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Bitki ve Hayvan Adları

İngilizce Kuş Adları
English Names of Birds
 
by
Ümüt Çınar

Kasım 2015-2017
(tamamlanmamış)
1

01 → Pᴀʟᴇᴏɢɴᴀᴛʜᴀᴇ : Sᴛʀᴜᴛʜɪᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Rʜᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀsᴜᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴛᴇʀʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴇᴘʏᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Dɪɴᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lɪᴛʜᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tɪɴᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs & Rᴇfᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇs
02 → Gᴀʟʟᴏᴀɴsᴇʀᴀᴇ : Gᴀʟʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
03 → Gᴀʟʟᴏᴀɴsᴇʀᴀᴇ : Aɴsᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
04 → Cᴏʟᴜᴍʙᴇᴀ : Pʜᴏᴇɴɪᴄᴏᴘᴛᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴏᴅɪᴄɪᴘᴇᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Mᴇsɪᴛᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴛᴇʀᴏᴄʟɪᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴏʟᴜᴍʙɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
05 → Oᴛɪᴅᴀᴇ : Mᴜsᴏᴘʜᴀɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Oᴛɪᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴜᴄᴜʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀᴘʀɪᴍᴜʟɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴛᴇᴀᴛᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Nʏᴄᴛɪʙɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴏᴅᴀʀɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴏᴅɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
06 → Gʀᴜᴀᴇ : Oᴘɪsᴛʜᴏᴄᴏᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Gʀᴜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cʜᴀʀᴀᴅʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
07 → Aʀᴅᴇᴀᴇ : Eᴜʀʏᴘʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʜᴀᴇᴛʜᴏɴᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Gᴀᴠɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴘʜᴇɴɪsᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cɪᴄᴏɴɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʀᴏᴄᴇʟʟᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴜʟɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pʟᴀᴛᴀʟᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Pᴇʟᴇᴄᴀɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aʀᴅᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
08 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴀᴛʜᴀʀᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴄᴄɪᴘɪᴛʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Sᴛʀɪɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
09 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴏʟɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lᴇᴘᴛᴏsᴏᴍᴀᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tʀᴏɢᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Bᴜᴄᴇʀᴏᴛɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴏʀᴀᴄɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
10 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Afʀᴏᴀᴠᴇs : Pɪᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
11 → Tᴇʟʟᴜʀᴀᴠᴇs / Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟᴀᴠᴇs : Cᴀʀɪᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Fᴀʟᴄᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Psɪᴛᴛᴀᴄɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs
12Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs : Aᴄᴀɴᴛʜɪsɪᴛᴛɪ, Tʏʀᴀɴɴɪ
13Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ : Mᴇɴᴜʀɪᴅᴀ, Cʟɪᴍᴀᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴅᴀ, Mᴇʟɪᴘʜᴀɢɪᴅᴀ, Oʀᴛʜᴏɴʏᴄʜɪᴅᴀ
14Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Mᴏʜᴏᴜᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Oʀɪᴏʟoɪᴅᴇᴀ
15Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Nᴇosɪᴛᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Mᴀʟᴀᴄᴏɴᴏᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
16Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Cᴏʀᴠɪᴅᴀ : Cᴏʀᴠᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
17Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Mᴇʟᴀɴᴏᴄʜᴀʀɪᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cɴᴇᴍᴏᴘʜɪʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cᴀʟʟᴀᴇᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Pɪᴄᴀᴛʜᴀʀᴛᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Pᴀʀᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
18Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Sʏʟᴠɪᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
19 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Rᴇɢᴜʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Bᴏᴍʙʏᴄɪʟʟᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Cᴇʀᴛʜɪᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ, Mᴜsᴄɪᴄᴀᴘᴏɪᴅᴇᴀ
20 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Dɪᴄᴀᴇɪᴅᴀᴇ, Nᴇᴄᴛᴀʀɪɴɪɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pʟᴏᴄᴇɪᴅᴀᴇ, Esᴛʀɪʟᴅɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀᴇ, Mᴏᴛᴀᴄɪʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Fʀɪɴɢɪʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ
21 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Iᴄᴛᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Eᴍʙᴇʀɪzɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀssᴇʀᴇʟʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Iᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴅᴀᴇ, Pᴀʀᴜʟɪᴅᴀᴇ
22 → Pᴀssᴇʀɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs / Pᴀssᴇʀɪ / Pᴀssᴇʀɪᴅᴀ : Pᴀssᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Iᴄᴛᴇʀoɪᴅᴇᴀ : Cᴀʀᴅɪɴᴀʟɪᴅᴀᴇ, Tʜʀᴀᴜᴘɪᴅᴀᴇ

= erkek
= dişi
sensu lato = geniş anlamda
sensu stricto = dar anlamda
incl. ... = ... dahil
excl. ... = ... hariç
SYN = sinonim
LOC = yer
DOM = evcil
JUV = genç, yavru

EPESKİ SINIFLANDIRMA

A. Terrestres, Aves terrestres – land birds
A.I. Insessores – perchers, perching birds (RZSI 1833; GZS 1837)
... Passeres, Cantores, Cantrices, Oscines – passerine birds, sparrow-like birds, granivorous birds, songsters, warblers, small birds
A.I.1. Dentirostres – tooth-billed birds, toothed bills (RZSI 1833), toothed-beaked birds, dentirostral birds § = Paridae, Motacillidae, Turdidae, Timaliidae, Pycnonotidae, Muscicapidae, Cotingidae, Bombycillidae, Pachycephalidae, Maluridae, Vireonidae, Campephagidae, Dicruridae, Laniidae, Oriolidae, Formicariidae, Tyrannidae, Tityridae, Pipridae, Thamnophilidae
A.I.2. Conirostres – cone-billed birds, conic bills (RZSI 1833), conic-beaked birds, conirostral birds § = passeriform: Corvidae, Callaeidae, Paradisaeidae, Sturnidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Buphagidae, Icteridae, Fringillidae, Ploceidae, Thraupidae, Emberizidae, Alaudidae, Cotingidae & non-passeriform: Coliiformes, Musophagidae, Opisthocomidae, Bucerotidae
A.I.3. Tenuirostres – thin-billed birds, slender bills (RZSI 1833), slender-beaked birds, tenuirostral birds § = passeriform: Promeropidae, Nectariniidae, Coerebidae, Meliphagidae, Furnariidae, Certhiidae, Sittidae, Troglodytidae, Orthonychidae & non-passeriform: Trochilidae, Upupidae
A.I.4. Fissirostres [sensu stricto] – chelidonian birds, swallow tribe § = Hirundinidae
A.I.4. Fissirostres [sensu lato] – wide-mouthed birds, cleft bills (RZSI 1833), cleft-beaked birds, fissirostral birds
A.I.4.a. Fissirostres diurnæ§ = passeriform: Hirundinidae, Eurylaimidae & non-passeriform: Apodidae, Coraciiformes, Trogoniformes, Galbulidae
A.I.4.b. Fissirostres nocturne§ = Caprimulgiformes
... Volitores § = Apodiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Coraciiformes, Trogoniformes, Galbulidae, Bucerotidae
A.I.5. Scansores – climbers (RZSI 1833), climbing birds, yoke-footed birds, zygodactylous birds
A.I.5.a. Prehensores § = Psittaciformes
A.I.5.b. Strepitores, Heterogenes, Insessores Heterogenes, Picariæ, Piece – screechers, picarian birds, pies § = Piciformes, Musophagiformes, Cuculiformes
A.I.5.b.1. Syndactyli [: Arcuirostres, Cylindrirostres, Angulirostres, Serratirostres] –
A.I.5.b.2. Zygodactyli [: Levirostres, Cuneirostres, Curvulirostres] –
A.I.5.b.3. Heterodactyli [: Aecurvirostres, Parvirostres, Tenuirostres] –
A.II. Raptores, Raptatores, Rapaces, Aves rapaces, Accipitres – birds of prey (RZSI 1833; MacGillivray 1836; GZS 1837), preyers, rapacious birds (MacGillivray 1836), predaceous birds (MacGillivray 1836), raveners, accipitrous birds
A.II.1. Diurnes, Accipitres diurni – diurnal birds of prey (Swann 1919a, 1919b, 1920a, 1920b, 1922) § = Cathartiformes, Accipitriformes, Falconiformes
A.II.2. Nocturnes, Accipitres nocturni§ = Strigiformes
A.III. Rasores – scratchers, scrapers, gallinaceous birds (RZSI 1833; GZS 1837)
A.III.1. Gallinæ, Gallinacei, Clamatores, Rasores [sensu stricto] – poultry, fowl-like birds, chicken-like birds (Payne 1913), gallinaceous birds (Payne 1913) § = Galliformes, Pteroclidiformes, Charadriiformes (partim: Thinocoridae, Chionidae, Turnicidae), Tinamiformes
A.III.2. Columbæ, Columbacei, Gemitores, Gyratones – cooers, pigeons, columbine birds, colombian birds § = Columbiformes
A.III.3. Struthiones, Cursores, Struthionidæ Vigors 1825 [: Rhea, Struthio, Casuarius, Dromiceius, Didus, Otis] – coursers, running-birds, runners, struthious birds, ostrich kind (RZSI 1833)
A.III.3.a. Brevipennes – short-winged birds § = Struthioniformes, Rheiformes, Casuariiformes, Apterygiformes
A.III.3.b. Pressirostres, Pressirostri – flat-billed birds, pressirostrial birds § = Otidiformes, Charadriidae
B. Aquaticæ, Aves aquaticæ – water birds
B.IV. Grallatores [sensu lato] – waders, wading birds, grallatorial birds
B.IV.1. Grallæ, Grallatores [sensu stricto] – waders, wading birds (RZSI 1833; GZS 1837), wading-birds, cloven-footed birds, stilted birds § = Otidiformes
B.IV.1.a. Macrodactyli – large-footed birds § = Rallidae, Jacanidae, Anhimidae, Phoenicopteriformes
B.IV.1.b. Cultirostres – knife-billed birds, long-legged wading birds § = Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae, Gruidae, Threskiornithidae
B.IV.1.c. Longirostres – long-billed birds § = Threskiornithidae, Scolopacidae
B.IV.1.d. Pressirostres Struthiones
B.IV.2. Pinnatipedes, Grallæ-pinnatipedes – fin-footed birds, pinnated-footed birds, waders with pinnated feet, lobe footed swimming birds § = Phalaropus, Fulica, Heliornithidae, Podicipedidae
B.IV.3. Palmipedes Natatores
B.V. Natatores, Palmipedes, Anseres – swimmers, swimming birds (RZSI 1833; GZS 1837), web-footed birds, web-footed water birds, palmipeds, anserine birds
B.V.1. Brachyptera, Brevipennatæ – short-winged birds § = Gaviiformes, Podicipediformes, Alcidae, Sphenisciformes
B.V.2. Longipennes, Longipennatæ – long-winged birds, longipennial birds § = Procellariiformes, Laridae, Sternidae
B.V.3. Totipalmatæ – completely web-footed birds § = Pelecanidae, Suliformes, Phaethontiformes
B.V.4. Lamellirostri, Lamellirostres, Lamellirostræ, Lamellirostratæ – flat-billed birds, plated-billed birds, soft-billed swimmers (Payne 1913) § = Anseriformes, Phoenicopteriformes

