922)
Tadorna tadornoides, Casarca todornoides, Vulpanser todornoides, Anas tadornoides; Anas kasarkoides; Nettalopex tadornina – Australian shelduck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian sheldrake (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922), chestnut-breasted shelduck (Johnsgard 1978), chestnut-collared sheldrake (Phillips 1922), mountain duck (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978)
SYN Tadorna tadornoides westralis
Tadorna variegata, Casarca variegata, Anas variegata – paradise shelduck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), paradise sheldrake (Phillips 1922), paradise duck (Hubbard 1907 [This bird, known in the trade as "Paradise Duck," "White-headed Sheldrake," and "Dissimilar Sheldrake"], Phillips 1922), New Zealand shelduck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), New Zealand sheldrake (Phillips 1922), variegated sheldrake (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1922), variegated goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), white-headed sheldrake (Hubbard 1907), dissimilar sheldrake (Hubbard 1907), black sheldrake (Phillips 1922)
Tadorna cristata, Pseudotadorna cristata – crested shelduck (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), crested sheldrake (Phillips 1922), Korean crested shelduck, Korea crested shelduck, Korean shelduck (Johnsgard 1978), Kuroda's sheldrake (Phillips 1922)
Centrornis majori – Madagascar sheldgoose, Malagasy sheldgoose
Mergini, Merginae, Mergidae – sea ducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), seaducks, mergansers (Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Lawrence 1895)
Chendytes lawi – Law's diving-goose
Histrionicus histrionicus, Bucephala (Histrionicus) histrionica, Harelda histrionica, Cosmonetta histrionica, Cosmonessa histrionica, Fuligula histrionica, Platypus histrionicus, Clangula histrionica, Anas histrionica; Anas histrionis; Histrionicus torquatus, Clangula torquata – harlequin duck (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; Swarth 1934 [as Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus]; Cottam 1939; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), harlequin garrot (Jenyns 1835), harlequin (Norton 1896), lords and ladies [LOC Newfoundland], lord and lady [LOC Newfoundland] (Phillips 1925), lord (Hubbard 1907 [LOC New England]), painted duck (Hubbard 1907 [[LOC Hudson's Bay], Phillips 1925), mountain duck (Phillips 1925), rock duck (Phillips 1925), wood duck (Phillips 1925), glacier duck (Phillips 1925), circus duck (Phillips 1925), totem pole duck, white-eyed diver, blue streak, collar duck (Phillips 1925), squealer (Phillips 1925), squeaker, sea mouse (Phillips 1925), sea-mouse (Norton 1896 [In speaking of these birds he [Mr. Fred Rackliff] commonly called them Sea-mice; and in answer to my question, said that they made a squeaking note like mice, and thus received that name among the gunners of that vicinity])
– harlequin drake
SYN & MALE Anas histrionica Linnaeus, 1758 [dişisinden farklı tür sanılarak] – dusky and spotted duck (Edwards), dusky spotted duck
SYN & FEMALE Histrionicus minutus, Platypus minutus, Anas minuta Linnaeus, 1758 [erkeğinden farklı tür sanılarak] – little brown and white duck (Edwards 1747), little white and brown duck of Edwards (Gregory 1809), little brown-and-white teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), brown and white sarcelle
SYN Histrionicus histrionicus histrionicus – Atlantic harlequin duck (Avibase; Phillips 1925), eastern harlequin duck (AOU 1931), harlequin duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
SYN Histrionicus histrionicus pacificus – Pacific harlequin duck (Avibase; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), western harlequin duck (Phillips 1925; AOU 1931)
Camptorhynchus labradorius, Camptolaimus labradorius, Camptolaimus labradoria, Camptolaemus labradorius, Fuligula labradora, Anas labradoria, Anas labradora, Anas labradorica; Fuligula grisea – Labrador duck (Avibase; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), pied duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844; Cottam 1939; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), sandshoal duck (Cottam 1939), skunk duck (Cottam 1939)
Clangula hyemalis, Fuligula hyemalis, Clangula hyemalis, Harelda hyemalis, Glaucion hyemalis, Anas hyemalis; Melonetta glacialis, Crimonessa glacialis, Pagonetta glacialis, Fuligula glacialis, Harelda glacialis, Platypus glacialis, Clangula glacialis, Anas glacialis; Harelda brachyrhynchos, Clangula brachyrhynchos, Anas brachyrhynchos; Harelda faberi, Clangula faberi, Platypus faberi; Harelda musica; Clangula musica; Harelda megaceros; Clangula megauros; Anas longicauda; Anas leucocephala; Anas miclonia; Anas saivka – long-tailed duck (Avibase; HBW; Edwards 1747; Giraud 1844; Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), long-tailed hareld (Jenyns 1835), longtail (Cottam 1939), sharp-tailed duck (Phillips 1925), swallow-tailed duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas alacialis]; Phillips 1925), swallowtail (Cottam 1939), cockertail (Cottam 1939), pintail (Cottam 1939), sea-pintail (Cottam 1939), sea-pheasant (Hubbard 1907 [The name of "Sea-Pheasant," by which this bird is known in some parts, is deservedly bestowed on account of the enormous length of the tail feathers]), oldsquaw (AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), old-squaw (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Swarth 1934), old squaw (Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), old squaw duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), old injun (Phillips 1925), old wife (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), old molly (Phillips 1925), old granny (Phillips 1925), old-granny (Cottam 1939), old billy (Phillips 1925), knock molly (Phillips 1925), mommy (Phillips 1925), noisy duck (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), organ duck (Phillips 1925), ice duck (Phillips 1925), ice-duck (Hubbard 1907), winter duck (Phillips 1925), fish duck (Cottam 1939), mealy bird (Phillips 1925), northern hareld (Phillips 1925), south-southerly (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), sou'-southerland (Phillips 1925), coal and candle light (Phillips 1925), col-candle-wick (Phillips 1925), darcall (Phillips 1925), caloo (Phillips 1925), curlwee (Phillips 1925), coween (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), cockawee (Phillips 1925), scoldenore (Phillips 1925), scolder (Phillips 1925), quandy (Phillips 1925), hound [LOC Newfoundland] (Phillips 1925)
SYN Querquedula feroensis, Querquedula ferroensis, Anas feroensis – Feroe teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Polysticta stelleri, Eniconetta stelleri, Heniconetta stelleri, Harelda stelleri, Anas stelleri – Steller's eider (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910, 1931, 1957; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Steller eider (Swarth 1934; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Steller's duck (Coues 1882; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895), Siberian eider, little eider, small eider
SYN Polysticta dispar, Somateria dispar, Stelleria dispar, Fuligula dispar, Anas dispar; Anas occidua – western duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), western pochard (Jenyns 1835)
SYN Anas beringii – Bering goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Fuligula (: Somateria, Polysticta, Histrionicus, Clangula, Melanitta, Bucephala, Aythya) – sea ducks (Giraud 1844)
Somateria – eiders, eider ducks
Somateria fischeri, Arctonetta fischeri, Lampronetta fischeri, Fuligula (Lampronetta) fischeri – spectacled eider (Avibase; HBW; Coues 1882; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Fischer's eider (Hubbard 1907; Cottam 1939), blue-eyed duck
Somateria spectabilis, Anas spectabilis; Platypus altensteinii – king eider (Avibase; HBW; Coues 1882; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Swarth 1934; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), king eider duck, king duck [LOC Newfoundland] (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844), crested eider
Somateria mollissima – common eider (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), eider (Johnsgard 1978), eider duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; Coues 1882; Johnsgard 1978), Cuddy's duck, St. Cuthbert's duck (Hubbard 1907)
Somateria mollissima mollissima, Anas mollissima – European eider (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), north-western Europe common eider, Eurasian common eider (Avibase), common eider (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Somateria mollissima borealis, Somateria borealis, Platypus borealis; Platypus leisleri – northern eider (AOU 1895, 1910, 1931; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), northern common eider (Johnsgard 1975), boreal eider, boreal common eider (Avibase), North Atlantic eider, Greenland eider (AOU 1889a), eider (AOU 1886)
SYN Somateria mollissima islandica, Somateria islandica – Icelandic eider, Iceland common eider (Avibase)
Somateria mollissima faeroeensis, Somateria faeroeensis – Faeroe eider (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Faeroes eider, Faeroes common eider, Faeroe Islands common eider (Avibase)
Somateria mollissima v-nigrum, Somateria v-nigra, Somateria v-nigrum – Pacific eider (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Hubbard 1907; Cottam 1939; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Pacific common eider (Avibase; Johnsgard 1975), North Pacific eider, black-throated eider (Coues 1882; Adams 1878 as Somateria ...? [Somateria v-nigrum, G. R. Gray, P. Z. S. 1855])
Somateria mollissima sedentaria – Hudson Bay eider (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1978), Hudson Bay common eider (Avibase)
Somateria mollissima dresseri, Somateria dresseri – American eider (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1931; Cottam 1939; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), American eider duck (Coues 1882), American common eider (Johnsgard 1975), North American eider, common eider (Cottam 1939), eider [LOC Newfoundland] (AOU 1910), Atlantic eider (Cottam 1939), Atlantic common eider (Avibase), Dresser's common eider, Dresser's eider (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), sea duck (Cottam 1939), shore duck [LOC Newfoundland]
Melanitta – scoters (Brit.) (Payne 1913), coots (Amer.) (Payne 1913)
subgenus Melanitta
Melanitta perspicillata, Oidemia perspicillata, Fuligula perspicillata, Anas perspicillata; Pelionetta trowbridgii; Anas latirostris – surf scoter (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), surf coot (Cottam 1939), surf duck (Giraud 1844; Cottam 1939), surfer, surf-taker, red-billed scoter, spotty-nosed scoter, skunk-headed coot (Johnsgard 1978), skunkhead coot, skunk-head coot (Johnsgard 1975), skunk-head, skunk-top, horsehead coot, patchhead (Cottam 1939), patch-head, patch-head coot, patch-polled coot, patch-poll coot, patch-bill coot, white-head, white scop, bald-headed coot, bald-headed sea coot (Cottam 1939), bald-pate, bald coot [LOC Newfoundland], gray coot, brown coot, black duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), sea coot, bay coot, box coot, spectacle coot, butterboat-bill coot, hollow-billed coot, speckle-billed coot, blossom-billed coot, pictured bill, plaster-bill, morocco-jaw, goggle-nose, mussel bill (Cottam 1939), king coot (Cottam 1939), bottle-nosed diver [LOC Newfoundland]
♂male – horse-nosed coot (Cottam 1939), blossom-bill (Cottam 1939), butter-billed coot (Cottam 1939), skunkhead (Cottam 1939)
Melanitta fusca [sensu lato: incl. deglandi] – white-winged scoter (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), velvet scoter (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965)
Melanitta fusca [sensu stricto: excl. deglandi], Melanitta fusca fusca, Oidemia fusca fusca, Oidemia fusca, Fuligula fusca, Anas fusca – velvet scoter (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), velvet duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844), hook-nosed scoter, European white-winged scoter (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Eurasian white-winged scoter
Melanitta deglandi [sensu lato] – white-winged scoter (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), North american white-winged scoter, two-spotted scoter (Hubbard 1907), brass-winged diver [LOC Newfoundland]
Melanitta fusca deglandi or Melanitta deglandi deglandi, Oidemia deglandi deglandi, Melanitta deglandi [sensu stricto], Oidemia deglandi, Oedemia deglandi; Oidemia velvetina; Fuligula bimaculata – American white-winged scoter (Johnsgard 1965), North American white-winged scoter (Avibase), American velvet scoter, Degland's white-winged scoter, white-winged scoter (Cottam 1939), whitewing, white-winged scoter (Johnsgard 1975), white-winged coot (Johnsgard 1975), white-winged sea coot (Johnsgard 1978), May white-wing, hump-billed velvet scoter
Melanitta fusca dixoni or Melanitta deglandi dixoni, Oedemia deglandi dixoni – Pacific white-winged scoter (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Dixon's white-winged scoter (Avibase)
Melanitta fusca stejnegeri or Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri or Melanitta stejnegeri, Oidemia stejnegeri – Siberian white-winged scoter (Avibase), Siberian scoter (HBW), Asiatic white-winged scoter (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Asiatic scoter, Asian white-winged scoter
subgenus Oidemia