Tür ve tür üstü taksonların sıralaması büyük ölçüde jboyd sitesine göredir. Alt türlerin sıralaması ise Avibase sitesine göredir.

Palaeognathae

Palaeognathae – paleognaths
Ratitae – ratites
Struthioniformes
[sensu lato: Struthiones, Rheae, Casuarii, Apteryges, Dinornithes, Aepyornithes] – ostriches


Struthioniformes [sensu stricto], Struthiones – ostriches
Struthionidae – ostriches (HBW), ostrich (Bowen 1926), ostrich tribe
Struthio
Struthio camelus – ostrich (RZSI 1833; GZS 1837; Nicoll 1919), common ostrich (HBW), African ostrich (Avibase; Brown 1832)
Struthio camelus camelus – North African ostrich (Mosenthal & Harting 1887; Bowen 1926), North-African ostrich (Gurney 1872), African Ostrich (North African) (Avibase), North African red-necked ostrich, northern ostrich (Mosenthal & Harting 1887), northern red-necked ostrich, red-necked ostrich, Barbary ostrich, Barbary red-necked ostrich, Mali ostrich, Sudan red-necked ostrich, Sudan ostrich, black ostrich (Brown 1776 [partim] ˃Salvadori 1895; Latham 1785 ˃Salvadori 1895; Shaw 1819), Sahel ostrich
SYN Struthio camelus spatzi – West African ostrich, Rio de Oro ostrich, dwarf ostrich
SYN Struthio camelus rothschildi
Struthio camelus syriacus – Arabian ostrich, African Ostrich (Arabian) (Avibase), Arabian red-necked ostrich, Syrian ostrich, Middle Eastern ostrich
Struthio camelus massaicus, Struthio massaicus – Masai ostrich (Tomlinson 1946), East African ostrich (van Someren 1922), eastern ostrich
Struthio camelus australis, Struthio australis; Struthio camelus meridionalis – southern ostrich (Bartl. 1860 ˃Salvadori 1895; Sclat. 1862 ˃Salvadori 1895; Mosenthal & Harting 1887), South African blue-necked ostrich, southern red-necked ostrich, South African ostrich (Mosenthal & Harting 1887), South-African ostrich (Gurney 1872), African Ostrich (Southern) (Avibase), black ostrich (Brown 1776 [partim] ˃Salvadori 1895), ostrich (Licht. 1812 ˃Salvadori 1895; Anderss. 1854 ˃Salvadori 1895)
Struthio camelus var. domesticus – domestic ostrich, domesticated ostrich
commercial name I (= camelus, massaicus) – red-necked ostrich
commercial name II (= molybdophanes, australis) – blue-necked ostrich
commercial name IIIa (= domesticus) – black-necked ostrich, African black
commercial name IIIb (= domesticus) – Cape ostrich, Cape feather bird
Struthio molybdophanes, Struthio camelus molybdophanes – Somali ostrich (Avibase; HBW; van Someren 1922; Tomlinson 1946), Somali blue-necked ostrich, Somali red-necked ostrich, East African blue-necked ostrich
?Struthio epoasticus
?Struthio bidactylus, Autruchon bidactylus, Charadrius bidactylus – Levaillant's ostrich, didactyle ostrich (Hetigl. 1859 ˃Salvadori 1895)
Struthio ? – pigmy ostrich (van Someren 1922 [A "pigmy Ostrich" has been reported from south of Lake Rudolf, but no specimens have been procured.)])
Struthio asiaticus – Asian ostrich, Asiatic ostrich
Struthio brachydactylus – short-toed ostrich
Struthio dmanisensis – giant ostrich


Notopalaeognathae


Rheiformes, Rheae – rheas
Rheidae – rheas
Rhea – rhea
Rhea americana – greater rhea (Avibase; HBW), common rhea (Mosenthal & Harting 1887), rhea (GZS 1837; Mosenthal & Harting 1887), grey rhea, gray rhea, American rhea, American ostrich (Brown 1832; GZS 1837), South American ostrich (Mosenthal & Harting 1887)
Rhea americana americana, Struthio americanus, Struthio camelus americanus; Struthio rhea, Rhea nandua, Rhea nandu – American rhea (Latham 1801 ˃Salvadori 1895; Shaw 1819; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN
Rhea americana macrorhyncha, Rhea macrorhyncha – long-billed rhea (Mosenthal & Harting 1887), great-billed rhea (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), ? Tuyew or Emu (Stedman 1806 ˃Salvadori 1895), Ema (Burton 1869 ˃Salvadori 1895)
Rhea americana intermedia – intermediate rhea (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Rhea americana albescens, Rhea albescens – Argentine rhea (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Argentine common rhea. Argentine gray rhea, Argentine greater rhea
SYN
Rhea americana rothschildi, Rhea rothschildi – Rothschild's rhea (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), common rhea (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Rhea americana nobilis
Rhea americana araneipes
!
Rhea nana – dwarf rhea (Avibase)
Pterocnemia
Rhea pennata [sensu lato : incl. tarapacensis], Pterocnemia pennata– lesser rhea (Avibase)
Rhea pennata
[sensu stricto : excl. tarapacensis], Pterocnemia pennata– Darwin's rhea, Darwin's lesser rhea (Avibase), lesser rhea (HBW)
Rhea pennata pennata, Pterocnemia pennata pennata; Rhea darvinii, Rhea darvini, Rhea americana darwinii, Pterocnemis darwinii, Pterocnemia darwinii, Struthio darwinii – Darwin's rhea (Mosenthal & Harting 1887; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Emu near to the Strait of Magellan (Dobrizhoffer 1784 ˃Salvadori 1895), Ostrich [from Patagonia] (Chaworth-Masters 1872 ˃Salvadori 1895)
Rhea tarapacensis
, Pterocnemia tarapacensis – puna rhea (HBW)
Rhea pennata tarapacensis, Pterocnemia pennata tarapacensis, Rhea tarapacensis tarapacensis, Pterocnemia tarapacensis tarapacensis – Tarapacá rhea (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Rhea pennata garleppi, Pterocnemia pennata garleppi, Rhea tarapacensis garleppi, Pterocnemia tarapacensis garleppi – Garlepp's rhea (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)