Melanitta nigra [sensu lato: incl. americana], Oidemia nigra – black scoter (Jenyns 1835; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Melanitta nigra [sensu stricto: excl. americana], Melanitta nigra nigra, Oidemia nigra nigra, Fuligula nigra, Anas nigra – common scoter (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1975), scoter (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951), scoter (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), European common scoter, European black scoter (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), black duck (Hubbard 1907), black diver (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Melanitta americana, Melanitta nigra americana, Oidemia nigra americana, Oidemia americana americana, Oidemia americana, Fuligula americana, Anas wilsoni [substitute name for Oidemia americana] – black scoter (Avibase; HBW; Cottam 1939), American black scoter (Johnsgard 1965, 1975), American scoter (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1931; Hubbard 1907; Swarth 1934; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), American scoter duck (Giraud 1844), Pacific black scoter (Johnsgard 1978), black butter-bill, black coot, black sea coot, booby, broad-billed coot, butter-bill, butter-billed coot, butter-nose, copper-bill, copper-nose, fizzy, hollow-billed coot, pumpkin-blossom coot, sea coot, yellow-bill, yellow-billed coot, yellow-nose, scoter (AOU 1910), coot (Johnsgard 1975), sleepy diver [LOC Newfoundland]
♀female & immature – little gray coot, gray coot, brown coot, smutty coot
Bucephala – goldeneyes
Bucephala albeola, Charitonetta albeola, Glaucionetta albeola, Platypus albeola, Fuligula albeola, Clangula albeola, Anas albeola; Clangula bucephala; Anas bucephala; Anas rustica – bufflehead (Avibase; HBW; Cottam 1939; AOU 1957; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), buffle-head (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925), bufflehead duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), buffle-headed duck (Hubbard 1907), buffel-headed duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as 38. Anas bucephala]; Giraud 1844), buffel-headed garrot (Jenyns 1835), buffel's head duck, buffalo-headed duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), wool-head (Phillips 1925), butter duck (Phillips 1925), butter-back (Phillips 1925), butter-box (Phillips 1925), butter-ball (Hubbard 1907 [The name of "butter-ball " is descriptive of its excessive fatness at certain seasons of the year, although the flesh is not very highly esteemed]; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925), butterball (Cottam 1939; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), butterbowl (Phillips 1925), spirit duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), spirit teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as 58. Anas albeola]), conjuring duck (Phillips 1925), dipper (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), dapper (Phillips 1925), dopper (Phillips 1925), die-dipper (Phillips 1925), didapper (Phillips 1925), robin dipper (Phillips 1925), bumble-bee dipper (Phillips 1925), Scotch duck (Phillips 1925), Scotch dipper (Phillips 1925), Scotch teal (Phillips 1925), shot-bag (Phillips 1925), hell diver (Phillips 1925), sleepy diver (Phillips 1925), little black and white duck (Edwards 1747), little black-and-white (Phillips 1925), little brown duck (Phillips 1925), marionette (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925)
SYN & MALE Anas bucephala Linnaeus, 1766 [dişisinden farklı tür sanılarak] – buffel's head duck (Catesby 1754)
SYN & FEMALE Anas rustica Linnaeus, 1766 [erkeğinden farklı tür sanılarak] – little brown duck (Catesby 1754), Carolina teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Bucephala clangula, Clangula clangula, Glaucionetta clangula – common goldeneye (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), common golden-eye (AOU 1957), goldeneye (Giraud 1844; Johnsgard 1978), golden-eye (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925), golden eye (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Murray 1889), goldeneye duck, golden-eye duck (Johnsgard 1975), brass-eye (Phillips 1925), bright-eye (Phillips 1925), whistler (Phillips 1925), whistle-wing (Hubbard 1907 [LOC Ireland], Phillips 1925), whiffler (Phillips 1925), rattler (Phillips 1925), rattle-wing (Hubbard 1907 [LOC East and South of England] , Phillips 1925), merry-wing (Phillips 1925), bell duck (Phillips 1925), bell-ringer (Phillips 1925), jingler (Phillips 1925), great-head (Phillips 1925), cub-head (Phillips 1925), cobhead, bull-head (Phillips 1925), iron-head (Phillips 1925), king diver (Phillips 1925), red diver (Phillips 1925), magpie diver (Phillips 1925), pied curre (Phillips 1925), cur (Phillips 1925), white-faced dunbird (Phillips 1925), winter duck (Phillips 1925), gowdy duck (Phillips 1925), whewer (Phillips 1925), fresh-water widgeon (Phillips 1925), popping widgeon (Phillips 1925), garrot (Murray 1889; Phillips 1925), morillon (Phillips 1925)
Bucephala clangula clangula, Clangula clangula clangula, Glaucionetta clangula clangula, Glaucion clangula, Platypus clangulus, Fuligula clangula, Anas clangula; Clangula vulgaris, Fuligula vulgaris; Clangula glaucion, Clangula glaucium, Platypus glaucion, Anas glaucion Linne, 1758; Clangula peregrina, Anas peregrina; Clangula leucomelas; Clangula chrysophthalmus; Anas melanocephala Hermann, 1804 (nec Gmelin); Anas hyemalis Pallas, 1811 (nec Linne) – European goldeneye (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), European golden-eye (AOU 1931), European common goldeneye (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Eurasian common goldeneye (Johnsgard 1965), golden-eye (Phillips 1925), golden-eye garrot (Jenyns 1835)
Bucephala clangula americana, Clangula clangula americana, Glaucionetta clangula americana, Clangula americana – American goldeneye (Cottam 1939; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), American golden-eye (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1931; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), American common goldeneye (Johnsgard 1965, 1975), golden-eye (AOU 1910), whistler (Cottam 1939 [The American goldeneye is widely and aptly known as the "whistler," because of the shrill whistle produced by its wing beats]; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), pie bird [LOC Newfoundland]
Bucephala islandica, Clangula islandica, Glaucionetta islandica, Glaucion islandicum, Fuligula clangula islandica, Fuligula islandica, Anas islandica; Clangula barrovii, Fuligula (Clangula) barrovii, Platypus barrowi, Anas barrowii; Clangula scapularis – Barrow's goldeneye (Avibase; HBW; Cottam 1939; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Barrow's golden-eye (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Barrow's golden eye (Hubbard 1907), Barrow goldeneye (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Barrow's duck (Phillips 1925), Iceland golden-eye (Phillips 1925), Iceland duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Phillips 1925), Rocky Mountain golden-eye (Phillips 1925), Rocky Mountain whistler (Phillips 1925), Rocky Mountain garrot (Phillips 1925), Arctic garrot (Phillips 1925), whistler (Johnsgard 1975)
Mergellus albellus, Mergus albellus – smew (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910, 1957; Finn 1915; Nicoll 1919; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), smee duck (Hubbard 1907 [LOC Norfolk]), white goosander, white wigeon (Hubbard 1907 [LOC Norfolk]), white widgeon, weazel wigeon (Hubbard 1907 [LOC Norfolk]) § Finn 1915: The short narrow beak and bright chestnut head with pure white throat extending well up on the jaws make the name of "weasel-coot," or its equivalent "vare-wigeon," sometimes given as this bird's old English names, quite intelligible, as there is something decidedly weaselly about the bird's look.
SYN (♂) Mergus albellus Linnaeus, 1758 [dişisinden farklı tür sanılarak] – large white smew, white smew, white nun [white-nun (Jennings 1828)], smew (Jennings 1828)
SYN (♀) Mergus minutus Linnaeus, 1758 [erkeğinden farklı tür sanılarak] – small white smew, minute-smew (Jennings 1828), minute-merganser (Jennings 1828), red-headed smew (Montagu 1813, Jennings 1828), red-headed merganser, weesel coot (Jennings 1828)
SYN (JUV) Mergus minutus Linnaeus, 1758 – lough-diver (Montagu 1813, Jennings 1828)
Lophodytes cucullatus, Mergus cucullatus – hooded merganser (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), hooded sheldrake, round-crested duck (Hubbard 1907), fish duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), sawbill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), hairyhead (Johnsgard 1975), cock robin
SYN & FEMALE Mergus fuscus Latham, 1790, Merganser fuscus [erkeğinden farklı tür sanılarak] – brown merganser (Pennant)
Mergus – typical mergansers
Mergus australis – Auckland merganser, Auckland Islands merganser (Avibase; WWT 1951), Auckland Island merganser (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Mergus octosetaceus, Mergus brasilianus [substitute name for Mergus octosetaceus], Merganser brasilianus, Mergus brasiliensis, Prionochilus brasiliensis, Mergus lophotes [new name for Mergus octosetaelus and Mergus brasilianus] – Brazilian merganser (Avibase; HBW; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Mergus merganser – common merganser (Avibase; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), merganser (Murray 1889), goosander (HBW; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895 [as Mergus castor]; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), buff-breasted goosander, buff-breasted merganser (Giraud 1844), common large merganser, large merganser, sawbill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), saw-bill (Hubbard 1907), saw-billed widgeon, pied widgeon, spear widgeon, fish duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978) § Millais 1907: a flock of twelve old male goosanders, locally called " Gossets," (Newfoundland)
SYN (♂) Mergus merganser [dişisinden farklı tür sanılarak] – greater goosander
SYN (♀ & JUV) Mergus castor, Mergus rubricapillus [erkeğinden farklı tür sanılarak] – red-headed goosander, dun diver, dun-diver, dish-washer, sparling fowl § Strickland 1842: Mergus castor, Lin., should be called M. merganser, Lin., as the former synonym applied to the female, while the latter name was given to the adult male.
Mergus merganser merganser – Eurasian goosander (Johnsgard 1978), Eurasian merganser, Eurasian common merganser, European goosander (Johnsgard 1965), goosander (WWT 1951), fish duck
Mergus merganser orientalis, Mergus orientalis; Mergus merganser comatus – Oriental goosander (Johnsgard 1978), oriental merganser, oriental common merganser (Avibase [as Mergus merganser comatus]), eastern goosander, Asiatic goosander (Johnsgard 1965), Himalayan common merganser (Avibase [as Mergus merganser orientalis]), Himalayan large merganser
Mergus merganser americanus, Mergus mergus americanus, Mergus americanus, Merganser americanus – American goosander (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), American merganser (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1931; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), American sheldrake, North american common merganser (Avibase), merganser (AOU 1910)
Mergus serrator – red-breasted merganser (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Swarth 1934; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), red-breasted sheldrake, red-necked merganser (Hubbard 1907 [The name Red-breasted Merganser is somewhat misleading, and it would be better described as Red-necked]), fish duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), sawbill (Johnsgard 1978), saw-bill (Johnsgard 1975), shell bird [LOC Newfoundland]
Mergus serrator serrator, Merganser serrator – common red-breasted merganser (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), red-breasted merganser (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Mergus serrator schioleri; Mergus serrator major – Greenland red-breasted merganser (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Greenlandic red-breasted merganser (Avibase; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Mergus squamatus – scaly-sided merganser (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1978), scaly merganser, Chinese merganser (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Cairinini, Cairininae, Aiginae – perching ducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Cairina moschata, Hyonetta moschata, Anas moschata; Anas regia Molina, 1782 – Muscovy duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), musky duck (Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), musk duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Phillips 1922 [A curious explanation of the name Musk Duck is given by Hill (1864). They were, he says, originally procured from the Mosquito Coast, Nicaragua, the country of the Muysca Indians (see Humboldt's Researches), whence was derived the name Musco Duck, corrupted later into Muscovy Duck.]; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Barbary goose (Hubbard 1907), Brazilian goose (Hubbard 1907), Turkish duck (Hubbard 1907 [In Mowbray's old Treatise on Poultry, a suggestion is made that the designation of Muscovy is applied to this variety of duck in honour of an important branch of Turkey merchants styled the "Muscovite Company," by whom probably the bird was first introduced from the New World, and in an old work of that period (1570) it is styled the "Turkish Duck," which lends colour to that supposition.])
Cairina moschata sylvestris, Cairina sylvestris [wild] – Muscovy duck
Cairina moschata var. domestica – Barbary duck § Phillips 1922: History of Domestication. As already noted under "Distribution" the old theory that this species originally came from southern Russia or Turkey has been definitely dismissed. ... Nevertheless, some supposed it to have come from Turkey, some from Egypt, some from Barbary, and some from Russia. This last mistaken origin began with a translator from the Latin, who, reading Anas Moschata, translated it into French Oie de Muscovie. Prince Maximilian von Wied persisted in considering the European birds as having come from Turkey.
DOM – Patagonian duck (Hubbard 1907), Patagonian crested duck (Hubbard 1907 [Several pairs of a large white Duck, described by the dealer as Patagonian Crested Ducks, were offered to me during the summer of 1886.])
Anas iopareia [Cairina moschata × Anas domestica]
Aix
Aix sponsa, Aex sponsa, Aia sponsa, Lampronessa sponsa, Dendronessa sponsa, Dendrocygnus sponsa, Cosmonessa sponsa, Anas sponsa; Aix promissa – wood duck (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975), crested wood duck (Phillips 1925), American wood duck, North american wood duck (Johnsgard 1978), Carolina wood duck, Carolina duck (Hubbard 1907 [Æx sponsa (Summer Duck) from North America, known among amateurs as the "Carolina Duck,"]; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), woodie (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), wood widgeon (Phillips 1925), widgeon (Phillips 1925), tree duck (Phillips 1925), acorn duck (Phillips 1925), summer duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1975), American summer duck (RZSI 1833), bride duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Phillips 1925), rainbow duck (Phillips 1925), regal duck (Phillips 1925), squealer (Phillips 1925), scovy duck (Phillips 1925)
Aix galericulata, Aex galericulata, Aia galericulata, Dendronessa galericulata, Lampronessa galericulata, Cosmonessa galericulata, Anas galericulata; Aix galericulata brunnescens; Anas asitori – mandarin duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), mandarin, Chinese teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Phillips 1925), Chinese duck (Phillips 1925)
Callonettinae
Callonetta leucophrys, Anas leucophrys, Querquedula leucophrys; Anas torquata Vieillot, 1816 (not of Gmelin, 1774), Nettion torquatum, Nettion torquata, Nettion torquatum, Nettium torquatum, Querquedula torquata; Anas rubidoptera; Anas rhodopus; Querquedula manillensis Eyton, 1838 (not Anas manillensis Gmelin) – ringed teal (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), ring-necked teal (Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1978), red-shouldered teal (Johnsgard 1978)
SYN & MALE Anas torquata Vieillot, 1816 < pato collar negro of Azara [dişisinden farklı tür sanılarak] – ringed teal
SYN & FEMALE Anas leucophrys Vieillot, 1816 < pato ceja blanca of Azara [erkeğinden farklı tür sanılarak]
Aythyini, Aythyinae, Fuligulinae, Marilinae, Nyrocinae – diving ducks (Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; AOU 1931, 1957), divers, deep-water ducks (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), fresh water diving ducks (Johnsgard 1975), pochards (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), scaups, salt-water ducks (Payne 1913), bay and sea ducks (Payne 1913)
Chenonettini, Chenonettinae (SYN of Aythyini)
Chenonetta
Chenonetta jubata, Bernicla jubata, Anas jubata – Australian wood duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), maned wood duck, maned duck (Avibase; HBW), maned goose (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), Hawksbury bernicle (Eyton 1838) [Hawksbury/Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia], Hawkesbury duck (Hubbard 1907 [It is known among the colonists by the name of the "Wood Duck" and "Hawkesbury Duck,"])
Chenonetta finschi – Finsch's duck (Avibase), nunu
Hymenolaiminae (SYN of Aythyini)
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos – blue duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), mountain blue duck, mountain duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), soft-billed duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Hubbard 1907), whio
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos malacorhynchos, Anas malacorhynchos – South Island blue duck (Avibase)
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos hymenolaimus – North Island blue duck (Avibase)
Sarkidiornithinae (SYN of Aythyini)
Sarkidiornis, Sarcidiornis – comb ducks
Sarkidiornis sylvicola, Sarkidiornis melanotos sylvicola – comb duck (Avibase), comb-duck, American comb duck (HBW), South American comb duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Neotropical comb duck
SYN Sarkidiornis sylvicola sylvicola
SYN Sarkidiornis sylvicola carunculata, Sarkidiornis carunculata, Sarcidiornis carunculata, Anas carunculata Lichtenstein, 1819 (not of Vieillot, 1816) – American black-backed goose (Hubbard 1907), South American black-backed duck (Phillips 1922), American comb-duck (Hubbard 1907), South American comb duck (Phillips 1922; WWT 1951), American wattled duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1922), carunculated duck, crested duck (Phillips 1922)
SYN (= carunculata) Sarkidiornis regia Pelzeln, 1870 (not Anas regia Molina, 1782), Sarcidiornis regia – royal duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Sarkidiornis melanotos [sensu lato : incl. sylvicola] – comb duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), comb-duck, knob-billed duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), knob-billed goose (Johnsgard 1978), knob-bill (WWT 1951)
Sarkidiornis melanotos [sensu stricto], Sarkidiornis melanotos melanotos, Sarcidiornis melanota, Anser melanotos, Anser melanotus; Sarkidiornis melanonotus, Sarcidiornis melanonotus, Sarcidiornis melanonota – knob-billed duck (Avibase; Phillips 1922), knob-billed goose (Gurney 1872), African comb duck (HBW), Old World comb duck (Murray 1889; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), nakta duck [LOC India], nukhta [LOC India] (Johnsgard 1978), black-backed duck (Phillips 1922), black-backed goose (Hubbard 1907), comb-billed goose (Bowen 1926), comb duck (Phillips 1922), comb-duck (Hubbard 1907), Indian comb duck (WWT 1951), Indian wattled duck (Hubbard 1907), bronzed goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
SYN Sarkidiornis africana, Sarcidiornis africana – African black-backed goose (Hubbard 1907), African comb duck, African comb-duck (Hubbard 1907), African comb-goose, African wattled duck (Hubbard 1907), African humped duck (Phillips 1922)
Cyanocheninae (SYN of Aythyini)
Pteronetta hartlaubii [hartlaubi], Cairina hartlaubii, Querquedula hartlaubii; Pterocyanea cyanoptera, Anas cyanoptera; Anas cuprea – Hartlaub's duck (Avibase; HBW; Bowen 1926; WWT 1951), Hartlaub duck (Johnsgard 1978), Hartlaub's teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; Johnsgard 1978), Hartlaub's goose
SYN Pteronetta hartlaubii hartlaubii – western Hartlaub's duck (Johnsgard 1965)
SYN Pteronetta hartlaubii albifrons – eastern Hartlaub's duck (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965)
Cyanochen cyanoptera, Bernicla cyanoptera – blue-winged goose (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1978), Abyssinian blue-winged goose (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Abyssinian goose, Ethiopian blue-winged goose, Ethiopian goose
Marmaronetta & Malacorhynchus – aberrant dabbling ducks (Johnsgard 1965)
Marmaronetta angustirostris, Marmonetta angustirostris, Chaulelasmus (Marmonetta) angustirostris, Chaulelasmus angustirostris, Chauliodes angustirostris, Querquedula angustirostris, Anas angustirostris; Marmaronetta marmorata, Querquedula marmorata, Dafila marmorata, Anas marmorata; ?Anas cypria – marbled duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978), marbled teal (Murray 1889; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Asacornis scutulata, Asarcornis scutulata, Cairina scutulata, Tadorna scutulata, Anas scutulata, Casarca scutulata; Sarcidiornis leucopterus, Casarca leucoptera, Anas leucoptera – white-winged duck (Avibase; HBW), white-winged wood duck (Murray 1889; Phillips 1922; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), white-winged wood-duck (Hubbard 1907), white-winged shieldrake, white-headed sheldrake, shielded duck (Hubbard 1907 [The "Shielded Duck" was represented in 1851 in the Zoological Society's Gardens by one living example received from Mr. Blyth, Curator of the Calcutta Museum. It is beautifully figured in Sclater and Wolfs " Zoological Sketches," a coloured plate also existing in Sir William Jardine's "Contributions to Ornithology" (1848), from which work the following description is gathered. The bird referred to died shortly after arrival, and was deposited in the British Museum.]), sea-goose (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Rhodonessinae (SYN of Aythyini)
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea, Netta caryophyllacea, Anas caryophyllacea, Fuligula caryophyllacea – pink-headed duck (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1922; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), pink-necked duck
Netta – narrow-billed pochards (Johnsgard 1965)
Netta rufina, Rhodonessa rufina, Aythya rufina, Mergoides rufina, Callichen rufinus, Platypus rufinus, Fuligula rufina, Branta rufina, Anas rufina; Callichen rufa; Callichen ruficeps, Anas ruficeps; Fuligula ruficrista; Callichen rufescens; Callichen subrufinus; Callichen micropus; Anas sjurakan; Anas cinerea; Tadorna? pnoe – red-crested pochard (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1925; AOU 1957; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), red-crested duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Hubbard 1907), red-crested whistling duck (Phillips 1925), rufous-crested duck (Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), orange duck (Phillips 1925), Indian pochard (Hubbard 1907 [This beautiful bird, known to dealers as the " Indian Pochard,"], Phillips 1925)
Netta peposaca, Metopiana peposaca, Metopias peposaca, Fuligula peposaca, Anas peposaca ; Fuligula metopias, Anas metopias; Fuligula albipennis, Anas albipennis – rosy-billed pochard (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1978), rosy-billed duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), rosybill pochard, rosybill (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), rosy-bill (Johnsgard 1965), black duck (Phillips 1925)
Netta erythrophthalma – southern pochard (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), red-eyed pochard, red-eye pochard
Netta erythrophthalma erythrophthalma, Aythya erythrophthalma erythrophthalma, Aythya erythrophthalma, Nyroca erythrophthalma, Anas erythrophthalma; Nyroca nationi, Marila nationi, Fuligula nationi – South American pochard (Johnsgard 1965), South American southern pochard (Johnsgard 1978), red-eyed pochard (Phillips 1925), Nation's pochard (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925), brown pochard (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Netta erythrophthalma brunnea, Aythya erythrophthalma brunnea, Netta brunnea, Nyroca brunnea, Fuligula brunnea; Aythya capensis, Aythia capensis, Nyroca capensis, Fuligula capensis, Anas capensis Lesson, 1831 (nec Gmelin); Fuligula meridionalis – African southern pochard (Johnsgard 1978), African pochard (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), South African pochard (Phillips 1925; Bowen 1926 [as Nyroca erythrophthalma]), South-African pochard (Gurney 1872), brown duck of South Africa (Hubbard 1907), brown pochard (Phillips 1925), Cape pochard (Phillips 1925)
Aythya – typical pochards (Johnsgard 1965)
Aythya nyroca, Aythya nyroca nyroca, Aethyia nyroca, Nyroca nyroca, Ilyonetta nyroca, Fuligula nyroca, Fulix nyroca, Anas nyroca; Nyroca ferruginea, Fuligula ferruginea, Anas ferruginea; Nyroca rufa; Aythya leucophthalmos, Nyroca leucophthalmos, Fuligula leucophthalma, Platypus leucophthalmus, Anas leucophthalmus; Anas leucopis; Anas aegyptiaca Bonnaterre, 1791 (nec Linne); Nyroca obsoleta; Anas rutila Latham, 1785 (nec Pallas); Anas glaucia major; Anas glaucion Pallas, 1811 (nec Linne) – ferruginous duck (Avibase; HBW; Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925; WWT 1951), ferruginous pochard, ferruginous white-eye (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), white-eyed pochard (Murray 1889; Phillips 1925; Bowen 1926; Johnsgard 1978), white-eyed poker (Phillips 1925), white-eyed duck (Lawrence 1895; Hubbard 1907, Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1925), white-eye pochard, white-eye (WWT 1951), common white-eye (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), common pochard, nyroca pochard (Jenyns 1835), red duck (Phillips 1925), castaneous duck (Phillips 1925), fudge duck, wigeon [LOC India] (Phillips 1925)
SYN Nyroca africana, Anas africana– African teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
???SYN Anas gmelini – black teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
?SYN Anas gattair – gattair duck
Aythya baeri, Aythya nyroca baeri, Nyroca baeri, Fulix baeri, Fuligula baeri, Anas (Fuligula) baeri, Anas baeri – Baer's pochard (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; AOU 1957; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Baer's white-eyed duck (Phillips 1925), Baer's white-eye (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Baer's duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925), Baer's diver, Baer's scaup duck, eastern white-eyed pochard, eastern white-eyed duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925), Asiatic white-eyed pochard (Johnsgard 1978), Siberian white-eye (Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978), green-headed pochard (Phillips 1925)
Aythya innotata, Nyroca innotata, Marila innotata – Madagascan pochard (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978), Madagascar pochard (Avibase; HBW), Madagascan white-eyed duck (Phillips 1925), Madagascan white-eye (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Madagascar white-eye
Aythya australis – hardhead (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1978), white-eyed hardhead, Australasian white-eye (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), white-eyed pochard, white-eyed duck (Johnsgard 1978), white-eye, brownhead, copperhead
Aythya australis australis, Nyroca nyroca australis, Nyroca australis, Fuligula australis, Ilyonetta australis, Anas australis – Australasian hardhead (Avibase), Australian hardhead, hardhead (Phillips 1925), Australian white-eye (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian white-eye duck, Australian white-eyed duck (Phillips 1925), Australasian white-eye, Australian pochard (Hubbard 1907), white-winged duck (Phillips 1925), white-wings (Phillips 1925), wigeon (Phillips 1925)
SYN Aythya australis ledeboeri
SYN Aythya australis papuana
SYN Nyroca nyroca dampieri
Aythya australis extima, Nyroca australis extima – Banks Island hardhead (Avibase), Banks Island white-eye (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Aythya americana, Aethyia americana, Marila americana, Nyroca americana, Aristonetta americana, Fuligula americana, Aythya ferina americana, Nyroca ferina americana, Fuligula ferina americana, Fulix ferina americana – redhead (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), red-head (Payne 1913; Phillips 1925), red-head pochard, red-head duck, red-headed pochard (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), red-headed broadbill (Phillips 1925), red-headed duck (Johnsgard 1975), red-headed raft duck (Phillips 1925), American pochard (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), raft duck (Phillips 1925), Washington canvas-back (Phillips 1925), grayback (Phillips 1925), fall duck (Phillips 1925), fool duck (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939 [Moreover, the redhead's confiding disposition, meriting for it at times the name "fool duck," together with the undisputed savor of its flesh, has invited incessant persecution])
???SYN Anas ferina mexicana – Mexican pochard (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [mentioned only by Buffon])
Aythya ferina, Aithya ferina, Aithyia ferina, Aethyia ferina, Nyroca ferina, Aristonetta ferina, Marila ferina, Fuligula ferina, Fulix ferina, Platypus ferinus, Anas ferina, Aythya ferina ferina, Nyroca ferina ferina; Nyroca ferina ferinoides; Fuligula erythrocephala, Aythya erythrocephala, Anas erythrocephala; Aythya ruficeps; Anas ruficollis; Fuligula rufa, Anas rufa – common pochard (Avibase; HBW; Jenyns 1835; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; AOU 1957), pochard (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Murray 1889; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1925; Bowen 1926; AOU 1931), European pochard (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Eurasian pochard (Johnsgard 1978), northern pochard, red-headed pochard (Lawrence 1895; Hubbard 1907), red-head poker (Hubbard 1907), red-headed duck (Giraud 1844), red-headed wigeon (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Phillips 1925), red-headed curre (Phillips 1925), red-headed diver, red-head (Phillips 1925), red-eyed poker (Phillips 1925), snuffle-headed wigeon (Phillips 1925), great-headed wigeon (Murray 1889), great headed widgeon, pied widgeon, poker (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), dun-bird (Murray 1889; Phillips 1925), dun bird (Hubbard 1907), dun curre (Phillips 1925)
♂male§ Hubbard 1907 [The male of this bird, which is often called the "Poker," "Red-head Poker," or "Diver," while the duck is known as the " Dun Bird,"]
♀female
Aythya valisineria, Marila valisineria, Nyroca valisineria, Aristonetta valisineria, Anas valisineria; Nyroca valisneria, Fuligula valisneria, Aythya valisneria, Aethyia valisneria, Anas valisneria; Aythya vallisneria, Aristonetta vallisneria, Nyroca vallisneria, Fuligula vallisneria, Fulix vallisneria, Aethyia vallisneria; Fuligula valisneriana, Anas valisneriana; Anas vallisneriana; Aythyia erythrocephala Lichtenstein, 1854 (nec Brehm) – canvasback (Avibase; HBW; Payne 1913; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), canvas-back (Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Phillips 1925), canvas-backed duck (Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1975), can (Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), white-back (Phillips 1925), bullneck (Phillips 1925), red-headed bull-neck (Phillips 1925), red-neck (Phillips 1925), red-head (Phillips 1925), sheldrake (Phillips 1925) § Phillips 1925: Few "Canvas" come into the marsh ponds unless they are slightly crippled, when they are known in the local jargon as "Skuks" or "Skuksies."; Cottam 1939: It is supposed to acquire its delectable flavor from the wildcelery buds (Vallisneria spiralis) from which it has been given its specific Latin name.