Novaeratitae


Casuariiformes, Casuarii – emus and cassowaries
Dromaiidae – emus
Dromaius novaehollandiae – emu (Avibase; Brown 1832; GZS 1837; Mitchell 1838 ˃Salvadori 1895; Bennett 1860 ˃Salvadori 1895; Tegetmeier 1868 ˃Salvadori 1895; Mosenthal & Harting 1887), emeu (Wedemeyer 1824 ˃Salvadori 1895; Cunningh. 1827 ˃Salvadori 1895; RZSI 1833), common emu (HBW), Australian emu, larger emu, spotted emu, New Holland emu (Shaw 1819), New Holland cassowary (Phillip 1789 ˃Salvadori 1895; White 1790 ˃Salvadori 1895; Latham 1801 ˃Salvadori 1895), New Holland ostrich Macartney 1837 ˃Salvadori 1895)
Dromaius novaehollandiae novaehollandiae, Dromaius novaehollandiae, Dromaeus novaehollandiae, Dromiceius novaehollandiae, Casuarius novaehollandiae, Tachea novaehollandiae, Struthio novaehollandiae; Dromaius emeu, Dromiceius emu; Dromiceus australis; Dromaius novaehollandiae montanus; Dromaius ater – south eastern emu, mainland emu, common emu, emu (GZS 1837; Mosenthal & Harting 1887; Mathews 1913), emu of New South Wales (Collin's Voy. 1802 ˃Salvadori 1895)
SYN Dromaius novaehollandiae woodwardi, Dromiceius novaehollandiae woodwardi – northern emu, north-western emu (Mathews 1913)
Dromaius novaehollandiae rothschildi, Dromiceius novaehollandiae rothschildi – south western emu, south-western emu (Mathews 1913)
?SYN Dromaius irroratus, Dromaeus irroratus – spotted emu (Mosenthal & Harting 1887)
Dromaius novaehollandiae diemenensis, Dromiceius novaehollandiae diemenensis, Dromaeus diemenensis – Tasmanian emu (Avibase; Mathews 1913), Van Diemen's Land cassowary (Latham 1823˃Salvadori 1895) § HBW: extinct since c. 1865 (since 1845 in the wild).
Dromaius minor, Dromaius novaehollandiae minor; Dromiceixs spenceri, Peronista spenceri; Dromaius ater – King Island emu (Avibase; Mathews 1913), black emu
Dromaius baudinianus; Dromaius parvulus; Dromaius peroni, Peronista peroni; Dromaius ater, Dromaeus ater; Dromaius diemenianus, Casuarius diemenianus – Kangaroo Island emu (Avibase; Mathews 1913), Kangaroo Island dwarf emu, Kangaroo Island black emu, dwarf emu
Casuariidae – cassowaries
Group I (= casuarius, bicarunculatus) – typical cassowaries (Rothschild 1900)
Casuarius casuarius – southern cassowary (Avibase; HBW), cassowary
!Casuarius casuarius casuarius, Hippalectryo casuarius, Struthio casuarius; Casuarius galeatus; Casuarius emeu; Casuarius orientalis; Hippalectryo indicus – Seram cassowary (Zootierliste), Ceram cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900), common cassowary (Rothschild 1900), cassowary (GZS 1837), galeated cassowary (Latham 1785 ˃Salvadori 1895; Shaw 1819; Brown 1832)
SYN Casuarius javanensis (!) – Javanese (!) cassowary (Gulliv. 1875 ˃Salvadori 1895)
SYN Casuarius casuarius lateralis – North New Guinea cassowary
SYN Casuarius casuarius sclaterii, Casuarius sclaterii; Casuarius australis D'Albertis (non Wall) – D'Albertis's cassowary (Rothschild 1900), Sclater's cassowary (Perron) § Rothschild Sclater's cassowary adını buna değil philipi türüne vermiş.
SYN (= aruensis or beccarii) Casuarius casuarius beccarii, Casuarius beccarii – Wokan cassowary (Zootierliste), Beccari's cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900)
SYN (= aruensis or beccarii) Casuarius casuarius aruensis, Casuarius aruensis
SYN (= aruensis or beccarii) Casuarius casuarius violicollis – violet-necked cassowary (Rothschild 1900, Perron)
SYN Casuarius casuarius johnsonii, Casuarius johnsonii; Casuarius casuarius australis, Casuarius australis – Australian cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900; Mathews 1913), Australian southern cassowary, southern cassowary (Perron), Johnstone's cassowary
SYN (= johnsonii) Casuarius casuarius hamiltoni
?Casuarius casuarius bistriatus, Casuarius bistriatus – north coastal cassowary (Zootierliste)
SYN (= bistriatus) Casuarius casuarius grandis
!Casuarius casuarius bicarunculatus, Casuarius bicarunculatus bicarunculatus, Casuarius bicarunculatus – two-wattled cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900), double-wattled cassowary, Aru Islands cassowary (Zootierliste)
SYN Casuarius casuarius tricarunculatus, Casuarius bicarunculatus tricarunculatus, Casuarius tricarunculatus § Peron'a uyularak düzenlenmiştir. Avibase, altijugus alt türünü casuarius alttürüne, tricarunculatus alt türünü de bicarunculatus alt türüne snonim olarak bağlamış.
SYN (= tricarunculatus) Casuarius casuarius intensus, Casuarius bicarunculatus intensus – blue-necked cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
SYN (= tricarunculatus) Casuarius casuarius altijugus, Casuarius altijugus – Wandammen cassowary (Zootierliste)
SYN (= tricarunculatus) Casuarius casuarius salvadorii, Casuarius salvadorii – Salvadori's cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
SYN (= tricarunculatus) Casuarius casuarius hagenbecki, Casuarius hagenbecki
SYN (= tricarunculatus) Casuarius casuarius chimaera, Casuarius bicarunculatus chimaera
SYN (= tricarunculatus) Casuarius casuarius intermedius, Casuarius bicarunculatus intermedius
Group III (= papuanus, picticollis, bennetti, loriae) – mooruks (Rothschild 1900)
Casuarius bennetti – dwarf cassowary (Avibase; HBW), little cassowary, Bennett's cassowary, mountain cassowary, mooruk (Salvadori 1895)
Casuarius bennetti bennetti – Bennett's cassowary, mooruk (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900) § Rothschild 1900: Native name : '' Moorup " in New Britain (corrupted: "Mooruk")
SYN Casuarius bennetti maculatus, Casuarius maculatus
Casuarius bennetti goodfellowi, Casuarius goodfellowi – Goodfellow cassowary (Zootierliste)
Casuarius bennetti claudii, Casuarius claudii – Grant's cassowary (Perron)
Casuarius bennetti picticollis, Casuarius picticollis – painted-necked cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900), painted-throated cassowary, Wau cassowary
SYN Casuarius bennetti loriae, Casuarius loriae – Loria's cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
Casuarius bennetti hecki, Casuarius picticollis hecki – Heck's cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
SYN Casuarius keysseri
SYN Casuarius foersteri
Casuarius bennetti shawmayeri, Casuarius papuanus shawmayeri
Casuarius bennetti papuanus, Casuarius papuanus – Papuan cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Perron), Papuan dwarf cassowary (Avibase), Westermann's cassowary (Rothschild 1900) § HBW: under name "C. papuanus", with a race edwardsi; type specimen of "papuanus" does not show white occiput, whereas that of "westermanni" does, as does original painting of the same live individual, and in any case name "westermanni" has priority.
SYN Casuarius bennetti westermanni, Casuarius westermanni – Westermann's cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Perron)
SYN (= westermanni) Casuarius rogersi
SYN Casuarius bennetti roseigularis, Casuarius roseigularis
SYN Casuarius casuarius jamrachi, Casuarius jamrachi – Jamrach's cassowary (Perron)
SYN Casuarius bennetti edwardsi, Casuarius westermanni edwardsi, Casuarius edwardsi – Milne-Edwards's cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
Group II (= philipi, unappendiculatus) – one-wattled cassowaries (Rothschild 1900)
Casuarius unappendiculatus – northern cassowary (Avibase; HBW), single-wattled cassowary, one-wattled cassowary
Casuarius unappendiculatus unappendiculatus – one-wattled cassowary (Mosenthal & Harting 1887, Rothschild 1900), single-wattled cassowary
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus doggetti, Casuarius doggetti
SYN Casuarius kaupi – Kaup's cassowary (Sclater 1872, Perron)
Casuarius unappendiculatus occipitalis, Casuarius occipitalis – Yapen golden-necked cassowary, Jobi Island one-wattled cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus occipitalis aberr. laglaizei, Casuarius laglaizei
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus rothschildi,Casuarius rothschildi – Rothschild's one-wattled cassowary
Casuarius unappendiculatus aurantiacus – golden-necked cassowary, gold-neck cassowary, eastern one-wattled cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus rufotinctus – red-necked cassowary, red-tinted one-wattled cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
Casuarius unappendiculatus philipi, Casuarius philipi – Philip's single-wattled cassowary, Sclater's cassowary (Rothschild 1900)
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus mitratus
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus suffusus
SYN Casuarius unappendiculatus multicolor