Aythya fuligula, Nyroca fuligula, Anas fuligula, Fuligula fuligula, Fulix fuligula, Platypus fuligulus; Fuligula vulgaris; Aythya cristata, Oedemia cristata, Fuligula cristata, Fulix cristata, Anas cristata Leach, 1816 (nec Gmelin); Nyroca latirostris; Fuligula linnei; Fuligula patagiata; Anas leucotis; Anas colymbis; Anas arctica – tufted duck (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Lawrence 1895; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Phillips 1925; AOU 1931, 1957; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), tufted pochard (Jenyns 1835; Murray 1889; Phillips 1925), tufted widgeon (Phillips 1925), tufted diver (Phillips 1925), tufted scaup (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), crested duck (Phillips 1925), crested diver (Phillips 1925), black and white diver (Phillips 1925), black and white curre (Phillips 1925), white-sided diver (Phillips 1925), magpie diver (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), black duck (Phillips 1925), black pochard (Phillips 1925), black wigeon, black widgeon (Phillips 1925), least wigeon, least widgeon (Phillips 1925), black poker (Phillips 1925), pied duker (Phillips 1925), blue-billed curre (Phillips 1925), brass-eyed pocher (Phillips 1925), old hardweather (Phillips 1925), Indian golden-eye (Phillips 1925), golden-eye (Phillips 1925)
SYN [female and young] Anas scandiaca; Anas glaucion Bonnaterre, 1791 (nec Linne), Anas glauceon – Lapmark duck ~ lapmark duck (Pennant 1784, Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas scandiaca], Phillips 1925), Lapmarck duck (Latham, Pennant), brown duck (Pennant), the morillion (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas glauceon])
Aythya novaeseelandiae, Nyroca novaeseelandiae, Marila novaeseelandiae, Fuligula novaeseelandiae, Fulix novaeseelandiae, Anas novaeseelandiae; Anas atricilla – New Zealand scaup (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), New Zealand scaup-duck (Hubbard 1907), New Zealand duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas Novæ Zealandiæ]), black scaup (Johnsgard 1978), black widgeon (Phillips 1925), black teal (Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978)
Aythya collaris, Marila collaris, Nyroca collaris, Perissonetta collaris , Fuligula collaris, Fulix collaris, Anas collaris; Fuligula rufitorques, Anas (Fuligula) rufitorques – ring-necked duck (Avibase; HBW; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), ring-necked pochard (Hubbard 1907), ring-necked scaup (Phillips 1925), ring-necked black-head (Phillips 1925), ring-necked blackbird (Cottam 1939), ring-neck (Payne 1913), ringneck (Cottam 1939; Johnsgard 1978), ringbill (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939; Johnsgard 1975), ring-billed duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), ring-billed black-head, (Phillips 1925), ring-billed shuffler (Phillips 1925), black-head, black-head duck, black duck (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), black-jack (Phillips 1925), blackjack (Cottam 1939; Johnsgard 1975), blue-bullet (Phillips 1925), bluebill (Cottam 1939), marsh bluebill (Cottam 1939), marsh blue-bill (Phillips 1925), pond bluebill (Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939), creek red-head (Phillips 1925), mud duck (Phillips 1925), bastard broad-bill (Phillips 1925), moon-bill (Phillips 1925), bunty (Phillips 1925), puddle duck (Phillips 1925), butter-ball (Phillips 1925), buck-eye (Phillips 1925), golden-eyes (Phillips 1925), tufted duck (Giraud 1844; Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939)
A. marila & affinis – blackheads (Cottam 1939), bluebills (Cottam 1939), broadbills (Cottam 1939), raft ducks (Cottam 1939)
Aythya marila, Nyroca marila, Fuligula marila – greater scaup (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1925; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), greater scaup duck (AOU 1931; Cottam 1939), greater black-head (Phillips 1925), greater black-head duck, big black-head (Phillips 1925), big bluebill (Johnsgard 1975), big blue-bill (Phillips 1925), common scaup (Phillips 1925), scaup duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844; Hubbard 1907; AOU 1910; Phillips 1925), scaup pochard (Jenyns 1835; Murray 1889), scaup (Nicoll 1919), black scaup (Phillips 1925), black poker (Phillips 1925), black-jack (Phillips 1925), blackhead, black-head (Phillips 1925), black-neck (Phillips 1925), bay blackhead (Phillips 1925), broadbill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), broad-bill (Phillips 1925), winter broad-bill (Phillips 1925), salt-water broad-bill (Phillips 1925), sea duck (Phillips 1925), sea widgeon, widgeon (Phillips 1925), mussel duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925), bluebill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), blue-bill (Phillips 1925), lake blue-bill (Phillips 1925), bull-neck (Phillips 1925), gray-back (Phillips 1925), mealy-back (Phillips 1925), bell-wigeon (Phillips 1925), teal-drake (Phillips 1925), raft duck (Phillips 1925), flocking duck (Phillips 1925), shuffler (Phillips 1925), troop-fowl (Phillips 1925), covy duck (Phillips 1925), white-eyed duck (Phillips 1925), green-head (Phillips 1925), bridle duck (Phillips 1925) § Hubbard 1907: The name "Scaup" is attributed by some authors to the cry which resembles a repetition of the syllables composing its name, frequently repeated and long drawn out. An old ornithologist, Willoughby, states that the broken shell fish, such as mussels, which forms the staple diet of this bird, is known as "scaup.''
Aythya marila marila, Nyroca marila marila, Fuligula marila marila, Fuligula marila, Fulix marila, Platypus marilus, Anas marila; Fuligula marilla; Fuligula marina, Anas marina; Aythya islandica, Fuligula islandica; Aythya leuconotos, Fuligula leuconotos; Marila frenata, Anas frenata; Fuligula gesneri – Eurasian greater scaup (Avibase), Eurasian scaup, European greater scaup (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), western greater scaup, common scaup (WWT 1951)
Aythya marila nearctica, Nyroca marila nearctica, Fuligula marila nearctica, Fulix mania nearctica – Nearctic greater scaup, American greater scaup (Avibase), American scaup (Payne 1913), American scaup duck (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), blue-bill (Payne 1913)
SYN Aythya marila mariloides, Nyroca marila mariloides, Aythia affinis mariloides, Fuligula mariloides, Fulix mariloides – Pacific greater scaup (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), eastern scaup (WWT 1951)
Aythya affinis, Marila affinis, Nyroca affinis, Fulix affinis, Fuligula affinis, Fuligula marila affinis, Marila affinis, Anas affinis; Fuligula minor; Fuligula melanocephala; Anas marila americana – lesser scaup (Avibase; HBW; Payne 1913; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), lesser scaup duck (Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Phillips 1925; Cottam 1939; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), lesser black-head, lesser black-head duck, little black-head (Phillips 1925), little bluebill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), little blue-bill (Payne 1913; Phillips 1925), American scaup duck (Hubbard 1907), river blue-bill (Phillips 1925), river broad-bill (Phillips 1925), river shuffler (Phillips 1925), creek black-head (Phillips 1925), creek broad-bill (Phillips 1925), pond broad-bill (Phillips 1925), fresh-water broad-bill (Phillips 1925), marsh blue-bill (Phillips 1925), mud blue-bill (Phillips 1925), mud broad-bill (Phillips 1925), common bluebill (Harbour 1965), bluebill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), broadbill (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), flock duck (Phillips 1925), flocking fowl (Phillips 1925), cold-shin (Phillips 1925), fall duck (Phillips 1925)
Anatini, Anatinae – dabbling ducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), dablers, surface-feeding ducks (AOU 1931, 1957; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), puddle ducks, river ducks (AOU 1886, 1910), fresh-water ducks (Payne 1913)
Amazonettinae (SYN of Anatini)
Lophonetta specularioides, Anas specularioides – crested duck (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Lophonetta specularioides specularioides, Anas specularioides specularioides, Anas cristata cristata, Lophonetta cristata, Anas cristata Gmelin, 1789 (not of J. B. Fischer, 1778), Dafila cristata, Tadorna cristata; Dafila pyrrhogastra, Dafila pyrogaster, Anas pyrrhogaster, Anas pyrrhogastra; Anas lophyra – Patagonian crested duck (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), southern crested duck, crested duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951), grey duck [LOC Falkland], gray duck (Phillips 1923), Antarctic duck (Phillips 1923), crested Chilian duck (Hubbard 1907), brown-bellied Chilian pintail (Hubbard 1907)
Lophonetta specularioides alticola, Anas specularioides alticola, Anas cristata alticola – Andean crested duck (Avibase; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Bolivian crested duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Amazonetta brasiliensis – Brazilian teal (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Brazilian duck
Amazonetta brasiliensis brasiliensis, Anas brasiliensis, Nettion brasiliense, Nettion brasiliensis, Nettium brasiliense, Nettium brasiliensis, Querquedula brasiliensis, Mareca brasiliensis – lesser Brazilian teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), the mareca (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
SYN [dark phase] Amazonetta brasiliensis obscurus; Amazonetta vittata
Amazonetta brasiliensis ipecutiri, Anas ipecutiri, Querquedula ipecutiri; Anas paturi – greater Brazilian teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), ipecutiri teal
Speculanas specularis, Anas specularis; Anas chalcoptera – bronze-winged duck (Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), bronze-winged teal (Phillips 1923), white-faced duck-4 (Phillips 1923), white-marked duck (Phillips 1923), mirror duck (Hubbard 1907), spectacled duck (Avibase; HBW; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1978)
Tachyerini (SYN of Anatini) – steamer ducks (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Tachyeres – steamer ducks, steamer-ducks (Livezey & Humphrey 1992 [=L&H]), steamerducks; steamer-duck (King 1839 {> L&H}), loggerhead (Penrose 1775, Claylon 1776 {> L&H}), loggerhead goose (Penrose 1775, Latham 1785 {> L&H}), loggerhead duck (Forster 1777 {> L&H}), race-horse (Byron 1773, Hawkesworth 1773, Cook 1777, Forster 1777, Buffon 1798, 1812 {> L&H}), sea-horse (Blaauw 1916 {> L&H})
Tachyeres brachypterus, Micropterus brachypterus, Anser brachypterus, Anas brachyptera [new name for Anas cinerea Gmelin], Tachyeres cinereus-1, Camptolaimus cinereus, Micropterus cinereus, Fuligula cinerea, Anser cinereus, Anas cinerea (not of S. G. Gmelin, 1774) Gmelin, 1789 – Falkland flightless steamer duck (Murphy 1936 {> L&H}; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Falkland flightless steamer-duck (Livezey & Humphrey 1992 [=L&H]), Falkland flightless steamerduck, Falkland Island flightless steamer duck (WWT 1951), Falkland Islands flightless steamer duck, Falkland Islands flightless steamerduck, Falkland steamer duck (Clements 1978 {> L&H}), Falkland steamer-duck, Falkland steamerduck (Avibase; HBW), Falkland Island steamer duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), steamer duck (Phillips 1925), steamer, sea logger (Bennett 1924 {> L&H}), loggerhead (Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978), logger-head (Bennett 1924 {> L&H}), loggerhead duck (Phillips 1925), logger-head duck (Hubbard 1907), loggerhead goose (Latham 1785), logger (Johnsgard 1978), logger duck [LOC Falkland] , logger (duck) (Bennett 1926 {> L&H})
Tachyeres pteneres, Anas pteneres; Tachyeres cinereus-2, Micropterus cinereus Germain, 1860 (not Anas cinerea Gmelin) ; Micropterus macropterus – Magellanic flightless steamer duck (Murphy 1936 {> L&H}; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Magellanic flightless steamer-duck (Livezey & Humphrey 1992 [=L&H]), Magellanic steamer duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Magellanic steamerduck (HBW), Fuegian steamer duck, common steamer (Finn 1924 {> L&H}), flightless steamer duck, flightless steamer-duck (Narosky & Yzurieta 1987 {> L&H}), flightless steamerduck (Avibase), flapping loggerhead (Bridges 1948 {> L&H}), short-winged micropterus (Eyton 1838 {> L&H}), racehorse (Hubbard 1907 [where by Captain Cook they were called "Race Horses, on account of the great swiftness with which they run on the water]; Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978), racehorse duck (Phillips 1925), race-horse duck (Pernetty 1771), sea-horse (Phillips 1925), seahorse (Johnsgard 1978), loggerhead (Johnsgard 1978)
Tachyeres patachonicus, Micropterus patachonicus, Oidemia patachonica – flying steamer duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), flying steamer-duck (Bennett 1926 {> L&H}, Livezey & Humphrey 1992 [=L&H]), flying steamerduck (Avibase; HBW), flying loggerhead duck (Bridges 1948 {> L&H}), flying loggerhead (Abbott 1861 {> L&H}), lesser steamer duck (Blaauw 1912 {> L&H}), lake logger (Bennett 1924 {> L&H}), Patagonian micropterus (Eyton 1838 {> L&H}), canvas-back(ed) (duck) (Bennett 1924 {> L&H}), canvasback (Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1978 [LOC Falkland])
Tachyeres leucocephalus – white-headed flightless steamer-duck (Humphrey & Thompson 1981 {> L&H}, Livezey & Humphrey 1992), white-headed flightless steamer duck, white-headed steamer duck, white-headed steamerduck (HBW), Chubut steamer duck, Chubut steamer-duck (Narosky & Yzurieta 1987 {> L&H}), Chubut steamerduck (Avibase)
Anas [sensu lato] – typical dabbling ducks (Johnsgard 1965), fresh water duck (Giraud 1844)
Sibirionetta formosa or Anas formosa, Nettion formosum, Nettion formosa, Nettium formosum, Eunetta formosa, Querquedula formosa, Aix formosa; Anas baikal; Anas cucullata, Dafila ? cucullata; Anas perpulchra – Baikal teal (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; AOU 1931, 1957; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), Formosan teal (Phillips 1923), Formosa teal (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), Japanese teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), clucking teal (Murray 1889), spectacled teal (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), bimaculate duck, squawk duck
SYN Anas glocitans, Eunetta glocitans, Querquedula glocitans; Anas bimaculata – clucking teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), bimaculated teal (Hubbard 1907), bimaculated duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Hubbard 1907)
Spatula (Anas subgenera Querquedula, Punanetta, Spatula)
Anas subgenus Querquedula
Spatula querquedula or Anas querquedula, Querquedula querquedula, Cyanopterus querquedula, Pterocyanea querquedula; Querquedula vulgaris; Querquedula scapularis, Pterocyanea scapularis; Anas pterocyanea; Anas humeralis, Querquedula humeralis; Querquedula glaucopterus; Anas balbul – garganey (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Lawrence 1895 [as Querquedula circia]; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), garganey teal (Murray 1889 [as Querquedula circia];Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), crackling teal, cricket teal (Phillips 1923), blue-winged teal (Lawrence 1895 [as Querquedula circia]; Phillips 1923), pied widgeon (Phillips 1923)
SYN Anas circia, Boschas circia, Querquedula circia, Cyanopterus circia, Pterocyanea circia – summer teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Phillips 1923)
Anas subgenus Punanetta – silver teals, spotted black-capped teals, spotted teals
Spatula hottentota or Anas hottentota, Punanetta hottentota, Nettion hottentota, Querquedula hottentota; Anas punctata, Nettion punctatum, Querquedula punctata; Anas pileata, Querquedula pileata, Pterocyanea pileata; Anas assimilis; Querquedula madagascariensis; Querquedula cyanorhyncha – Hottentot teal (Avibase; HBW; Gurney 1872; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), spotted teal (Phillips 1923)
Spatula puna or Anas puna, Anas versicolor puna, Querquedula versicolor puna, Punanetta puna, Adelonetta puna, Querquedula puna; Punanetta leucogenys – Puna teal (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951), puna teal (Johnsgard 1978), Puna silver teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Puna duck (Hubbard 1907), Peruvian teal (Phillips 1923)
Spatula versicolor or Anas versicolor – silver teal (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Argentine grey teal, Argentine gray teal (Phillips 1923), grey teal (WWT 1951), gray teal (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978), brilliant teal (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1923), versicolor teal (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), versicolored teal, versicoloured teal
Spatula versicolor versicolor or Anas versicolor versicolor, Punanetta versicolor versicolor, Querquedula versicolor versicolor, Querquedula versicolor, Pterocyanea versicolor, Anas muralis – northern silver teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), gray teal (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
SYN Anas maculirostris, Pterocyanea maculirostris, Cyanopterus maculirostris, Querquedula maculirostris – spotted-beaked duck
Spatula versicolor fretensis or Anas versicolor fretensis, Punanetta versicolor fretensis, Querquedula versicolor fretensis, Anas fretensis, Pterocyanea fretensis, Cyanopterus fretensis – southern silver teal (Avibase; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), southern gray teal (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), pampa teal [LOC Falkland] (Johnsgard 1978), pampas duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas subgenus Spatula – blue-winged ducks (Johnsgard 1965)
Spatula platalea or Anas platalea, Rhynchaspis platalea; Dafila coesioscapula; Dafila coesioscapulata; Rhynchaspis mexicana Lichtenstein, 1854 (nec Gmelin, 1789) – red shoveler (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), red shoveller (Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), South American shoveler (Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1978), South American shoveller (Phillips 1925), Argentine shoveler (Johnsgard 1978), Argentine shoveller, Argentine red shoveler (WWT 1951)
SYN Spatula maculatus, Rhynchaspis maculata, Rhynchaspis maculatus – spotted shoveler (Hubbard 1907) § Afrika kuşu Anas maculata ~ Anas maculatus [Solander's zoological manuscripts] değil!
SYN Anas jaspidea§ Hellmayr & Conover 1948a: Salvadori lists Anas jaspidea Vieillot in the synonymy of Querquedula cyanoptera with a question mark. There is not much doubt, however, from the description, "head and upper neck brown spotted with black, rest of the neck and sides of the body a clear russet sprinkled with round black spots," that it refers to the male of the Red Shoveller.
Spatula discors or Anas discors, Querquedula discors, Cyanopterus discors, Pterocyanea discors, Boschas discors; Querquedula inornata, Pterocyanea inornata, Cyanopterus inornatus – blue-winged teal (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas quacula]; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), blue-winged duck, bluewing teal, bluewing duck, bluewing (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), blue-wing (Phillips 1923), white-faced teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), white-faced duck-2, summer teal (Phillips 1923), Mexican duck (Phillips 1923), teal (Johnsgard 1975)
SYN Spatula discors discors or Anas discors discors, Querquedula discors discors – blue-winged teal (Kennard 1919), western blue-winged teal (Johnsgard 1975), northern blue winged teal
SYN Querquedula discors albinucha – southern blue-winged teal (Kennard 1919; McAtee 1923; The Auk 1945), southern teal (Kennard 1919 [Teal that breeds in Louisiana. Now as I had never even heard of a "Southern Teal" and, until then, had never realized that any kind of Teal bred in Louisiana, I was, of course, very much surprised and interested. The bird was paddling about at a distance of perhaps 150 to 200 feet, and could be told at a glance from its fellows. It was, apparently, an adult male Blue-winged Teal, in nuptial plumage, but with the crescent-shaped white spot in front of the eye continued over the eye as a thin white line down to the nape, where it converged with the line from], McAtee 1923), Louisiana blue-winged teal (McAtee 1923), white-crested teal (McAtee 1923), necktie teal [LOC Louisiana] (Kennard 1919 [They are known locally as the "Necktie Teal" among the gunners and natives along the Louisiana marshes, and seem to be recognized by them as the resident breeding birds of the region.], McAtee 1923)
SYN Spatula discors orphna or Anas discors orphna – Atlantic blue-winged teal (Johnsgard 1975)
Spatula cyanoptera or Anas cyanoptera, Pterocyanea cyanoptera, Querquedula cyanoptera; Anas caeruleata, Pterocyanea caeruleata, Querquedula caeruleata; Anas rafflesii, Pterocyanea rafflesii, Cyanopierus rafflesii – cinnamon teal (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), blue-winged teal (Payne 1913 [The cinnamon teal, very commonly called the blue-winged teal by the sportsmen of the Coast, is only a late fall and early spring bird on our shooting grounds north of Lower California and Mexico]; Phillips 1923), red-breasted teal (Phillips 1923), red teal (Phillips 1923), Raffles' teal (Phillips 1923), Raffles's teal (Hubbard 1907), little duck (Phillips 1923)
Spatula cyanoptera cyanoptera or Anas cyanoptera cyanoptera, Querquedula cyanoptera cyanoptera – Argentine cinnamon teal (Johnsgard 1965), southern cinnamon teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1978), cinnamon teal (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Spatula cyanoptera borreroi or Anas cyanoptera borreroi – Borrero's cinnamon teal (Johnsgard 1965), Borrero cinnamon teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1978)
Spatula cyanoptera orinoma or Anas cyanoptera orinoma, Anas cyanoptera orinomus, Querquedula cyanoptera orinomus, Querquedula orinoma, Querquedula orinomus – Andean cinnamon teal (Avibase; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Spatula cyanoptera septentrionalium or Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium – northern cinnamon teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Spatula cyanoptera tropica or Anas cyanoptera tropica – tropical cinnamon teal (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Spatula smithii or Anas smithii; Spatula capensis, Spatula capensis, Anas capensis-2 – Cape shoveler (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Cape shoveller (Phillips 1925), African shoveler (Johnsgard 1978), African shoveller (Gurney 1872), South African shoveler (Johnsgard 1978), South African shoveller (Phillips 1925), South-African shoveller (Gurney 1872), Smith's shoveler, Smith's shoveller
Spatula clypeata or Anas clypeata, Rhynchaspis clypeata, Clypeata macrorhynchos, Rhynchaspis macrorhynchos; Clypeata platyrhynchos, Rhynchaspis platyrhynchos; Clypeata brachyrhynchos, Rhynchaspis brachyrhynchos; Clypeata pomarina, Rhynchaspis pomarina; Rhynchaspis spathulata; Rhynchaspis platyuros; Rhynchaspis virescens; Anas rufigaster – northern shoveler (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), northern shoveller, common shoveler (Jenyns 1835; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), common shoveller, European shoveler, European shoveller, red shoveller, shoveler (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Bowen 1926; AOU 1957); shoveller (MacGillivray 1842; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; Payne 1913; Phillips 1925; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1975), shoveler duck, shoveller duck (Giraud 1844), shovelar (Nicoll 1919 [Ü.Ç: hem 309. kendi maddesinde hem de 306. mallard maddesinde shoveler değil shovelar biçiminde geçiyor]), shovelard (Phillips 1925), shovel-bill (Phillips 1925), blue-wing shoveller (Phillips 1925), blue-winged shoveller (MacGillivray 1842), blue-winged shovel-bill (MacGillivray 1842), spoonbill (Phillips 1925; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), spoon-bill (Payne 1913), spoonbill duck, spoon-billed duck (Johnsgard 1975), spoon-billed widgeon, swaddle-bill (Phillips 1925), broad-bill (MacGillivray 1842), broadbill (Phillips 1925), broad-nosed duck, mud duck (Phillips 1925), cowan (Phillips 1925), cow-frog (Phillips 1925), maiden duck (Phillips 1925), sheldrake (Phillips 1925), whinyard (Phillips 1925), rattle-wing (Phillips 1925), britannia (Phillips 1925)
SYN Spatula clypeata clypeata
SYN Anas rubens Gmelin, 1789 [young male var.] – red-breasted shoveler (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; MacGillivray 1842; Phillips 1925)
SYN Anas clypeata mexicana, Rhynchaspis clypeata α mexicana, Anas mexicana, Clypeata mexicana, Rhynchaspis mexicana – Mexican shoveller (Latham), Mexican shoveler (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
SYN Spatula clypeata indiana – eastern shoveler (Mathews 1913)