Apterygiformes, Apteryges – kiwis
Apterygidae – kiwis
Apteryx – apteryx or kiwi (Mosenthal & Harting 1887)
Apteryx australis – southern brown kiwi (Avibase; HBW), common kiwi, tokoeka, apterous penguin (Latham 1824 ˃Salvadori 1895), kiwi (A. Newt. 1893 ˃Salvadori 1895)
Apteryx australis australis – South Island brown kiwi, South Island kiwi (Mosenthal & Harting 1887)
SYN Apteryx australis occidentalis, Apteryx oweni occidentalis, Apteryx occidentalis – west coast spotted kiwi
Apteryx australis australis "Haast" – Haast tokoeka, Haast southern brown kiwi
Apteryx australis australis "?" – northern fiordland tokoeka, Northern Fiordland southern brown kiwi
Apteryx australis australis "?" – southern fiordland tokoeka
Apteryx australis lawryi, Apteryx lawryi – Stewart Island brown kiwi, Stewart Island southern brown kiwi (Avibase), Stewart Island kiwi, Stewart Island tokoeka, southern tokoeka
Apteryx rowi – Okarito brown kiwi (Avibase), Okarito kiwi (HBW), rowi
Apteryx rowi rowi, Apteryx australis rowi
Apteryx sp. nov. (fusca?) – Haast brown kiwi (Avibase)
Apteryx mantelli – North Island brown kiwi, North Island kiwi (Avibase; Mosenthal & Harting 1887), Northern Island brown kiwi, northern brown kiwi (HBW), Mantell's kiwi
SYN Apteryx mantelli mantelli, Apteryx australis mantelli
SYN Apteryx mantelli novaezelandiae, Apteryx australis novaezealandiae, Dromiceius novaezelandiae
SYN Apteryx bulleri – Buller's kiwi
Apteryx owenii – little spotted kiwi (Avibase; HBW), lesser spotted kiwi, little grey kiwi (Mosenthal & Harting 1887), little gray kiwi, kiwi-pukupuku
SYN Apteryx owenii owenii, Stictapteryx owenii owenii, Kiwi owenii
SYN Apteryx owenii iredelai, Stictapteryx owenii iredalei – North Island little spotted kiwi, Iredal's little spotted kiwi
SYN Apteryx mollis
SYN Apteryx fusca Rowley, 1875
SYN Pseudapteryx gracilis
Apteryx haastii – great spotted kiwi (Avibase; HBW), great grey kiwi, great gray kiwi, large grey kiwi (Mosenthal & Harting 1887), roroa, roa
SYN Stictapteryx owenii maxima, Apteryx maxima


Aepyornithiformes, Aepyornithes – elephant birds
Aepyornithidae – elephant birds
Aepyornis gracilis – graceful elephant-bird
Aepyornis hildebrandti – Hildebrandt's elephant-bird
Aepyornis maximus – great elephant bird, giant elephant-bird, great elephantbird (Avibase)
Aepyornis medius – medium elephant-bird
Mullerornis agilis – agile elephant-bird
Mullerornis betsilei – Betsile elephant-bird


Dinornithiformes, Dinornithes – moas
Dinornithidae
Dinornis – giant moa
Dinornis giganteus – giant moa (Avibase)
Dinornis maximus – giant moa (Avibase)
Dinornis novaezealandiae – North Island giant moa, large bush moa (Avibase)
Dinornis robustus – South Island giant moa
Dinornis struthoides – slender bush moa (Avibase)
Dinornis torosus – slender moa (Avibase)
Megalapterygidae
Megalapteryx benhami – Benham's upland moa
Megalapteryx didinus – upland moa, lesser megalapteryx (Avibase)
Megalapteryx hectori
Emeidae
Anomalopteryx antiquus
Anomalopteryx didiformis – bush moa, little bush moa (Avibase), lesser moa
Anomalopteryx oweni
Anomalopteryx parvus
Emeus crassus – eastern moa
Euryapteryx curtus – broad-billed moa, coastal moa
Euryapteryx geranoides – stout-legged moa
Euryapteryx gravis – greater broad-billed moa
Pachyornis
Pachyornis australis –crested moa
Pachyornis elephantopus – elephant-footed moa, heavy-footed moa (Avibase)
Pachyornis geranoides – Mantell's moa
Pachyornis mappini – Mappin's moa