Spatula rhynchotis or Anas rhynchotis – Australasian shoveler (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian shoveler (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907), Australian shoveller (Phillips 1925), southern shoveler, blue-winged shoveler (Johnsgard 1978), blue-wing (Phillips 1925), shoveler, shoveller, shovelbill, shovel-nosed duck (Phillips 1925), spoonbill duck, spoon-bill duck, spoonbill (Johnsgard 1978), spoony, spoonie, stinker
Spatula rhynchotis rhynchotis or Anas rhynchotis rhynchotis, Rhynchaspis rhynchotis – Australian shoveler (Hubbard 1907; Mathews 1913; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian shoveller (Phillips 1925), New Holland shoveler (Hubbard 1907), New Holland shoveller (Phillips 1925)
Spatula rhynchotis variegata or Anas rhynchotis variegata, Spatula variegata, Rhynchaspis variegata – New Zealand shoveler (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), New Zealand shoveller (Phillips 1925), New Zealand spoonbill (WWT 1951 [as New Zealand Shoveler or Spoonbill] ), New Zealand Australian shoveler (Avibase), kuruwhengi
Anas [sensu stricto : incl. Mareca]
Mareca [Anas subgenera Mareca, Eunetta, Chaulelasmus]
Anas subgenus Chaulelasmus
Anas strepera or Mareca strepera – gadwall (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; Payne 1913; Nicoll 1919; Bowen 1926; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), gray wigeon, gray widgeon, grey duck, gray duck (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), gray mallard, creek duck, bleating duck, speckle-belly, blarting duck, redwing, red wing
Anas strepera strepera or Mareca strepera strepera, Chaulelasmus streperus, Chaulelasmus strepera, Chauliodus strepera, Chauliodes strepera, Ktinorhynchus streperus, Querquedula strepera; Chaulelasmus cinereus, Anas cinerea; Chaulelasmus americanus; Anas kekuschka; Anas mail – common gadwall (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Holarctic gadwall, gadwall (Hubbard 1907), gad-bill (Phillips 1923), gray duck (Phillips 1923),gray widgeon (Phillips 1923), sand widgeon (Phillips 1923), speckle-belly (Phillips 1923), creek duck (Phillips 1923), blaten duck (Phillips 1923), Welsh duck (Phillips 1923), German duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas strepera couesi or Mareca strepera couesi, Anas couesi, Chaulelasmus couesi – Coues' gadwall (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965), Coues's gadwall (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1923), Coues gadwall (Johnsgard 1978), Washington Island gadwall
Anas subgenus Eunetta – falcated ducks
Anas falcata or Mareca falcata, Eunetta falcata, Querquedula falcata; Anas falcaria, Querquedula falcaria, Aix falcaria; Anas javana, Querquedula javana; Anas javanensis, Querquedula javanensis; Anas drepanopteros, Querquedula drepanopterus; Querquedula multicolor – falcated duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), falcated teal (Phillips 1923; AOU 1931, 1957; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), bronze-capped teal (Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), bronze capped teal (Murray 1889 [Ü.Ç: tiresiz]), crested teal (Phillips 1923), Javan teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Anas subgenus Mareca– wigeons, widgeons
Anas penelope or Mareca penelope, Penelope penelope; Anas fistularis, Mareca fistularis; Anas cogolca, Anas kogolca, Anas kagolca, Mareca kagolka; ?Anas melanura, ?Mareca melanura – Eurasian wigeon (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1978), Eurasian widgeon, European wigeon (AOU 1910, 1931, 1957; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), European widgeon (Phillips 1923), common wigeon (Hubbard 1907), common widgeon, wigeon (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Jenyns 1835; Murray 1889; Bowen 1926), widgeon (Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895; Lawrence 1895; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1923), whistler (Phillips 1923), whim (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1923), whem-duck (Hubbard 1907), half duck (Phillips 1923), small duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), smee duck (Phillips 1923), easterlings (Phillips 1923), red-headed widgeon (Phillips 1923), yellow-poll (Phillips 1923), baldpate (Hubbard 1907)
♂male – wigeon (Phillips 1923 [male in old English])
♀female – whewer (Phillips 1923 [female in old English])
Anas marecula, Anas sibilatrix marecula – Amsterdam Island wigeon, Amsterdam wigeon, Amsterdam Island duck (Avibase), Amsterdam duck
Anas americana or Mareca americana, Mareca penelope β americana, Chaulelasmus americanus; Anas wigeon – American wigeon (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), American widgeon (Giraud 1844; Phillips 1923; AOU 1957), widgeon (Payne 1913; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), baldpate (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), baldhead (Phillips 1923), bald-head, baldface, bald-faced widgeon (Phillips 1923), baldcrown, bald crown (Phillips 1923), green-headed widgeon (Phillips 1923), wheat duck (Phillips 1923), whitebelly (Phillips 1923), white-belly, gray duck, southern widgeon (Phillips 1923), California widgeon, poacher (Phillips 1923), smoking duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas sibilatrix or Mareca sibilatrix, Sarkidiornis sibilatrix; Anas chiloensis; Mareca chiloensis; Chaulelasmus chiloensis; Anas parvirostris – Chiloé wigeon (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Chiloe wigeon (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907), Chiloé widgeon, Chiloe widgeon (Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Chilian widgeon (Phillips 1923), Chilean wigeon (Johnsgard 1978), South American wigeon (Johnsgard 1965), southern wigeon, southern widgeon
Anas [sensu stricto : excl. Mareca]
Anas subgenus Melananas, Anas subgenus Speculanas – African black ducks
Anas sparsa, Melananas sparsa, Speculanas sparsa – African black duck (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), black duck (WWT 1951), white-spotted duck (Gurney 1872; Phillips 1923), white-barred black duck (Phillips 1923), speckled duck (Phillips 1923), rare duck (Hubbard 1907)
Anas sparsa sparsa – South African black duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), southern black duck, black river duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas sparsa leucostigma, Anas leucostigma; ?Anas guttata – pink-billed black duck, Ethiopian black duck (Johnsgard 1978), Abyssinian Black duck (Johnsgard 1965), African Black Duck (West African) (Avibase)
SYN Anas sparsa maclatchyi – Gabon black duck (Johnsgard 1965), Gabon African black duck (Avibase), West African black duck (Johnsgard 1978)
Anas subgenus Anas – mallards, mallardine ducks
Anas pachyscelus – Bermuda flightless duck, Bermuda Islands flightless duck
Anas undulata – yellow-billed duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), yellowbill duck, yellowbill (Johnsgard 1978), African yellow-billed duck (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978), African yellowbill
Anas undulata undulata; Anas xanthorhyncha, Querquedula xanthorhyncha; Anas flavirostris; Anas capensis – southern yellow-billed duck, Southern Africa yellow-billed duck (Avibase), South African yellow-billed duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), South African yellow-bill (WWT 1951)
Anas undulata rueppelli, Anas rueppelli – northern yellow-billed duck, Northeastern Africa yellow-billed duck, Abyssinian yellow-billed duck (Avibase; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Abyssinian yellow-bill (WWT 1951)
Anas undulata subsp. – Cameroon yellow-bill (WWT 1951)
Anas melleri; Anas moreli; Anas mascarina – Meller's duck (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Meller duck (Johnsgard 1978), Madagascar mallard
Anas luzonica, Anas luconica – Philippine duck (Avibase; HBW; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Philipine mallard (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978), Luzon duck, Luzon mallard
Anas superciliosa – Pacific black duck (Avibase; HBW), black duck (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978), grey duck (WWT 1951), gray duck (Phillips 1923), brown duck (Phillips 1923), Australian duck (Phillips 1923), Australian wild duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), Australasian wild duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas superciliosa superciliosa; Anas superciliaris – New Zealand grey duck, New Zealand gray duck (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), grey duck, eyebrowed duck (Hubbard 1907), supercilious duck (Latham 1785; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907)
SYN Anas novaehollandiae
SYN Anas superciliosa percna
Anas superciliosa rogersi – Australian grey duck (WWT 1951), Australian gray duck (Johnsgard 1978), Australian black duck (Johnsgard 1965), Australasian duck
Anas superciliosa pelewensis [Pelew = Palau] – Pacific Islands gray duck, Pelew Island gray duck (Johnsgard 1965), Pelew Island black duck, lesser grey duck, lesser gray duck (Johnsgard 1978), island black duck
SYN Anas muelleri, Anas mulleri, Anas mülleri
SYN Anas superciliosa rukensis [Ruk = Truk = Chuuk]§ Avibase Anas platyrhynchos rukensis (Citation: Kuroda Sr, N, 1939) alt türünü Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos sinonimi, Anas superciliosa rukensis (Citation: Kuroda Sr, N, 1939) alt türünü de Anas superciliosa pelewensis sinonimi olarak veriyor. Her ikisi de aynı mı yoksa ayrı mı, bilemiyorum. "Anas platyrhynchos rukensis" yazımını Avibase dışında doğrulatamadım, fakat diğer biçimi doğrulatabildim: Anas superciliosus rukensis Kuroda, 1939: Geese & Ducks World, text to pl. 52 – Truk, Caroline Islands, PacificOcean. [2010 (4ᵗʰ edition) Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquaire Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica]
Anas laysanensis, Anas platyrhynchos laysanensis, Horizonetta laysanenis – Laysan duck (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965), Laysan Laysan mallard (Johnsgard 1978), Laysan teal (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978)
Anas cf. laysanensis – Lisianski duck
Anas wyvilliana, Anas platyrhynchos wyvilliana; Anas supereiliosa a. sandwichensis; Anas aberti – Hawaiian duck (Avibase; HBW; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Hawaiian mallard (Johnsgard 1978), Sandwich Islands duck (Phillips 1923), koloa (WWT 1951)
Anas poecilorhyncha [sensu lato : incl. zonorhyncha, superciliosa] – spot-billed duck (Johnsgard 1965), gray duck (Johnsgard 1978)
Anas poecilorhyncha [sensu stricto] – spot-billed duck (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978), western spot-billed duck, spotted-billed duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), spotted billed duck (Murray 1889 [Ü.Ç: tiresiz]), spotbill (WWT 1951), spotbill duck, spot-billed grey duck, spot-billed gray duck, grey duck, gray duck (Phillips 1923), Indian spot-billed duck (Avibase; HBW), Indian spot-bill (Phillips 1923)
Anas poecilorhyncha poecilorhyncha, Mareca poecilorhyncha – Indian spot-billed duck (Johnsgard 1965), Indian spot-billed grey duck, Indian spotbill, spot-billed gray duck (Johnsgard 1978)
Anas poecilorhyncha haringtoni, Anas haringtoni, Polionetta haringtoni – Burmese spot-billed duck (Johnsgard 1965), Burmese Indian spot-billed duck (Avibase), Burmese spotbill, Burmese grey duck, Burmese gray duck (Johnsgard 1978), eastern gray duck, eastern grey duck
Anas platyrhynchos [sensu lato : incl. fulvigula, diazi, wyvilliana, laysanensis] – mallard (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Anas platyrhynchos [sensu stricto], Anas boschas, Anas boscas – mallard (Avibase; HBW; Wilson & Bonaparte 1831c; Jenyns 1835; Giraud 1844; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1957; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; Hubbard 1907; Payne 1913; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1923; Bowen 1926; WWT 1951), wild duck (RZSI 1833; Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1923), common wild drake (Wilson & Bonaparte 1831c), common duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), greenhead (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), green-head (Phillips 1923), green-headed mallard (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), gray duck (Phillips 1923), gray mallard (Phillips 1923), stock duck (Phillips 1923), English duck (Phillips 1923), French duck (Phillips 1923), mire duck (Phillips 1923), muir duck (Phillips 1923), moss duck (Phillips 1923)
♂male – mallard (Hubbard 1907 [The proper distinction in the many names by which this bird is known, is to apply the term "Mallard" to the male only, his mate being properly the "Wild Duck."])
♀female – grey duck, gray duck
Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos, Anas platyrhyncha platyrhyncha; Anas boschas, Anas boscas; Anas boschas communis; Anas boschas pallescens; Boschas fera – common mallard (AOU 1931; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), European mallard, northern mallard (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), mallard (Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
SYN Anas archiboschas
SYN Anas platyrhynchos neoborea
SYN Anas platyrhynchos subboschas, Anas subboschas – Iceland mallard (Avibase)
Anas platyrhynchos conboschas, Anas platyrhyncha conboschas, Anas boschas conboschas, Anas conboschas; Anas boscas spilogaster – Greenland mallard (Avibase; Phillips 1923; AOU 1931; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Anas platyrhynchos oustaleti, Anas oustaleti; ?Anas boschas a. freycineti – Mariana mallard (Avibase), Marianas mallard, Mariana duck, Marianne Islands duck (Phillips 1923), Oustalet's duck, Oustalet's gray duck (Phillips 1923), Ladrone duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas platyrhynchos var. domesticus, Anas domestica, Anas (Boschas) domestica, Boschas domestica – domestic duck (Jenyns 1835), domesticated duck
§ Names given to Domestic Breeds (Phillips 1923): Anas cirrhata; Anas persica; Anas major; Anas grisea; Anas naevia; Anas nigra; Anas curvirostra; Anas salvadorii
DOM Anas curvirostra – curve-billed duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [taken in Holland])
DOM Anas adunca – hook-billed duck (Jenyns 1835)
DOM – Abacot Ranger, Hooded Ranger, Streicher
DOM – Alabio duck
DOM – Allier duck
DOM – Ancona duck
DOM – Australian Spotted, Australian Spotted duck
DOM – Aylesbury duck (Hubbard 1907)
DOM – Bali duck, Balinese crested duck, crested runner duck
DOM – Bau Duck, Ta Duck
DOM – Blekinge duck
DOM – Bourbon Duck
DOM – Call Duck (Hubbard 1907), Decoy Duck (Hubbard 1907)
DOM – Australian Call
DOM – Campbell Duck
DOM – Cayuga Duck (Hubbard 1907 [it takes its name from the lake Cayuga (New York), where it has been bred for a series of years by Mr. J. S. Clarke.])
DOM – Challans Duck
DOM – Crested Duck
DOM – Danish Duck
DOM – Dendermond Duck
DOM – Duclair Duck
DOM – East Indie Duck, East Indian Duck (Hubbard 1907), East Indies duck, East Indies, Black East Indies, black East Indian duck
DOM – Elizabeth duck
DOM – Estaires Duck
DOM – Faroese Duck
DOM – Forest Duck
DOM – Gimbsheimer Duck
DOM – Golden Cascade
DOM – Gressingham Duck
DOM – Havanna Duck, Havann
DOM – hook bill, Dutch hookbill, Dutch hookbill duck
DOM – Hungarian Duck
DOM – Huttengem Duck
DOM – Indian Runner Duck
DOM – Khaki Campbell
DOM – Magpie Duck
DOM – Orpington duck, Orpington, buff Orpington duck, buff duck
DOM – Overberg Duck
DOM – American Pekin Duck, Pekin Duck (Hubbard 1907), Long Island duck
DOM – German Pekin Duck, Pekin
DOM – Pomeranian duck, Pommern duck
DOM – Rouen Clair duck
DOM – Rouen Duck (Hubbard 1907 [The origin of the name " Rouen Duck " is doubtful, some concluding that it is derived from " roan " duck, others stating that the town of Rouen in Normandy is the birthplace of the breed ; be this as it may, the duck pies and duck ragoûts served in Rouen confer distinction on the bird which furnishes them.])
DOM – Runner, Indian Runner Duck
DOM – Saxony Duck
DOM – Semois duck
DOM – Shetland duck
DOM – Silver Appleyard duck, Large Appleyard
DOM – Silver Appleyard Miniature, Miniature Appleyard
DOM – Silver Bantam, Silver Appleyard Bantam
DOM – Swedish Blue duck, Swedish Blue, Blue Swedish, Swedish duck
DOM – Swedish Yellow Duck
DOM – Termonde Duck
DOM – Tsaiya Duck
DOM – Ukrainian Clay Duck
DOM – Ukrainian Grey Duck
DOM – Ukrainian White Ducks
DOM – Venetian Duck
DOM – Vouille Duck
DOM – Watervale Duck
DOM – Welsh Harlequin Duck
DOM – White-breasted black duck
DOM [Pekin × Cairina moschata] – mulard, moulard
DOM Anas torrida, Branta torrida [Common Duck × Cairina moschata] – white-headed brent (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810) § According to Bechstein, probably a hybrid between a Common Duck and Cairina moschata
Anas zonorhyncha – eastern spot-billed duck (Avibase; Phillips 1923), eastern gray duck (Phillips 1923), eastern yellow-billed duck (Phillips 1923), Chinese spot-billed duck (HBW; Johnsgard 1965), Chinese spotbill, Chinese grey duck, Chinese gray duck (Johnsgard 1978), yellow-nib duck, yellow-nib (Phillips 1923), zone-billed duck (Phillips 1923), dusky mallard (Phillips 1923)
Anas rubripes, Anas obscura – American black duck (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965), North American black duck (Johnsgard 1978), black duck (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, AOU 1957; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1975), black mallard (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), spring black duck (Phillips 1923), winter black duck (Phillips 1923), black stock duck (Phillips 1923), dusky duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844; Phillips 1923), northern mallard
SYN Anas rubripes rubripes, Anas obscura rubripes, Anas fulvigula rubripes – red-legged American black duck (Avibase), red-legged black duck (Brewster 1902; Henninger 1902; Phillips 1923; AOU 1931; Johnsgard 1975) [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], red-legged duck, redleg [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], red-paddle [LOC Delaware (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], red-legged Jackie [LOC Ohio (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], big winter Jackie [LOC Ohio (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], winter black duck [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], sedge black duck [LOC New Jersey (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], ledge duck [LOC Nova Scotia (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], short-necked black [LOC New York (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], October duck [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], bay duck [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], sea duck [LOC Rhode Island (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], outside duck [LOC Nova Scotia (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], black duck (WWT 1951)
SYN Anas rubripes tristis Brewster 1909 [new name for Anas obscura Gmelin, 1912], Anas tristis – green-legged black duck (Phillips 1923) [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], little green-leg [LOC Ohio (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], little green-legged Jackie [LOC Ohio (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], spring black duck [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], summer black duck [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], pond black duck [LOC Massachusetts, Rhode Island (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], putty-legs [LOC Massachusetts (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], nigger black duck [LOC Delaware (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], grassy channel black duck [LOC New Jersey (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], long-necked black [LOC New York (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], beach duck [LOC Nova Scotia (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], inside duck [LOC Nova Scotia (The Auk Vol. 61 1944)], common black duck (AOU 1931), common American black duck (Avibase), black duck
SYN ( = tristis) Anas rubripes obscura, Anas obscura obscura, Anas boschas obscura, Anas obscura [of authors] – dusky duck (Hubbard 1907, Millais 1907), dusky mallard (Millais 1907), black duck (Hubbard 1907)
Anas diazi or Anas fulvigula diazi – Mexican duck (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1965), Mexican black duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Mexican mallard (Johnsgard 1975, 1978)
SYN Anas diazi diazi, Anas platyrhynchos diazi – Mexican duck (Phillips 1923, Johnsgard 1978), Diaz's duck (Phillips 1923)
SYN Anas diazi novimexicana, Anas novimexicana – New Mexican duck (Phillips 1923; OU 1931; Johnsgard 1975), Mexican Duck (New Mexico) (Avibase), Huber's duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas fulvigula [sensu lato : incl. diazi] – mottled duck (HBW), southern mallards (Johnsgard 1975)
Anas fulvigula [sensu stricto : excl. diazi] – mottled duck (Avibase; Phillips 1923; AOU 1957), mottled mallard, southern black duck (Phillips 1923), Florida duck (HBW), Florida black duck (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a [incl. fulvigula & maculosa]), Florida dusky duck (Phillips 1923), dusky mallard (Johnsgard 1975), brown mallard (Phillips 1923), striped mallard (Phillips 1923), summer mallard (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1975), summer duck (Phillips 1923), summer black duck (Johnsgard 1975), summer French duck (Phillips 1923)
Anas fulvigula fulvigula, Anas obscura fulvigula – Florida mottled duck (Avibase), Florida dusky duck (Phillips 1923), Florida black duck (Phillips 1923), Florida duck (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Florida mallard (Johnsgard 1975, 1978)
Anas fulvigula maculosa, Anas maculosa – Gulf Coast mottled duck (Avibase), Gulf mottled duck, Texas mottled duck, Texas dusky duck (Phillips 1923), Texan black duck, Mexican mottled duck, Mexican mallard (Phillips 1923), Louisiana mottled duck (WWT 1951), mottled mallard (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), mottled duck (AOU 1895, 1910, 1931; Johnsgard 1965), North American mallard
Anas subgenus Nettion : Atlantic/Red-and-green head clade – green-winged teals, teals, true teals § Johnsgard 1965: the group here collectively termed "green-winged teal (common teal, South American teal, Cape teal and Baikal teal)
Anas crecca [sensu lato : incl. carolinensis] – green-winged teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), greenwing (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), common teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978), northern green-winged teal (Johnsgard 1975), teal (Johnsgard 1975)
Anas crecca [sensu stricto : excl. carolinensis], Nettion crecca – common teal (Avibase; HBW; Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Murray 1889; Lawrence 1895; Bowen 1926; AOU 1957), teal (Jenyns 1835; Nicoll 1919), European teal (AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931; Swarth 1934)
Anas crecca crecca, Nettion crecca crecca; Nettion crecca, Nettium crecca, Querquedula crecca, Dafila crecca, Boschas crecca; Querquedula crecca α rubens, Anas rubens; Querquedula subcrecca; Querquedula creccoides – Eurasian teal, European teal (Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965), Eurasian green-winged teal (Johnsgard 1978), European green-winged teal (Phillips 1923), common teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951)
SYN (♀) Anas sirsaeir – sirsæir teal (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810 [as Anas Sirsæir])
?SYN Anas minuta – smallest duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810) § Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810: 40. Anas minuta, the smallest duck; an obscure species, of a blackish brown colour, with a white spangle on the wing, and a broad white spot between the eye and the bill. They principally inhabit Russia. / 61. Anas minuta [Ü.Ç = Histrionicus histrionicus], the little brown-and-white teal; disitinguished by a white spot on the sides of the head, and on the corner of the bill. This species dreads not the most intense cold, and inhabits Hudson's bay.