Lithornithiformes
Lithornithidae – lithornithids


Tinamiformes tinamous
Tinamidae tinamous (HBW), tinamids
Nothurinae, Rhyncotinae – steppe tinamous
Eudromia
Eudromia elegans – elegant crested tinamou (HBW), elegant crested-tinamou (Avibase), elegant tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Conover 1950) crested tinamou (Bohl 1970), elegant martineta, martineta tinamou, martineta (< perdix martineta Azara 1805)
Eudromia elegans elegans, Calopezus elegans elegans, Calopezus elegans, Calodromas elegans, Tinamotis elegans – elegant tinamou (Conover 1950), elegant crested tinamou (Bohl 1970), elegant martineta (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), elegant tinamotis
SYN Eudromia elegans morenoi, Calopezus elegans morenoi – Moreno's martineta (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Eudromia elegans intermedia, Etidromia formosa intermedia, Calopezus elegans intermedius, Calopezus intermedius – Tucuman elegant tinamou (Conover 1950), Tucuman crested tinamou (Bohl 1970), intermediate martineta (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Eudromia elegans magnistriata – Santiago del Estero crested tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Eudromia elegans riojana – La Rioja crested tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Eudromia elegans albida, Calopezus elegans albidus – pale elegant tinamou (Conover 1950), pale crested tinamou (Bohl 1970), whitish martineta (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Eudromia elegans wetmorei
Eudromia elegans multiguttata – eastern elegant tinamou (Conover 1950 ❶ [subsp. nov.]), eastern crested tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Eudromia elegans devia – Neuquen elegant tinamou (Conover 1950 ❶ [subsp. nov.]), Neuquen crested tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Eudromia elegans patagonica – southern elegant tinamou (Conover 1950 ❶ [subsp. nov.]), southern crested tinamou (Bohl 1970 [alt tür adı olarak]), Patagonian crested tinamou (Bohl 1970 [Ü.Ç: metin içinde serpintili olarak)
Eudromia elegans numida
Eudromia formosa – quebracho crested tinamou (HBW), quebracho crested-tinamou (Avibase)
Eudromia formosa formosa, Eudromia elegans formosa, Calodromas elegans formosus, Calopezus formosus – Lillo's martineta (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Lillo's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), Lillo's crested tinamou (Bohl 1970), Lillo's elegant tinamou (Conover 1950; Bohl 1970)
Eudromia formosa mira, Eudromia mira – Paraguayan elegant tinamou (Conover 1950), Paraguayan crested tinamou (Bohl 1970), Brodkorb's martineta (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamotis
Tinamotis pentlandii; Eudromia andecola – Puna tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970), Pentland's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), Pentland's tinamotis (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamotis ingoufi – Patagonian tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970), Ingouf's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), Ingouf's tinamotis (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Rhynchotus, Rhinchotus
Rhynchotus rufescens – red-winged tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970), rufescent tinamou
Rhynchotus rufescens rufescens, Crypturus rufescens, Tinamus rufescens; Rhynchotus rufescens alleni; Rhynchotus fasciatus; Cryptura guazu, Tinamus guazu – rufous tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Rhynchotus rufescens catingae – catinga tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Reiser's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Rhynchotus rufescens pallescens, Rhynchotus pallescens; Rhynchotus arcanus – Argentine tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Rhynchotus maculicollis, Rhynchotus rufescens maculicollis, Rhynchotus maculicollis – huayco tinamou (Avibase; HBW), spotted-necked tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Bolivian rufescent tinamou
Nothoprocta
Nothoprocta taczanowskii – Taczanowski's tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN ?Nothoprocta godmani
Nothoprocta ornata – ornate tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970)
Nothoprocta ornata ornata, Rhynchotus ornatus – ornate tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Brydges's rhynchotus
SYN Nothoprocta ornata jimenezi
SYN Nothoprocta ornata labradori
Nothoprocta ornata rostrata – long-billed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothoprocta ornata branickii, Nothoprocta branickii – Branicki's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
?SYN Nothoprocta kalinowskii – Kalinowski's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothoprocta perdicaria – Chilean tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970), Chilian tinamou
Nothoprocta perdicaria perdicaria, Rhynchotus perdicarius, Nothura perdicaria, Nothurus perdicarius, Tinamus perdicarius, Crypturus perdicarius; Rhynchotus perdix, Tinanuis perdix, Tetrao perdix Molina, 1776 (nec Linn.) – Chilean tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Chilian tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN
Nothoprocta coquimbica – Coquimbo tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN
Nothoprocta punctulata, Rhynchotus punctulatus, Nothura punctulata Des Murs, in Gay, 1847 – small-spotted rhynchotus
Nothoprocta perdicaria sanborni – Sanborn's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), southern tinamou
Nothoprocta cinerascens – brushland tinamou (Avibase; HBW), large brushland tinamou (Bohl 1970), cinereous tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Burmeister's cinereous tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothoprocta cinerascens cinerascens, Nothura cinerascens
Nothoprocta cinerascens parvimaculata
Nothoprocta pentlandii – Andean tinamou (Avibase; HBW), canyon tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Nothoprocta pentlandii pentlandii, Rhynchotus pentlandii; Nothoprocta moebiusi – Pentland's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Pentland's rhynchotus, Gray's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothoprocta pentlandii ambigua, Nothoprocta ambigua
Nothoprocta pentlandii niethammeri
Nothoprocta pentlandii doeringi, Nothoprocta doeringi, Nothura doeringi
§ Adolf Döring (1848 – 1925)
Nothoprocta pentlandii mendozae
Nothoprocta pentlandii patriciae
Nothoprocta pentlandii oustaleti, Nothoprocta oustaleti; Nothoprocta pentlandii simonsi – Oustalet's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothoprocta pentlandii fulvescens, Nothoprocta fulvescens – fulvescent tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), fulvous tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothoprocta curvirostris – curve-billed tinamou (Avibase; HBW)
Nothoprocta curvirostris curvirostris, Noihura curvirostris – curve-billed tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), curved-billed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothoprocta curvirostris
peruviana – Peruvian tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Taoniscus nanus, Nothura (Taoniscus) nana, Nothura nana, Pavunvula nana, Cryptura nana, Tinamus nanus; Taoniscus pavoninus – dwarf tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), least tinamou
Nothura
Nothura boraquira, Tinamus boraquira, Nothura spixi; Nothura marmorata; Nothura schreineri – white-bellied nothura (Avibase; HBW), white-bellied tinamou, yellow-legged nothura, marbled nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), marbled tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912 [boraquira (acc.) = marmorata (syn.)])
Nothura minor, Tinamus Tinamus minor; Nothura
media Schlegel, 1880 (not Tinamus medius Spix) – lesser nothura (Avibase; HBW), lesser tinamou, least nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), little tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN
Nothura assimilis – allied nothura
Nothura darwinii – Darwin's nothura (Avibase; HBW), Darwin's tinamou, pale spotted tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Nothura darwinii darwinii, Nothura maculosa darwinii – Darwin's nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Darwin's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothura darwinii peruviana, Nothura maculosa
peruviana – Peruvian nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Peruvian tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothura darwinii agassizii, Nothura maculosa agassizii, Nothura agassizii – Agassiz's nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Agassiz's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothura darwinii boliviana, Nothura maculosa boliviana, Nothura boliviana – Bolivian nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Bolivian tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothura darwinii salvadorii, Nothura maculosa salvadorii, Nothura salvadorii; Nothura darwini mendozensis – Salvadori's nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Argentine tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothura maculosa – spotted nothura (Avibase; HBW), spotted tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Nothura maculosa maculosa, Crypturus maculosus, Tinamus maculosus, Tinamus maculosa; Cryptura fasciata – spotted nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), spotted tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN Nothura maculosa savannarum
Nothura maculosa cearensis – Ceará nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothura maculosa major, Tinamus major; Nothura media, Tinamus
medius Spix, 1825 – Spix's nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Bolivian tinamou
Nothura maculosa paludivaga
Nothura maculosa pallida
Nothura maculosa annectens
Nothura maculosa submontana
Nothura maculosa nigroguttata, Nothura nigroguttata; Nothura nigriguttata – black-spotted nothura (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), black-spotted tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothura chacoensis, Nothura maculosa chacoensis – Chaco nothura (Avibase; HBW; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinaminae – forest tinamous
Nothocercus
Nothocercus julius – tawny-breasted tinamou (Avibase; HBW)
Nothocercus julius julius, Tinamus julius – Verreaux's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Bogatan tinamou
SYN Nothocercus julius salvadorii, Nothocercus salvadorii
SYN Nothocercus bourcieri
SYN Nothocercus julius venezuelensis – Tamá tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothocercus julius fuscipennis, Nothocercus fuscipennis – dusky-winged tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothocercus bonapartei – highland tinamou (Avibase; HBW), Bonaparte's tinamou
Nothocercus bonapartei bonapartei, Tinamus bonapartei – South American highland tinamou, Bonaparte's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothocercus bonapartei intercedens, Nothocercus intercedens – Salvadori's white-throated tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), Antioquia tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothocercus bonapartei discrepans – Colombian highland tinamou
Nothocercus bonapartei plumbeiceps, Nothocercus plumbeiceps – gray-capped tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Nothocercus bonapartei frantzii, Nothocercus frantzii, Tinamus frantzii – Frantzius's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Costa Rican highland tinamou (Avibase), highland tinamou (Blake 1958)
Nothocercus nigrocapillus, Nothocercus nigricapillus – hooded tinamou (Avibase; HBW)
Nothocercus nigrocapillus nigrocapillus, Tinamus nigrocapillus – hooded tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), black-capped tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Nothocercus nigrocapillus cadwaladeri – Cadwalader's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus
Tinamus tao – grey tinamou (Avibase; HBW), gray tinamou, great blue tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), tao tinamou
Tinamus tao tao, Trachypelmus tao; Crypturus canus Wagler, 1829 – great gray tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus tao septentrionalis; Tinamus canus Sclater, 1857 (nec Crypturus canus Wagler), Trachypelmus canus Heine and Reichenow, 1890 – northern gray tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus tao larensis – Lara tinamou
Tinamus tao kleei, Crypturus kleei; Tinamus blasiusi (!), Tinamus blasii – Klee's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Tinamus tao weddelli, Tinamus weddelli – Weddell's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus solitarius – solitary tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942; Bohl 1970)
Tinamus solitarius solitarius, Cryptura solitaria; Tinamus guttulatus
SYN
Tinamus solitarius nattereri
SYN
Tinamus solitarius farinosus
SYN
Tinamus solitarius organorum
Tinamus solitarius pernambucensis – Pernambuco solitary tinamou
Tinamus osgoodi – black tinamou (Avibase; HBW)
Tinamus osgoodi osgoodi
Tinamus osgoodi hershkovitzi, Tinamus hershkovitzi – Huila black tinamou, Huila tinamou
Tinamus major – great tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Latham 1783 ˃Salvadori 1895), mountain hen
Tinamus major major, Tetrao major; Tinamus brasiliens,Tracliypelmus brasiliensis, Crypturus brasiliensis, Cryptura magoua; Tinamus cristatellus – Guianan tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Guiana great tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN
Tinamus major subcristatus, Tinamus subcristatus, Trachypelmus subcristatus – small-crested tinamou
Tinamus major percautus – Petén tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Peten tinamou
Tinamus major robustus, Tinamus robustus, Trachypelmus robustus – robust tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), great Mexican tinamou
Tinamus major fuscipennis, Tinamus robustus fuscipennis, Tinamus fuscipennis – dusky-winged tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), great tinamou (Blake 1958)
Tinamus major castaneiceps, Tinamus castaneiceps – chestnut-crowned tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), chestnut-headed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Tinamus major brunneiventris – brown-breasted tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus major saturatus – saturated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus major latifrons, Tinamus latifrons – Ecuadorian tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), slate-fronted tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Tinamus major zuliensis – Zulia tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus major olivascens – olivaceous tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus major serratus, Tinamus serratus serratus, Tinamus serratus, Crypturus serratus, Pezus serratus – Rio Negro tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), great tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN
Tinamus major ruficeps, Tinamus serratus ruficeps, Tinamus ruficeps – rufous-crowned tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), rufous-headed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Tinamus major peruvianus, Tinamus serratus peruvianus, Tinamus peruvianus – Peruvian tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Tinamus guttatus, Crypturus guttatus – white-throated tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus
Crypturellus cinereus, Crypturus cinereus, Tinamus cinereus, Tetrao cinereus; Crypturellus cinereus rufescens; Crypturellus berlepschi cinerascens; Crypturus assimilis; Crypturus megapodius, Tinamus megapodius – cinereous tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Latham 1783 ˃Salvadori 1895; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), brushland tinamou
Crypturellus berlepschi – Berlepsch's tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN
Crypturellus berlepschi berlepschi, Crypturus berlepschi
SYN
Crypturellus berlepschi fumosus, Crypturus macconnelli fumosus
SYN
Crypturellus berlepschi macconnelli, Crypturus macconnelli – McConnell's tinamou
Crypturellus soui – little tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Latham 1783 ˃Salvadori 1895), pileated tinamou
Crypturellus soui soui, Crypturornis soui soui, Crypturus soui soui, Crypturus soui, Tinamus soui, Crypturus sovi, Tetrao sovi; Crypturus pileatus, Tinamus pileatus, Tetrao pileatus – pileated tinamou (Robinson & Richmond 1901; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), little tinamou
Crypturellus soui meserythrus, Crypturus soui meserythrus, Crypturus pileatus meserythrus, Crypturus meserythrus, Tinamus meserythrus – Mexican pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Guatemalan tinamou
Crypturellus soui modestus, Crypturus soui modestus, Crypturus modestus – Cabanis's pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), little tinamou (Blake 1958)
Crypturellus soui capnodes
Crypturellus soui poliocephalus, Crypturornis soui poliocephalus – gray-headed pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui panamensis, Crypturus soui panamensis – Panama pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui caucae, Crypturus soui caucae – Cauca pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui harterti, Crypturus soui harterti – Hartert's pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui mustelinus, Crypturornis soui mustelinus, Crypturus soui mustelinus, Crypturus mustelinus – Santa Marta pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Santa Marta tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus soui caquetae, Crypturus soui caquetae – Caquetá pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui nigriceps, Crypturus soui nigriceps – black-pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui andrei, Crypturus andrei – Andre's pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus soui albigularis, Crypturus soui albigularis – white-throated pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus soui decolor
SYN Crypturornis soui lyardi
SYN Crypturellus soui hoffmannsi, Crypturus soui hoffmannsi
Crypturellus soui inconspicuus – Bolivian pileated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus ptaritepui – tepui tinamou (Avibase; HBW), tepuí tinamou
Crypturellus obsoletus – brown tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970)
Crypturellus obsoletus obsoletus, Crypturus obsoletus, Tinamus obsoletus, Tinamus rufus – brown tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), obsolete tinamou
SYN Crypturellus obsoletus caerulescens, Cryptura caerulescens, Tinamus caerulescens
SYN Crypturellus obsoletus laubmanni
SYN
Crypturellus obsoletus chirimontanus, Crypturus obsoletus chirimontanus
Crypturellus obsoletus cerviniventris, Crypturornis cerviniventris, Crypturus cerviniventris – cinnamon-bellied brown tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), fawn-vented tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus obsoletus knoxi
Crypturellus obsoletus ochraceiventris, Crypturus obsoletus ochraceiventris – ochre-bellied brown tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus obsoletus punensis, Crypturus obsoletus punensis – Puno brown tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus obsoletus griseiventris, Crypturus obsoletus griseiventris, Crypturus griseiventris – gray-bellied brown tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), grey-vented tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus obsoletus hypochraceus, Crypturellus obsoletus hypochracea, Crypturornis hypochracea
Crypturellus obsoletus castaneus, Crypturellus castaneus, Crypturus castaneus, Tinamus castaneus – chestnut brown tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), chestnut tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus obsoletus traylori – Traylor's tinamou, Traylor's brown tinamou (Avibase)
Crypturellus undulatus – undulated tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Bohl 1970)
Crypturellus undulatus undulatus, Crypturus undulatus undulatus, Crypturus undulatus, Tinamus undulatus; Cryptura sylvicola, Tinamus sylvicola – banded tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), undulated tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYNCrypturus undulatus scolopax, Crypturus scolopax, Nothocercus scolopax – radiated tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN
Crypturus radiatus, Tinamus radiatus – radiated tinamou
Crypturellus undulatus manapiare
Crypturellus undulatus simplex, Crypturus adspersus simplex, Crypturus simplex – modest banded tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus undulatus adspersus, Crypturus adspersus adspersus, Crypturus adspersus, Tinamus adspersus – Temminck's banded tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Temminck's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN Crypturellus undulatus confusus, Crypturus undulatus confusus – Humaytá banded tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus undulatus yapura, Crypturus adspersus yapura, Crypturus yapura, Pezus yapura; Crypturus balstoni – Yapurá banded tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Balston's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912 [yapura (acc.) = balstoni (syn.)])
Crypturellus undulatus vermiculatus, Crypturornis undulatus vermiculatus, Crypturus adspersus vermiculatus, Crypturus vermiculatus, Tinamus vermiculatus – vermiculated tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus transfasciatus, Crypturus transfasciatus – pale-browed tinamou (Avibase; HBW), Steere's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus rubripes, Crypturus rubripes – Jelski's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Taczanowski's red-footed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus strigulosus, Crypturellus strigulosus strigulosus, Crypturus strigulosus, Tinamus strigulosus – Brazilian tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Oariana tinamou
SYN Crypturellus strigulosus hellmayri, Crypturus hellmayri
SYN Crypturellus strigulosus peruvianus; Crypturellus strigulosus tambopatae
Crypturellus duidae, Crypturellus noctivagus duidae – grey-legged tinamou (Avibase; HBW), gray-legged tinamou, Duida tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus erythropus – red-legged tinamou (Avibase; HBW), red-footed tinamou
Crypturellus erythropus erythropus, Crypturellus noctivagus erythropus, Crypturus erythropus, Tinamus erythropus – red-footed tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Pelzeln's red-footed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN Tinamus longirostris – long-billed tinamou
SYN Crypturellus erythropus dissimilis, Crypturellus noctivagus dissimilis, Crypturus dissimilis – Salvadori's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus erythropus cursitans, Crypturellus noctivagus cursitans
Crypturellus erythropus spencei, Crypturellus cinnamomeus spencei, Crypturus cinnamomeus spencei
Crypturellus erythropus margaritae, Crypturellus noctivagus margaritae – Margarita red legged tinamou, Margarita's red legged tinamou [Margarita's (sic)]
Crypturellus erythropus columbianus or
Crypturellus columbianus, Crypturus columbianus – Colombian tinamou (Avibase; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus erythropus idoneus or
Crypturellus idoneus, Crypturellus cinnamomeus idoneus, Crypturus idoneus – Santa Marta tinamou (Avibase; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus erythropus saltuarius
or Crypturellus saltuarius – Magdalena tinamou (Avibase)
Crypturellus noctivagus – yellow-legged tinamou (Avibase; HBW)
Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus, Crypturus noctivagus, Tinamus noctivagus – Wied's red-footed tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Wied's tinamou, banded tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus noctivagus zabele, Pezus zabele – Zabele red-footed tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus atrocapillus – black-capped tinamou (Avibase; HBW), red-legged tinamou
Crypturellus atrocapillus atrocapillus, Crypturus atrocapillus, Tinamus atrocapillus, Crypturus atricapillus – black-capped red-footed tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Tschudi's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus atrocapillus garleppi, Crypturellus noctivagus garleppi, Crypturellus garleppi garleppi, Crypturus garleppi – Garlepp's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912), Garlepp's black-capped tinamou (Avibase), Garlepp's red-footed tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus atrocapillus affinis, Crypturellus garleppi affinis, Crypturus garleppi affinis
Crypturellus cinnamomeus
[sensu lato : incl. occidentalis] – thicket tinamou (Avibase), rufescent tinamou
Crypturellus cinnamomeus [sensu stricto : excl. occidentalis] – eastern thicket tinamou (HBW)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus cinnamomeus, Crypturornis cinnamomeus cinnamomeus, Crypturus cinnamomeus cinnamomeus, Crypturus cinnamomeus, Tinamus cinnamomeus, Tinamus (Nothura) cinnamomea – cinnamomeous tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus mexicanus, Crypturus mexicanus – Mexican tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus sallaei, Crypturus sallaei, Tinamus sallaei, Nothocercus sallaei – Sallé's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus cinnamomeus inornatus, Crypturus inornatus – brown-backed tinamou (Nelson 1900 ❶ [sp. nov.])
Crypturellus cinnamomeus goldmani, Crypturus sallaei goldmani, Crypturus goldmani – Goldman's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus cinnamomeus intermedius
Crypturellus cinnamomeus soconuscensis – Chiapan tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus vicinor – Honduran tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus delattrei, Crypturellus cinnamomeus delattrii, Tinamus delattrii – Nicaraguan tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus praepes, Crypturornis cinnamomeus praepes – Bolson tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus occidentalis or
Crypturellus occidentalis, Crypturus occidentalis – western thicket tinamou (HBW), Nayarit tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus boucardi – slaty-breasted tinamou (Avibase; HBW), Boucard's tinamou
Crypturellus boucardi boucardi, Crypturornis boucardi boucardi, Crypturus boucardi boucardi, Crypturus boucardi, Tinamus boucardi – Boucard's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus boucardi blancaneauxi
Crypturellus boucardi costaricensis, Crypturus boucardi costaricensis – Costa Rica tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus kerriae, Crypturus kerriae – Choco tinamou (Avibase; HBW), Chocó tinamou, Mrs. Kerr's tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus variegatus – variegated tinamou (Avibase; HBW)
SYN
CrypturelIus variegatus variegatus, Crypturus variegatus variegatus, Crypturus variegatus, Tinamus variegatus, Tetrao variegatus; Crypturus tetrao – variegated tinamou (Latham 1783 ˃Salvadori 1895; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN
Crypturus variegatus bimaculatus, Tinamus bimaculatus – double-spotted tinamou
SYN
Crypturellus variegatus salvini, Crypturus variegatus salvini, Crypturus salvini – Salvin's variegated tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942), Salvin's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
SYN Crypturellus variegatus transamazonicus
SYN Orthocrypturus variegatus superciliosus
SYN Crypturellus variegatus lakoi, Orthocrypturus variegatus lakoi
Crypturellus brevirostris, CryptureIlus brevirostris brevirostris, Crypturus brevirostris, Tinamus brevirostris – rusty tinamou (Avibase; HBW), short-billed tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus bartletti, Crypturellus brevirostris bartletti, Crypturellus bartletti bartletti, Crypturellus bartletti, Crypturus bartletti; Crypturus bartletti caroli – Bartlett's tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus parvirostris, Crypturus parvirostris, Microcrypturus parvirostris, Orthocrypturus parvirostris; Orthocrypturus parvirostris superciliaris; Orthocrypturus parvirostris fuscus; Pezus niambu (partim) – small-billed tinamou (Avibase; HBW; Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942; Bohl 1970)
Crypturellus casiquiare, Crypturornis casiquiare – barred tinamou (Avibase; HBW), Cassiquiare tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus tataupa – tataupa tinamou (Avibase; HBW), blue tinamou (Bohl 1970)
Crypturellus tataupa tataupa, Crypturus tataupa tataupa, Microcrypturus tataupa tataupa, Crypturus tataupa, Tinamus tataupa, Tinamus plumbeus Lesson, 1831 [new name for Tinamus tataupa]; Crypturus cervinus – tataupa tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912; Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN
Crypturus kerberti – Kerbert's tinamou (Brabourne & Chubb 1912)
Crypturellus tataupa inops – Marañón tataupa tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus tataupa peruvianus, Crypturellus tataupa peruviana, Crypturus tataupa peruviana – Peruvian tataupa tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
Crypturellus tataupa lepidotus, Crypturus lepidotus; Pezus niambu (partim) – northern tataupa tinamou (Hellmayr & Conover 1942)
SYN Crypturellus tataupa septentrionalis