Anas crecca nimia, Nettion crecca nimia – Aleutian common teal (Avibase), Aleutian green-winged teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Anas carolinensis, Anas crecca carolinensis, Nettion crecca carolinensis, Nettion carolinense, Nettion carolinensis, Nettium carolinense, Nettium carolinensis, Querquedula carolinensis, Boschas carolinensis; Boschas crecca americana, Querquedula americana, Anas americana; Anas migratoria; Anas sylvatica – green-winged teal (Avibase; HBW; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1931, 1957; Payne 1913; Phillips 1923), green winged duck, green-wing (Phillips 1923), North American green-winged teal (Johnsgard 1978), American green-winged teal (Giraud 1844; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), American teal (Phillips 1923), Carolina teal (Hubbard 1907), winter teal (Phillips 1923), mud teal (Phillips 1923), red-headed teal (Phillips 1923)
SYN Querquedula groenlandica – Greenland green-winged teal
Anas andium, Nettion andium – Andean teal (Avibase; HBW), Andean speckled teal
Anas andium andium, Nettion andium andium, Anas flavirostris andium, Nettion andium, Nettium andium – Andean speckled teal (Johnsgard 1978), Andean teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965)
Anas andium altipetens, Nettion andium altipetens, Anas flavirostris altipetens – Mérida teal, Merida teal (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965), Merida speckled teal (Johnsgard 1978), Merida Andean teal (Avibase)
Anas flavirostris [sensu lato : incl. andium] – speckled teal (Johnsgard 1978), South American teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Anas flavirostris [sensu stricto : excl. andium] – yellow-billed teal (Avibase; HBW)
Anas flavirostris flavirostris, Nettion flavirostre flavirostre, Nettion flavirostre, Nettion flavirostris, Nettium flavirostre, Nettium flavirostris, Querquedula flavirostris; Anas creccoides, Querquedula creccoides; Anas azarae – yellow-billed teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), Chilean speckled teal (Johnsgard 1978), Chilean teal (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Chilian teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), tree teal (Phillips 1923)
Anas flavirostris oxyptera, Nettion flavirostre oxypterum, Nettion flavirostris oxypterum, Anas oxyptera, Nettion oxypterum, Nettium oxypterum, Dafila oxyptera, Querquedula oxyptera; Querquedula angustirostris; Querquedula creccoides – sharp-winged speckled teal (Johnsgard 1978), sharp-winged teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Meyen's teal (Hubbard 1907)
Anas capensis, Mareca capensis, Nettion capense, Nettion capensis, Nettium capense, Querquedula capensis, Chauliodus capensis, Chaulelasmus strepera α capensis; Anas larvata, Querquedula larvata; Anas assimilis – Cape teal (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), African Cape teal, Cape wigeon (Hubbard 1907; Johnsgard 1978), Cape-wigeon (Gurney 1872), Cape widgeon (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Phillips 1923), African pink-billed teal (Phillips 1923), pink-billed teal (Johnsgard 1978), pink-billed duck
Anas subgenus Dafila – pintails
Anas erythrorhyncha, Nettion erythrorhyncha, Poecilonetta erythrorhyncha, Dafila erythrorhyncha, Mareca erythrorhyncha, Tadorna erythrorhyncha; Anas pyrrhorhyncha, Querquedula pyrrhorhyncha – red-billed teal (HBW; Gurney 1872; Phillips 1923), red-billed duck (Avibase; Phillips 1923), red-billed pintail (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), red-bill (Bowen 1926), African red-billed pintail (WWT 1951), African red-billed teal (Johnsgard 1978), African red-billed duck (Phillips 1923) , crimson-billed duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Phillips 1923)
Anas bahamensis – white-cheeked pintail (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), white-head, white-throat, Bahama pintail (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1975), Bahaman pintail, Bahama teal (Johnsgard 1975), Bahama duck (Phillips 1923; AOU 1957; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), green-winged teal (Phillips 1923 [LOC Andros Island]), summer duck, brass wing
Anas bahamensis bahamensis, Dafila bahamensis bahamensis, Paecilonitta bahamensis bahamensis, Dafila bahamensis, Poecilonetta bahamensis, Mareca bahamensis, Anas ilathera; Anas urophasianus, Dafila urophasianus, Poecilonetta urophasianus, Phasianurus vigorsii – lesser white-cheeked pintail (Johnsgard 1978), lesser Bahama pintail (Johnsgard 1975), northern Bahama pintail (Johnsgard 1965), Bahama pintail (AOU 1931), Bahaman pintail (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), ilathera duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810)
Anas bahamensis rubrirostris, Dafila bahamensis rubrirostris, Poecilonetta bahamensis rubrirostris, Paecilonitta bahamensis rubrirostris, Anas rubrirostris; Anas fimbriata – greater white-cheeked pintail (Johnsgard 1978), greater Bahama pintail, southern Bahama pintail (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), southern Bahaman pintail (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a)
Anas bahamensis galapagensis, Dafila bahamensis galapagensis, Anas galapagensis, Dafila galapagensis, Poecilonetta galapagensis – Galapagos white-cheeked pintail (Avibase; Johnsgard 1978), Galapagos pintail (Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965), Galapagos Island pintail (Hubbard 1907), Galapagos Island duck (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978), Galapagos Bahama pintail
Anas georgica – yellow-billed pintail (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), brown pintail (Johnsgard 1978)
Anas georgica georgica, Anas georgica, Dafila georgica, Nettion georgicum, Tadorna georgica; Anas xanthorhyncha, Querquedula xanthorhyncha; Querquedula antartica – South Georgia pintail, South Georgian pintail (Johnsgard 1965), South Georgia teal, South Georgian teal (Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1978), South Georgia yellow-billed pintail (Avibase), South Georgian brown pintail (Johnsgard 1978), Georgian duck (Phillips 1923), Georgia duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810, Hubbard 1907), yellow-billed pintail, yellow-billed duck (Gurney 1872 [as Anas xanthorhyncha])
Anas georgica niceforoi, Anas niceforoi, Dafila niceforoi – Niceforo's pintail (Hellmayr & Conover 1948a; Johnsgard 1965), Niceforo's yellow-billed pintail (Avibase), Niceforo brown pintail (Johnsgard 1978)
Anas georgica spinicauda, Anas spinicauda, Dafila spinicauda, Paecilonitta spinicauda, Erismatura spinicauda; Anas oxyura, Dafila oxyura – Chilean pintail (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Chilian pintail (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923), Chilean yellow-billed pintail (Avibase), Chilean brown pintail (Johnsgard 1978), brown pintail (Phillips 1923; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), South American pintail (Phillips 1923)
Anas acuta [sensu lato: incl. eatoni] – pintail (Johnsgard 1965, 1975, 1978)
Anas acuta [sensu stricto: excl. eatoni], Dafila acuta – northern pintail (Avibase; HBW), European pintail, common pintail (Hubbard 1907; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), common pintail duck, pintail duck (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810; Giraud 1844; Lawrence 1895), pintail (Wilson & Bonaparte 1831c; Jenyns 1835; AOU 1886, 1889a, 1895, 1910, 1957; Murray 1889; Hubbard 1907; Nicoll 1919; Phillips 1923; Bowen 1926; Swarth 1934; Hellmayr & Conover 1948a), pin-tail (Payne 1913), Holarctic northern pintail, piketail, pike-tail (Phillips 1923), picket-tail (Phillips 1923), piket-tail, spike-tail (Phillips 1923), spindle-tail (Phillips 1923), split-tail (Phillips 1923), springtail, sprigtail (Wilson & Bonaparte 1831c; Johnsgard 1975), sprig-tail (Phillips 1923), sprig (Payne 1913; Johnsgard 1975, 1978), pile-start (Phillips 1923), pied gray duck (Phillips 1923), gray duck (Phillips 1923), gray widgeon (Phillips 1923), sea widgeon (Phillips 1923), sea pheasant (Phillips 1923), sea-pheasant (Encyclopædia Londinensis 1810), water pheasant (Phillips 1923), long-neck (Phillips 1923), winter duck (Phillips 1923), cracker (Phillips 1923), lady-bird (Phillips 1923), harlan (Phillips 1923), smee (Phillips 1923)
SYN Anas acuta acuta, Dafila acuta acuta, Anas (Boschas) acuta, Anas (Dafila) acuta, Dafila acuta, Querquedula acuta, Phasianurus acutus, Trachelonetta acuta; Anas caudacuta, Anas (Dafila) caudacuta, Dafila caudacuta, Querquedula caudacuta; Anas caudata, Dafila caudata; Anas longicauda, Dafila longicauda; Anas subulata; Anas alandica; Anas sparrmanni – Palearctic pintail, Palearctic northern pintail (Avibase), northern pintail (Johnsgard 1975, 1978), common pintail (Johnsgard 1965)
SYN Anas acuta tzitzihoa, Dafila acuta tzitzihoa, Anas tzitzihoa; Dafila acuta americana – American pintail (AOU 1931; Johnsgard 1975), American northern pintail (Avibase)
SYN Anas acuta modesta, Dafila modesta – Tristram's pintail (Hume & Walters 2012)
Anas eatoni – Eaton's pintail (Avibase), southern pintail (HBW)
Anas eatoni eatoni, Anas acuta eatoni, Dafila eatoni, Querquedula eatoni; Querquedula kerguelensis – Kerguelen pintail (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Kerguelen Islands pintail, Kerguelen Eaton's pintail (Avibase), Eaton's pintail (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923)
Anas eatoni drygalskii, Anas acuta drygalskii, Anas drygalskii – Crozet pintail (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Crozet Islands pintail, Crozette Islands pintail (Phillips 1923), Crozet Eaton's pintail (Avibase)
Anas subgenus Nettion – teals
New Zealand & Indian Ocean clades – austral teals § Johnsgard 1965: which grade into the "austral" teal (gray teal, chestnut teal and brown teal).
Indian Ocean clade (Anas subgenus Virago) – gray teals
Anas castanea, Anas (Nettion) castanea, Nettion castanea, Nettion castaneum, Mareca castanea, Virago castanea; Anas punctata, Mareca punctata, Querquedula punctata – chestnut teal (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), chestnut-breasted teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), red-breasted teal, red teal, green-headed teal (Phillips 1923), Australian teal (Phillips 1923), mountain teal (Johnsgard 1978)
Anas albogularis, Anas gibberifrons albogularis, Mareca albogularis; Polionetta albigularis, Nettion albigulare, Nettium albigulare; Anas andamanensis, Nettion andamanensis, Querquedula andamanensis – Andaman teal (Avibase; HBW; Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Andeman grey teal, Andaman gray teal (Johnsgard 1978), mangrove teal (Phillips 1923), Oceanic teal (Phillips 1923), gibbery (Phillips 1923)
SYN Anas albogularis albogularis
SYN Anas albogularis leucopareus, Polionetta albigularis leucopareus
Anas gibberifrons [sensu lato: gibberifrons, albogularis, gracilis]; Anas muta – gray teal (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Oceanic teal (Phillips 1923), wood teal (Phillips 1923), mountain teal (Phillips 1923)
Anas gibberifrons [sensu stricto] – Sunda teal (Avibase; HBW), Indonesian grey teal, Indonesian gray teal, East Indian grey teal
Anas gibberifrons gibberifrons, Anas (Mareca) gibberifrons, Mareca gibberifrons, Querquedula gibberifrons, Virago gibberifrons, Nettion gibberifrons – Sunda teal, Sumatra teal (Hubbard 1907), Australasian oceanic teal, Müller's duck (Hubbard 1907), East Indian gray teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Anas gibberifrons remissa – Rennell Island teal, Rennell Island grey teal, Rennell Island gray teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Rennell Islands grey teal, Rennell Islands gray teal, Rennell gray teal, Rennell grey teal, Rennell Islands Sunda teal (Avibase)
Anas gracilis – grey teal (Avibase; HBW), gray teal, Australasian grey teal, Australasian gray teal, Australasian teal, Australian grey teal, Australian gray teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Australian teal, slender teal (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1978)
SYN Anas gracilis gracilis, Anas gibberifrons gracilis, Anas gracilis
SYN Anas gracilis mathewsi, Anas gibberifrons mathewsi; Virago gibberifrons rogersi, Virago castanea rogersi, Nettion castaneum rogersi (not Anas superciliosa rogersi) – Australian grey teal (WWT 1951)
Anas bernieri, Anas gibberifrons bernieri, Nettion bernieri, Nettium bernieri, Dafila bernieri, Querquedula bernieri; Dafila vinsoni – Bernier's teal (Avibase; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), Bernier's duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1923), Madagascan teal (Phillips 1923; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), Madagascar teal (HBW)
Anas theodori – Mascarene teal, Mauritian duck (Avibase), Mauritius duck, Sauzier's teal
New Zealand clade – brown teals
Anas chathamica or Pachyanas chathamica – Chatham duck, Chatham Island duck (Avibase)
Anas chlorotis, Anas aucklandica chlorotis, Anas chlorotis, Elasmonetta chlorotis – brown teal (HBW), brown duck (Hubbard 1907; Phillips 1925; WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1978), New Zealand brown teal (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965, 1978), New Zealand teal (Avibase)
Anas cf. chlorotis – Macquarie Islands teal
Anas aucklandica [sensu lato : incl. chlorotis, nesiotis] – brown teal (Johnsgard 1965, 1978)
Anas aucklandica [sensu stricto], Anas aucklandica aucklandica, Nesonetta aucklandica – Auckland teal (Avibase; HBW), Auckland Islands teal, Auckland Island teal (Johnsgard 1978), Auckland Island flightless teal (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Auckland Island flightless duck (Johnsgard 1978), Auckland Island duck (Hubbard 1907, Phillips 1925), Auckland duck, flightless teal (Johnsgard 1978), flightless duck (Phillips 1925)
Anas nesiotis, Anas aucklandica nesiotis, Xenonetta nesiotis – Campbell teal (Avibase; HBW), Campbell Island teal (Johnsgard 1978), Campbell Islands teal, Campbell Island flightless teal (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965)
Incertae Sedis (Anatidae)
Salvadorina waigiuensis, Anas waigiuensis – Salvadori's teal (Avibase; HBW; Johnsgard 1978), Salvadori's duck (WWT 1951; Johnsgard 1965), Salvadori duck (Johnsgard 1978)
Chelychelynechen quassus – turtle-jawed moa-nalo, large Kauai goose
Ptaiochen pau – small-billed moa-nalo, stumbling moa-nalo
Thambetochen – large-billed moa-nalos
Thambetochen xanion – O'ahu moa-nalo
Thambetochen chauliodous – Maui Nui large-billed moa-nalo, Maui Nui moa-nalo
Dromornithidae – dromornithids

 

 



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