 
2 → Galliformes
 
KAYNAKÇA ~ REFERENCES
 

• Aldrich 1946 J. W. Aldrich, Speciation in the white-cheeked geese. The Wilson Bulletin (June, 1946) 58(2): 94–103.. → sora.unm.edu

• Ali 1941 Sálim Ali, The book of Indian birds. Published by The Bombay Natural History society, 6, Apollo Street, Fort, Bombay. 1941. → indiabiodiversity.org

• Alphéraky 1905 Sergius Alphéraky [= Сергей Николаевич Алфераки], The geese of Europe and Asia. Being the description of most of the Old World species. With twenty-four coloured plates by F. W. Frohawk and frontispice by Dr. P. P. Sushkin. London: Rowland Ward, Ltd. "The Jungle,1 Piccadilly. MCMV. → archive.org

• Alström & Rasmussen & Zhao & Xu & Dalvi & Cai & Guan & Zhang & Kalyakin & Lei & Olsson 2016 Integrative taxonomy of the Plain-backed Thrush (Zoothera mollissima) complex (Aves, Turdidae) reveals cryptic species, including a new species. Avian Research. 7 (1): 1–39. → avianres.biomedcentral.com

• Anderson 1928 Rudolph Martin Anderson, The work of Bernhard Hantzsch in Arctic Ornithology. The Auk 45 (4): 450–466 → sora.unm.edu

• Anthony 1898 A. W. Anthony, Avifauna of the Revillagigedo Islands. The Auk 15 (4): 311–318 → jstor.org

• AOU 1957 American Ornithologists' Union, Check-list of North American birds 1957 → archive.org

• Areta & Piacentini & Haring & Gamauf & Fábio Silveira & Machado & Kirwan 2016 Juan Ignacio Areta,Vítor de Q. Piacentini,Elisabeth Haring, Anita Gamauf, Luís Fábio Silveira, Erika Machado, and Guy M. Kirwan, Tiny Bird, Huge Mystery—The Possibly Extinct Hooded Seedeater (Sporophila melanops) Is a Capuchino with a Melanistic Cap. PLoS ONE (May 11, 2016) 11(5): e0154231. → dx.doi.org

• Ashmolean Museum 1836 A catalogue of the Ashmolean Museum, descriptive of the zoological specimens, antiquities, coins, and miscellaneous curiosities. Oxford, printed by S. Collingwood. MDCCCXXXVI. → archive.org

• Audubon 1831 John James Audubon, Ornithological biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America, accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, and interspersed with delineations of American scenery and manners. [Vol.I.] Edinburgh: Adam Black, 55. North Bridge, Edinburgh; R. Havell, Engraver, 77. Oxford Street, and Longman, Rees, Brown, Green, London; George Smith, Tithebarr Street, Liverpool; T[homas] Sowler, Manchester; Mrs Robinson, Leeds; E. Charnley, Newcastle; Pool & Booth, Chester; and Beilby, Knott, & Beilby, Birmingham. MDCCCXXXI. → archive.org

• Audubon 1834 John James Audubon, Ornithological biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America, accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, and interspersed with delineations of American scenery and manners. Vol.II. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh; Longman, Rees, Brown, Green & Longman, London; R. Havell, Engraver, 77. Oxford Street, London; Thomas Sowler, Manchester; Mrs Robinson, Leeds; Alexander Hill, Edinburgh; Beilby, Knott, & Beilby, Birmingham; E. Charnley, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne; and George Smith, Liverpool. MDCCCXXXIV. → archive.org

• Audubon 1835 John James Audubon, Ornithological biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America, accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, and interspersed with delineations of American scenery and manners. Vol.III. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh; Longman, Rees, Brown, Green & Longman, London; R. Havell, Engraver, 77. Oxford Street, London; Thomas Sowler, Manchester; Mrs Robinson, Leeds; Alexander Hill, Edinburgh; J. Henry Beilby, Birmingham; E. Charnley, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne; and George Smith, Liverpool. MDCCCXXXV. → archive.org

• Audubon 1838 John James Audubon, Ornithological biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America, accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, together with an account of the digestive organs of many of the species, illustrated by engravings on wood. Vol.IV. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh; Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & Longmans, London; R. Havell, Engraver, 77. Oxford Street, London; Alexander Hill, Edinburgh; and George Smith, Liverpool. MDCCCXXXVIII. → archive.org

• Audubon 1839a John James Audubon, Ornithological biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America, accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, together with an account of the digestive organs of many of the species, illustrated by engravings on wood. Vol.V. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh; Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, London; R. Havell, Engraver, 77. Oxford Street, London. MDCCCXXXIX. → archive.org

• Audubon 1839b John James Audubon, A synopsis of the birds of North America. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh; Longman, Rees, Brown, Green, and Longman, London. MDCCCXXXIX. → books.google.com

• Avibase - the world bird database Avibase is an extensive database information system about all birds of the world, containing over 12 million records about 10,000 species and 22,000 subspecies of birds, including distribution information, taxonomy, synonyms in several languages and more. This site is managed by Denis Lepage and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, the Canadian copartner of Birdlife International. Avibase has been a work in progress since 1992 and I am now pleased to offer it as a service to the bird-watching and scientific community → avibase.bsc-eoc.org

• AVIS The Avian Information System (AVIS) is an extensive database information system about all birds of the Indian subcontinent in the series of web-based portals under IBIS to contribute plethora of information available on birds to science and conservation → avis.indianbiodiversity.org

• Ayé & Roth & Sayedi & Stalling 2012 Raffael Ayé, Tobias Roth, Saiam Isa Sayedi & Thomas Stalling, Sistan (Afghan) Scrub Sparrow Passer (moabiticus) yatii: Notes on Common Name, Status and Threats. Podoces, 2012, 7(1/2): 54–58. → camargue.unibas.ch

• Ayeni & Dipeolu & Okaeme 1983 J. S. O. Ayeni, O. O. Dipeolu and A. N. Okaeme, Parasitic infections of the grey-breasted helmet guinea-fowl (Numida meleagris galeata) in Nigeria. Veterinary Parasitology (February 1983) 12 (1): 59–63. → ᴜʟᴀşᴀᴍᴀᴅɪᴍ

• Aymí 1999 Raül Aymí, Identification of adult male yellow wagtails in winter plumage in western Europe. Dutch Birding 21: 241-253. → dutchbirding.nl

• Baker 1922 Edward Charles Stuart Baker, The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Birds.-Vol. I. Second edition. London: Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink, & co. Bombay: Thacker & co., limited. July, 1922. → archive.org

• Baker 1923 Edward Charles Stuart Baker, A hand-list of genera and species of birds of the Indian Empire. Reprinted from the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society together with a Foreword and Addenda and Corrigenda prepared by the Author. Bombay : Printed by order of the Committee of the Bombay Natural History Society. → archive.org

• Baker 1924 Edward Charles Stuart Baker, The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Birds.-Vol. II. Second edition. London: Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. April, 1924. → archive.org

• Baker 1926 Edward Charles Stuart Baker, The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Birds.-Vol. III. Second edition. London: Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. March, 1926. → archive.org

• Baker 1927 Edward Charles Stuart Baker, The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Birds.-Vol. IV. Second edition. London: Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. July, 1927. → archive.org

• Baker 1928 Edward Charles Stuart Baker, The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Birds.-Vol. V. Second edition. London: Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. March, 1928. → archive.org

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• Gurney 1872 John Henry Gurney, Notes on the birds of Damara land and the adjacent countries of the South-West Africa by the late Charles John Andersson. Arranged and edited by John Henry Gurney. London: John van Voorst, Paternoster Row. MDCCCLXXII. → archive.org

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• Harris & Rasmussen & Yong & Prawiradilaga & Putra & Round & Rheindt 2014 J. Berton C. Harris, Pamela C. Rasmussen, Ding Li Yong, Dewi M. Prawiradilaga, Dadang Dwi Putra, Philip D. Round, and Frank E. Rheindt, A New Species of Muscicapa Flycatcher from Sulawesi, Indonesia. PLoS ONE 9 (11). 412 → journals.plos.org

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• HBW HBW Alive is an online comprehensive resource for all the birds of the world. It contains the contents of the acclaimed 17-volume Handbook of the Birds of the World (HBW) series. → hbw.com

• Hellmayr 1929 Charles E. Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part VI: Oxyruncidae, Pipridae, Cotingidae, Rupicolidae, Phytotomidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 266. Zoölogical Series, Volume XII. Chicago, U.S.A. November 14, 1929. → archive.org

• Hellmayr 1934 Charles E. Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part VII: Corvidae, Paridae, Sittidae, Cerhiidae, Chamaeidae, Cinclidae, Troglodytidae, Prunellidae, Mimidae, Turdidae, Zeledonidae, Sylvidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 330. Zoölogical Series, Volume XII. Chicago, U.S.A. November 15, 1934. → archive.org

• Hellmayr 1935 Charles E. Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part VIII: Alaudidae, Hirundidae, Motacillidae, Bombycillidae, Ptilogonatidae, Dulidae, Vireonidae, Vireolanidae, Cyclarhidae, Laniidae, Sturnidae, Coerebidae, Compsothlypidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 347. Zoölogical Series, Volume XII. Chicago, U.S.A. September 16, 1935. → archive.org

• Hellmayr 1936 Charles E. Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part IX: Tersinidae, Thraupidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 365. Zoölogical Series, Volume XIII. Chicago, U.S.A. october 6, 1936. → archive.org

• Hellmayr 1937 Charles E. Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part X: Icteridae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 234. Zoölogical Series, Volume XII. Chicago, U.S.A. April, 1937. → archive.org

• Hellmayr 1938 Charles E. Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part XI: Ploceidae, Catamblyrhynchidae, Fringillidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 430. Zoölogical Series, Volume XIII, Part XI. Chicago, U.S.A. December 31, 1938. → archive.org

• Hellmayr & Conover 1942 Charles E. Hellmayr and Boardman Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part I, Number 1: Rheidae, Tinamidae, Cracidae, Tetraonidae, Phasianidae, Numidae, Meleagrididae, Opisthocomidae, Gruidae, Aramidae, Psophiidae, Rallidae, Heliornithidae, Eurypygidae, Cariamidae, Columbidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 514. Zoölogical Series, Volume XIII, Part I, Number 1, April 30, 1942. → archive.org

• Hellmayr & Conover 1948a Charles E. Hellmayr and Boardman Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part I, Number 2: Spheniscidae, Gaviidae, Colymbidae, Diomideidae, Procellaridae, Hydrobatidae, Pelecanoididae, Phaethontidae, Pelecanidae, Sulidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Anhigidae, Fregatidae, Ardeidae, Cochleariidae, Ciconidae, Threskiornithidae, Phoenicopteridae, Anhimidae, Anatidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 615. Zoölogical Series, Volume XIII, Part I, Number 2, August 18, 1948. → archive.org

• Hellmayr & Conover 1948b Charles E. Hellmayr and Boardman Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part I, Number 3: Jacanidae, Rostratulidae, Haematopodidae, Charadridae, Scolopacidae, Recurvirostridae, Phalaropodidae, Burhinidae, Thinocoridae, Chionididae, Stercoraridae, Laridae, Rynchopidae, Alcidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 616. Zoölogical Series, Volume XIII, Part I, Number 3, December 16, 1948. → archive.org

• Hellmayr & Conover 1949 Charles E. Hellmayr and Boardman Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Including all species and subspecies known to occur in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the West Indies, and islands of the Caribbean Sea. The Galapagos Archipelago and other islands which may be included on account of their faunal affinities. Part I, Number 4: Cathartidae, Accipitridae, Pandionidae, Falconidae. Field Museum of Natural History, Publication 634. Zoölogical Series, Volume XIII, Part I, Number 1, August 19, 1949. → archive.org

• Henninger 1902 W. F. Henninger, A new bird for Ohio. red-legged black duck (Anas obscura rubripes.) The Wilson Bulletin (December, 1902) 14:4 134 → jstor.org

• Hopkinson 1914a Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. V. No. 9. pp. 282–285. London : July, 1914. (To be continued.) [Foreword. In this list I have arranged in alphabetical order all the names I have been able to collect in the different works on the subject I have had access to. Chief among these are : The Parrot Volume of the British Museum Catalogue. My authority in most cases for the names used by Latham and other early writers of his time; Parrakeets : Seth Smith; Gould's Handbook of the Birds of Australia; The Parrot Volume of Jardine's Naturalist's Library; The Dictionary of Birds : Newton.]archive

• Hopkinson 1914b Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (continued from page 285.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. V. No. 10. pp. 315–318. London : August 1914. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1914c Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (continued from page 285) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. V. No. 11. pp. 341–345. London : September 1914. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1914d Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 285.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. V. No. 12. pp. 377–380. London : October 1914. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1914e Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from Vol. V., page 380.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 1. pp. 43–47. London : November 1914. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1914f Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 47.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 2. pp. 74–78. London : December 1914. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915a Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 78.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 3. pp. 95–102. London : January 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915b Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 102.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 4. pp. 128–133. London : February 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915c Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 133.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 5. pp. 165–167. London : March 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915d Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 167.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 6. pp. 191–194. London : April 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915e Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 194.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 7. pp. 225–230. London : May 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915f Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 230.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 9. pp. 288–292. London : July 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915g Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 292.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 10. pp. 317–323. London : August 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915h Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 323.) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VI. No. 11. pp. 353–354. London : September 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915i Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Continued from page 354. Vol. VI) The Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VII. No. 1. pp. 41–42. London : November 1915. (To be continued) → archive

• Hopkinson 1915j Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, English names for the parrots. (Concluded from page 41) Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VII. No. 2. pp. 66–68. London : December 1915. → archive

• Hopkinson 1916 Dr. Emilius Hopkinson, Robins. Avicultural Magazine. Third Series. Vol. VII. No. 12. pp. 346–350. London : October 1916. → archive

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• Hume & Walters 2012 Julian Pender Hume and Michael Walters, Extinct birds. Published by T & AD Poyser, Bloomsbury, London. § Book review (→ publish.csiro.au): Trevor H. Worthy, Emu [2012] 112: 179–180

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• Jerdon 1863 Thomas Claverhill Jerdon, The birds of India : being a natural history of all the birds known to inhabit continental India, with descriptions of the species, genera, families, tribes, and orders, and a brief notice of such families as are not found in India, making it a manual of ornithology specially adapted for India. Vol. II.—Part I. Calcutta : Printed for the author by the Military Orphan Press. 6, Bankshall Street. 1863. → archive.org

• Jerdon 1864 Thomas Claverhill Jerdon, The birds of India : being a natural history of all the birds known to inhabit continental India, with descriptions of the species, genera, families, tribes, and orders, and a brief notice of such families as are not found in India, making it a manual of ornithology specially adapted for India. Vol. III. [= Vol. II. Part II.] Calcutta : George Wyman and Co., Publishers, 1A, Hare Street, Calcutta. 1864. → archive.org

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• Worldbirdinfo This website aims to provide the most complete account of all species of birds in the world → worldbirdinfo.net

• Zootierliste This website is the English version of a database for the current and former vertebrate inventories of European zoos and other public collections. It is tried to keep the data as comprehensive and up-to-date as possible - therefore we appreciate the help of interested people → zootierliste.de

• Zwickel & Bendell 2004 Fred C. Zwickel and James F. Bendell, Blue Grouse: their biology and natural history. National Research Council Canada → books.google.com